Thurston county population

Thurston county population DEFAULT

Resident Population in Thurston County, WA (WATHUR8POP)

Source:U.S. Census Bureau  

Release:Annual Estimates of the Population for Counties  

Units:  Thousands of Persons, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Annual


Data for "Resident Population" are estimates as of July 1. Data for 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000 are annual census.

Population estimates are updated annually using current data on births, deaths, and migration to calculate population change since the most recent decennial census. The annual time series of estimates begins with the most recent decennial census data and extends to the vintage year. Each vintage of estimates includes all years since the most recent decennial census.

Suggested Citation:

U.S. Census Bureau, Resident Population in Thurston County, WA [WATHUR8POP], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis;, October 14, 2021.


Thurston County, WA

In 2019, Thurston County, WA had a population of 291k people with a median age of 39.6 and a median household income of $78,512. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Thurston County, WA grew from 286,419 to 290,536, a 1.44% increase and its median household income grew from $72,703 to $78,512, a 7.99% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Thurston County, WA are White (Non-Hispanic) (73.9%), White (Hispanic) (7.14%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.6%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (5.02%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.76%). 0% of the households in Thurston County, WA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

95.8% of the residents in Thurston County, WA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Thurston County, WA are South Puget Sound Community College (1,494 degrees awarded in 2019), The Evergreen State College (998 degrees), and Saint Martin's University (513 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Thurston County, WA was $333,100, and the homeownership rate was 68.7%. Most people in Thurston County, WA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Thurston County, WA was 2 cars per household.

Thurston County, WA borders Grays Harbor County, WA, Lewis County, WA, Mason County, WA, and Pierce County, WA.

  1. Pigeon forge rentals
  2. Ethiopian music classical mp3
  3. Goodfellow and co briefs
  4. Gatlinburg condo rentals


Regional context

Thurston County is located on the southern end of Puget Sound in Western Washington, referred to as the South Sound. It is the seventh smallest county in the state, but the sixth most populous with 349.4 people per square mile.

Thurston County was carved out of Lewis County in 1852, named after Samuel R. Thurston, the first delegate to Congress from the Oregon Territory, which later became Washington. The county seat is Olympia, the state capital and the largest city in the county. In 1851, Olympia became the port of entry for Puget Sound. A year later, it became the county seat.

Native Americans date back to roughly 3,000 years ago. Nisqually and Squaxon tribes established themselves in this area. In 1833, the first Europeans settled in the area, and in 1845, the first white American settlers arrived.

Local economy

Lumber, coal and sandstone mining were the dominant sources of industry in 19th century Thurston County, and remained so into the 1920s. In 1896, Leopold Schmidt established a brewery that was a significant industry in Tumwater. It operated until Miller closed it in 2003.

State government began to increase its employment share when the state capitol was completed in 1927. By the 1950s, state government surpassed lumber employment. Logging mills were closed in the 1960s. Thurston County then grew rapidly over the decades, fueled by employment in state government and trade. Tribal casinos also took off during this time.

The local economy continues to be dependent upon government employment, as 32.3 percent of all nonfarm employment can be attributed to federal, state and local government jobs in 2019. Looking back to 2010, government employment has declined by 2.0 percent, while private sector employment increased by 16.5 percent as a share of total county employment.

(back to top)

Geographic facts

Thurston CountyRank in state
 Land area, 2010 (square miles)721.96 32 
 People per square mile, 2010349.4 

Source: U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts


The year 2020 began quietly enough but all expectations of a continuation of positive economic growth came to a standstill as the calendar turned to March. The Covid-19 pandemic threw the world economy into a tailspin and the Thurston county economy was no exception. All sectors of the economy felt the impact immediately, with some sectors hit harder than others.

The 2021 crystal ball is hazy at best. As the end of year approached infections rose and restrictions on the economy were restored. Many of the jobs that had begun to return to the county were hit with the double whammy, on one hand a seasonal retreat as winter approached and the mandate that restricted some sectors of the economy. With restrictions now scheduled to last into mid-January and not knowing how far the restrictions will be lifted the first quarter of 2021 promises to result in something of an economic puzzle.

(back to top)

Labor force and unemployment

Current labor force and unemployment statistics are available on the Labor area summaries page.

The average annual unemployment rate in the county had dropped every year since 2011, when the rate was 9.0 percent. In 2020, the pandemic put an end to that streak, as data through November 2020 shows an average annual unemployment rate averaging 8.3 percent. This is a noticeable bump up from the 4.8 percent posted in 2019.

In 2020 through November, the county averaged 12,262 unemployed residents and 135,022 with jobs. That compares to 6,914 unemployed in 2019 with 135,982 at work.

Source: Employment Security Department/LMEA

Industry employment

Current industry employment statistics are available on the Labor area summaries page.

Thurston County average annual nonfarm employment through November 2020 was 115,300. After steadily rising for years that streak came to an end in 2020, as currently the average lags the 2019 average by more than 5,000 jobs,

Government is by far and away the largest employer, with 38,400 jobs in 2020.  The pandemic impact on the trade and leisure and hospitality industries was significant, as their 2020 employment numbers through November declined by hundreds of jobs compared to 2019.

For historical industry employment data, contact an economist.

Source: Employment Security Department/LMEA

(back to top)

Industry employment by age and gender

The Local Employment Dynamics (LED) database, a joint project of state employment departments and the U.S. Census Bureau, matches state employment data with federal administrative data. Among the products is industry employment by age and gender. All workers covered by state unemployment insurance data are included; federal workers and non-covered workers, such as the self-employed, are not. Data are presented by place of work, not place of residence.

Thurston County highlights:

In 2019, the two largest employed age categories were those 35 to 44 years old with 22.7 percent of the jobs, and those 55 and older with 24.7 percent of the jobs.

Men held 46.7 percent of the jobs in the county and women held 53.3 percent of jobs in 2019.

  • Male-dominated industries included mining (73.8 percent), construction (82.8 percent), and transportation and warehousing (75.2 percent).
  • Female-dominated industries included healthcare and social assistance (78.2 percent), education (69.2 percent), and finance and insurance (64.7 percent).

Source: Employment Security Department/LMEA, County data tables

(back to top)

Wages and income

In 2019, there were 118,304 covered employment jobs in Thurston County. The total payroll for 2019 was over 6.4 billion dollars.

In 2019, the average annual wage was $54,502, compared to the state average of $69,615.

Personal income

Personal income includes earned income, investment income and government payments such as Social Security and Veterans Benefits. Investment income includes income imputed from pension funds and from owning a home. Per capita personal income equals total personal income divided by the resident population.

Per capita income in Thurston County in 2019 was $52,828 compared to the state at $64,758 and the nation at $56,490. It ranks 12th for per capita income in Washington state.

Median household income in 2019 was $78,512 slightly, lower than that of the state ($78,687) but higher than the nation ($65,712).

The percent of the county’s population below the official poverty rate in 2019 was 9.1 percent compared to the state’s rate of 9.8 percent and the nation’s at 10.5 percent, according to the U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts. The state and national rates are not directly comparable to the county rate because they each use different data sources.

Source: Employment Security Department/LMEA, County data tables; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts

(back to top)


Thurston County’s estimated population in 2019 was 290,536. The population of the county at the 2010 census was 252,260.

The largest city in the county is Olympia, followed by Lacey and Tumwater.

Population facts

Thurston CountyWashington state
 Population 2019290,536 7,614,893
 Population 2010252,260 6,724,540 
 Percent change, 2010 to 201915.2% 13.2% 

Source: U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts

Age, gender and ethnicity

Thurston County had an older population than the state in 2019. Thurston County’s population of those aged 65 and older was 17.9 percent compared to the state’s 15.9 percent.

Those under 18 years old were 21.2 percent of the county population, slightly less than that of the state’s 21.8 percent. Those under five years old made up 5.7 percent of Thurston County’s population compared to the state’s 6.0 percent.

Thurston County showed somewhat less diversity in 2019 than the state in racial/ethnic categories, with whites making up 81.5 percent of its population compared to 78.5 percent of the state’s population. There was 5.8 percent of the county’s population reporting two or more races in 2019 compared to 4.9 percent at the state level. The county’s population had slightly more native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islanders (1.0 percent) than the state (0.8 percent).

(back to top)


Thurston CountyWashington state
 Population by age, 2019
Under 5 years old5.7% 6.0% 
Under 18 years old21.2% 21.8% 
65 years and older17.9% 15.9% 
 Females, 201951.1% 49.9% 
 Race/ethnicity, 2019
White81.5% 78.5% 
Black3.6% 4.4% 
American Indian, Alaskan Native1.8% 1.9% 
Asian, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander7.3% 10.4% 
Hispanic or Latino, any race9.4% 13.0% 
Source: U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts

Educational attainment

Most Thurston County residents age 25 and older (93.7 percent) were high school graduates, which compares with 91.3 percent of Washington state’s residents and 88.0 percent of U.S. residents in the period covering 2019.

Those with a bachelor’s degree or higher made up 35.7 percent of Thurston County residents age 25 and older compared to 36.0 percent of state residents and 32.1 percent of U.S. residents during the same period.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts

Useful links

(back to top)



Is Thurston County the best Washington county for your business?

population icon Population 2020

With 294,793 people, Thurston County is the 6th most populated county in the state of Washington out of 39 counties. But watch out, Thurston County, because Kitsap County with 275,611 people and Yakima County with 256,728 people are right behind you.

race icon Race & Ethnicity 2020

The largest Thurston County racial/ethnic groups are White (70.5%) followed by Hispanic (9.8%) and Two or More (7.9%).

income icon Median Income 2019

In 2019, the median household income of Thurston County households was $72,003. Thurston County households made slightly more than Benton County households ($69,023) and Island County households ($68,604) . However, 7.1% of Thurston County families live in poverty.

age icon Median Age 2019

The median age for Thurston County residents is 39.0 years young.


Population thurston county

Thurston County, Washington

U.S. county in Washington

Thurston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, its population was 252,264.[1] The county seat and largest city is Olympia,[2] the state capital.

Thurston County was created out of Lewis County by the government of Oregon Territory on January 12, 1852. At that time, it covered all of the Puget Sound region and the Olympic Peninsula. On December 22 of the same year, Pierce, King, Island, and Jefferson counties were split off from Thurston County.[3][4] It is named after Samuel R. Thurston, the Oregon Territory's first delegate to Congress.[5] In his role as congressional delegate, Thurston attempted to justify Oregon State's Exclusionary Acts, which barred people of color from suffrage and allowed for their exclusion from the state.

Thurston County comprises the Olympia-Tumwater, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Seattle-Tacoma, WA Combined Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 774 square miles (2,000 km2), of which 722 square miles (1,870 km2) is land and 52 square miles (130 km2) (6.7%) is water.[6]

Major watersheds: Black River, Budd/Deschutes, Chehalis River, Eld Inlet, Henderson Inlet, Nisqually River, Skookumchuck River, Totten Inlet and West Capitol Forest.

Geographic features[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]


Historical population
2020 (est.)294,074[7]16.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2020[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 207,355 people, 81,625 households and 54,933 families living in the county. The population density was 285 per square mile (110/km2). There were 86,652 housing units at an average density of 119 per square mile (46/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 85.66% White, 2.35% Black or African American, 1.52% Native American, 4.41% Asian, 0.52% Pacific Islander, 1.69% from other races, and 3.85% from two or more races. 4.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.1% were of German, 10.2% English, 9.8% Irish, 6.9% United States or American and 5.5% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 81,625 households, of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.99.

Age distribution was 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.

The median household income was $46,975, and the median family income was $55,027. Males had a median income of $40,521 versus $30,368 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,415. About 5.80% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.80% of those under age 18 and 5.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 252,264 people, 100,650 households, and 66,161 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 349.4 inhabitants per square mile (134.9/km2). There were 108,182 housing units at an average density of 149.8 per square mile (57.8/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 82.4% white, 5.2% Asian, 2.7% black or African American, 1.4% American Indian, 0.8% Pacific islander, 2.2% from other races, and 5.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.1% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 21.2% were German, 13.4% were English, 13.2% were Irish, 5.0% were Norwegian, and 4.7% were American.[15]

Of the 100,650 households, 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families, and 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 38.5 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $60,930 and the median income for a family was $71,833. Males had a median income of $53,679 versus $41,248 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,707. About 7.1% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.[16]


School Districts in Thurston County:

Higher Education in Thurston County:





Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]


Thurston County leans Democratic. The county has consistently voted for the Democratic presidential candidate since 1988 and the candidates have consistently received majority of the vote in the county.

Presidential election results

Year RepublicanDemocraticThird parties
202038.8% 65,27757.5%96,6083.7% 6,249
201636.2% 48,62451.3%68,79812.5% 16,769
201238.6% 49,28758.0%74,0373.5% 4,416
200838.0% 48,36659.6%75,8822.5% 3,142
200442.6% 47,99255.6%62,6501.9% 2,147
200041.0% 39,92451.8%50,4677.2% 7,031
199634.2% 29,83552.2%45,52213.7% 11,923
199230.3% 25,64345.3%38,29324.4% 20,633
198847.8% 31,98050.6%33,8601.6% 1,090
198455.5%34,44243.3% 26,8401.2% 763
198048.1%26,36937.4% 20,50814.5% 7,946
197647.7% 21,00048.2%21,2474.1% 1,809
197257.5%22,29737.6% 14,5964.9% 1,899
196845.1% 13,74246.7%14,2288.3% 2,529
196434.6% 9,35165.1%17,5780.3% 92
196054.4%13,92145.4% 11,6200.3% 65
195658.7%14,09341.2% 9,8970.1% 19
195258.3%13,90441.0% 9,7640.7% 172
194845.7% 9,51150.3%10,4614.0% 832
194444.5% 7,90054.6%9,7080.9% 158
194039.2% 7,27559.7%11,0921.1% 206
193628.1% 4,42567.5%10,6474.5% 703
193230.9% 4,24146.0%6,30823.1% 3,173
192869.6%7,20329.1% 3,0131.3% 135
192457.8%5,12510.6% 94331.6% 2,803
192052.8%3,89918.5% 1,36728.7% 2,122
191647.8%3,22339.4% 2,65812.9% 867
191230.7%1,93723.1% 1,45646.2% 2,918[19]
190857.3%1,94028.5% 96414.3% 483
190468.5%2,12121.6% 6689.9% 307
190054.6%1,29841.1% 9784.3% 103
189642.3% 1,05256.9%1,4150.9% 22
189241.7%1,04332.4% 81025.9% 648

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ab"State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  2. ^"Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^Reinartz, Kay. "History of King County Government 1853–2002"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on December 1, 2007. Retrieved December 29, 2007.
  4. ^"Milestones for Washington State History — Part 2: 1851 to 1900". March 6, 2003.
  5. ^"Thurston County Place Names: A Heritage Guide"(PDF). Thurston County Historical Commission. 1992. p. 87. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  6. ^"2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2015.
  7. ^"Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 5, 2021.
  8. ^"U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  9. ^"Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  10. ^"Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  11. ^"Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000"(PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  12. ^"U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ abc"DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved 2016-03-06.
  14. ^"Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  15. ^"DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  16. ^"DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  17. ^Newspapers: The Olympian, McClatchy Company, archived from the original on 2013-03-07, retrieved 2013-02-13
  18. ^Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  19. ^The leading "other" candidate, ProgressiveTheodore Roosevelt, received 1,471 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 1,160 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 270 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 17 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°56′N122°50′W / 46.93°N 122.83°W / 46.93; -122.83

Speakers Series: Thurston County Partners

Note, not just a man, but a member of the object of my passion. I am ready to examine it, touch it, I love to take the head in my mouth, suck it gently, lick it all over, caress the balls, I can take an. Organ of any size into my mouth to the core. I get all wet when I caress this miracle, and the thrill is the eruption at the end. The jets of sperm beating in my mouth bring me to the brink of orgasm, and sometimes a couple of hand movements in my wet girl are enough for me to.

Similar news:

Peter spoke confidently, but without undue tenderness and sympathy, please don't betray me. - she exclaimed, sobbing plaintively, - you are right, you are right in everything. I lost my head.

29942 29943 29944 29945 29946