"Xterra" redirects here. For the competition, see XTERRA Triathlon.
Not to be confused with Nissan Terra.
"Nissan X-Terra" redirects here. For the SUV sold in the Middle East with the same name since , see Nissan Terra.
The Nissan Xterra is a front-engine, 2-wheel or 4-wheel drive, five-door, five passenger, truck-based compact SUV manufactured and marketed by Nissan Motors from – across two generations; the first (–) sharing a platform as well as front bumper, hood, A-pillar, windshield and front doors with the Nissan Frontier pickup and the second (–) also sharing its platform with the Frontier.
While the two Xterra generations differed significantly, both prioritized ruggedness and affordability over luxury and used body-on-frame construction along with underbody skid plates. Both generations also used a two-box design with c-pillar-mounted rear door handles, asymmetrical rear window, tailgate bump-out for a first aid kit accessible from inside and a prominent two-tiered roof enabling stadium seating in the second row. The stepped roof accommodated a lower, front roof rack with a removable gear basket and a more conventional roof rack at the rear, upper roof.
Nissan licensed the Xterra name from the XTERRAoff-road triathlon race series and manufactured the SUV at Nissan's Smyrna Assembly, as well as in Canton, Mississippi. Variants were also manufactured in Brazil and China.
Styled by NDI Director of Design Tom Semple and developed at Nissan Design America in La Jolla, California, the Xterra was the first Nissan vehicle completely conceived, developed and manufactured in the United States. According to Jerry Hirshberg, president of Nissan Design International (NDI), "the impetus for Xterra designers was to create an affordable, rugged, quality piece of equipment". He later described it as "a garage tool that says, 'treat me rough' -- it's designed to look better dirty than clean."
Road & Track described the Xterra as "an honest SUV that doesn't try to be a luxury car alternative, nor tries to hide its truck underpinnings".Jalopnik called it a "knockoff of the Land Rover Discovery".The Washington Post described it as "rugged without bravado".
First generation (WD22; )
The Xterra was introduced in North America in the model year, using Everything you need, nothing you don't as its marketing tagline.
During the Xterra's first two years, two trim levels were offered, marketed as XE and SE.
The XE featured a hp (kW) KA24DEI4, 5-speed manual transmission, and steel wheels as well as several option packages combining the horsepower L VG33EV6 engine with either a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission, as well as roof rack (rated for a load up to lbs), side step-rails, sunroof, and carpeted floor mats. The SE featured standard equipment that was optional on an XE. All models featured removable, tab-secured rear seat cushions to accommodate a fold-flat rear seat back.
Canadian models from to were limited to the VG33E V6 engine with part-time 4WD.
With the Xterra having been developed at Nissan Design America in California, all updates for the Xterra were executed at Nissan Technical Center-North America in Farmington Hills, Michigan. The facelifted model debuted at the Chicago Auto Show prominently revised front-end styling with rounded headlights, revised instrument panel, center console, larger glove compartment, pullout rear cup holders and four interior power points, foot-operated pedal parking brake (vs. previous a dash-mounted pull-and-twist parking brake) and an increase of 10 horsepower for the V6 engine.
The rear differential for all Xterras and Frontiers are HB with a number of gear ratios offered in both limited slip and open configurations. The most common being and Early differentials has a flange style input to the pinion while late through the end of production had a Spicer yoke style input to the pinion.
The L VG33E V6 was upgraded to hp (kW) at 4, rpm and lb⋅ft ( N⋅m) at 2, rpm, with the hp (kW) Eaton M62 superchargedVG33ER option carried over from the Nissan Frontier, producing lb⋅ft (N⋅m) of torque for the automatic, and lb⋅ft (N⋅m) of torque with 5-speed manual.
For the front seats received additional adjustability with added lumbar support and in SE models the available 6-disc, 4-speaker AM/FM/CD audio system was replaced by a 6-speaker W Rockford Fosgate AM/FM/CD audio system with an 8-inch subwoofer that took up a small portion of the rear storage area. The last of the model year Xterras were manufactured in January
Second generation (N50; )
The second generation Xterra debuted at the New York International Auto Show in using Nissan's F-Alpha platform. Larger in all dimensions than its predecessor, it entered showrooms in early for the model year. The standard engine was upgraded to Nissan's L VQ40DEvariable valve timing V6, producing hp (kW). A rear differential locker was offered for off-roading.
The Xterra received a facelift for (July production) with more options and colors, leather seats on SE models, and roof mounted lights on off-road models. The last year of the Nissan Xterra in Mexico was In , production was moved from Smyrna, Tennessee, to Nissan's facility in Canton, Mississippi.
Early US models include X, S and PRO-4X, with a choice of 6-speed manual or 5-speed automatic transmissions, a choice of part-time 4-wheel drive or 2-wheel drive.
- Standard Bluetooth Hands-free Phone System, steering wheel audio controls and sunglass holder (overhead console) on all grade levels;
- An updated NissanConnect with smartphone integration for iPhone and Android, allowing the user to connect with Pandora, iHeartRadio, Facebook and more. Capabilities include SiriusXM (subscription required, sold separately), streaming audio via Bluetooth, Hands-free Text Messaging Assistant and audio voice recognition.
- New inch aluminum-alloy wheel designs for the S and PRO-4X.
- New HVAC controls and upgraded audio system added to X grade.
- Heated front seats available on PRO-4X.
- Silver paint on the grille and underguard.
The Xterra was discontinued in the U.S. after the model year. Poor fuel economy, declining sales, and mandated upgrades to safety and emissions were cited as reasons.
Awards and recognition
All Nissan-produced Xterras manufactured outside the U.S. were built in São José dos Pinhais, Brazil until (Nissan ceased Brazilian production entirely in ) It is built under license by Pars Khodro in Iran as the Nissan Roniz, and in China by Zhengzhou Nissan Automobile as the (Japanese: Nissan Paladin) from to The Paladin uses the same chassis and running gear as the first generation Nissan Xterra, and the L KA24DE engine mated to a 5-speed manual transmission. The front end is from the local Pickup. (The second generation Xterra model is only available in North America.) Other difference between the American Xterra and its Chinese counterparts is the parking brake actuator, a pedal with a pull-handle release in America, and a lever in China.
Dongfeng Motors produces a Chinese version of the Xterra called the Oting from to It is based on the first generation of the Xterra. It was available with the litre 4G64 and 4G69 or a litre turbo diesel engine paired to a 5 speed manual gearbox.
In comparison to pricing, the Chinese market Nissan Paladin was priced at , to , RMB (25, to US$38,) while the Oting was priced at , to , RMB (18, to US$24,). Trim levels for the Paladin were called the 2WD S, 2WD C, 2WD L, 2WD E, 4WD S, 4WD C, 4WD L and 4WD E. Trim levels for the Oting were called the China III MT L, China III MT E, China III AT L, China IV MT L, China IV MT E, Diesel 2WD and the Diesel 4WD.
Dongfeng Oting with Nissan badge
Following the Xterra's discontinuation from the U.S. market in , Nissan began testing the D23 Navara-based SUV. The SUV, later named Terra, made its debut in Asia in early , and the facelifted version was released in the Middle East in late under the "X-Terra" name.
|Calendar year||United States||Canada|
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PRIVACY & COOKIES
Nissan Xterra Press Kit: Overview
Designed to inspire and facilitate outdoor enthusiasts' activities wherever they go, the Nissan Xterra returns in as the same tough, rugged and essential gear that has made it so popular with adventure enthusiasts since its arrival. With only minor revisions in the models ("Off-Road' becomes "PRO-4X" and "SE" becomes "SV") colours and badging for , Xterra will continue to be a trusted partner to all those driven to adventure.
"Since inception, Xterra has represented an authentic expression of adventure-focused design, both in aesthetic appeal and real-world functionality. For , Xterra continues its proud tradition of not only meeting, but exceeding both the needs and wants of its active sports enthusiast owners," said Mark McDade, Director, Marketing, Nissan Canada Inc.
Once again in , the U.S.-built Xterra offers outstanding quality and reliability, along with strong on-road and off-road performance credentials. All Xterra models feature an advanced litre DOHC V6 engine, rated at horsepower and lb-ft of torque, along with a rugged "F-Alpha" truck platform for adventure-ready performance. The "F-Alpha" platform is shared with the full-size Nissan Titan pickup and Armada SUV. Off-road performance is personified in the PRO-4X model with standard BF Goodrich Rugged Trail T/A tires, locking rear differential, high performance Bilstein shocks and available Hill Decent Control (HDC) and Hill Start Assist (HAS) in the PRO-4X automatic transmission model. Xterra S and PRO-4X models are available with a choice of 6-speed manual or 5-speed automatic transmissions with part-time 4-wheel drive.
Everything You Need, and Nothing You Don't
After both interior and exterior refinements in , the Xterra returns unchanged in and stays true to the original Xterra design concept of offering drivers "everything you need, and nothing you don't."
Xterra's signature exterior styling features include large flared fenders, a versatile roof rack with latchable lid, aluminum side step rails and a rear bumper design with side steps for easy access to the roof rack. It also offers a large, powerful looking hood and headlights and Nissan SUV-style angled strut grille. The Xterra also offers Roof-Mounted Off-Road Lights built into the roof rack air dam as a standard feature for PRO-4X models.
Xterra features a long wheelbase for a smooth ride and ample interior room, yet overall length is highly manageable due to the short front overhang - helping to enhance maneuverability in off-road hill climbing and trail situations.
Inside, Xterra's flexible interior is spacious enough for up to five adults and their gear, with ample leg room, headroom and cargo room. A standard 60/40 split folding stadium-style rear seat with removable seat bottom cushions and an available fold-down front passenger seat (PRO-4X and SV models) create added utility for hauling long recreational gear.
Standard interior features also include sporty reclining front bucket seats, footrest, dual front and rear ml cupholders, dual vanity mirrors with extenders, three 12v power outlets, remote keyless entry, power windows, power locks, power heated outside mirrors, , air-conditioningand cruise control with steering wheel-mounted controls.
Xterra's versatile cargo area is highlighted by a standard EZ-Clean cargo floor surface and a total of 10 cargo area utility hooks - six on the floor/sides and four on the ceiling (floor hooks are movable and can carry up to50 kilograms). There's also space to securely carry jugs up to a L size. Securing bike racks and other accessories or gear is made easier with the standard adjustable channel system in the cargo floor, similar in design to the Utili-TrackÔ system offered on the Nissan Titan and Frontier pickups.
While maintaining its off-road adventure authenticity, the Xterra also offers a few necessary amenities, including an available premium watt Rockford Fosgate®-powered audio system with eight speakers and subwoofer, steering wheel-mounted audio controls, MP3/WMA capability plus auxinput jack, Bluetooth® Hands-free Phone System and XM® Satellite Radio (A/T models only, XM® subscription required, sold separately after initial 3 month trial period).
A Rugged, Truck-Based Platform
Underneath its unique exterior design, every Xterra features a fully boxed, all-steel ladder frame and a rugged suspension featuring a steel double-wishbone front suspension and solid axle leaf spring rear suspension, with stabilizer bars front and rear. Xterra PRO-4X models feature Bilstein high-performance gas shocks, a rear tire deflector and skid plates covering the oil pan, fuel tank and transfer case
Powering Xterra is a standard litre DOHC V6, rated at horsepower and lb-ft torque. The engine is an increased displacement version of Nissan's VQ engine series found in the Z, Maxima and Altima. It features a longer stroke (than the litre version) and has been specifically tuned for SUV and truck applications.
Like others in the VQ family, the litre version includes such advanced design features as lightweight aluminum block and cylinder heads, Continuous Valve Timing Control (CVTCS), Nissan variable Induction Control System (NICS), silent timing chain and microfinished camshaft and crankshaft surfaces. Other engine features include Teflon®-coated pistons, resin intake manifold, digital knock control system, ,mile spark plugs and high capacity muffler. The engines' Electronic Throttle Control system includes secondary mapping in 4LO.
Two advanced transmissions are offered with the Xterra. An available electronically controlled 5-speed automatic transmission, based on the transmission used in the both the Titan and Armada (with an emphasis on acceleration, fuel economy and shift quality), or a 6-speed manual transmission based on the Z design but tuned for driving performance and fuel economy.
Xterra is offered in a 4x4 configuration and features a part-time 4WD system with 2WD/4HI/4LO modes and electronically controlled transfer case. Xterra PRO-4X models with automatic transmission include two advanced off-road technologies - Hill Descent Control and Hill Start Assist - as well as an electronic locking rear differential.
Other driveline components include engine speed-sensitive power-assisted rack-and-pinion steering and 4-wheel vented disc brakes with Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) with Electronic Brake force Distribution (EBD) and Limited Slip Differential (ABLS).
Wheel and tire packages include inch aluminum-alloy wheels with P/70R16 BF Goodrich Long Trail tires on Xterra S models. Xterra PRO-4X models feature 6-spoke inch machine-finished aluminum-alloy wheels with P/75R16 BF Goodrich Rugged Trail T/A tires. inch aluminum alloy wheels with P/65R17 BF Goodrich Long Trail tires are standard on Xterra SV.
Advanced Safety Systems
Xterra's list of safety features and equipment includes Nissan Advanced Air Bag System (AABS with dual-stage supplemental front air bags with seat belt and occupant classification sensors, driver and front passenger side-impact supplemental air bags and 3-point front/rear seat belts with pretensioners and load limiters and adjustable upper anchors. All Xterras also come with standard roof-mounted curtain side-impact supplemental air bags with rollover sensor for front and rear-seat outboard occupant head protection.
Other standard equipment includes the LATCH System (Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHildren), Zone Body construction with front and rear crumple zones, Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) with Traction Control (TCS) and Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS).
Available Models and Packages
The Xterra is offered in three models - S, PRO-4X and SV -all available in 4-wheel drive only. Xterra SV comes standard with a 5-speed automatic transmission only while the S and PRO-4X offer a choice of 6-speed manual transmission or 5-speed automatic.
The entry-level Xterra S grade offers a long list of standard features, including Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) with Traction Control (TCS), 4-wheel disc brakes with Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) and Limited Slip Differential (ABLS), inch aluminum-alloy wheels with BF Goodrich Long Trail tires, Sandblast Aluminum step rails, remote keyless entry, power windows, locks and mirrors, , cruise control, engine speed sensitive power-assisted rack and pinion steering, driver's seat lumbar support, 60/40 split fold-flat 2nd row seat, EZ-Clean Cargo floor, Nissan Advanced Airbag System (AABS) and Utili-Track™ C-Channel cargo floor with four moveable hooks and front tow hook (4x4).
Xterra PRO-4X models feature Roof-Mounted Off-Road Lights in air dam, silver headlight inner colour, black bodyside molding, fold-flat front passenger seat with backboard, unique cloth seat fabric (red/graphite combination), 'PRO-4X' embroidered carpet floor mats, white face gauges, PRO-4X badge on lower front doors, auto-dimming inside rearview mirror with compass and leather-wrapped steering wheel and shifter with red contrast stitching.
Unique Xterra PRO-4X model performance equipment includes /75R16 BF Goodrich Rugged Trail T/A off-road tires, rugged inch wheels, Hill Descent Control and Hill Start Assist (A/T only), electronic locking rear differential, high performance Bilstein gas-filled shocks and oil pan, fuel tank and transfer case skid plates.
The top-line Xterra SV features standard 5-speed automatic transmission, inch aluminum-alloy wheels with /65R17 BF Goodrich Long Trail tires, silver headlight inner colour, trip computer, sunglasses holder, step rails, body-coloured outside mirrors, door handles and bodyside molding, XM® Satellite Radio with antenna (XM® subscription required, sold separately after initial 3 month trial period), fold-flat passenger seat with backboard, auto-dimming inside rearview mirror with compass and leather-wrapped steering wheel.
Two optional automatic transmission packages are available for - a 5-speed Automatic Transmission Package (Xterra S model only) with 5-speed automatic transmission and transmission cooler and an PRO-4X 5-Speed Automatic Transmission Package with 5-speed automatic transmission, transmission cooler, Hill Descent Control, Hill Start Assist and XM® Satellite Radio (XM® subscription required, sold separately after initial 3 month trial period).
The Xterra is available in seven exterior colours - Lava Red (until January ), Trail Green (January - August, ), Silver Mist, Knight Armour, Ebony, Carmine, Arctic White and three interior colours - Steel, Steel/Graphite, and Graphite.
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Most SUVs started as body-on-frame vehicles, and the X-Terra was no different. It shared its chassis with the Frontier pickup, and it showed it on the rear doors shape. The carmaker built its chassis to carry heavy loads, so using it to transport just some people and bodywork was no trouble. But an SUV had to tick different boxes than a utility vehicle. Thats why Nissan improved the Xterra in before it discontinued it six years later due to poor sales.
The exterior featured a new V-shaped grille that resembled a V engine, which it had. Underneath it, a unique-shaped front bumper sported two black outer parts and an aluminum shield in the middle, on the lower side. The carmaker added a set of lights on the roof and a roof rack for the off-road package. At the back, the Xterra featured the same bulky bumper with incorporated side-steps.
Inside, the new steering wheel gained four more buttons on the right spoke for the sound system. Nissan considered installing a Bluetooth connection on the entire range and offered that feature as standard. Like its non-facelifted version, the Xterra featured a folding system for the front passengers seat, which allowed the owner to slide a surfboard from the trunk to the dash panel. On the center stack, the carmaker installed new climate control dials.
Under the hood, the carmaker kept the same engine, but it lost a few horses due to stricter emission regulations.
2011 specs xterra nissan
PRO-4X 4dr 4x4
Nissan Xterra Specs
|Front head room||40|
|Rear head room||39|
|Front shoulder room||58|
|Rear shoulder room||58|
|Front hip room||56|
|Rear hip room||46|
|Front leg room|
|Rear leg room|
|Maximum cargo capacity||cu.ft.|
|Gross weight||5, lbs.|
|Fuel tank capacity||gal.|
|EPA mileage estimates||16 City / 20 Hwy|
|Base engine size||liters|
|Base engine type||V-6|
|Maximum towing capacity||5, lbs.|
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