Solid 14K Gold Jade Ring
The Meaning of Jade Jewelry to Koreans
Jade turtle close up image by Da Vynci from Fotolia.com
Jade jewelry is an important tradition in the Korean culture. Korean jade is thought to have magical powers that can improve health, fortune and general well-being. Koreans also believe that jade can ward off evil spirits. Jade in Korea is also believed to signify the Korean personality of politeness and determination. The Korean royal family uses jade as a symbol of authority and fortune.
Jade started to be mined and polished in 57 B.C. Jade was formed into ornaments and beads. The beads were used as decoration on crowns as well as used to make rings, earrings, bracelets and necklaces. From 918 A.D. to 1392 A. D., Koreans improved their carving techniques and were able to form objects and engrave designs into jade. Koreans began to make more intricate objects with jade such as containers, wine cups and hairpins beginning in 1392. Jade objects and jewelry were only accessible to the upper classes and royalty. Jade jewelry became more common in the 1900s when mining and engraving techniques improved with technology.
Koreans believe that jade can heal diseases and have used it as an ingredient in medicine. Jade jewelry is worn by Koreans to improve the health of kidneys, respiratory systems, heart, liver, spleen and glandular system. Koreans wear jade to protect their current health as well as improve existing ailments.
There was a nuclear accident in Chernobyl where several children were injured in 1999. The children were brought to Korea’s main jade mine in Chuncheon. Koreans gave the children special jade spring water and also gave them clothing that had been washed in jade water. The children’s health is said to have improved from the treatment.
Jewelry made with Korean jade was considered rare and expensive prior to the 1900’s. Royalty used jade to adorn their crowns. The jade was cut into hook or comma shapes and placed in prime locations on the crowns where the gems could easily be seen by onlookers. Royalty also wore jade that had been cut into beads as rings, bracelets, necklaces and earrings. Jade was a status symbol for the royal family due to its symbolism of good health and fortune.
Types of Jade Jewlery
Korean jade jewelry can be found in modern times throughout the globe. Jade beads are traditional in Korean jewelry and can be found in both antique and modern jewelry. Modern beads can be found in varying shapes from oblong to coin shaped. Korean jade can be found in earrings, bracelets, necklaces, hairpins, lapel pins, rings and belt buckles.
Jade is considered a semi-precious stone in Korea. The natural colors that are found in Korean mines are shades of white, black, yellow and green. Green is the most common color of jade mined in Korea.
The Moh’s scale of hardness is how gemologists measure the durability of a mineral or gem. 10 is the toughest rating which would be a stone such as a diamond. The softest ranking is 1; an example of a 1 would be talc. Jade measures 6.5 on the Moh scale of hardness. This means Jade is dense enough to not break or shatter easily, yet soft enough to allow artisans to carve symbols or designs on the stone.
Cathy O'Brien is a San Francisco/Bay Area native. She has 15 years of experience writing corporate training materials. Her corporate background is in human resources, sales, management and high-tech start-ups. O'Brien has published business and fashion articles on eHow and Answerbag. She earned her Master of Business Administration from Dominican University and her Bachelor of Arts in English/writing from the University of San Francisco.
In sageuk, especially those centered around Joseon Dynasty, we often see the female characters with hairpins and wigs but they rarely wear the usual accessories that we have today such as bracelets, earrings, necklaces, and rings. In fact, I’ve never seen any of the Joseon women wear earrings, something that perks up my interest. I become more intrigued when I see some of the male characters in Faith wearing earrings more often than the women. Hence, my curiosity ends when I find what I’ve been looking for.
I’ll start off with the earrings first.
It’s uncommon for men to wear earrings in my culture, thus my mother raised an eyebrow along with me when we saw this on KBSWorld:
King Jinpyung of Silla’s brother wearing dangling gold earrings
It’s interesting to know that earrings were once favored as daily accessories and worn not only by the women, but also the men. Dated back to the Three Kingdoms, they were popular and usually made of precious metals such as gold, silver, and bronze. Gold earrings were usually worn by the royalties, depicting their status as the rulers and those who held power in the country.
There were three types of earrings or eehwan (이환) in Silla Dynasty, where they were the most sought items: simple, dangling, and showy. Simple earrings consisted of single loop; dangling ones had a loop attached to the clasp; showy earrings were made as multiple loops with lavish decorations attached to a loop.
Empress Sado of Silla with a showy gold earrings. Notice that a curved jade bead was attached to each of the earring’s ends, like those put on the famous Silla’s gold crown.
Queen Seondeok wearing the infamous Silla’s earrings decorated with small gold leaves.
The men wore earrings as a symbol of youth and ability. Although both male and female could wear earrings, Men usually opted for thin earrings or sehwan, while women would choose taehwan, or thick earrings. The difference lied in the thickness of the upper ring or loop of the earrings.
Prince Deoksung of Goryeo, Kichul only wore one earring
Even the young Lee Seong-gye wore earrings!
The practice was continued during Goryeo Dynasty but not many earrings were found from the dynasty. However, earrings became unpopular during Joseon Dynasty because of the influence of Confucianism. According to the teaching, taking care of one’s body is a way of showing filial piety as the body is from the parents. Piercings were considered an undutiful act since it would hurt the body,thus limiting the usage of earrings in daily life.
In addition, there was a restriction called by the government to limit the usage of personal ornaments, especially those made of gold and silver. It was said that the policy was caused by the economic crisis due to importing gold and silver from Ming Dynasty of China. Earrings for men eventually disappeared and women only wore them when the occasion called for it, for instance wedding ceremony. Simple earrings were preferred over those dangling ones.
Now, onto the rings.
Rings were popular ornaments during Joseon Dynasty. They were commonly referred to as jihwan (지환) and they were two types of rings in Joseon Dynasty: garakji (가락지) and panji (반지). Panji was a single ring worn by single ladies. It indicated that the wearer was still single.
Arang with a jade panji on her finger
Garakji literally means “a pair of big rings” and they consisted of a pair of rings made from various metals and stones, according to the rank of the wearer. Garakji were reserved only for the married women. They held special meaning in marriage life, as they symbolized the harmony between husband and wife according to Confucianism. When the husband died, one of the ring would be given to the husband while the wife kept another one with her until she die, symbolizing faithfulness.
Garakji on Princess Kyung-hye’s finger
Garakji and binyeo were also used as wedding gifts to the bride. Giving garakji or binyeo to a single woman had the meaning of asking her hand in marriage and the man liked her. So that’s why Princess Kyung-hye was so mad when Seung-yoo gave her those rings, thinking that she’s Se-ryung.
Se-ryung, proposed by two men: garakji from Seung-yoo and binyeo from Myun
The types of the rings were also influenced by the seasons: gold rings for winter, silver rings for summer, and jade rings for autumn. Not sure about the spring, but maybe spring is the season to wear the prettiest one since it’s the season when the flowers bloom 🙂
This is just a short post and I don’t know if I’ll continue doing a focused post on other ornaments. However, they are so enchanting and I might try to do another one next time? What do you want to know about? Tell me about it! Questions are also welcomed if you have any 🙂
sources | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | pictures: some are mine, some taken from the web. credit to the owners! |
He hit me 20 times and put down the belt. I felt his thick finger penetrate my ass again. Then he fumbled, apparently took off his pants, and climbed on top of me. I felt his penis rested against my sphincter, but he was kind of lethargic, and could not enter in any way. Evgeny.
Korean jade ring traditional
So, the rumors do not lie. she is definitely a whore, although she disguises herself as a decent woman. But he is like her uncle. how can it be.Archery - Thumb Rings
Putting the vessel back in place, I felt an exciting warmth pouring through my body. Now the cold was not terrible to me. In the work of Anechka the Snow Maiden there was spontaneity itself: she danced, jumped with the children, led a round dance and her blue eyes sparkled with genuine joy.
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