5e wizard spells

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DnD 5e – Wizard Spell List Breakdown

Last Updated: October 1, 2021


Wizards have arguably the best spell list in the game, capable of addressing nearly any situation with a single spell. Nearly nothing is beyond the Wizard’s ability, with the possible exception of healing (and even then, options like Vampiric Touch and Life Transference exist). Wizards are ritual casters, allowing them to further capitalize on their growing library of spells added to their spellbook(s) without cutting into the spells which they can prepare every day.

While other classes can cast many of the same spells, the Wizard can often cast them better due to their unique ability to write spells in a spellbook and cast any of them as rituals. Rituals are so central to what makes the Wizard great that collecting ritual spells is nearly required to play the class to its full potential.

Table of Contents


RPGBOT uses the color coding scheme which has become common among Pathfinder build handbooks, which is simple to understand and easy to read at a glance.

  • Red: Bad, useless options, or options which are extremely situational. Nearly never useful.
  • Orange: OK options, or useful options that only apply in rare circumstances. Useful sometimes.
  • Green: Good options. Useful often.
  • Blue: Fantastic options, often essential to the function of your character. Useful very frequently.

I will not include 3rd-party content, including content from DMs Guild, even if it is my own, because I can’t assume that your game will allow 3rd-party content or homebrew. I also won’t cover Unearthed Arcana content because it’s not finalized, and I can’t guarantee that it will be available to you in your games.

The advice offered below is based on the current State of the Character Optimization Meta as of when the article was last updated. Keep in mind that the state of the meta periodically changes as new source materials are released and this article will be updating accordingly as time allows.

RPGBOT is unofficial Fan Content permitted under the Fan Content Policy. Not approved/endorsed by Wizards. Portions of the materials used are property of Wizards of the Coast. ©Wizards of the Coast LLC.

Wizard Spells

Optional spells are marked below with (Optional) following the spell’s name. These spells are considered optional rules, as described in Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything. Consult your DM before deciding to use these spells.


  • Acid SplashPHB: Low damage for a cantrip, but it’s one of very few cantrips which can affect more than one target. If you can hit two targets, the total damage will beat any other cantrip (Eldritch Blast doesn’t count), and since it’s on Dexterity saves many bulky melee enemies will reliably fail. However, it’s hard to count on two enemies being adjacent, and generally when they are you want to use leveled spells to take advantage of the situation.
  • Blade WardPHB: Similar in function to taking the Dodge action, but since your AC may be terrible this may be more reliable. That doesn’t make is necessary, but it’s an option.
  • Booming BladeSCAG / TCoE (Optional): Excellent for bladesingers, but most wizards should never be in a position to use this.

    Note that Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything published an updated version of Booming Blade.

  • Chill TouchPHB: The same range as Fire Bolt, but less damage. In exchange, you get a better damage type and the target can’t regain hit points for a turn which can be a big help against enemies with regeneration or enemy clerics. This also imposes Disadvantage on the next attack if the target is undead, but many undead also have resistance to necrotic damage so Chill Touch isn’t always a good option against undead. Still, if you need a staple, go-to damage cantrip that isn’t Fire Bolt, Chill Touch is a great option.
  • Control FlamesEEPC / XGtE: Notably omitted from the function of Control Flames is the ability to create or extinguish them. Druidcraft and Prestidigitation both grant the ability to light or snuff out small flames. Control Flames will let you spread flames, extinguish them, change their color, etc., but if you want to light a torch you need to use flint and tinder like a commoner. You can use this to dramatically improve the effectiveness of torches, or to snuff out enemy light sources at a distance, but those are situational uses that you can address with better light sources like the Daylight spell or by using water. Neither function is frequent or useful enough to justify a cantrip with so little functionality.
  • Create BonfireEEPC: A low-budget area control spell. It does as much initial damage as most cantrips, but the ongoing damage only applies when a creature enters the area or ends their turn there, so you can only get extra damage if you can force an enemy into the space or if you cast it on them and they remain in their space. If you have an ally who likes to grapple enemies, or if you need to block a narrow space like a hall or doorway, this is extremely useful if you’re not already commiting Concentration to something else.

    However, Create Bonfire’s reliance on Concentration can become a problem as you gain levels because Concentration is such a precious resource, and many of the best spells require Concentration. If your game doesn’t include an option to retrain cantrips, I would skip Create Bonfire entirely. If you have a way to retrain cantrips, consider taking Create Bonfire at low levels, but be prepared to replace it if you find that you’re not using it consistently.

  • Dancing LightsPHB: An amusing distraction, but you can usually accomplish the same thing using Mage Hand and a candle or torch.
  • Encode ThoughtsGGtR: Interesting, but insanely situational. The only way to consume the thought strand is to cast this spell within the 8-hour duration, so this isn’t even a great option for communicating over long distances.
  • Fire BoltPHB: Great range and solid damage. A good go-to option when all you need is damage. Toll the Dead will do more damage and has a better damage type, but Fire Bolt has twice the range and doesn’t require a Constitution save. Keep in mind that if you have 14 Dexterity, a Light Crossbow is as good or better from levels 1 through 4, so not having Fire Bolt at low levels is perfectly fine.
  • FriendsPHB: This is hard to use. 1 minute is not a lot of time, and you generally need to put distance between yourself and the subject of the spell before they turn hostile. You could use this to intimidate a creature into fleeing, but in most cases you’ll probably be using this quickly talk your way past a creature blocking your way like a guard at a gate. You generally won’t need this; between high Charisma and other spells, you can find plenty of options which work better like Charm Person
  • FrostbiteEEPC / XGtE: Low damage for a cantrip (d6-based), but the big appeal is Disadvantage on the target’s next weapon attack. Unfortunately, it works on Constitution saving throws, and those tend to be relatively high compared to other saving throws.
  • Green-Flame BladeSCAG (Optional): Excellent for bladesingers, but most wizards should never be in a position to use this.

    Note that Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything published an updated version of Green-Flame Blade.

  • GustEEPC / XGtE: If this scaled somehow I would be interested. If it had more options, I would be interested. If had better range, I would be interested. But as it stands this spell is almost totally useless.
  • InfestationXGtE: Constitution saves tend to be high, which is this spell’s biggest problem. The damage is low but tolerable, and the forced movement is enough to make it useful by forcing enemies to move around in dangerous places or move out of a grapple despite your lack of control over the direction.
  • LightPHB: Disposable magic light is fantastic, but if you don’t have room for the cantrip you’ll do fine with torches.
  • Lightning LureSCAG / TCoE (Optional): Situational, but potentially useful for bladesingers to pull enemies into melee. Despite the 15-foot range, this can be a great option for melee Eldritch Knights. Against enemies with poor Strength (like many enemy spellcasters), you can use this to drag them into melee with you and force them to teleport or Disengage in order to get away from you unharmed. If you’re flying, you may even be able to pull enemies into the air to cause a small amount of falling damage.
  • Mage HandPHB: The ability to move objects at a safe distance is profoundly useful. Use it to pull levers, open doors, sort your laundry, and all manner of other important but potentially hazardous tasks where you wouldn’t want to risk your own hands.
  • MendingPHB: Too situational. Short of Rust Monsters, nearly nothing in 5e deals damage to your equipment.
  • MessagePHB: Situational. Use this to send messages without revealing your position. Of course, the spell requires Verbal components and it’s not clear how loud verbal components are intended to be, so take precautions if possible.
  • Mind SliverTCoE (Optional): Psychic damage on an Intelligence save is spectacular on its own. Intelligence saves are consistently among the lowest, and psychic damage resistance/immunity is rare (though it does exist, especially on mindless enemies like zombies). That alone makes Mind Sliver arguably the most reliable cantrip damage in 5e, but it gets better from there. With only Verbal components, Mind Sliver works while you’re tied up or have your hands full, making it a great option for War Caster. It also imposes a -1d4 penalty on the target’s next saving throw making them an easier target for save-or-suck spells, or you can just repeatedly hit them with Mind Sliver and watch enemies try to beat your spell save DC with a +0 save bonus and the -1d4 penalty from your previous hit.
  • Minor Illusion:PHB: Room for plenty of creative, deceptive uses. The 5-foot cube is easily enough to create something to hide behind, provided that your enemies don’t see you create the illusion.
  • Mold EarthEEPC / XGtE: You know what else can do this? A shovel. Sure, shoveling will take a long time, but you get at most 4 cantrips, and if you can replace a cantrip with a mundane item it’s probably a bad cantrip. The only important function is to create difficult terrain, but you’re limited to two ongoing effects, which means you only get two 5-foot squares. And, again, you could do that with a shovel. You’re about as likely to use this in combat as you are to use a shovel, too.
  • Poison SprayPHB: Good damage compared to most cantrips, but poison damage is commonly resisted, the range is essentially melee, and it’s a Constitution save.
  • PrestidigitationPHB: Whenever you want to do something small and magical that’s not covered by another spell, it’s usually covered by prestidigitation. This spell is exceptionally versatile. For suggestions on how to use Prestidigitation to its fullest, see my Practical Guide to Prestidigitation.
  • Ray of FrostPHB: You have a limited number of cantrips, Frostbite is much better, and the need diversifying the damage types you can deal is too important to take two cold damage cantrips.
  • Shape WaterEEPC / XGtE: This is as abusable and versatile as Prestidigitation. Freeze a solid 5 foot cube of water and drop it on someone. Pour water into a lock, freeze it, and allow the ice expansion to break the lock. Put a dome of ice over something you’re protecting. Build a small bridge in 5-foot segments. Block a hallway. Freeze a door in place. The uses are numerous and fantastic. If you have a barrel of water and this cantrip, you have a solution to most problems. Honestly the fact that this spell is so much better than its other elemental equivalents (Control Flames, Gust, and Mold Earth) is a good indication of just how awful those spells are. See my Practical Guide to Shape Water for more on how great Shape Water is.
  • Shocking GraspPHB: The damage is worse than Fire Bolt and it’s touch range. Advantage against enemies in metal armor is nowhere near enough to make this appealing. If you hit the target, they can’t take Reactions like Opportunity Attacks or casting Counterspell, but I still don’t think that’s enough to justify rushing into melee. Sure, you can send your familiar to deliver the spell, and for an owl that’s less risky than it is for you, but using your familiar this way is a risk to a powerful asset which costs 70 minutes and 10 gp to replace. Is Shocking Grasp worth that risk, consider its limited and situational benefits?

    The introduction of the Cantrip Versatility Optional Class Features offers the ability to take Shocking Grasp for a day at a time. If you’re going into a city or something where you’re more likely to fight a person than an owlbear or something, you might consider bringing Shocking Grasp.

  • SwordBurstSCAG / TCoE (Optional): If you are in a position where it makes sense to use this, you should probably be running away unless you’re a bladesinger. For the Bladesinger, this is a fantastic way to handle crowds while you’re in melee.
  • ThunderclapEEPC: Thunder damage is worse than Sword Burst’s force damage, and Thunderclap uses Constitution saves, which tend to be high.
  • Toll the DeadXGtE: 60 ft. range, the damage is measured in d12’s, and since it’s necrotic damage almost nothing will resist it.
  • True StrikePHB: Typically you’ll get better results from attacking twice rather than using this then attacking once.

1st-Level Spells

  • Absorb ElementsEEPC / XGtE: A fantastic defensive option at any level, this will save your life when you encounter an unpredictable source of elemental damage like as a trap or a spell. The bonus damage on your next attack is largely useless, but it still feels cool when you use it.
  • AlarmPHB: Never prepare this, but cast this at least once as a Ritual any time that you take a long rest.
  • Burning HandsPHB: The cone is just 15 feet, so it’s unlikely that you’ll hit more than two targets. The 3d6 damage is fine, but it’s not enough to justify rushing into melee unless you have enough movement to retreat to safety after doing so.
  • CatapultEEPC: Equivalent damage to Chromatic Orb, but Chromatic Orb is more versatile and has better range. Where Catapult shines is its reliability: If a target passes their saving throw, the object continues moving until it hits something or runs out of range. If you can line up two or more targets, you odds of hitting and dealing damage improve considerably. If your DM allows it, you might be able to Catapult items like Acid or Alchemist’s Fire to add additional damage.
  • Cause FearXGtE: A decent low-level crowd control option, but it has some drawbacks and it becomes obsolete as other options come online. Frightened foes can’t move toward you, which is great for melee enemies which tend to have poor mental stats like many beasts and many non-caster humanoids at low levels. Still, targets are able to attack (albeit with Disadvantage) and cast spells, and resistance/immunity to fear is common.
  • Charm PersonPHB: If you can cast this on a target outside of combat without them noticing, this can be a great way to defuse a potentially hostile situation. However, the spell has some complications. Charm Person has no visual effect like a ball of fire, so there’s no visual indication that the spell succeeded or failed. The target doesn’t know that they’ve been targeted by the spell if they succeed on the saving throw, but you don’t know if they succeeded or failed unless your DM decides to tell you (and they are under no obligation to do so). So generally your best bet is to cast this once or twice and hope for the best before presenting yourself to your target.
  • Chromatic OrbPHB: Solid damage with good range, and the ability to pick the damage type means that you can always avoid damage resistances if you know what the target is resistant to.
  • Color sprayPHB: The effect is not powerful enough and the duration is not long enough to justify the spell slot.
  • Comprehend languagesPHB: Cast this as a ritual. Unfortunately it’s a self-targeting spell so your communicatin will be one-way unless whatever you’re talking to also has a solution.
  • Detect MagicPHB: Essential. If you’re not concentrating on anything else, it’s often a good idea to cast this as a ritual and walk around with it.
  • Disguise SelfPHB: Learning a single spell is cheaper than proficiency in a Disguise Kit.
  • Earth TremorEEPC / XGtE: Not nearly enough damage, and being prone isn’t enough of a problem in 5e. The difficult terrain effect is the real draw. It only works on “loose earth or stone”, but that covers nearly anything you’ll stand on except wood, so it’s an easy way to create difficult terrain. Unfortunately, it also effects you so be careful not to trap yourself among enemies.
  • Expeditious RetreatPHB: Situational and poorly named. Expiditious Retreat is great for chases and for running long distances, but those situations aren’t common enough to justify preparing this unless you know it’s going to happen. The duration is good and Dash as a bonus action offers a lot of extra speed, but since this requires Concentration you’ll almost always want a different buff instead.
  • False LifePHB: A great use for your low-level spell slots when they stop being effective in combat. 1d4+4 hit points is as much as most wizards get from an extra hit die, which can make a huge difference for a class that’s typiclaly very frail.
  • Feather FallPHB: Someone in the party needs to have this at all times, and you’re someone. Falling damage is a silly, embarassing way to die.
  • Find FamiliarPHB: A familiar is a fantastically useful asset. It can’t attack, but it can still do other useful things like carrying items between party members, taking the Help action, and scouting for danger. Familiars have terribly few hit points, but you can always resummon them if you have the 10gp worth of components handy, so after very low levels your familiar’s death is more of an inconvenience than a real loss. Generally the Owl is the best option because it has Flyby, allowing it to fly in and out of enemies’ reach without provoking Opportunity Attacks so that it can use the Help action. You may also find specific buffs like Dragon Breath which you can cast on your familiar to turn it into a serious threat in combat.
  • Fog CloudPHB: An excellent way to cover your escape, but you can’t see through the fog any better than anyone else, so don’t expect to fight in this without some other advantage most of the time. Fog Cloud can be a way to negate Advantage if your enemies have the upper hand, so if you’re facing enemies who are invisible, hidden, or have some other source of Advantage, Fog Cloud can take that away, effectively leveling the playing field so that no one can see each other. Such situations are rare, but it’s nice to know that there’s a countermeasure when those situations do arise.
  • Frost FingersID:RotF: Burning Hands, but it’s cold damage and less damage on average. It does scale better than Burning Hands due to the larger damage die, but not by enough to make this worthwhile.
  • GreasePHB: Even if creatures fall prone, that only eats half of their movement, and with a radius of just 10 feet most creatures can walk out unimpeded once they’re no longer prone.
  • Ice KnifeEEPC / XGtE: The closest you’ll get to Fireball at this level. Allowing both an attack and a save seems weird, and while it makes it likely that foes will avoid partial damage, they’ll also likely take at least part of the damage. The only problem is that the splash damage radius is so mall that Acid Splash can usually fill the same situation with similar range until better spells come online.
  • IdentifyPHB: Even if you encounter a magic item, this typically isn’t necessary because you can usually identify a magic item by spending a Short Rest in contact with it. Some (but not all) cursed magic items can be identified using the Identify spell.
  • Illusory ScriptPHB: A fun party trick, but 10 gp is expensive if you want to use this often.
  • Jim’s Magic MissileAI: This spell is fun, but it’s risky unless you can mitigate the risks with Advantage on the attacks and/or with a way to negate natural 1’s like the Halfling’s Lucky trait. If you can get Advantage on all of the attacks (maybe by making the target Restrained) you can easily outdo the average damage of most other 1st-level spell since Jim’s Magic Missile does more damage than usual on a critical hit.
  • JumpPHB: Too situational.
  • LongstriderPHB: A helpful buff for highly-mobile characters, and with an hour-long duration it can be a great use of low-level spell slots once your 1st-level spells start lagging in combat.
  • Mage ArmorPHB: A great source of AC, but it provides a perpetual tax on your spell slots and 13+Dex will stop being effective as enemies’ attack bonuses scale while your Dexterity remains static so that you can focus on Intelligence.

    Mage Armor’s usefulness improves if you have other lightly-armored characters in the party. Learning Mage Armor just for yourself can feel like a waste, but when you’re casting it on bards, druids, fighters, rangers, rogues, and warlocks, suddenly learning and preparing one low-level spell becomes a staple defensive option for your whole party.

  • Magic MissilePHB: A great option with long range and reliable damage of what is probably the best damage type in the game. 3d4+3 (avg. 10.5) damage is slightly less than the 3d8 (avg. 13.5) dealt by Chromatic Orb, but the Attack vs. AC progression shows that players maximizing their primary ability score will hit with attacks 65% of the time, so your expected damage with Chromatic Orb is just 8.775. Plus, Magic Missile can be split between targets, allowing you to deal with pests like familiars or enemies just barely clinging to life while still dealing damage to other threats.
  • Protection From Evil and GoodPHB: An absolutely fantastic defensive option, but it’s technically situational.
  • Ray of SicknessPHB: Less damage than other spells of the same level, but poisoning a target for a turn means Disadvantage on attacks and ability checks for the full turn. Unfortunately, the big martial monsters that you typically want to use this on are also typically good at Constitution saving throws.
  • ShieldPHB: The fact that you can cast this after hearing the result of the attack roll means that you can frequently turn a hit into a miss. On top of Mage Armor, you can effectively have an AC of 17+Dex so long as you have 1st-level spell slots to spend.
  • Silent ImagePHB: While not nearly so powerful as Major Image, if you just want an object or a visual effect, Silent Image does the job just as well. Throw up a fake wall, door, or portcullis to slow pursuers. Create a piece of furniture, then hide inside it and stab people when they try to open it. Illusions are limited more by your creativity (and your DM’s willingness to play along) than by the spell’s text.
  • SleepPHB: At an average of 22.5 hp worth of creatures, you won’t be able to affect many creatures while they’re at full hit points, but you can wait to wear down their hit points before finishing them off with Sleep. Sleep notably doesn’t require a saving throw, making it a powerful and reliable way to incapacitate enemies with relatively few hit points even at high levels.
  • SnareXGtE: Good for setting a trap, or if you’re resting somewhere dangerous with a convenient choke point like a narrow halway. Targets are restrained for at least one round, which is hopefully enough for you to fight your way out of your bedroll and grab a weapon.
  • Tasha’s Caustic BrewTCoE (Optional): This is a challenging spell; if you just want damage, cast Burning Hands. With a 1-minute duration and 2d4 damage each round, you can deal a total of 20d4 damage to each target (average 50) which is enough to kill many creatures up to CR 2 or 3 (ignore the table in the “creating a monster” rules in the DMG; real monster stats tend to have high “offensive CR” and low “defensive CR” so very few of them have hit points which line up with those rules).

    However, you’re almost certainly not going to get the full damage, and that’s probably fine. If you spend an Action and a spell slot to cast this and a target spends their Action to remove the effect, you have traded your Action for theirs and probably also did a bunch of damage. In encounters where your party outnumbers your enemies, that’s a winning trade for you. In encounters where your enemies outnumber your party, you’re in a target-rich environment and may be able to hit 3 or more targets, in which case trading your own Action for one Action from several enemies is a great way to offset your enemies’ numerical advantage.

    Lines are a difficult AOE because it’s often difficult to catch more than two enemies in a straight 5-foot wide line. It’s also all-or-nothing, so creatures which pass the save are totally unharmed. This requires Concentration, so if you don’t affect multiple targets you may need to weigh the benefits of whatever ongoing damage you’re getting against the ability to spend your Concentration on a different spell instead.

  • Tasha’s Hideous LaughterPHB: A great low-level save or suck, but generally you want to use this on a creature then leave it alone until you’ve dealt with anything else in the encounter. The best comparison at this level is to Cause Fear, which doesn’t hinder foes as much as Hideous Laughter, but they also don’t get another save whenever they take damage.
  • Tenser’s Floating DiskPHB: While you can get off the ground with Floating Disk, you can’t ride it around without some very complicated shenanigans like have a second wizard and casting Gust on each other repeatedly. Generally you’ll use this to carry heavy things like loot or unconscious party members. It’s very specifically written to have almost no use beyond carrying heavy objects for you, so you’ll likely never cast this unless you cast it as a ritual.
  • ThunderwavePHB: With the exception of Gust, this is one of your very few options for pushing enemies away from you. It’s especially appealing if you can push an enemy into an area control effect, but otherwise it’s not a good go-to option for damage output in combat.
  • Unseen ServantPHB: This has very limited utility in combat or in dangerous situations, but that doesn’t mean that it has none. With a 1-hour duration you can get a lot done with a single casting. Interacting with items can mean opening doors and chests, carrying items, using potions on allies, and other things which you might not have time or patience to do. 2 Strength isn’t enough to carry anything heavy or to break down a door, but it’s often enough to trigger traps.
  • Witch BoltPHB: Spending the same spell slot on Magic Missile is dramatically more reliable and does more damage on average. Even if you hit with the initial attack for Witch Bolt, it takes three additional turns for the average damage from Witch Bolt to catch up to the average damage dealt by Magic Missile, then following with Fire Bolt on later turns. The primary use case for Witch Bolt is when you’re facing large single foes where combat with last more five rounds or more, which is a rarity since most combats last around 3 rounds.

2nd-Level Spells

  • Aganazzar’s ScorcherEEPC: Lines are frequently hard to aim, so you’re likely to only hit 2 creatures in most cases. With that same assumption, compare the 3d8 damage of Aganazzar’s Scorcher to the 3d6 damage of Burning Hands which will also likely only hit two targets. The difference in average damage is just 3 damage, so it’s not enough to justify the higher-level spell slot.
  • Alter SelfPHB: Two situational effects and a combat buff that you can’t risk using. Until you get something more powerful like Polymorph, Alter Self allows you to handle breathing underwater and can replace the benefits of Disguise Self.
  • Arcane LockPHB: Easy to overlook and definitely situational, but surprisingly good. With a permanent duration and the ability to designate creatures who can pass unimpeded and a verbal password, if your party has a permanent base you should consider putting this on every door and window. If you’re resting somewhere dangeorus like a dungeon, try to find a room with a door and put this on the door to make it harder to break or unlock. However, beware of the 25gp material component cost.
  • AuguryPHB (Optional): This is my absolute favorite divination spell because it allows players to politely ask their DM for hints. Castable as a ritual with a reusable material component, if you have time you can cast this repeatedly to questions all sorts of decisions.
  • Blindness/DeafnessPHB: Blindness is crippling, especially for enemies who fight at range like archers and spellcasters. It’s also helpful against melee enemies, but Constitution saves tend to be high, so it’s often best to use this on enemies which are more physically frail.
  • BlurPHB: A great defensive option, but with a short duration and it requires Concentration. If you’re considering Blur, also consider Warding Wind because they have similar effects.
  • Cloud of DaggersPHB: Create Bonfire can fill the same function, though Cloud of Daggers deals damage when a creature starts its turn in the effect while Create Bonfire takes effect when creatures end their turn in effect, making it much easier to guarantee damage with Cloud of Daggers.
  • Continual FlamePHB: Having reliable, constant light is really nice. Cast this on a shield, a necklace, a weapon, or maybe a whole bunch of different things to guarantee that you always have adequate light without casting light or lighting a torch.
  • Crown of MadnessPHB: “The charmed target must use its action before moving on each of its turns to make a melee attack”. Unless your enemies are dumb enough to stand next to their ally while they’re clearly under the effects of a harmful spell, you’re going to get maybe one attack out of this.
  • DarknessPHB: Situational. Typically you can solve the same challenges with Fog Cloud, and you don’t need to worry about the possibility of enemies being able to see through the effect using magic or by being devils or something. Fog Cloud also has 6 times the duration and a radius 5 feet larger and can be expanded using higher-level spell slots. Darkness’s one unique advantage over Fog Cloud is that it’s portable: you can cast Darkness on a rock and toss it into a room or stick into your pocket to produce in the middle of combat by using your item interaction to take it out of your pocket rather than spending an Action to cast a spell.
  • DarkvisionPHB: Fantastic at any level. 8-hour duration, no Concentration. If you can afford the spell slots, cast this on everyone in the party who doesn’t get it from their race.
  • Detect ThoughtsPHB: Situational, but a clever player can use this to gather crucial information from enemies unwilling to share it. Wizards are naturally well-equipped to perform the opposed Intelligence checks to continue to read a specific creature’s thoughts, but look for help anyway. If you can, have an ally cast buffs like Guidance or Enhance Ability (Intelligence) on you to give yourself an edge.
  • Dragon’s BreathXGtE: Cast this on your familiar to turn it into a pet flamethrower. It’s a great way to get a bit of extra damage output without cutting into your own action economy, but it makes your familiar and their 1 hit point a massive target.
  • Dust DevilEEPC: Creatures can walk past or even through the effect unhindered.
  • EarthbindEEPC: While it doesn’t force flying enemies to fall, it does force them to the ground which is often enough if you can’t cause your entire party to fly. This remains a useful option at any level, especially since you can maintain the spell for its full 1-minute duration and keep the target on the ground long enough to kill them.
  • Enhance AbilityPHB (Optional): Fantastic and versatile. Eagle’s Splendor on your party’s Face make social interactions much easier, and Bull’s Strength provides a huge edge while grappling. Enhance your spellcasting ability (or that of an ally) to get Advantage on the ability checks to counter spells and to dispel magic.
  • Enlarge/ReducePHB: A great option both as a buff for melee allies and as a utility option, though I would rarely try using this to shrink enemies. You can use this on a small ally to make them small enough to smuggle in a pocket, or you can use this on and ally to give them an edge against enemies that rely on grappling. The bonus damage for being enlarged is nice, but not really worth the spell slot unless the target is making a huge number of weapon attacks like a high-level fighter.
  • Flaming SpherePHB: An interesting but sometimes difficult option, Flaming Sphere combines area control and regular damage output, but monopolizes both your bonus action and your Concentration for the 1-minute duration. In small areas where enemies can’t easily get away from the sphere, it can be a reliable source of ongoing damage while also helping control a small area. However, the sphere only applies damage when it rams a creature or when a creature ends its turn; in the intervening time creatures can run past or even directly through the sphere unharmed.
  • Gentle ReposePHB: Very situational, but it solves some interesting problems. Normally you can cremate a body to prevent it from becoming undead, but cremating a body takes an alarmingly large amount of fuel which you probably don’t have laying about. You can multilate the body, but that’s gross and in many campaign settings the gods vew that sort of thing as evil. So if you need to maintain a body until you can give it a real burial, this is your best bet. Fortunately, you can cast it as a ritual.

    Gentle Repose also pauses the timer on effects which raise the dead. While this is specifically called out as working with Raise Dead, it works with anything that raises creatures from the dead. That includes Revivify. So if you keep this prepared, you can haul your allies around until you can cast 3rd-level spells and until you can scrape together enough diamond dust to raise them.

    Remember that while spells don’t stack, their durations can overlap so if you cast Gentle Repose early to avoid gaps in spell duration you can keep bodies preserved indefinitely.

  • Gift of GabAI: Another hilarious entry from Acquisitions Incorporated with dubious use in a typical game. The intent of having mechanics in place for social interactions is to detach your real-world social skills from your character’s social skills. If you say something foolish in real life, your DM should generally be kind enough to filter that through your character into something that would make sense for them to say. But if they don’t, this is a perfectly fine way to clean up a mistake. Keep in mind that it only resets six seconds of conversation, so a short sentence is all that you can cover. You can’t spend an hour berating someone than say “Gift of Gab” and have everything forgotten.
  • Gust of WindPHB: Potentially a great way to shove enemies around, but at 15 ft. per round enemies will frequently be able to walk back the distance they were pushed without issue. Your best bet is to push enemies into area control effects, but since Gust of Wind requires your Concentration you may have trouble creating effects to use.
  • Hold PersonPHB: On/off button for humanoids. Things that you’ll obviously think of as humanoids (goblins, humans, etc.) stop being common threats at low levels, and at high levels generally the only humanoid threads will be powerful NPCs. Humanoids are a tiny portion of the monster manual, so this spell is situational by design.

    In encounters with multiple foes, you can up-cast Hold Person to paralyze multiple targets, so when AOE damage spells aren’t a good idea for whatever reason this can still handle groups of enemies. Paralysis is a serious status condition, granting Advantage on attacks against the targets and guaranteeing Critical Hits for attacks made within 5 feet of the target. Send anyone with a weapon into melee to finish off the targets before they manage to succeed on a save.

    However, remember that targets get an additional save at the end of each round, so you can’t predict how long this will stay in effect. If you up-cast this to affect multiple targets, you may reach a point where so few of them are still paralyzed that maintain Concentration may not be worthwhile.

  • InvisibilityPHB: An essential scouting and infiltration tool, and as you get higher-level spell slots you can affect more of your party.

    The conditions which break the Invisibility spell are surprisingly narrow. While attacks and spells include most of the offensive things which a player does, those two things don’t include other offensive options like breath weapons, including those provided by spells like Dragon’s Breath, polymorph effects, or the Dragonborn’s natural breath weapon.

  • Jim’s Glowing CoinAI: Enthrall but way better since the affected creatures are distracted by a coin instead of the caster, it doesn’t require Concentration, and affected creatures also suffer Disadvantage on Initiative rolls.
  • KnockPHB: The primary reason to have proficiency with Thieves’ Tools is to handle locks. Knock doesn’t require a check. It just works. Make aggressive eye contact with your party’s rogue while you cast this just to rub it in.
  • LevitatePHB: A low-level substitute for both telekinesis and flight, but somehow also a save-or-suck spell.

    Getting 20 feet off the ground doesn’t feel safe, but it’s high enough that you can’t be reached by most creatures which rely solely on melee attacks, a surprising number of creatures. If you’re happy fighting at range, you can comfortably snipe at your foes from relative safety.

    You can also use this to lift heavy objects, allowing you to bypass some obstacles by moving them out of the way temporarily. If your party is light enough, you could levitate a suitable object such as a table and have your allies sit or stand upon it like an elevator. You can also use to rescue allies from things like pit traps, pools of acid, or other unpleasant things which can’t fly.

    Used offensively, this allows you to raise foes off the ground, making melee-only creatures essentially harmless so long as the spell persists. They’re basically piñatas at that point.

    The 10-minute duration means that you can easily use this to ascend cliffs or tall walls, or raise targets high enough into the air that you might not be able to see them. In 10 minutes you can raise the target 2,000 feet.

    Levitate’s big challenges are its Action economy, Concentration, and that it allows a Constitution save. In combat, spending an Action to raise the target an additional 20 feet into the air is rarely worth the Action cost, though enemies using ranged weapons might be forced to suffer Disadvantage on their attacks if you can put them at long range. Concentration is manageable, and even if your Concentration breaks the target still falls and takes damage. Constitution saves are more of a problem since Constitution saves are frequently high, and enemies with relatively poor Constitutution save bonuses tend to be spellcasters or other creatures well-equipped to fight at range.

  • Locate ObjectPHB: Too situational, and too easy to counter. Anyone with any knowledge of magic that’s trying to hide something will wrap it in lead.
  • Magic MouthPHB: Very situational, but it’s cast as a ritual so it’s easy to keep handy. This more useful if you have a permanent base, but you can also place the effect on portable objects (like a piece of paper) in order to perform various shenanigans. Honestly, the most fun part of this spell is coming up wtih silly ways to abuse it. For example: if you can cast Thaumaturgy somehow, Maigc Mouth still recites the message in the volume at which you originally spoke so you can turn a piece of paper into an extremely unpleasant (though harmless) surprise.
  • Magic WeaponPHB: Access to magic weapons is basically requires once enemies start having resitance to weapon damage from nonmagical attacks. Unfortunately, Magic Weapon monopolizes your Concentration for an hour at a time, so you don’t want to have this running constantly just for the attack/damage bonus in most cases.
  • Maximilian’s Earthen GraspEEPC: At 2nd spell level, this may as well be Hold Monster. The initial Strength save is fine, but after the initial save the target makes a Strength check to escape. Short of huge, strong creatures that you should never target with this spell anyway, targets are a massive disadvatnage when attempting to escape. Spellcasters, Dexterity-based martial enemies, and most humanoids (including many strong ones) can’t easily escape this, and bring Restrained makes them extremely vulnerable to attack. It’s not as lethal as Hold Person, but it doesn’t have a creature type limitation and it’s much harder to escape. You can use an Action on later turns to try to damage the target again, but since they’re restrained you get Advantage on attacks against them, and if you have an attack cantrip that may be more reliable than forcing another saving throw.
  • Melf’s Acid ArrowPHB: At an average of 15 damage on a hit (2.5 on a miss), this deals less average damage than Chromatic Orb cast at the same level (avg. 18 compared to avg. 15), and Chromatic orb both lets you choose the damage type and doesn’t make you wait for a third of the damage. If you account for a 65% expected hit chance, Magic Missile is also a much better use for the same spell slot at an average damage of 14 compared to Melf’s Acid Arrow’s expected damage of 10.75 (15*0.66=9.75, 2.5*0.4=1 for the splash damage on a miss).
  • Mind SpikeXGtE: Extremely situational, and only as much damage as a 1st-level spell. If you can see the target to target them with Mind Spike, you should look for a way debilitate or incapacitate them rather than just mitigating invisibility.
  • Mirror ImagePHB: A great defensive option, and it doesn’t require Concentration so you can easily use it alongside other great options like Fly. It’s easy to compare this to Blur since they’re the same level and fill the same niche. Blur applies Disadvantage, but Disadvantage is only useful if your AC is high enough that attackers have a reasonable chance to miss their attacks. When enemies’ attack bonuses have long outstripped the AC provided by Mage Armor and Shield, Mirror Image remains useful. However, since its usefulness diminishes quickly it works best against enemies making small numbers of attacks with high damage. Also, the 1-minute duration can be challenging when it’s an Action to cast.
  • Misty StepPHB: Useful in a all manner of problematic situations, and cast as a bonus action with only Verbal components.
  • Nystul’s Magic auraPHB: Very situational, but there’s literally nothing else in the game that can do this.
  • Phantasmal ForcePHB: Don’t cast this spell for the damage (though 10d6 single-target damage is really good for a 2nd-level spell); cast this to incapacitate the target somehow. For example: Create an illusion of the floor beaneath the target sprouting teeth, rising up around the creature, and eating it like a venus fly trap. The creature “treats the phantasm as if it were real”, and unless they know to use Intelligence (Investigation) to disbelieve the illusion they’ll spend 10 rounds struggling against a non-existent trap which is slowly killing them. An ally might try to convince them that something is amiss, but that’s time that your enemies are trying to get their act together while you’re hitting them with other spells. The save is Intelligence, and Intelligence saves tend to be relatively low, especially at low levels where beasts are still a threat.
  • PyrotechnicsEEPC / XGtE: Only situationally useful, slightly annoying to set up, and when it does work the effects aren’t good enough. The flame doesn’t need to be especially large, so a torch or even a candle will suffice. Drop a torch on the ground, run out of range, and cast the spell. The blinding effect isn’t spectacular because it only lasts on round and it’s on a Constitutuion save, and the smoke cloud option is objectively worse than similar options like Fog Cloud or Darkness.
  • Ray of EnfeeblementPHB: Garbage. The targets you want to use this on will have good Constitution saves.
  • Rope TrickPHB: In previous editions, this was a cheap option to create a magically safe place to rest overnight. The duration has been reduced to one hour, but that’s still sufficient to take a Short Rest. Tragically, this can’t be cast as a ritual, so unless your party has some other way to make Short Rests safe, you may want to keep this prepared while travelling anywhere dangerous in case you and your party need to suddenly vanish somewher safe.

    Note that the rope can be up to 60 ft. long, and that the portal appears when the rope is perpendicular to the ground, so its full length runs straight up and down. No mention is given to what happens if the rope hits a ceiling, but I imagine that the spell would simply fail.

    Unless you relish the idea of your wizard with 8 Strength climbing a 60-foot rope, I recommend carrying a much shorter length of rope for just this purpose. 10 feet at most is typically sufficiently tall that none of your party members need to duck, and any medium sized creature in party can lift any small or frail allies nearly to the top of the rope. 10 ft. of rope should also reach its full length before hitting a ceiling in most locales, but if you’re worried you can always shorten the rope before casting Rope Trick.

  • Scorching RayPHB: Good damage split across three attacks. If you have Advantage on all of the attacks or have some other attack buss like Bless the expected damage increases considerably, so when those opportunities arise be sure to tak them. Making numerous attacks means that you’re likely to hit with at least some of them, but you’re also likely to miss with some of them and therefore deal only partial damage. The best way to think about stuff like this is to rely on averages: if you’re sticking to the Attack vs. AC progression, you’re expected to hit aroun 65% of the time, so you can expect an average of 65% of the damage from any effect which relies on an attack. Scorching Ray deals a total of 6d6 damage (avg. 21), and 605% of that is 13.65 expected damage (disregarding critical hits, which are more common because you’re making multiple attacks).
  • See InvisibilityPHB: Easy, reliable counter to invisibility. No Concentration, no aiming an AOE like Faerie Fire, and if you cast this ahead of time no spending an Action in combat. The 1-hour duration is great, but expect to refresh this after short rests if you expect invisibility to be a frequent problem.
  • Shadow BladeXGtE: This is an objectively great spell that you should never use unless you’re a bladesinger. Melee is a terrifying place for most wizards to be. You could throw this every round and use a bonus action to retrieve it, but there’s a very narrow level range where that will deal more damage than a cantrip (levels 3 and 4 before cantrips improve at 5th level). The best use cases for this are the bladesinger Wizard and the Arcane Trickster.
  • ShatterPHB: The poor man’s fireball. 3d8 damage in a 10-foot radius is enough to hit several targets and deal decent damage. However, the save is Consitution so many creatures will be able to resist easily. Disadvantage for creatures made of inorganic materials is really neat, but how often do you fight a group of animated armors or iron golems?
  • SkywriteEEPC: Only useful as a novelty. Still, it’s hard to resist the ability to insult someone by writing nasty things about them in the sky for everyone to see for miles around.
  • Snilloc’s Snowball SwarmEEPC / XGtE: Compared to Shatter, this is less damage, a smaller area of effect, and a worse damage type. It does have 50% more range and a better save, but I don’t think that’s nearly enough to make this on par with Shatter.
  • Spider ClimbPHB: A helpful substitute for flight at low levels, but once you can learn Fly this is completely obsolete.
  • SuggestionPHB: Extremely versatile. You can use this to accomplish a lot of things. This is more effective, reliable, and immediate than Geas. However, the 8-hour duration requires Concentration, so if you want to use this while adventuring you’re comitting a significant resource for a full day to get the full duration of the spell. This spell benefits greatly from your own creativity, so the more thought you put into its use the more effective it will be.

    You may also need a patient, permissive DM, so try not to abuse this too much or your DM may grow tired of your shenanigans and instill some sort of consequences. Strangely, the spell doesn’t state that the target knows that they were charmed, so much like a “Jedi Mind Trick”, the target will carry out the specified action as though it made sense to do so even if they’ll regret it later.

  • Tasha’s Mind WhipTCoE (Optional): A complex spell, and definitely not a go-to offensive option, but it has several fantastic tactical uses. The most obvious is preventing Opportunity Attacks, which allows you and your allies to move away from the target(s) safely at the same spell slot cost of Misty Step. Misty Step will, of course, get you further and do more than just avoid on Opportunity Attacks, but Tasha’s Mind Whip’s benefits don’t stop there. Limiting the target’s actions on their turn to one thing from their choice of movement, Action, and Bonus Action means that enemies who can’t attack at range basically spend their whole turn walking. Enemies stuck in melee who don’t want to be there may be stuck there. Enemy spellcasters or creatures with lots of special abilities will lose big chunks of their turn.

    On top of all of that, Tasha’s Mind Whip targets Intelligence saves, which are consistently one of the lowest saves across the full level range. In 5e, Intelligence doesn’t do a lot, so unsurprisingly most adventurers and most monsters are idiots. Capitalize on that.

  • Warding WindEEPC: Being deafened is annoying but usually not impactful. The big draw here is the difficult terrain to deter melee enemies and Disadvantage to deter ranged attackers. This competes conceptually with Blur since both options impose Disadvantage, but there are some trade-offs. Blur only lasts 1 minute, but the Disadvantage applies to all attacks rather than just ranged attacks. Warding Wind lasts 10 minutes and makes it hard for enemies to move near you, potentially keeping them from reaching you in melee. I’m not sure which spell is better, but given that Warding Wind lasts longer and can handle effects that normally require Gust of Wind, I think Warding Wind may be slightly better.
  • WebPHB: Fantastic crowd control, but with some complications. This competes for space with Hold Person and Maximilian’s Earthen Grasp. Compared to Earthen Grasp, Web can affect more than one creature and has a much better dureation, but Web may be easier to escape. Web requires an initialy Dexterity saving throw, then creatures can make Strength checks to escape on later turns. Strength checks are going to be hard compared to your Spell Save DC since Strength checks will never add a Proficiency Bonus, but many creatures will be good at either Strength or Dexterity, so your ideal targets are creatures which are bad at both like many spellcasters. The webs can also be burned away, so any creature that can deal fire damage, or which is carrying something like flint and steel or a lit torch can easily escape without struggling through a series of Strength checks. Being Restrained doesn’t prevent creatures from taking such actions. Given all of the comparisons, I think Web is a better option for handling groups of foes, but Maximilian’s Earthen Grasp is better against single foes.

3rd-Level Spells

  • Animate DeadPHB: Undead are excellent replacements for living creatures in many ways. An undead guard never gets tired keeping watch. An undead horse never tires of marching. An undead porter won’t complain about their back hurting from hauling your treasure. Sure, desecrating the bodies of the dead is “icky” or “evil” depending on who you ask, but you can’t pay peasants to work 24/7 in highly dangerous conditions far from home, so sometimes you need to compromise ethics in favor of effectiveness. You could technically use this to animate the bodies of big enemies like giants and dragons to make powerful undead warriors to serve you, but try not to do that too much or you’re going to bog down the game with your army of undead. Leave that to NPCs, or let the zombie army exist off-screen. Also, don’t forget that if you want to keep your undead pets you’ll need to refresh the spell every 24 hours or they’ll revert to their natural behavior, which will often involve trying to kill you for the crime of being both nearby and alive.
  • Bestow CursePHB: The effects are versatile enough that you can easily bring this into play in a variety of situations, and the scaling mechanism works well enough that this remains a viable option for higher-level spell slots. Use the third option against big tanky enemies with poor Wisdom, or use the first option against enemies that like to grapple. If you’re ever uncertain, use the third option. Robbing a creature of their turn on a failed saving throw is debilitating, and can take creatures almost completely out of a fight.
  • BlinkPHB: 1-minute duration, cast an Action, it only has a 50% chance to work on any one turn, and you find out the results at the end of your turn when you no longe rhave the ability to do anything about it. I would prefer Blur or something similar over Blink, though admittedly Blink doesn’t require Concentration.
  • CatnapXGtE: A Short Rest is typically one hour. In most campaigns, that will be fine most of the time unless the DM is deliberately creating a time crunch which prevents resting or otherwise sitting about wasting time. In those cases you might be able to squeeze in a Catnap, but more than likely the 10-minute duration will still be problematic. If danger is the driving concern, cast Rope Trick instead and spend an hour in a pocket dimension.
  • ClairvoyancePHB: With a 1-mile range and the ability to place the sensor in place you can’t see, this is a fantastic way to safely scout dangerous places. If you have enough time to sit around and cast the spell repeatedly you can scout whole structures from the outside by gradually learning about more interior locations through previous castings.
  • CounterspellPHB: Essential in any party.
  • Dispel MagicPHB: Every party needs someone who can cast Dispel Magic. It’s simply too important to forgo.
  • Enemies AboundXGtE: Astoundingly few enemies have good Intelligence saves, especially big scary melee monsters. Throw this on something tanky and horrifying that’s there to protect squishy enemies from you and your friends, and watch it freak out and kill its buddies for you. The duration is only a minute, and obviously this only works in an encounter with multiple enemies, but that doesn’t make the spell less awesome.
  • Erupting EarthEEPC / XGtE: 2/3 as much damage as fireball and has a quarter the surface area, so it’s clearly for a different purpose: You’re using this spell for the difficult terrain. The damage is enough that you won’t regret casting it instead of a cantrip, and even at higher levels it’s a great way to place some difficult terrain. The difficult terrain effect is nearly permanent, so if you have time you can use this to set up ambushes and choke points which can define encounters against anything that can’t fly.
  • Fast FriendsAI: A fantastic non-lethal option for handling single targets, but it has some limitations. The target needs to be able to understand you, so you likely need to share a language. The spell requires Concentration, so you don’t want to maintain this during combat if you can avoid it. And of course, you don’t want to try casting this during combat. Still, if you can isolate a single enemy outside of combat you may be able to ply them for information or send them on errands which will save you trouble later. Tragically, the spell only lasts an hour so just as you’re getting really attached to your new best friend the effects end, and the targets knows that you charmed them. You may be able to cast this repeatedly or you may be able to negotiate the situation peacefully even after the spell ends, but many people don’t take kindly to being charmed.
  • FearPHB: A great way to disable groups of opponents, but it fear immunity is common.
  • Feign DeathPHB: Very situational.
  • FireballPHB: 8d6 damage in a 20-foot radius with 150-foot range. Simple, effective, and reliable. Fireball is a good baseline for measuring other AOE damage spells because it’s so simple and so effective, and in many cases when you’re selecting a spell to cast you’ll want to ask yourself “Is this spell better than Fireball?”
  • Flame ArrowsEEPC / XGtE: This is a waste of a spell slot. It amounts to at most 12d6 damage, which is a tragic waste of a 3rd-level spell slot. If you somehow manage to hit one target with all 12 arrows, you’ll do more damage than Fireball. But you have to somehow hit with a bunch of arrows or pass them off to someone who will, and following the typical attack vs. AC progression means that a player will hit something like 65% of the time, which means you’re getting 65% of the maximum damage, so something like 7d6. At that point, Erupting Earth is better.
  • FlyPHB: It’s hard to overstate how powerful flight is. The only major drawback is that Fly requires Concentration.
  • Gaseous FormPHB: Situational, but a fantastic way to safely infiltrate or scout an area.
  • Glyph of WardingPHB: I’m really glad WotC was smart enough to add a 200gp consumable material component to this spell. If they hadn’t, I would solve far too many problems by delivering scrolls with a Glyph of Warding to hostile NPCs.
  • HastePHB: An excellent buff for nearly any martial character.
  • Hypnotic PatternPHB: I often say that spellcaster’s spells early in a fight should dictate the outcome of the fight, and Hypnotic Pattern is a great example of such a spell. Take a group of creatures out of a fight for a full minute on only one save. Targets don’t get another save, and the effect doesn’t end until the spell does or someone breaks targets out of the effect. This means that you can focus on enemies which pass the initial save, then gradually eliminate the remaining targets one at a time. This doesn’t scale with spell level, but it really doesn’t need to. A 30-foot cube is enough to hit several creatures, and so long as your Spell Save DC is decent you’ll do fine. Even if enemies spend an Action to break their allies out of the spell, you’ve spent one Action to incapacitate them and they’re spending more than that just to fix it without actually harming you or your allies.
  • Incite GreedAI: This is a gamble. If targets fail their saves you can draw them into melee range with you and keep them there for up to a minute. You then need to find a way to capitalize on their position. You could walk your full speed away (affected targets can do nothing but move toward you, so they can’t take Reactions to perform an Opportunity Attack), drop Concentration, then hit them with a Fireball.
  • Intellect FortressTCoE (Optional): Technically situational, but an absolutely spectacular defense against enemies which rely on spells or common effects like charm and fear effects. Unlike racial traits like the Gnome’s Cunning or the Satyr and Yuan-Ti Pureblood’s Magic Resistance, this applies to all Intelligence, Wisdom, and Charisma saving throws, providing broad and effective protection against many of the most dangeorus save-or-suck effects in the game. You also get resistance to psychic damage, which is nice if you’re fighting mind flayers, aboleths, or bards who enjoy Vicious Mockery. With a 1-hour duration, the Concentration requirement can be problematic, but it also means that you can carry this through multiple encounters at low cost, so in situations where you need this it’s not going to eat all of your spell slots.
  • Leomund’s Tiny HutPHB: With an 8-hour duration and the ability to cast it as a ritual, Leomund’s Tiny Hut is useful both as an option for resting, and as a surprising utility and combat option. The dome which it creatures is impenetrable and impassable like a wall of force, except for creatures which are inside the sphere when you cast the spell (your party, usually). Since it’s opaque, most low-level teleport effects like Misty step can’t be used to get inside it. Your allies can use it for cover, then dart in and out to attack or cast spells. However, it’s only a dome so you’re vulnerable to attack from below if your enemies can burrow, and with a 1-minute casting time you need to set this up in advance if you want to use it in combat. You as the caster are also stuck inside the dome since the spell ends if you leave the dome, but that doesn’t stop you from summoning something to go fight on your behalf.
  • Life TransferenceXGtE: Unless you have regeneration or something, this is generally a terrible idea. Still, it’s one of the Wizard’s only ways to heal other creatures.
  • Lightning BoltPHB: Regardless of its length, it is very hard to target more than two targets with a line like Lightning Bolt. That makes this Fireball but with worse range and fewer targets per spell.
  • Magic CirclePHB: With a 1-minute casting time, you can’t use this in combat unless you have time to prepare and your enemies are coming to you. Even then, using this in combat isn’t reliable protection because it doesn’t mitigate the effects of spells and abilities which don’t require attack rolls like breath weapons or fireballs. The best use case is generally to invert the effects and use a spell to summon a creature so that you can bargain with it without risk of the creature escaping. Even then, the 1-hour duration may not be enough to guarantee your safety. If you want similar effects in combat, Protection From Evil and Good will do the trick.
  • Major ImagePHB: Fantastically versatile, and creatures don’t make a saving throw. Instead, they need to know to touch the illusion or make an Intelligence (Investigation) check, or they need to physically interact with the illusion. Even then, you can buy yourself a great deal of time while the target tries to figure out your illusion.
  • Melf’s Minute MeteorsPHB: This spell is difficult to assess. You get 2 meteors per spell level (6 at the default 3rd level), and you can generally only spend two per turn, though turn on which you cast the spell you could spend two meteors when the spell is cast then spend your Bonus Action to fire two more. Each meteor deals 2d6 damage, so at 6 meteors you can deal a total of 12d6 damage, beating Fireball by half. However, the 5-foot radius on the meteors is tiny so you’re lucky if you can hit just two creatures. Fortunately, you have 10 minutes to find good targets if you don’t mind dedicating Concentration to keeping this running as your pool of meteors gradually depletes. Probably your best bet is to cast this before going into a fight, then fire meteors as a Bonus Action between casting other spells.
  • NondetectionPHB: Good, but not totally essential. Divination spells include things like See Invisibility, so if you or your party relies on invisibility of any kind this protects from several maigcal countermeasures to both stealth and invisibility. However, most enemies aren’t spellcasters and won’t have access to those divination options, so you can’t justify casting this every day. The spell also has an expensive material component specifically to deter you from casting this all the time. Still, with an 8-hour duration, if you need this spell it’s going to do exactly what you need it to do.
  • Phantom SteedPHB: A great way to travel long distances, but if you’re casting it as a ritual you’ll have trouble keeping your whole party mounted at once unless you cast while riding. With a total casting time of 11 minutes as a ritual, you can have at most 5 horses up and running at a time before the 1-hour duration starts to wear off and you lose a horse. If your party is larger than that, consider sharing horses, getting a wagon, or just buying a horse. If you have an ally in the party who is built for mounted combat but doesn’t have a way to get a magical mount, this is a great way to keep them mounted despite 5e’s utter opposition to the survival of horses in combat.
  • Protection From EnergyPHB: An important, staple defensive option, but it’s single-target and requires Concentration so you can’t afford to keep it running constantly.
  • Remove CursePHB: Situational, but irreplaceable. Fortunately, you can usually wait a day to prepare this.
  • SendingPHB: Not especially glamorous, but messaging over massive distances has a number of uses. Also, due to the wording of the spell, you can use it on creatures that don’t understand your speech and they’ll still understand your meaning, allowing you to use Sending in place of Tongues if you only need to convey brief messages.
  • Sleet StormPHB: This spells is challenging. The area of effect is excellent, and combining difficult terrain, possibly falling Prone, and making the area heavily obscured make it difficult for creatures to act effectively while in the area and if they’re near the center it’s difficult for them to escape. On top of that, spellcasters will have trouble maintain Concentration while making repeated checks against high DC every turn.

    However, beyond inconveniencing creatures within the area, this doesn’t get you much. You can’t see into the area to target creatures within the are with others spells since spells typically require line of sight, and Heavily Obscured blocks line of sight (though some spells, like fireball, don’t require you to be able to see), so unless you have an ally who dropped an ongoing damage effect within the area the best you can do is wait or run away. At that point, Fog Cloud may be just as effective.

  • SlowPHB: Slow is a great debuff, but it has to compete with other Wisdom save options at the same spell level. Compared to Hypnotic Pattern, Slow severely handicaps targets, but they can still fight back. Hypnotic Pattern’s targets can’t act at all until they’re released from the effect, but it’s also a Charm effect which some creatures are immune or resistant to.
  • Speak with DeadPHB (Optional): This is a spell of last resort. It is extremely limited, and if the dead creature didn’t like you while it’s alive it’s unlikely to be helpful after you’ve killed it. Your best bet is to use this on an ally with information that you can’t get otherwise. Cast Gentle Repose on the corse to keep it intact so that you can hit it with Speak with Dead again 10 days later.
  • Spirit ShroudTCoE (Optional): An interesting choice for the Bladesinger. The extra damage works well if you’re making weapon attacks, but the limited range means that you’re only going to use it in melee or so close to melee that you’re basically in melee, which means that you need to be running Bladesong at the same time. At this level, you’re not very durable and you don’t have Song of Defense to save you in an emergency, so this is a big gamble compared to defensive buffs like Blur. The damage notably scales with spell level, so casting this at 5th level or even 7th level is really tempting, but 6th level brings Tasha’s Otherworldly Guise and Tenser’s Transformation, which compete for space. Which works for you will depend on your build and your preferred tactics. Learn all three and experiment to find which one you like best.
  • Stinking CloudPHB: While this can rob targets of their Action if they fail the save, the area is small and easy to escape. Given the choice between the two, I would go for Sleet Storm first.
  • Summon Lesser DemonsXGtE: You can’t control the demons, and they’re probably not strong enough to win an encounter on their own. The material component may also be problem since it has a 24 freshness timer.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Summon FeyTCoE (Optional): Decent summons at this level, especially compared to Summon Lesser Demons, but upgrade to a better summon spell as soon as you can.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Summon ShadowspawnTCoE (Optional): Better combat options than Summon Fey, but mostly worse than Summon Undead.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Summon UndeadTCoE (Optional): Several excellent combat options, and the ghostly option can fly around and do stuff for you.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Thunder StepPHB: Amusing, but it takes an Action to cast, the AOE isn’t especially large, and the damage is poor for the spell level. Use Misty Step instead.
  • Tidal WaveEEPC / XGtE: Being knocked prone typically isn’t a problem in 5e because standing costs so little. However, being knocked prone while flying causes you to fall, potentially taking a bunch of damage. This spell notably doesn’t require that it be cast on the ground or on top of a body of water. You could cast this in mid-air, or even wholly underwater. Using it mid-air seems like a good way to counter multiple flying enemies. However, hitting more than two enemies with a line effect (even one that’s wide like Tidal Wave) can be very difficult, so it’s rare that you’ll hit more than two targets with this.
  • Tiny ServantXGtE: With an 8-hour duration, Tiny Servant is in many ways a temporary familiar. Unlike a familiar it has fixed stats and it can attack, but attacking is definitely not its intended function. With 60-foot blindsight, it’s a portable sentry. It’s not smart enough to follow complex commands and it can’t see, so it can’t discern invisible foes from visible ones, but you can command it to inform you of approaching creatures, or you could command it to chase a specific foe which you know to be present but can’t see. I recommend casting this on something small, portable, and loud like a hand bell so that the servant can communicate by ringing itself. Still, as good as this spell is I would wait until you’ve got plentiful 3rd-level spells before you consider it.
  • TonguesPHB: You are almost certainly your party’s Face, and language can present a serious barrier. You may not want to pick this up when you first get access to 3rd-level spells, but consider picking it up later when using a 3rd-level spell on a utility option is less daunting.
  • Vampiric TouchPHB: Migrants from previous editions should note that this spell is no longer a single attack: The spell lasts a minute and you can repeat the attack every turn. Unfortunately because the range is “Self”, you can’t cast this through your familiar, so if you want to use this you’ll need to wade into melee. Be very cautious if you use this.
  • Wall of SandEEPC / XGtE: Decent area control, but it only take 30 feet of movement to move through so enemies may be able to do so and still act on their turns. Try to place the wall so that enemies need to expend more than their base movement to get through the wall, then drop AOE spells like Fireball in the air above the wall to strike targets on the other side.
  • Wall of WaterEEPC: This is a really hard spell to use effectively, but if you have a spell like Ray of Frost which you can fire through the wall to make it solid to can give yourself solid cover, then walk in and out of cover to cast other spells.
  • Water BreathingPHB: Unless you’re actively expecting to be around dangerous bodies of water, having this available as a ritual is sufficient.

4th-Level Spells

  • Arcane EyePHB: One of the best scouting spells in the game.
  • BanishmentPHB: Among the most powerful save-or-suck spells in the game for several reasons. First, it’s a Charisma saving throw and very few creatures are good at those. Second, many powerful enemies like fiends are exptraplanar, so you can easily remove them with a single spell (though many of them can cast Plane Shift to come right back, so watch out for that). Finally, casting the spell at a higher level allows you to target additional creatures so you can remove big parts of an encounter for up to a minute, deal with anything that passes the initial round of banishment, then prep yourself for everything else to drop back in while your party stands around with readied actions.
  • BlightPHB: Not enough damage for a spell slot this level, and Constitution saves tend to be high.
  • Charm MonsterXGtE: A great nonlethal way to deal with enemies. It doesn’t require that the target be able to understand you, but otherwise has the same complications which Charm Person does: the target is only friendly toward you, and when the spell ends they know that they were charmed.
  • ConfusionPHB: I’ve hated Confusion since 3rd edition. It’s unpredictable, unreliable, and makes combat take twice as long as it would normally. It’s great that it’s an AOE, and you might be able to make creatures attack their allies, but there are too many points of failure for it to be a reliable option.
  • Conjure Minor ElementalsPHB: The same CR range as Conjure Animals, but a spell level higher. You could argue that elementals might be more useful than animals since elementals can often do things like move through solid stone or light things on fire, but you’re still totally beholden to the DM’s whims. You might need an earth elemental and get a magmin or something. The spell isn’t limited to vanilla elementals; any creature of the Elemental creature type qualifies.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Control WaterPHB: All of the effects are situational, and there are some weird edge cases like using the Flood option on a puddle or a full bucket where it’s unclear what happens when the water overflows its container.
  • Dimension DoorPHB: Misty step usually suffices, and Misty Step is cast as a Bonus Action.
  • DivinationPHB (Optional): Much more precise than Augury, and it works much further into the future. The 25gp component cost won’t hurt much at this level, but it’s enough to deter you from using this every time you have a question.
  • Elemental BaneEEPC / XGtE: A great way to overcome damage resistance to your favorite spells. Note that the extra damage is per turn, so if your allies can deal the same type of damage you can pile up a lot of damage very quickly. Unfortunately, the save is Constitution-based and Constitution saves tend to be high.
  • Evard’s Black TentaclesPHB: The 20-foot square area is relatively small, but the fact that the spell restrains targets means that they’re trapped in the area taking continuous damage unless they spend an action to attempt a Strength or Dexterity check (note that this is a check, not a saving throw). If they succeed, they get to move but little else that turn. Strength and Dexterity checks will lag saving throws considerably, so even characters with good physical ability scores will have trouble passing the DC. Unfortunately, despite how good this spell is it competes with other options of the same level like Sickening Radiance which are much better for crowds and Otiluke’s Resilient Sphere which is better for single targets.
  • FabricatePHB: I really wish that this spell was better, but it’s simply too situational. It only works on raw materials, so you can’t pull tricks like turning a door into toothpicks or something equally useful.
  • Fire ShieldPHB: Potentially useful for bladesingers, but other wizards should stay out of harm’s way.
  • Greater InvisibilityPHB: Invisibility in 5e is really good, and running around for a full minute being almost impossible to target is a huge advantage.
  • Hallucinatory TerrainPHB: Situational. Unless you specifically need the 24-hour duration and the massive area of effect, Major Image will suffice.
  • Ice StormPHB: This spell is terrible. Two types of dice for no readily apparent reason. Two types of damage, which makes sense but is still annoying. Compare thisis to Erupting Earth: ice Storm’s AOE is much bigger (20 ft. cube vs. 20 ft. radius cylindar), but it does an average of just 3 more damage, and the difficult terrain only lasts until the end of your next turn so it’s nearly pointless. This simply isn’t good enough to justify being a spell level higher than Erupting Earth.
  • Leomund’s Secret ChestPHB: Extremely situational. The best case I can think of to use this item is if you need to sneak a chest of items into a place. Unfortunately, the limited size of the chest makes it difficult to bring weapons or armor of any great size. A longsword could fit if placed diagonally (they’re typically up to 4 feet long, including the hilt), but longer weapons like a greataxe or a quarterstaff like would not.
  • Locate CreaturePHB: More effective than mundane tracking, but the 1,000-foot range can be a problem if the target is actively fleeing from you. If you’re going to use this, be sure that you’re moving faster than your target.
  • Mordenkainen’s Faithful HoundPHB: The primary appeal of this spell is to watch for invisibile foes while you rest, but you can use Tiny Servant as a ritual with double the radius of detection. Faithful Hound does have one advantage, in that it’s meaningfully useful in combat, but the hound takes up one square, can’t move, and can only attack creatures within 5 feet so unless you can pin a foe in on place (maybe with Evard’s Black Tentacles or something) the hound is going to spend most of its time barking and doing nothing else.
  • Mordenkainen’s Private SanctumPHB: This is hard to justify. It’s great for protecting a “home base” of some kind if you have magically-inclined enemies, but it doesn’t block passage so enemies can still walk right into it. If you’re going to rely on this, you likely need to combine it with some other form of protection like a building or Leomund’s Tiny Hut.
  • Otiluke’s Resilient SpherePHB: Single-target save or suck on a Dexterity save. Dexterity saves tend to be low for many enemies, so you can often take a target out of a fight for the duration while you deal with its allies or set up unpleasant traps for it.
  • Phantasmal KillerPHB: Despite how slowly it kills the target, this is a great single-target spell and the spell level scaling is absolutely spectacular. Against big burly foes which often have poor mental stats, the save will be hard to pass and Frightened will make their attacks and ability checks much less effective. How the Frightened condition works is somewhat confusing because there’s no indication where the “illusory manifestation” appears, if it has a location at all. I think that the intent is that the target is Frightened, but their movement isn’t hampered like it would normally be by the Frightened condition. Because casting Phantasmal Killer increases the damage by a d10 every time (rather than just the on the first damage roll like many spells), this remains an effective option well beyond its spell level.
  • PolymorphPHB: Fantastic and versatile, but also very complicated. See my Practical Guide to Polymorph for detailed advice on how to get the most out of Polymorph.
  • Sickening RadianceXGtE: This spell is very easy to overlook. The effects are complicated, and the 4d10 damage looks underwhelming, but don’t let that deter you. This is a great spell to cast into a room then shut the door, but even if that’s not an option it’s a fantastic way to handle crowds. With a 30-foot radius you can hit a huge number of targets, and with a 10-minute duration you can easily kill anything stuck in the area for an extended period. The 4d10 damage is fine, and negating invisibility is great, but the real appeal is the levels of Exhaustion. One level makes targets less able to resist grappling or other crowd control spells like Maximilian’s Earthen Grasp or Web which your allies could cast to keep enemies in the area. Two levels halves targets’ speed, making it harder for them to move out of the area. Three levels imposes Disadvantage on saves so their condition will deteriorate even faster. If targets somehow survive until 5 levels of exhaustion (they’ll have taken 20d10 radiant damage by now, which is a lot), their speed drops to 0 so you no longer need to do anything to prevent escape. Just wait for them to hit 6 levels of Exhaustion, which results in death if a total of 24d10 radiant damage somehow hasn’t killed them. Just be warned: this spell affects allies, too, and if the spell ends the levels of Exhaustion are removed instantly.
  • Stone ShapePHB: This is one of the must useful spells in the game. Castles, dungeons, caves, mountains, and all manner of other locales include an abundance of stone. The ability to reshape that stone to your purposes in an instant is immensely useful. This is a spell limited only by your imagination. A 5-foot cube is plenty of space to wreak all kinds of havoc if you’re clever..
  • StoneskinPHB: Expensive, but really good.
  • Storm SphereEEPC: Sickening Radiance is considerably better. Bigger AOE, better damage, longer duration, and a better secondary effect. Even against a single target, the damage of Sickening Radiance (4d10, average 22) is better than the damage of Storm Cloud to a single target (6d6, average 21, including both the area damage and the lightning bolt).
  • Summon AberrationTCoE (Optional): Three diverse and effective combat options.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Summon ConstructTCoE (Optional): Not as effective offensively as Summon Aberration, but all three summoned constructs are unusually durable for creatures summoned by similar spells.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Summon ElementalTCoE (Optional): Summon Aberration is better offensively, and Summon Construct provides a more durable summon. Summon Elemental’s biggest advantage is that you can summon a creature that can fight effectively underwater, but even then it’s not a great summon.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Summon Greater DemonXGtE: Potentially very useful, but Summon Greater Demon is a double-edged sword. The demon is only under your control so long as it keeps failing Charisma saves, so you want to pick something with poor Charisma saves to keep it under your control as long as possible. In a pinch you can use the option to create a safe space and bottleneck the demon in a room full of enemies, then walk away and let the demon run wild. Even at this level a CR 5 is still decently powerful, and thanks to 5e’s flat math a CR 5 will remain a meaningful addition to the party for a reasonably long time. As your spell slot levels improve, you can summon more powerful demons, which keeps the spell useful for a long time. It may wane in effectiveness a few levels after you max out at 5th-level spell slots, but if you can find a demon with good utility options Summon Greater Demon may remain viable long past the end of its usefulness in combat.\

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Vitriolic SphereEEPC: Fireball, but a higher level and a different damage type. The same range, the same AOE, the same save, the same school. But Vitriolic Sphere deals acid damage, and instead of dealing the damage all up front, some of it is applied at the end of targets’ next turns. The initial damage exceeds Fireball’s initial damage by a few points, but on it’s own not by enough to justify the spell level difference. The big addition is that you get half of the initial damage at the end of targets’ next turns. That’s a huge damage boost, but it only applies if the targets fail their saves, and obviously it only matters if they’re still alive. This is a great spell early in a fight, especially if you know that you’re not going to kill the targets in one shot, but that’s also the time when you should be dropping spells like Sickening Radiance or Wall of Fire, so maybe use this as your second spell in an encounter.
  • Wall of FirePHB: An absolutely fantastic area control option.
  • Watery SphereEEPC / XGtE: If you just want to restrain creatures, cast Entangle. The primary appeal here is the ability to restrain the target, then drag them around for the spell’s duration.

5th-Level Spells

  • Animate ObjectsPHB: This spell is complicated, but when it works it can be profoundly effective, but you need to carefully choose the objects which you animate to get the most out of the spell and you don’t always have the luxury of abundant options. First, avoid any object with feet or legs like tables and chairs; choosing objects which are forced to fly makes them much more useful. From there, you need to weigh the benefits of various size objects. Larger objects can take up more space and deal more damage per attack, but having numerous small attacks may deal more damage. Larger objects have considerably more hit points but considerably worse AC. Medium creatures have the worst attack bonus, and attack bonuses improve as you move away from Medium in either direction, altering the amount of damage which you can expect from each attack.

    Looking at all of the various factors, in most cases your best option is 10 tiny objects. Enemies still can’t move into their space, and with a total of 10 attacks they’ll easily deal more damage than any other combination of objects. Over 10 rounds, 10 attacks per round, 100 total attacks, totalling 100d4+400 damage, avg. 650. Expect attacks to hit roughly 50% of the time, but even then against a single target that’s an average of up to 325 damage if the target doesn’t do something about.

    If you select objects which will fly, they can easily encircle an enemy, keeping them in place either in the air or on the ground. Granted, with just 20 hit points they’re vulnerable to AOE damage, but it’s easy to look for other spells whenever that’s a problem. And, if you can’t find adequate targets you can carry around a sack full of daggers or loaves of bread or something else light and portable.

  • Bigby’s HandPHB: Versatile and effective against a variety of enemies. The damage from both Clenched Fist and Grasping Hand is great, and scales well with spell level. By this level you have plenty of ways to handle single targets, but generally once the target passes a save they’re free of the effect. Bigby’s Hand sticks around for the spell’s duration, allowing you to repeatedly harrass the target and move on to a new target once the previous one falls.
  • CloudkillPHB: Designed to be rolled through armies, this spell is hard to use in the small, tactical fights between a party of adventurers and a handful of monsters. The simple fact that the effect moves away from you makes the spell difficult to keep in place, and RAW it’s unclear if the effect stops if it hits a solid barrier or if it’s happy to roll straight through solid objects like castle walls. RAW, the spell moves away from you rather than from your original position when casting the spell, so you may be able to pilot the effect by running around it, but with a 20-foot radius you may need more than the typical 25/30 ft. speed most humanoid races have if you want to make more than slight adjustments to the cloud’s direction every round. If you want run fully around to the opposite side of the cloud, you need to move upwards of 60 feet (half the circumference of a circle with 40-foot diamater is roughly 62.5 feet, but that doesn’t account for poisitioning on a grid).
  • Cone of ColdPHB: Despite the larger total area of effect, I think this is worse than Fireball. Even with a 60-foot cone you have much less flexibility than a 20-foot-radius sphere with 150-foot range. Cone of Cold’s 8d8 damage on slightly exceeds Fireballs 8d6 damage (just 8 points more damage on average), and if you cast Fireball as a 5th-level spell Cone of Cold does just 1 point more damage on average.
  • Conjure ElementalPHB: While you get to choose the type of elemental summoned, you don’t get to pick the CR, so your DM is totally allowed to screw you and make you summon a single steam mephit or something else incredibly low-CR. Don’t use this unless you sincerely believe that your DM will give you something worth the spell slot. Also, be very careful to maintain Concentration for the duration of the spell. Losing control of your summoned elemental could be a serious problem if things are already going badly for you.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Contact Other PlanePHB: This is a fantastic divination. You can gain a ton of useful information from a handful of yes or no questions. Unlike literally every other spellcaster with access to this spell, and DC 15 Intelligence save is relatively easy for the Wizard. Even so, try to pad your save bonus however you can: bardic inspiration, Guidance, whatever you can get. Oh, and don’t cast this unless you can safely endure the 6d6 damage and spend the rest of the day tied to a bed.
  • Control WindsEEPC: Inconvenience creatures relying on ranged weapon attacks, and slow enemies attempting to move in one particular direction. If you’re worried about ranged attacks, cast Warding Wind. If you’re worried about enemies moving around, consider something that creates difficult terrain like Eruptin Earth. If you’re worried about flying enemies, cast Earthbind or something. My point is that there are lower-level spells which solve the same problems that Control Winds solves, and they usually do a better job.
  • CreationPHB: This spell is limited by its maximum volume and by your creativity. It takes a full minute to cast so it’s not going to be useful in combat, but it’s an amazing utility option. A 5-foot cube may not sound like a lot, but that’s enough to get up to all sorts of mischief. Need to block a hallway? How about a 5-foot cube of wood or stone? Need a quick trap? 5-foot sphere of something heavy, roll it down a hill. Short on ammunition? Enough arrows to fill a 5-foot cube. Food? 5-foot cube of non-living vegetable matter sounds a lot like food to me. Fancy clothes for a party? The finest cotton. Need to bribe someone you hate? Gems only last 10 minutes, so make it fast.
  • Danse MacabreXGtE: As a DM, I’m going to ask you a personal favor: Don’t cast this spell on anything except human corpses. The Monster Manual contains only a handful of skeleton and zombie stat blocks, and if you do something silly like raise a bunch of zombie wolves your DM is going to need to generate a new stat block for them in the middle of a game session. At some point I’ll write a “Big Book of Skeletons” and “Big Book of Zombies” to convert every living creature in the Monster Manual, but that’s probably a long way off. I think the intent is that you should use the generic “Zombie” stat block used for humanoid zombies, but it never explains what to do if players use this on any other kind of corpse.
  • DawnPHB: This is a mediocre area denial option. You can spend a Bonus Action to move it, which is really nice, but Constitution saves tend to be high, and the damage isn’t spectacular. Dawn’s single saving grace is that is specifically says “this light is sunlight”, which means that it hurts vampires very badly. If you can grapple a vampire to hold it in the radius of Dawn you can kill them pretty easily.
  • Dominate PersonPHB: Humanoids stop being common enemies after low levels because high-CR humanoids are typically NPCs with names and backstories and things like that. Still, there’s no better off-switch for a humanoid that Dominate Person. Upcasting the spell increases the duration, allowing you to drag the target through a bunch of fights. However, the creature taking damage allows additional saves so be sure to keep it out of harms way until you can conveniently do away with them at minimal risk to yourself and your allies.
  • DreamPHB: While this spell on its own can be very powerful, it’s only usable outside of combat, and there are a lot of limitations on its usage. This is a great option for NPCs to mess with players, but it’s rare that a player can employ this effectively against their enemies.
  • EnervationPHB: Remember Witch Bolt from all the way back at level 1? Enervation is the same idea: you hit once, then you spend every Action for a while dealing automatic damage. It’s a fine concept, but at just 4d8 damage it’s going to take a profoundly long time to to kill any single target worthy of a 5th-level spell slot. Sure, the damage is guaranteed, but spells like Hunger of Hadar and Sickening Radiance will do similar damage in an AOE along with other benefits. Enervation simply isn’t good enough for the spell slot.
  • Far StepXGtE: The teleportation is really nice, but you can teleport with Misty Step which is 3 spell levels lower. Sure, Far Step lets you go twice as far and you couldn’t teleport 10 times in a row with Misty Step without spending a huge number of spell slots, but situations where you need to teleport once every round should probably be addressed by things like flying or invisibility.
  • GeasPHB: This spell is situational by design. It has a 1-minute casting time and Verbal components, so you’re not going to break this out in combat or while sneaking around in a dungeon. You’re going to restrain the subject, and stand around chanting for a full minute and hope that they fail the save. Once that’s done, you need to give them a suitable command (read the spell description). Generally you’ll want it to be something that benefits you, but will also take the target most of the duration to keep them from becoming a problem for you. Also remember that the base effect of the Charmed condition makes it easier for you to talk the creature into doing things with Charisma checks, so a Geased creature may be a useful ally for the duration of the effect even if the original order isn’t directly related to what you want them to do.

    Increasing the spell level extends the duration, but weirdly the damage doesn’t increase. 5d10 is a nice pile of damage, but it doesn’t scale with spell level and at some point the target will get smart enough to wake up, trigger the 5d10 damage, take a short rest, then go about their business. If the damage scaled this would be less of a problem, but damage is so easily repaired in 5e outside of combat that without further penalties Geas is more a tax on hit dice than the magical shackles it’s intended to be. If you want a homebrew fix, add a level of fatigue each day that the target is out of compliance, or make the damage impossible to heal until they go a day without taking it. Neither of those is a perfect solution, but they’re miles better than an average of 27.5 damage.

  • Hold MonsterPHB: A great example of a “save or suck” spell. With the exception of undead, this works on any creature type, and paralysis takes a creature out of a fight almost as much as killing them. If you have an ally who fights in melee, send them to follow up with melee attacks. Automatic critical hits are too hard to pass up many melee allies. Keep in mind that targets get another save at the end of each of their turns, so you need to act quickly while targets are still affected.
  • ImmolationEEPC: Against a single target with a ton of hit points and terrible reflex saves, this is a passable use of a spell slot. But it’s also a slow way to kill the sort of high-CR creature which you typically want to use this on, and for the same spell slot you could cast Fireball and deal 10d6 damage to everything in an AOE rather than 8d6 to one target and maybe more damage the next round.
  • Infernal CallingXGtE: If Summon Greater Demon was a frustrating gamble, Infernal Calling is even more difficult. You need to negotiate with your summoned devil, and unless you’re playing to the devil’s nature or doing something actively eveil you may find the whole spell totally unreliable. Casting Summon Greater Demon will get you a creature of the same CR, which will likely be sufficient, and doesn’t require so much real-world work. There’s an option to summon individual devils using their talisman, but getting one of those would be a plot point which the DM would need to include, so don’t gamble on that happening.
  • Legend LorePHB: Extremely situational. The fact that the subject needs to be “of legendary importance” severely limits the spells usefulness, and you might not benefit from this more than once or twice in an entire campaign. In previous editions this was a great way to ask the DM for background information which they often had available but with no excuse to share, which is both informative for the players and rewarding for the DM who has spent hours crafting fun lore with no in-game reason to share it. You can still use it for major places, items, and characters, but “legendary importance” is highly subjective so your DM can make this totally useless if they don’t feel like sharing.
  • MisleadPHB: Situational. Not a great option in combat, but out of combat this provides a passably safe way to scout an area or to trick other creatures.
  • Modify MemoryPHB: The actual intent of the spell is very situational, but this spell is accidentally a really effective save-or-suck spell. Compare it to Hold Monster against a single target, which is the same level. Hold Monster allows additional saves every round, though admittedly Paralyzed is more lethal than Incapacitated. The target is unaware of its surroundings, so you can reasonably get Advantage on attack rolls against it, but as long as it isn’t damage you could also fully restrain the target before the spell’s duration expires. However, the target gets Advantage on their save if you’re fighting it, so you need to hit them with this before fighting starts. That typically means before Initiative is rolled, but your DM may let you do it if the creature is Surprised.

    If you need to incapacitate a creature in an encounter with multiple enemies, your enemies likely won’t know how to break the effect (except by killing you), and once you’ve defeated everything else you can use Modify Memory to convince the target that the other creatures attacked them and you came to their rescue. Then you’ve won a fight, and earned the real treasure: the friends that you made along the way, and whatever their previous friends had in their pockets.

  • Negative Energy FloodXGtE: Much like Danse Macabre, this requires the DM to produce zombie statistics for creatures on the fly, so I’ll politely ask you not to use this on anything which doesn’t already have published monster stats. On top of that, it’s really hard to time this so that you’ll get a zombie. Enervation is probably a better choice.
  • PasswallPHB: Much faster than repeatedly casting Stone Shape, and it cleans up after itself so enemies won’t find your handiwork several days later. The 1-hour duration is typically plenty of time to go in, do some work, then retreat to safety and take a rest before suddenly opening a tunnel somewhere else. If you can, try to use divination spells to determine what’s going to be on the other side of the passage so you don’t accidently burrow into a magma flow or a room full of heavily-armed demons or something.
  • Planar BindingPHB: At the level you get this, 1,000gp is a steep price to pay for a spell that lasts 24 hours. Save this for higher levels when you can cast something like Gate to summon a powerful creature and bind it to your service for a long time. If you can somehow get two 9th-level spells, you could summon a Balor or something equally powerful for a year and a day, then command it to conquer a continent for you or something. Most creatures won’t be happy about this form of servitude, of course, so be sure to plan for their sudden yet inevitable betrayal.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • Rary’s Telepathic bondPHB: If you have time to cast this, you should always have this running while you’re somewhere dangerous. Speaking aloud is a great way to alert enemies to your presence and to give away clever plans. The fact that this has no range limit once it’s in effect means that you can use it to communicate with allies while they scout around, potentially including beasts, familiars, and summoned creatures.
  • ScryingPHB: Technically situational, but it’s a situation that comes up frequently. Any time that you want to know what the BBEG is up to, cast Scrying and take a look. The spell gets easier the more you know the target, and after one face-to-face encounter you could easily make off with something tying you to the target to penalize their saving throw.
  • SeemingPHB: Very situational, but hard to replace in situations where you need it.
  • Skill EmpowermentXGtE: Expertise for everyone! You won’t be throwing this on the Fighter for them to shove or grapple everything they meet (you have better combat buffs), but you can put this on a character before sneaking, before an important social situation, before investigating something important, or basically any other time that there’s an important skill check to be made and you have time to buff yourselves beforehand.
  • Steel Wind StrikeXGtE: The damage is decent, but you generally don’t want to end up within 5 feet of a target unless you’re a bladesinger.
  • Synaptic StaticXGtE: Start with fireball. Shave 30 feet off the range, change the damage type to psychic, and change the saving throw to Intelligence. Very few creatures are good at intelligence saves, so expect most creatures to fail the save. The 8d6 damage feels underwhelming at this spell level, but subtracting a d6 from from attack rolls and ability checks for a full minute is a significant debuff. This is a good option to start a fight with a large number of martial enemies because they’ll be impacted most by debuff and most martial enemies have poor Intelligence saves.
  • TelekinesisPHB: Fantastically versatile. The utility capabilities alone are well worth the spell, and with 10 minutes to enjoy it per casting you can solve all manner of problems. Open doors, safely handle traps, move obstacles, retrieve items from under courches, aid in construction, or solve any number of problems which might require a crane in real life. Against enemies, lifting them into the air and making them Restrained can easily be a death sentence if you have other allies who can follow up with ranged attacks or who can reach the target via flight or some other means. Because the target must remain within the spell’s range, be careful about holding the target directly above your own head to get them to the maximum height. It’s perfectly fine to hold them 30 feet off the ground roughly 30 feet away from you horizontally. The target falls prone if they take damage from the fall, which should slow most creatures enough that they can’t get into melee with you without dashing. Then you can attempt to pick them up again on your next turn because the spell lasts 10 minutes and you can use it every turn without limit.
  • Telepathic BondPHB: Cast this as a ritual. The ability to communicate silently across limitless distance is a massive tactical advantage in most situations where other creatures are a problem. This also neatly solves the challenge of language barriers, so if you can get a target to sit around for 10 minutes you no longer need Tongues.
  • Teleportation CirclePHB: Situational, but generally one of the safest long-distance teleportion options, especially since it doesn’t have a cap on the number or size of creatures affected. However, how useful it is depends on the availability of convenient teleportation circles in your campaign. If your DM isn’t going to make such teleportation circles available and useful, look elsewhere.
  • Transmute RockEEPC / XGtE: In previous editions, this was two spells, and if you were quick you could transmute mud to rock, then back into rock once enemies had sunken into it. Now that combination is specifically prohibited, but transmuting rock to mud is still a decent combiantion. Adventuring frequently takes you to places with stone flopors and ceilings like caves and castles, and even if you don’t use this to restrain enemies, you can use it for things like walking through walls, collapsing structures, or generally just ruining anything made of stone. It affects a 40-foot cube, which is enough to do a horrifuingly large amount of structural damage.
  • Wall of ForcePHB: Nearly inpenetrable, and with a 1-Action casting time you can use this to neatly separate encounters, or to trap foes in a sphere or hemisphere until you’re ready to deal with them.
  • Wall of LightXGtE: The damage is awful, but that’s not what this spell is for. The real benefit is blinding stuff. Creatures are only blinded if they’re in the wall when you create it, and creatures can move through the wall totally unaffected. The save is Consitution-based and Constitution saves tend to be high, and since creatures get another save every round you can’t count on the blidness to last more than a round or two. Even the ability to short rays from the wall is disappointing, dealing the same 4d8 damage and not re-applying blindness.
  • Wall of StonePHB: While it certainly isn’t glamorous, it’s difficult to overstate how effective a solid stone barrier can be at solving problems. Walling off some of the enemies an encounter can take one challenging counter and make it two very easy back-to-back encounters. You do need to maintain Concentration, but that also means that when you’re ready to deal with whatever you decided to wall off temporarily you can just drop Concentration rather than breaking down your own wall. Outside of a life of adventure, this spell is powerful enough that you could make a decent living in construction based on this spell alone. If you ever decide to settle down, find somewhere with enough stone to anchor the spell and build yourself a nice stone house.

6th-Level Spells

  • Arcane GatePHB: Very Situation. Cast Fly and have your party fly the 500 ft. distance instead. That obviously won’t scale to big groups if you need to do something like lead a village across a chasm or something, but how often do you actually need to do that?
  • Chain LightningPHB: Fine damage at good range. You’ll be able to get more total damage from a normal AOE damage spell because you’ll likely be able to hit more targets, but thhat misses the primary appeal of Chain Lightning. Chain Lightning is good because you can cast into a crowded are which might include your own allies without any risk of friendly fire. The spell level scaling adds additional targets rather than additional damage, so you can easily cast this at a level that hits exactly as mant targets as you feel the need to hit.
  • Circle of DeathPHB: 8d6 damage matches Fireball, which is three spell levels lower. The big improvements are Circle of Death’s damage type and it’s absolutley massive 60-foot radius area of effect. With such a large area and a target-rich environment you could easily deal more total damage than with Fireball. The scaling is also unusually nice, adding 2 dice per spell level rahter than 1 like most spells do. Circle of Death competes for space on the wizard’s spell list with Freezing Sphere, which has more range and deals two more dice of damage, but has a worse damage type.
  • ContingencyPHB: This is the ultimate insurance policy. The material component is very expensive, but this spell is phenomenally useful. If you’re unsure what to pick, go for conditions and spells which will keep you alive like “when I fall to 0 hit points, polymorph me into a giant eagle”, or “when I fall below half hit points but not to 0, cast Invisibility”. Remember that you actually cast your contingent spell when you cast Contingency, so you need to provide any material components (potentially consuming them), and there’s no guarantee that your contingent spell will be triggered, so avoid spells with an expensive material component unless they’re a really good option for some reason. Once you get access to Wish, you can use it to make most spells in the game available, so don’t shy away from cleric options like Revivify.
  • Create HomonculusXGtE: If you don’t mind the 1,000gp component cost for a fancy dagger, this is a nice way to get another permanent pet. The homunculus has some advantages over familiars: darkvision, flight, a telepathic bond with you, and the ability to attack on its own. However, it’s still very frail and the only way to address that is to give it part of your hit points maximum. Wizards are notoriously frail, which makes that a terrifying gamble, especially considering that you can just recreate your homunculus by casting the spell again so long as you haven’t lost your fancy dagger. Most likely, your homunculus will serve basically the same role as a familiar: a scout, a courier, and occasionally a vehicle for Dragon Breath. If your familiar or someone else in the party can fill those roles already, you might skip this spell and spend that 1,000gp elsewhere.

    I’d also like to take a moment to call out the new homunculus art: humunculi are typically depicted as grotesque human-like things resembling a partially-melted baby doll with wings, but the new official art resembles a somewhat-cute bat-frog-squirrel thing. I think that’s an artistic improvement, but if you still want a flying nightmare baby you’re free to imagine your homunculus however you like so long as you don’t draw me a picture of it.

  • Create UndeadPHB: If you just need something to ride around on or a minion to carry your treasure, use Animate Dead. If you want to have an intelligent thrall to handle complex tasks or to act as a bodyguard, use Create Undead. But remember: undead are evil and will murder you at the first opportunity, and generally DMs don’t like players dragging an undead army around behind them.
  • DisintegratePHB: Among the most damaging single-target damage spells in the game, Disintegrate’s single-target damage is roughly equivalent to 21d6 (total average of 75). On a Dexterity save it’s tempting to use this against big, bulky foes who tend to have a lot of hit points to burn though. Ideally you can save-or-suck those sorts of creatures, but sometimes things like legendary resistances make that hard. You can also use disintegrate to remove problematic things like walls of force (or of anything else), allowing you to do things like toppling structures or bursting through walls to surprise enemies on the other side.
  • Dwamij’s Instant SummonsPHB: Very situational, and very expensive.
  • EyebitePHB: If you cast this, don’t expect to do anything else for the duration of the encounter. A save-or-suck to put targets to sleep every turn is hard to beat, and the fact that you can do it every turn is spectacular. Sure, targets only remain asleep until the spell ends, but that’s plenty of time for someone else in your party to walk over and deliver a guaranteed critical hit. When the target wakes from taking damage they’ll still be prone, and on your next turn you’re free to put them to sleep again.
  • Flesh to StonePHB: Single-target save-or suck, but they get multiple saves and Constitution saves tend to be high so you can’t count on this to work reliably. Even if the target does succumb to the spell, it takes at least three rounds.
  • Globe of InvulnerabilityPHB: You’ll only rarely need this, but against enemy spellcaster it’s irreplaceable. Once this is up, enemies can’t even cast Counterspell because it targets you and you’re inside the sphere. They could cast Counterspell at a spell level high enough to get through your globe, but they need to guess what spell level to use and they need to spend very high-level spell slots to do so. Even in fights with spellcasters who can cast 9th-level spell slots, you can cast this as a 9th-level spell and use Counterspell against any 9th-level spells which they cast (though you’ll need to roll an ability check and hope for the best). This spell also uniquely cripples enemy warlocks, since their spell slots cap at 5th level and they’re heavily reliant on cantrips. They can still use their Mystic Arcanum unless you upcast Globe of Invulnerability, but they only get 4 of those at most, and you’ve got plenty of spell slots for Counterspell. Despite all these strengths, you still need to be cautious: 1 minute is not a long time, and enemies can still move into the globe unimpeded and attack you at point-blank range. Keep your allies inside the sphere both to protect them and to let them protect you, and beware non-spell attacks like breath weapons and pointy sticks.
  • Guards and WardsPHB: Very situational. This spell is generally used by NPCs rather than by players since it’s so rare for players to stay in one place long enough to make the spell permanent, but if you have a permanent base and you’re a wizard this is basically required. It’s like covering your mouth when you cough. You could choose to not do it, but I’ll think much less of you for it.
  • Investiture of FlameEEPC: You should never remain close enough to enemies for long enough that this is a good choice.
  • Investiture of IceEEPC: You should never remain close enough to enemies for long enough that this is a good choice.
  • Investiture of StoneEEPC: You should never remain close enough to enemies for long enough that this is a good choice.
  • Investiture of WindEEPC: Combine the most important parts of Fly and Warding Wind, and you get an option to shove creatures around at range which you might use once or twice. Probably not good enough for the spell level, but potentially interesting.
  • Magic JarPHB: Risky and complicated. Generally an enemy might use this to try to take over a player’s body, but I’ve never seen a player use this successfully. The spell also has a lot of open questions: What happens if you gain a level while possessing another creature’s body? Are hit points a class feature for the spell’s purposes? What about racial traits like weapon and armor proficiencies? How much of your body needs to be nearby? I recommend avoiding this spell as a player, and as a DM I recommend keeping Counterspell handy since the effect can be ended by Dispel Magic.
  • Mass SuggestionPHB: Situational, but potentially very effective. Unlike Suggestion you don’t need to maintain Concentration, and the base duration for Mass Suggestion is triple Suggestion’s duration with the option to extend it with higher-level spell slots. If you’ve had good results with Suggestion, consider replacing it with Mass Suggestion.
  • Mental PrisonXGtE: The damage is good, and taking a creature out of combat for up to a minute is fantastic, but it’s hard to predict if creatures will remain in the effect or choose to take the damage. Creatures can’t see or hear through the effect, so their allies can’t convince it to leave. Another creature could push or pull the target, forcing them to take the damage, but I don’t know if another creature would know to do that unless they knew what spell you had cast. There are a lot of variables that are almost entirely out of your control, and that makes me nervous, but the spell is really cool and potentially very effective.
  • Move EarthPHB: Outside of adventuring, this spell would be profoundly useful, especially when combined with Stone Shape. But for an adventurer this has very limited usefulness.
  • Otiluke’s Freezing SpherePHB: At 10d6 damage, Freezing Sphere exceeds Fireball by just 2 dice (which is sad because Fireball is three levels lower), but it has twice the range and a massive 60-foot radius. You also have the option to freeze the sphere amd give it to an ally, so you could have an ally fire several from slings as an opening salvo in an encounter, dealing mass damage in an area. Freezing Sphere competes for space on the Wizard’s spell list with Circle of Death, which does less damage (but scales better), but uses a better damage type.
  • Otto’s Irresistible DancePHB: The primary appeal of Otto’s Irresistable Dance is that the target suffers the effects immediately, and doesn’t get to make a save until they have spent an Action to make the save, and since they must spend all of their movement dancing, they effectively lose at least one turn after being targeted (they still get a Bonus Action). This is a great way to sneak past Legendary Resistances, and if you’re positioned well in the initiative order your allies might get to spend their turns attacking the target with Advantage.

    In many situations, Hold Monster will be just as effective, if not more so. Hold Monster can target multiple foes, and doesn’t care if the target is immune to being charmed. Save Otto’s Irresistible Dance for powerful single foes who might otherwise be difficult to target with save-or-suck spells.

  • Programmed IllusionPHB: This spell is weird and complicated and I love it. The casting time is 1 Action, so you can use it really quickly but somehow script a 5-minute performance in under 6 seconds. It has a 25gp expensive material component which it doesn’t consume for reasons I don’t understand. The 30-foot cube area is enough to fill a decently large stage, allowing you to script entire plays (albeit short ones). The triggering condition is flexible enough that you can use a separate casting of Programmed Illusion to trigger it. There’s a 10-minute cooldown on each performance, but you could have three spells overlapping to trigger a perpetual 15-minute loop. Just to mess with people, you could add another Programmed Illusion that triggers when another one is either dispelled or discovered to be an illusion. Honestly, if you can’t find a way to abuse this you’re not trying hard enough.
  • ScatterXGtE: Teleport your melee allies into melee combat and your ranged allies out of it. If you have remaining targets, use it to teleport enemies somewhere unpleasant like into an ongoing area effect.
  • Soul CagePHB: This is really good, provided that you’re fighting humanoids. You could technically use this on an ally (or a random humanoid you stumble upon), but I think as a DM I might frown upon that. I might not do anything about it, but there would be serious frowning. I’m also curious how this interacts with spells which raise the dead, as the spell makes no mention of how that’s handled.
  • Summon FiendTCoE (Optional): Three perfectly fine summon options, but upcasting Summon Aberration or Summon Undead. Will get you creatures with more interesting offensive options.

    For more help, see my Practical Guide to Summoning Spells.

  • SunbeamPHB: Constitution saves tend to be high, and lines are hard to aim so that you’ll hit more than one target. There are numerous better spells which could consume your Concentration for Sunbeam’s 1-minute duration.
  • Tasha’s Otherworldly GuiseTCoE (Optional): A number of useful buffs, including flight and a bonus to AC among other more situational benefits. You also get the equivalent of Extra Attack. That’s a weird benefit since most wizards have little business using weapons. So the biggest benefit of the spell is flight and defensive buffs on a Bonus Action casting time.

    There’s some appeal here for the Bladesinger, even when compared to Tenser’s Transformation. The Bonus Action casting time offers some appeal as a quick buff when the action economy really matters, but it’s difficult to combine this with Bladesong since they both take a Bonus Action. If you can manage that minor challenge, this offers a great way to get a grab bag of defenses in a hurry, and unlike Tensor’s Transformation it doesn’t lock you out of casting spells.

  • Tenser’s TransformationPHB: I would only use this as a bladesinger, but even then it has some problems. First, while you gain proficiency in armor and shields and weapons, you probably don’t just have decent armor and stuff laying around, and donning full plate takes longer than the spell lasts. Second, if you lose Concentration, you’re now in armor in which you’re likely not proficient, so you can’t cast spells. If you’re not already decent with a weapon, this won’t help.

    As a bladesigner this is a tempting combat, but it has problems beyond those which make it unusable by other wizards. With the Action casting time, you can start this and Bladesong on the same turn and with 50 temporary hit points you’re suddenly much more durable beyond just your crazy AC. However, you give up the ability to cast both Absorb Elements and Shield, which reduces your ability to protect your comparably tiny number of hit points. The Bladesinger won’t benefit from the Extra Attack replacement, and you give up the ability to cast spells which includes melee attack cantrips like Booming Blade. Still, Advantage with your attacks and a bonus 2d12 force damage on top of all of that is a huge pile of damage output, easily offsetting the damage lost from Booming Blade.

  • True SeeingPHB: You don’t always want this running, but you always want this available. For 1 hour you can see through illusions and invisibility, effectively negating them, and you can see into the Ethereal plane so creatures using options like Blink or which around on the ethereal plane on their own like Phased Spiders. However, you can only see 120 feet away, so you’re not totally protected. Invisible creatures can maintain a safe distance while observing and even attacking you if there is sufficient space to do so.
  • Wall of IcePHB: This attempts to combine the wall effect of Wall of Force with a little bit of damage. While the damage is nice, the fact that the wall is so frail means that’s it’s not a reliable way to wall off your enemies. Personally, I would much rather use Wall of Force and deal damage later. Wall of Ice is a good spell, but the existence of both Wall of Fire and Wall of Force on the Wizard’s spell list means that Wall of Ice is obsolete two levels before you can cast it.

7th-Level Spells

  • Create MagenID:RotF: Too expensive for such low-level creatures if you intend to use them in combat, and this permanently reduces your hit point maximum.
  • Crown of Starsminute meteors: Similar in many ways to Melf’s Minute Meteors. Crown of Stars does considerably more damage per charge (2d6 vs. 4d12), but Crown of Stars only affects one target as opposed to a negligibly small AOE. Upcasting Minute Meteors gets you a total of 14 meteors for a total of 28d6 damage (assuming that nothing passes the save, of course). Crown of Stars will deal a total of 28d12 at the same spell level, and it’s delivered much faster over considerably fewer projectiles. If we ignore the possibility of critical hits from Crown of Stars, you would still need to hit two targets per meteor with Melf’s Minute Meteors to exceed Crown of Stars’ average damage, and considering you need to do it 14 times in the span of 10 minutes that seems incredibly unlikely. If you’ve been relying on minute meteors, it’s time to upgrade. Crown of Stars doesn’t require Concentration, and with a 1-hour duration you get six times as long spend half as many projectiles. This may not be a go-to option for every spellcaster, but if you can set it up before you walk into a fight and if you don’t normally have many uses for your Bonus Action, it’s a great boost to your damage output.
  • Delayed Blast FireballPHB: Situational and potentially very hard to use to its full effect, but if you can make it work the maximum of 22d6 damage (avg. 77) is hard to beat. The hardest part of getting this to work is charging it for a minute without enemies doing anything to stop you, either by breaking your Concentration or by meddling with the fireball. In some cases you may find that the fight is over or the combatants have all relocated before you can trigger the effect. Possibly your best option is for an ally who is exceptionally good at Dexterity saving throws (especially if they can get Advantage and/or some other buff like Resistance or Bless) to grab the fireball and throw it the maximum of 40 feet to trigger it somewhere more effective just before the spell’s 1-minute duration expires. If you can pull this off at the start of a fight, 22d6 damage is a great way to introduce yourself.
  • Dream of the Blue VeilTCoE (Optional): This is more a plot point than a spell. Don’t learn this unless your DM tells you to.
  • EtherealnessPHB: A profoundly effective scouting/escape option. Unless you’re fighting ethereal enemies, you’re untouchable. You can see and hear into the material plane (albeit at limited distance), allowing you to spy on other creatures in person without their knowledge. The spell lasts 8 hours, which is sufficient to do a lot of things potentially including a Long Rest.
  • Finger of DeathPHB: This does less damage than Disintegrate (which is a spell level lower), and has a saving throw which enemies are more likely to resist. The only reason to cast this over Disintegrate is the free zombie if you kill the target, and if you just want zombies this is a slow way to build an army, even if the targets are permanently under your control.
  • ForcecagePHB: An absolutely amazing way to isolate either your party or your enemies. The duration is long enough to take a short rest, and there’s no save for enemies to resist it. Have an ally drop an AOE damage over time spell like Hunger of Hadar, then drop a Force Cage on top of it and you’re playing a magical game of “Will it Blend?”.
  • Mirage ArcanePHB: This is a difficult spell. The affectable area is huge, the distance is Sight (go climb a mountain on a clear day), and the effects of the illusion are tangible enough that you can physically interact with them, including picking up sticks or stones. But it’s unclear how far that goes: Can you burn the illusory wood to keep yourself warm? Can you smooth over difficult terrain in the same way that you can make smooth terrain difficult? Could you place stairs in the side of a clear cliff face? How far up and down does the effect stretch? The closest we have is these twotweets which indicate that you have a lot of leeway, and that the effects are real enough that a creature could drown in illusory water, brun in illusory lava, and climb illusory trees. Your DM will be the abiter of exactly what you can get away with, but the spell itself is a wildly versatile toolbox.
  • Mordenkainen’s Magnificent MansionPHB: In the real world, learning to cast this spell would mean that you could comfortably retire. Each day you would walk out of the mansion, cast the spell again to recreate the house for 24 hours, then you would return to your invisibile extraplanar abode to enjoy another 24 hours of abundant food, comfort, and nearly-invisible servants. The size of the mansion amounts to 5000 square feet, which is plenty to accomodate a party of adventurers and a sizeable retinue. The suggested 100 banquet guests would each have 50 square feet (a 5×10 area) of space to themselves, but a cleverly layed out mansion could easily turn that space into a large common area for feasting and a collection of small rooms with bunk beds for sleeping off a magical 9-course meal.

    Beyond pure luxury, this offers some advantages over Leomund’s Tiny Hut. It’s harder to dispel, and impossible to find or reach except by magical means, making it a great short-term hideout even in locales that might be incredibly dangerous like dungeons.

  • Mordenkainen’s SwordPHB: This is an objectively bad spell. Compare it to Bigby’s Hand, and it’s pretty clear.
  • Plane ShiftPHB: Not quite as easy to use as Teleport, but it has some specific advantages. First and most obvious, Teleport can’t take you to other planes. Second, Teleport can’t be used offensively. Unfortunately, Plane Shift is very hard to use in combat because other creatures need to be holding hands in a circle. You also can’t go directly to locations on the same plane, so you may need to find a convenient place to stop on the way. Pick somewhere hospitable, safe, and ideally either unpopulated or populated by creatures you know and which are friendly to you.
  • Power Word PainPHB: It’s hard to rely on this unless you have an ally who can follow up with a save-or-suck before the target’s next turn. But at that point, you might have better results leading with the save-or-suck unless the target has Legendary Resistances.
  • Prismatic SprayPHB: Unpredictable. The AOE is great, and effects 6, 7, and 8 are all great (any two rays would be spectacular), but the spell is unpredictable and I’m always reluctant to recommend unpredictable spells because unpredictable often means unreliable. If you’ve historically enjoyed Cone of Cold and want an upgrade I could see an opportunity here.
  • Project ImagePHB: Mislead with a longer duration and better range. The language used to describe the copy’s capabilities is nearly identical. The extra range makes it a bit more versatile, but it’s still fairly situational.
  • Reverse GravityPHB: Fantastic because it’s so hard to resist. Even if targets grab onto something, they still need to hang onto it for the duration of the spell. Targets which can’t grab onto something will be mostly helpless unless they can fly, and while flight is common at this level it’s not universal by any means. The Tarrasque, for example, is largely helpless against this spell.
  • SequesterPHB: This is typically something done as a plot point in the backstory of your campaign. It’s incredibly expensive, so it’s unlikely that you’re going to cast this on an ally unless it’s at the end of a campaign. If you want a cheaper version of this, use Flesh to Stone and leave a Spell Scroll of Stone to Flesh.
  • SimulacrumPHB: You could absolutely create a simulacrum and send it into combat in your stead, but it’s risky and you won’t gain experience for doing so. It also can’t recover spell slots, so its utility in combat diminished quickly, but it’s great for casting rituals, for using magic items, for keeping watch, and for donwtime tasks. You can effectively double how much you can do so long as you’re not relying on spell slots. Unfortunately, healing the simulacrum is absurdly expensive so it’s often best to create a new one when your old one starts falling apart.
  • SymbolPHB: While many of the effects are wonderful, the inability to move the symbol and the high casting cost are prohibitive.
  • TeleportPHB: With a 10-foot range and up to 8 targets you can easily teleport your entire party, and without the need to hold hands and form a circle you can often rescue the whole party in the midst of combat without too much trouble. However, Teleport has a complicated mechanic related to how familiar you are with the target destination and there’s often a possibility of mishap. Be sure to borrow a souvenire from new places so that you can easily return if necessary without the risk of a mishap.
  • WhirlwindEEPC: If you want damage, look literally anywhere else. If you want to lift enemies off the floor, cast Reverse Gravity because it’s much more effective and reliable.

8th-Level Spells

  • Abi-Dalzim’s Horrid WiltingEEPC: For such a fancy name, this spell is surprisingly simple. With the exception of the way it interacts with some creature types, it’s basically fireball with a different AOE and better damage. Sunburst does roughly the same damage and blinds targets in an AOE with double the radius, so I think it’s a much better option.
  • Antimagic FieldPHB: Situational by design, but incredibly powerful. Even with such a small radius, removing magic from the game totall shifts the balance of the game. The biggest problem is that you are primarily a spellcaster, so you are turning off your biggest set of tool to use this. The best-case scenario is to use this when you are outmatched magically, but your allies can still fight without magic and defeat whatever you’re facing.
  • Antipathy/SympathyPHB: Difficult to use because it targets a single type of creature, but if you’re facing a homogenous group of enemies you can greatly hinder them with either option. Even against single creatures, using Sympathy to force an enemy to approach one of your party members (sympathy on a paladin to attract a lich) can force enemies into a situation which will end in their death.
  • ClonePHB: Immortality! The components are expensive, but it’s well worth the cost. You can come back younger so you’ll never die of old age! Clone is more expensive than Raise Dead, but Clone doesn’t require that your body survive or that you have a friendly cleric around to raise you. If you’re budget-conscious, clone your party’s cleric, too so that they can raise the rest of the party. Once you’ve used your clone, be sure to make another for next time. The containers are reusable, though the 1,000gp isn’t.
  • Control WeatherPHB: Very situational, and kind of a pain for the DM. Go to your setting’s arctic equivalent, and raise the remperature to “Unbearable Heat” for 8 hours. That certainly won’t cause horrifying and potentially irreperable ecological damage that the DM will need to either totally disregard or track in some unpleasant fashion for the duration of the campaign.
  • DemiplanePHB: Despite the small size, the 30-foot cubic room is a nice, cozy home base. The 1-hour duration is enough to take a short rest then leave before the door closes, but that’s an awful use of an 8th-level spell. More realistically, you’ll use this when you need to lay low for a couple days, then emerge fresh. The spell description states that once the door closes you’re “trapped there”, but that’s somewhat vague. According to Jeremey Crawford, you can cast Demiplane again to reopen the door and exit, though the spell makes no mention of the ability to do that so RAW it’s totally unclear. You can probably also escape using Plane Shift, but that opens up more questions like “Can I use Plane Shift to get into my own demiplane?”.
  • Dominate MonsterPHB: Arguably the best save-or-suck spell in the game. You can do a lot with perfect control over a creature for such a long period of time. Using the target as a thrall in combat is obviously tempting, but the target gets to repeat their saving throw every time that they take damage, so be very cautious if you choose to do so.
  • FeeblemindPHB: Wisdom-based and Charisma-based casters are extremely vulnerable to Feeblemind. Even creatures who cast spells as a supplement to their other abilities can be seriously inhibited by suddenly being less intelligent than many animals.

    Beyond limited spellcasting, I’ve always found this spell difficult to manage for other enemies. 1 Intelligence and 1 Charisma is obviously very poor, but what is the victim capable of? If they’re a cleric, can they still cast spells? What are they smart enough to do in combat? There’s a lot of room for the DM to interpret how this works and which abilities creatures can still use. While that could be fun and very effective, it also makes the spell’s effect totally dependent on the DM and their interpretation of what an affected creature is mentally capable of doing.

  • Illusory DragonXGtE: Frighten every enemy that can see the dragon (there is no range on this part), then spend the spell’s 1-minute duration flying the dragon around and breathing necrotic damage on everything around. You’re free to use your Bonus Action on the turn in which you cast Illusory Dragon, so you can get up to 11 breath weapons out of it before it ends at the end of your turn 10 turns later. The dragon isn’t limited by the spells range, and it doesn’t have a specific movement type, so you can move it through the air or through water unimpeded. It’s unclear if you can move it through the ground or through walls, so I would assume that you can’t. Even if all of that doesn’t soung good enough, it’s basically a Huge creature, so it can block a large area and provide a great deal of cover for you and your allies.
  • Incendiary CloudPHB: Basically Cloudkill with a bunch of improvements. The damage is fully doubled, the damage type is improved (though fire is still one of the most commonly resisted damage types), and Dexterity saves are more effective than Consitution saves. The damage roughly matches a Fireball cast at the same level (avg. 45 vs. avg. 45.5 for Fireball), and the damage applies every round for the full 1-minute duration. However, it still retains some of Cloudkills biggest issues. First, the damage applies when the spell is cast but only re-applies to creatures inside the effect when they end their turn inside the cloud. With a 20-foot radius, most creatures can easily walk out of the cloud. The spell is also forced to move 10 feet every round, and the text explaining how that works is absolutely nonsensical. RAW you get to choose the direction, but you only get to choose that it moves directly away from you. Fortunately, Jeremy Crawford clarified that you choose its heading, so you’re free to make the cloud slowly roll back and forth in the same small area if you choose to do so.
  • Maddening DarknessXGtE: 10-minute duration, decent damage, 60-foot radius, and magical darkness which is nearly impossible to overcome. You still need a way to keep enemies inside the area, unfortunately, but if you have an ally that can cast a wall spell of some kind that’s typically sufficient.
  • MazePHB: The target doesn’t get an initial save, and they need to make an Intelligence check to escape. If the creature has less than 10 Intelligence, it literally can’t escape.
  • Mighty FortressPHB: This looks like so much fun, but it’s the sort of spell that you cast when your wizard retires at high level with a mountain of gold to spend. Fill some space in the keep with clones of yourself, then inhabit one any time that you die of old age, born again in a younger body to be waited on by a hundred invisible servants and a functionally bottomless supply of lavish food. But as an adventurer, stick to cheaper options like Leomund’s Tiny Hut.
  • Mind BlankPHB: Situational, but hilarious if you have a Berserker Barbarian in the party.
  • Power Word StunPHB: Gambling on a creature’s current hit point total is hard, especially since you get so few spell slots at this level, but if you can time this to hit a wounded enemy (or an enemy with a low hit point maximum like many spellcasters) it can take them out of the encounter long enough for you to win largely unopposed.
  • SunburstPHB: Imagine fireball with three times the radius and it blinds the targets. The targets get a Constitution save every turn to remove the blindness so you can’t expect it to stay in effect for long, but the save is at the end of their turns so they’ll spend at least one turn blinded if they fail the initial save, and that may be enough to determine the outcome of the encounter.
  • TelepathyPHB: Rary’s telepathic bond is 3 levels lower, links up to eight creatures, and can be cast as a ritual. The only advantage of Telepathy is the unlimited range. But if range is an issue, you could easily use Sending or something to locate the target, then cast Teleport to go find them.

9th-Level Spells

  • Astral ProjectionPHB: A relatively safe way to explore the Astral Plane, but it has some complications. Avoid Githyanki at all cost; their silver swords can cut your astral cord and kill you outright. If things ever look bad for you, spend the Action to return everyone to their bodies. If any of your allies drop to 0 they’ll go back to their body unharmed, but if you don’t see it happen you may not know about it so you need to have a way for your party to contact your astral projection from wherever you hid your bodies. If you ever get forcible returned to your body and don’t have a chance to end the spell intentionally and bring your allies back too, they can always get home by punching themselves down to 0 hit points.

    While you have this spell running, make sure that your party’s bodies are hidden and protected somewhere that your enemies (or curious but hungry mosnters) can’t get to you, but that won’t be immediately dangerous if you return to your body with no spell slots. A comfortable, but totally sealed underground hideout is a great option that you could feasibly create using Stone Shape and some patience.

    Your bodies don’t need food or air while you’re under the spells effects, but the spell doesn’t mention water. I assume that this is an oversight, but check with your DM; you may need to solve the issue of keeping your bodies hydrated. Since you don’t need to breath, maybe submerge everyone in a shallow pool of water fed by a Decanter of Endless Water? Or maybe get a dedicated sect of monks to tend your bodies. Since your bodies don’t age, this makes you effectively immortal while you’re exploring the Astral Plane, so this can be a good way to keep your character alive between world-threatening problems so that you can return to the world to smite the latest lich without worrying about gray hair or whatever.

  • Blade of DisasterID:RotF / TCoE (Optional): In almost every situation Meteor Swarm or Psychic Scream is a better damage option, but in long fights against powerful single foes, the total damage output from Blade of Disaster will be more effective. It also has the added benefit of not killing your party in small quarters.
  • ForesightPHB: This is, without a doubt, the best buff in the game. With an 8-hour duration you can throw it on the lucky recipient and watch them laugh their way through nearly any challenge for a full day worth of adventuring.
  • GatePHB: There are several ways to use this spell, two of which were intended when the spell was designed.
    • Travel to another plane: The simplest option, you open a door and you walk through to another plane, leaving the gate open for up to a minute for whoever else to walk through in either direction.
    • Summon a creature: If you know the name of a creature on another plane, you can drag them (potentially against their will and without a save) to your location. This is easy to abuse by going to plane where you know they aren’t (pocket dimensions work great for this, but there are so many planes that it’s hard to accidently be on the same one), then forcibly summon them. You could summon your biggest antagonist after spending a bunch of time setting up traps, buffs, and readied actions, then have your party stomp them into the dirt. If you’re extra clever, you can use Astral Projection to fight whatever you’re summoning whiel projected so if something goes wrong you won’t actually die and you could try again later. I think the intent of this function was to summon an ally to help you in a fight, but I think my idea is more useful.
    • One-way cover: You can only enter the portal from the front, but it’s unclear what the back looks like or how it functions. It’s not described as solid, so it’s entirely possibly that you can fire projectiles through it from the rear, while projectiles from the front pass into the portal. I can’t imagine that you can see through the portal, so this may be hard to do, but it may be possible. Check with your DM.
    • Magical drain: About to drown? About to hit by a flow of magma or falling rocks? Open a gate to literally anywhere else and let the offending substance enjoy eternity floating in limbo or anywhere else that isn’t a problem for you. The multiverse is your dumping ground.
  • ImprisonmentPHB
Sours: https://rpgbot.net/dnd5/characters/classes/wizard/spells/

Treantmonk’s Guide to Wizards, Being a god (5th edition)

Update: 2020: Guide updated by TomFinn to match videos

Treantmonk on YouTube

 A note about style: First off should be my note about style, hopefully before all the players of other classes out there get all upset.  Throughout this guide my tongue is planted squarely in my cheek, and yes, I can be a cheeky monkey.  Also, this is by and large an opinion paper, so I will be expressing opinion regularly.  I will be expressing it strongly, but yes, you are entitled to disagree.

If you do, by all means let me know in the comments and we can have a discussion if you desire.  In the comments section you

will find me far less opinionated than you find the style of this guide.

This guide is written from the point of view of a wizard, but not just any wizard, a snobbish bookworm, "I am the greatest" wizard.

Treantmonk himself plays other classes too.  Wizard is my favorite, but I really do...honest.

Find all my content in one place:

Treantmonk’s Temple

The “god” wizard: An introduction

I’ve told this story before, but here it is again.  A player in a D&D group I belonged to invited me to join another group he ran with another group of friends.  The group was playing a “killer” campaign and the party had been TPK’d and character individual deaths were rampant and he figured they could use another player.  He told me to build an optimized character.

What he neglected to mention was that this group did not optimize their characters, so when I arrived with my Goliath charge-build, I overshadowed the rest of the fighter-types in the group entirely.  Nevertheless, the party sorcerer died in one of the fights.  I felt really bad and retired the character at the end of the session and promised to build something less dominating.

I had an idea how I could help the group without dominating the action, and I came back with a Wizard character.  In the first combat, I was encouraged to use my fireball, and the group was quite confused when I told them that I didn’t have Fireball, lightning bolt or even magic missile.  I still remember the DM asking me, “So what DO you do then?”  When I explained I would be putting up walls, fogs, buffing, debuffing, etc.  My character was declared “useless”

A couple months of playing and my character did not directly cause a single HP of damage to an enemy, nor did he use a single “save or die”.  The campaign completed, and since my wizard was introduced, not a single character had died.

What I found really surprising is that everyone in the group still considered my character “useless”.  Not a single player seemed to notice that my character had been introduced at the same time that the party death-toll had stopped.  They had thought the campaign had become “easier” during the second half.

This was something I found absolutely terrific and I was inspired to write my first Wizard guide: Treantmonk’s Guide to Wizards, being a god (3.5).

What I find myself constantly explaining is that “being a god” doesn’t mean godlike power.  I chose the name based on Greek Myths, where a god would get some hapless mortal to do their dirty work, merely interfering by magic to ensure that the hero always had the advantage.  This is what a god wizard is, a wizard who lets the rest of the party have the glory, but subtly ensures through Battlefield Control, Buffing and Debuffing that the party always achieves victory.

I’ve since softened my view on blast spells, and I assure you my Wizards once again hurl fireballs and the like, but it’s not their primary focus.  The primary focus in 5e remains the same as it did in editions past: Provide tactical advantage to the team.

And with that...on to the guide:


The Party Roles:

Anyone reading this who has not been playing D&D over the past thirty years may not know that there are some

fairly "official" party roles that date back to the original basic set.  They are Fighter, Thief, Magic User and Cleric.  The idea is that

the Cleric heals, the Fighter takes hits and does damage, the Thief opens locks, disarms traps and backstabs, and the Magic User

throws magic missiles and fireballs.  These roles are every bit as outdated as Basic D&D itself, yet you still see players flocking to

"fill" these roles, thinking that this remains the most effective party, despite a game that resembles Basic D&D cosmetically only.

How many times have you gotten/sent an email when wondering what kind of character you could make, and a reply comes up with something like, "We have a Rogue, a Druid and a Sorcerer."  The implication of course is, "Make a fighter-type", but in fact, the email is useless.  Is the Rogue a melee rogue or an archery rogue?  Is the Druid going to be engaging in melee?  What kind of spells will the Sorcerer have?  Maybe the best thing for this party is a Wizard, or another rogue...who knows?

Instead the email should say, "In combat we've got a Tank, a Striker and a Battlefield Controller, another Tank would be great.  Out of combat we need a party face.  How about some kind of Melee character with some social skills?"  Characters are too flexible in D&D to define role by class.  Instead the role should be defined by what they do.

The mechanics of the game changed enough in 3.0 that the optimal party changed with them, yet many players never realized that

the iconic party is no longer optimal, so we still see Wizards throwing blast spells, and Clerics running around healing, wondering why they can't heal as fast as the party seems to take damage.

The reality is that D&D isn't all combat, but combat plays a major role in pretty much every campaign.  Therefore you can break

party roles into two major categories.  The "out of combat" roles, and the "combat" roles.  Let's look at how the God Wizard fits into


For a more in depth analysis of how wizards generally could fit into these roles, check outmy YouTube video on the subject.


Social ("The Fop"): Can the wizard fill this role?  Well if you specialize in enchantment kinds of spells, then you very well might be able to, but, you shouldn't.  First, you aren't the best choice to fill this role, and secondly, this guy tends to think he's the leader, do you know what happens to the leader?  He gets targeted first.  Let the Paladin, Sorcerer or Bard take this role.  Pretend you're jealous.

Sneak ("The Corpse"): Can the wizard fill this role?  Well you may very well be good at stealth, and thieves tools is an easy proficiency to get, furthermore, you can emulate some of the requirements with spells, but, you shouldn't.  The purpose of the Sneak is to scout out ahead in the enemy’s lair, look for traps and disarm them, scout out the enemy and report back, and do this all alone.  Wonder why I call him "the Corpse"?  Read what he does again.

Healbot ("The Gimp"): Can the wizard fill this role?  Not really, but don't worry, you don't want it.  The party Gimp gets to use up all his resources "servicing" the party between combats.  Sound pleasant?  That's why he's the gimp.  In reality, this role is optional in 5e.  WIth short rests and any number of healing abilities, you should get along fine without.

The Lump ("The lump"): I can't think of another name for him.  He's the character of the player that made his character specifically for combat, and is really uninterested whenever he's not rolling his attack rolls.  He makes the best use of his time when not in combat by snoozing, or reading a novel, or making it very clear to the DM that he's bored.  You DEFINITELY don't want to be this guy.

Utility Caster ("Everything else"): The party transporter, the party Diviner. One way or another - this is the casters' role - in other words - this is you.

That's pretty much it.  A party should look to cover all those bases (except the lump, but all too often it gets filled regardless, and often a single character can fill more than one (The party Bard may be the Fop, the Corpse and the Gimp...lucky guy), but let's be honest here, D&D is largely about combat, so even if you have a character that is the Fop, the Corpse, the Gimp and the Utility Caster, if you aren't contributing to combat, then you are a liability to your party, because when characters die, it's usually in combat.

The Four Combat Roles:

The Tank: ("The Big Stupid Fighter"):

This role involves two things: Doing Hit Points damage to BBEG (big bad evil guy), forcing BBEG to attack you with his vicious weaponry. The Big Stupid Fighter is not always a fighter (though stereotypically he is). He may be a Barbarian, a Paladin, or even a Druid. In order to qualify as a Big Stupid Fighter he should be any character that actively tries to be the target of enemy attacks. For those who wonder why I would label this character as "stupid" regardless of their INT score - reread the previous sentence.

The Striker: ("The Glass Cannon"):

This role involves one thing: Doing HP damage to BBEG. The Glass Cannon is like the Big Stupid Fighter except she does not want to take damage. Usually this is not due to superior intelligence - but instead due to inferior HP or AC (or in most cases - both). The Glass Cannon is often a Rogue (Or Rouge for our 13 year old readers), a Ranger, a Warlock or a Sorcerer.

 The controller of reality: ("GOD"):

When reality would entail the above two meeting a rather messy end - someone will need to make some adjustments to said reality in order for the above two to instead meet glorious victory. What other label could such a force be labelled as than "God"? Well - how about "Primary Caster" One label or another - this guy needs to control reality to make sure the right team wins.

The Waste of Space:

What else do you call him?  The Waste of Space is the guy who thought that a low Charisma Warlock made an excellent "character concept", or maybe he figures that a dedicated healer is an appropriate contributor to a combat environment*, I could go on, but you know who I mean, there is probably one in your current group.  If there isn't...well...maybe there is...*cough* *cough*...ahem.

* Why isn't the Healer useful in combat?There are two ways you can live your "pretend" life - "reactively" or "proactively". The God Wizard will alter reality to prevent damage, a healer will try to do "damage control" (pun intended) after the damage has been taken. Simple truth: The mechanics of the game make preventing damage more efficient than healing damage after the fact. That's not to say a well placed "Healing Word” doesn’t have it’s place in combat, but preferably the Cleric is doing that in between laying the smack-down on the enemy.

In combat, the God wizard doesn't have one job, or two, he's got three...yippee!  Remember these three jobs, and it will help you evaluate spells, pick spell preparation, and fulfill your combat role effectively.  None of these jobs is to do damage to the enemy.  In fact, a Wizard can be very effective and powerful without ever "killing" anything.

The God Wizards three jobs are: Control the Battlefield, Debuff the enemy, Buff your allies.  Let's look at each separately.

Battlefield Control:

 In order to be an effective battlefield controller - you should consider your primary goal to line up your enemies flanked by your Glass Cannon and Big Stupid Fighter one at a time and backwards, all while standing on their heads. This will make the BSF and the GC win the combat with little damage to themselves - and they will feel like "they" won. That's the point - you're God after all, let the mortals have their victory.

The point of Battlefield Control is that you are ensuring your allies gain tactical advantage over your enemies.  If you secure tactical advantage, and hold it, you will win.  A simple wall spell can separate enemies so that they can be taken on one at a time.  Some characters have difficulty with flying enemies or difficult terrain.  Sometimes hampering vision can force an enemy to close the distance with your effective melee characters.  The best thing about battlefield controls, is quite often they offer no saving throw, so luck ceases to be a factor, it's all about smart tactics and evaluating the situation correctly.


In order to be an effective Debuffer - you should consider your primary goal to have your BBEG standing in front of your GC and BSF restrained, incapacitated, or with their back turned running away frightened. This will make the BSF and the GC win the combat with little damage to themselves - and they will feel like "they" won. That's the point - you're God after all, let the mortals have their victory.


Buffing means making your allies more powerful.  In order to be effective at buffing - you turn your Big Stupid Fighter and Glass Cannons into a Giant Stupid Fighter and a Glass Chain Gun. This will make the BSF and the GC win the combat with little damage to themselves - and they will feel like "they" won. That's the point - you're God after all, let the mortals have their victory.

The great thing about buffing is that when you buff, you NEVER need to worry about "to hit" rolls or saving throws.  Your party members are all too glad to get that statistical advantage in combat, whether you are offering an extra attack, or resistance to a certain kind of damage.  Buffing is also a great way to become very popular with the rest of the party, who act like kids on Christmas Morning when you start passing out buff spells.

So What Job is Best?  It really depends on the circumstance.  Personally, I think a "God" wizard should put the greatest emphasis on Battlefield Control spells.  If you have the right battlefield control spell for the situation, you will win the combat every time.  It doesn't win the combat on its own, but it creates a tactical advantage that shift the odds far enough in the favor of your allies that after that, they are assured of victory.  Buffing is a good standby for when no Battlefield Control spell is appropriate, and you are concerned about resistances or immunities of your enemies.  Debuffing is usually more significant than buffing at the same level, so if you think you can "stick" some debuffs to an enemy or a group of enemies, it is a great way to go.

Why to be glad that the "all powerful" Save or Die spells are gone:

Yes, Save or Die was powerful, we've all heard why (who cares how many HP the monster has?  If they fail their save, the fight is over) - however, it was overrated. This is why:

Lots of enemies: You took down one and did little else to help your Big Stupid Fighter and Glass Cannon. You spent a high level spell doing so. Congratulations - you've been demoted from God to Glass Cannon. Ouch!

One Big Enemy: You either did nothing or everything. The Big Stupid Fighter and Glass Cannon were either in lots of trouble or were feeling useless.

Why "Blast" spells should be recreation only:

The first point is that the consensus is that in 5e, Blast spells do great damage again, and I’m only half in agreement.  Look at the all powerful Fireball.  It does 8d6 damage (average damage 28).  However, it doesn’t really does it?  What about the saving throw?  That, if successful, brings it down to 14.  What about fire resistance or if one of those Oath of the Ancient Paladin are nearby?  That brings it down to 7.  Then of course there is evasion.  I’m not saying Fireball is a bad spell, actually, if you look at my spell ratings you will see I consider it a good spell.  I’m just saying that the idea that Wizards concentrating on blasts are going to do gobs of damage is overstated.

Then the second point is a tactical one.  HP damage in D&D does NOT decrease your ability to fight.  The big bad monster with 1 HP has just as deadly attack as the big bad monster with 100 hp.  "Softening" up the enemy with a blast spell may or may not change the time it takes the rest of the party to drop the enemy, but it does nothing to ensure their safety during that time.  Giving your allies a tactical or mechanical advantage prevents party deaths.  Throw a blast when you have nothing better to do, but never throw one when you have one of your 3 jobs to do.

I'm not saying you should never do pure blast.  I'm just saying that blasting is something you do after you've ensured tactical advantage in the combat.  Blasting in combat should be....what comes after tertiary?

The Color Guide:

Blue:I love this option

Green:This is a good option overall

Purple:Middle of the Road - I could take or leave it

Orange:The option is poor or overly Circumstantial

Red: Red alert - This is a turkey

Brown: Crap is brown, this stuff is so rank, I couldn’t even rate it red

Ability Scores: As there are different methods to generate ability scores, I’m not going to get too specific with my recommendations.  That said, here are my recommendations:

1)Pick your Race first.  By picking your race, you can be more specific with your ability score planning.

2)Go for even numbers.  There is no advantage to a 17 over a 16 ability score for example.  The only odd number that could end up working nicely is Constitution, as you are likely to pick up the Resilient feat, which will boost you to an even number

3)Int is your most important ability score.  Get a 16 if you can, or a 14 if playing a less optimal race.

4)Con is very important because it affects not only HP, but also your Con save, which is the save you make when making concentration rolls.

5)Dex is very important if playing a character in medium armor or less that uses stealth.  Otherwise I would place it at moderate importance.  This will improve your stealth score, your AC and your initiative (which is very important for Wizards).  Note that if you are going to have medium armor proficiency, I would shoot for a 14 maximum.

6)Wis is of moderate importance, but you can dump it easy enough.  It adds to perception (the most used skill in the game), and can be useful for a dip in Cleric

7)Charisma is a dump stat

8)Strength is a dump stat


My Aside: Intelligence for Wizards is not always as important as the primary stat for other characters. While a high intelligence is important for spell attack rolls (who cares) and saving throws (pretty useful), there are many spells that do not rely on intelligence at all: Sleep, Magic Missile, Fly, Improved Invisibility, Wall of Force, just to name a few. Now there is no way to make a Wizard that doesn’t rely on intelligence at all, so races that have an intelligence bonus are still the best option, but if you have a character concept like a Goliath Wizard, that Wizard will still be reasonably effective.

This list of recommendations however will only consist of races with Intelligence bonuses, and I have different recommendations for those who want to try to be a BSF, and for those who want to be God Wizards or Blasters.


Obviously, if you want to be a Bladesinger, you have to have some Elf ancestry, so there are only two options I recommend:

High Elf - Bladesinger: This is your best choice for Bladesinger, you get +2 Dex, +1 Int, Perception skill, Darkvision, Fey Ancestry, Trance, bonus cantrip (Int Based), and weapon training with Longbows. This means you can be effective at range, as well as in melee with rapier proficiency from Bladesinger.

Half Elf – Bladesinger:To start off with, a +2 bonus to Charisma will be wasted a little, but you do get +1 to two other abilities, so you should be able to get a 16 in Int and 14 in Dex at least. You also get two free skills, I would recommend one be Perception, and you also get Darkvision and Fey Ancestry. Not as good as a High Elf, but not a bad option.

And then we have the Not Elves:

Deep Gnome - Abjurer:This option relies on an exploit with the combination of Arcane Ward and the racial feat Svirfneblin Magic. This feat gives you a number of spells, in particular Nondetection, which you can cast at will. This is a 3rd level Abjuration spell, which you can replenish your Arcane Ward for free. This is, most likely, not intended, but I would be neglectful not to mention it.

Githyanki – Abjurer or Warmage:No exploit here, just using the defensive abilities as intended. The Githyanki has medium armour proficiency, so you can boost your defense by wearing Half Plate. This combined with a Dex of 14 gives us a very strong armour class, and with the +2 Str and +1 Int we can probably get a 16 in each.  You have the Shield spell, you have proficiency in greatswords, a good Str to use it, and you will also get some free psionics. Look forward to a free Misty Step once a day.


High Elf: The same things that made High Elf a great Bladesinger makes it a great Blaster or God Wizard. Just scroll back up.


The Good: All Gnomes get Darkvision, and advantage on Cha, Int and Wis saves vs Magic.

The Bad: 25ft speed isn’t great, but the big downside of Gnomes is their size. Small size means the spells Thunderstep and Dimension Door don’t work as well; you can only bring someone with you if they are your size or smaller. Its not the end of the world, but those are two of my favourite spells, and losing that option (assuming you have an average party of mostly medium creatures) sours me a bit on playing small Wizards.

Deep Gnome: The Deep Gnome gets +2 to Int, +1 to Con, 120ft Darkvision (No Sunlight Sensitivity!).

Forest Gnome: This Gnome gets +2 to Int, +1 to Dex, which I think is slightly better than Con, and the Minor Illusion Cantrip for free. You can also communicate with small beasts, a circumstantial but fun ability.

Rock Gnome: The third best Gnome. +2 to Int, +1 to Con, some interesting abilities, but overall worse than the Forest Gnome.

Variant Human (Almost Blue): Obviously, the draw here is the free feat at level 1. Most Wizards will have to wait till level 4, and then have to decide whether they want to boost their Int or take a feat; for a Variant Human, a +1 to two ability scores is enough (usually) to get at least a 16 in Int, and a 14 in Con and Dex. Humans don’t have the abilities of other races, but as a Wizard, most of these can be duplicated with spells. For your free feat, I recommend Warcaster, which makes a bigger difference at low levels than Resilient (Con).


Tieflings get a +2 to Cha, which is usually wasted on a Wizard. Some Tieflings don’t have a bonus to Int, we’re ignoring those.

Standard: These Tieflings some free spells, which unfortunately rely on Charisma. Not bad, not great.

Winged Tiefling: If your DM allows winged characters, then this is a great choice. You give up those free spells for the ability to fly without concentration: this is excellent defensively, offensively, and out of combat. You are duplicating a 3rd level spell, which requires concentration, for free.

Hobgoblin: +1 to Int, +2 to Con, which is right where you want them. They get Darkvision, and the ability Saving Face, which can help you make a saving throw. This is especially helpful to Wizards who want to keep concentrating on spells! You also get two martial proficiencies, which means you can pick up a heavy crossbow, which will deliver more damage at those lower levels than cantrips. You also become proficient with light armour, which does not provide as much defense as Mage Armour, but at low levels, its nice not to have to cast the spell. At higher levels, you might get magic studded leather, which could be even better than Mage Armour. Plus now you can cast Shield one more time. You can also think about getting the Moderately Armoured feat (once you pumped your Int up to 20 of course).

Yuan Ti: +1 to Int, good. +2 to Cha, meh. The Yuan Ti is worth considering however, because you get poison immunity, poison condition immunity, and advantage on saves vs spells and other magical effects. You also get some free spells, which are unfortunately based on Charisma.

Githyanki: In this role the +2 Str bonus is wasted unfortunately, but you still have +1 Int, and you can wear half plate, and you have extra spells.


In previous editions, multiclassing a wizard was a big no-no, but now it’s not nearly as taboo, and there can be some nice goodies involved.  Still, multiclass too much and you lose access to those high level spells, which is a large draw for playing the Wizard in the first place.  Here are some Multiclass combinations with a quick rundown of what you gain and lose.

Spellcasting progression continues unabated if you multiclass with another spellcasting class (except Warlock), however, in most cases, a higher level spell is just better than a lower level spell using a higher level spell slot.  Read the multiclass rules and you will see that a Sorcerer 8/Wizard 9 is not selecting 9th level spells, even though they have the 9th level slot.

For a more in-depth analysis of how and when to multiclass, see my video on the topic.

Wizard X:

First and foremost, there is nothing wrong with going straight Wizard.  Straight wizard not only gets you the highest level spells, it gets you those spells faster.  If your campaign continues past level 17, then read my Wizard/Sorcerer entry.

Cleric 1/Wizard X:

This is the multiclass option I would recommend most.  There is a lot to be gained here for the delay of spell selection by one level (and delay of ability increases by one level too).  Regardless of the cleric domain chosen, this multiclass option gets you medium armor and shield proficiency, access to the guidance cantrip, and some nice first level spells (Bless is a standout).  For domain, I would first point out that if you plan to use stealth, medium armor is enough.  Here’s the rundown of the domains I think are attractive:

Knowledge: Lovely option that can give you expertise in History and Arcana and two additional languages.

Light: Only useful if you can pull a decent wisdom (14 is enough).  Then use the Warding Flare ability to create disadvantage on attacks against you twice/day.  Also get access to Faerie Fire, a nice first level spell.  (though the DC won’t be as good)

Any of the others: Useful for Heavy Armor proficiency, the abilities gained aren’t to my taste beyond that.

Fighter 2/Wizard X:

Painful to give up 2 levels of spellcasting, the gains are fairly significant, I’m torn on this one.  You get heavy armor/shields, the “defense” fighting style for +1 AC more, and the “Action Surge” ability which allows you to cast twice in one round.  Keep in mind that since the second spell isn’t a bonus action spell, you don’t have the “second spell must be a cantrip” restriction.  Finally is the addition of Con save proficiency, which is the save you make to maintain concentration (and will save you taking the Resilient feat later on - plan your Con score appropriately).  For a god wizard, this is probably still not nearly your best combination, but certainly tempting for other builds.

Sorcerer 3/Wizard X:

You are now significantly slowing down access to higher level spells.  The draw here is access to Metamagic and the Draconic bloodline.  You also slow down those ability increases significantly.  If I was in a campaign where I knew I would reach level 20 (which is never for me), I would instead go Wizard X/Sorcerer 3, which is a great option.

Warlock 2/Wizard X:

I only include this here to explain that it’s a poor option.  The “Warlock 2/Anything X” really works best if the “Anything” is a class that wants to focus on Charisma.  Specifically Sorcerer, Bard or Paladin.  With Wizard, you are stuck choosing between Charisma and Int at ability increase levels, and that’s a decision you don’t want to get stuck with.  I keep getting suggested an exploit where you use the invocation that gives you unlimited Mage Armor to fuel the Arcane Ward of the Abjuration school.  I would never allow such shenanigans at my table, but I’ll mention it regardless, so that it’s clear I’m aware of this loophole.  (Yes, by RAW it’s legal)


I am going to order these best to worst full feats, then best to worst half feats, and I will only be talking about feats that I recommend, or that I often see being recommended for Wizards.


War Caster: Advantage on Constitution saves to maintain concentration and some other stuff.  Sorry, the first item makes this a great choice all by its lonesome.  The feat also lets you cast with your hands full and use spells against creatures that provoke an opportunity attack, which is less useful to most Wizards, but excellent for BSF Wizards who use a weapon and shield, and can now cast Booming Blade on creatures who are, mostly likely, moving and so will take the extra damage. Don’t forget that you could also cast any (one action) spell that targets only that creature, so you could cast Tasha’s Hideous Laughter, if it fits the situation.

This is one of the feats I would put ahead of adding +2 to Int. It is the choice for a Variant Human, and for every level 4 Wizard. If you’ve played your Wizard from level 1, you may be thinking that you need the Int boost more than help with concentration, because you haven’t needed to concentrate on many spells; this is a trap. Levels 4-8 you will be using your concentration a lot more, especially when you get 3rd level spells.

Lucky: Lucky is good on every character, it is really good in the same Warcaster is; it helps with concentration saves. It does run out, but not as fast as you think, because you can apply it after knowing whether or not you failed. I put Warcaster first because you don’t have to worry about running out of concentration, and you get the secondary effects too, but its worth noting that Lucky has versatility. You can use it on important concentration checks (if the battle is almost over, probably not worth it), and to stop critical hits rolled against me, because I am a squishy Wizard. Take this or Warcaster, not both unless you have feats to spare.

+2 Intelligence: I put this here to show that all the feats below this I think are less useful than getting your Int up to 20.

Alert: Get a +5 to initiative and you can’t be surprised and no enemies hidden from you don’t get advantage on their attack rolls.  Everything here is full of win.  Initiative is really great for Wizards, for battlefield control or to quickly cast Mirror Image for defense. I might consider taking this before getting my Int up to 20, it would depend on the spells I’m taking. However, we want to avoid the trap of taking Warcaster and then Alert, and now you have to wait until level 12 until you can raise your intelligence above 16, which is making our save DC too easy to reach. Going first and maintaining concentration aren’t important if all the enemies are making their saves. Strike a balance, and depending on  your build, this may be better than Warcaster.

Tough: +2 hit points for every level. I think this is better than raising your Constitution, even though that would make your Con save better. This can catch you up to the HP of martial classes, or keep pace if they are also taking Tough. No matter what you do, you are going to get hit with an attack or a spell at some point, and Tough can keep you from being in the half of the party that were knocked out by a trap.

Only if you have extra: These feats work best at low levels. I also think these are worse than raising your Intelligence, which means that you probably wouldn’t be able to get them until you are higher level, which is when these aren’t so useful anyway. I have included these feats because there are campaigns where DMs give free feats at level 1, or free racial feats, or maybe you just really like the flavour of the feat. These are not in any particular order.

Wood Elf Magic: Now this is unlikely to be available to you, as Wood Elf is not the best race for a Wizard, but if you do want to play one, this feat is worth a look. You get a free cantrip (I recommend Guidance), Longstrider (Decent spell), and Pass Without Trace (Excellent addition). These spells are “based on Wisdom”, but a low wisdom doesn’t affect these spells at all. Not only can you cast Longstrider and Pass Without Trace once per day for free, they are also spells known, so you can add them to your spellbook. Unfortunate that Wood Elves get no bonus to Int, so taking this over raising your Intelligence will hurt.

Healer: Not a great feat at higher levels, but at lower levels it can be very useful to stabilize and restore hit points. This is good for Wizards who might be concentrating on a spell, and have nothing else to do other than throw cantrips.

Magic Initiate (Druid): This gives you two cantrips (I recommend Guidance and something that doesn’t rely on Wis), and a 1st level spell, and I recommend Goodberry. What you can do is cast Goodberry, and give the 10 berries to your familiar, who can use their action to deliver Goodberries to party members who have gone down. The rules do not specifically say you can use your action to give a Goodberry to someone else, just the precedent with healing potions, so talk to your DM, but Jeremy Crawford specifically said he would allow this in his games.

Circumstantial: These are feats I don’t think most Wizards should take, but may be necessary for specific builds.

Elemental Adept (Fire): Makes your blast spells moderately better (at least for one energy type, but if you choose anything but fire, have your head examined).  This is really not a good option for Wizards.  You can ignore resistance, which is good, but fire immunity is still relatively common, so the benefits are pretty mild even if you are a blaster. This is more useful for sorcerers, for Wizards you can just use a different spell.

Svirfneblin Magic: I do not recommend this unless you are taking advantage of the loophole with Nondetection and the Arcane Ward ability from being an Abjuration Wizard. If you are doing that, I recommend two things. Firstly, know your table. This is an exploit, and not every group are going to appreciate you taking advantage of it. Secondly, this is only in the Elemental Evil Players Companion, it may not be allowed in your campaign anyway.

These are bad: I mention these feats because I’ve seen them recommended, and I personally do not recommend.

Crossbow Expert: Now that Sage Advice has clarified thatCrossbow Expert can be used to attack with a spell in melee without disadvantage, predictably, some insisted that this has “now become a go-to feat for every caster that worries about finding themselves in melee”.  My advice here is that if you find yourself in melee,  most of your spells require no attack roll. Many cantrips do, but I’m not taking a feat to improve cantrips, they’re not that good for Wizards. If your worried, take Toll of the Dead, Acid Splash, Poison Spray. No need for a feat.

Defensive Duelist: If you have a dagger in your off hand, you can use your reaction to add your proficiency bonus (most likely +2 or +3) to your AC for that attack. This competes directly with the Shield spell, which adds +5 to your AC until the start of your next turn. Which is better. Granted it uses a spell slot, but it protects you from multiple attacks in a round, and if you aren’t being attacked multiple times, you probably have the spell slots available to cast shield anyway. If you really really like this, you think its awesome, you need it… be a War Mage with Arcane Deflection as your second level ability for free. Don’t use up a feat slot.

Spell Sniper (All of them): I heard apodcast on Orc Labs where they drooled over this and called it a “must” for any spellcaster.  I wish they had explained why.  You double the range of attack spells that require an attack roll, those same spells ignore half and three quarters cover, and get another blast cantrip.

First off, the double range is not nearly as good as it sounds.  Most of your spells aren’t attack spells, but of those that are, many don’t have attack rolls, but those that do are usually around 120’ range or so, and really, most combats fall within that range.  The feat also allows you to ignore ½ and ¾ cover, but your spells that don’t require an attack roll (which is most of your spells) ignore that cover too.  Getting an attack cantrip from another spell list is pretty lame considering it’s going to be based on a dump stat rather than Int.

That said, Orc Labs is a great site.  Check it out if you haven’t already.


These give you a +1 to an ability score (hopefully bringing it up to an even number) and something else. Most of these feats I am rating as orange, and I want to clarify that orange does not mean I do not recommend them, it is just that they are circumstantial. In the right circumstance, I absolutely recommend them.

Resilient: SO good!  Raise your Con score by 1 and get proficiency on Con saves.  Con saves are what you make to avoid losing concentration.  This is a feat I will almost always take as a Wizard, but usually at higher levels. I’m going to get my Int up to 20 before taking this feat almost every time.

Moderately Armoured:  We need to have light armour proficiency from some source, and this raises Str or Dex, which aren’t what we want. But if you have a Hobgoblin, then being able to wear half plate and a shield gives us such a huge bonus to our AC, that it might even be worth our 4th level feat. After all, the best way to keep concentration is not to get hit in the first place. If you are not a Hobgoblin, you probably can’t get this. Unless you are a Bladesinger, in which case, remember you bladesong requires not using medium armour or shields…

Fey Teleportation:  If you are a High Elf with an odd Int, then this is better than raising your Int by 2, because not only do you bring your Intelligence bonus up, you also get the Misty Step spell for free. That’s once per day you get to use it at no cost, and it becomes a spell known so you can use your normal spell slots for it as well (you still need to prepare it).

Flames of Phlegethos:  As with Fey Teleportation, if you are a Tiefling with an odd Int, then this increase you bonus as well as giving you some bonuses for casting fire based spells, such as Fireball. You get to reroll 1s (once per spell) and if something attacks you in melee it takes 1d4 fire damage. Not amazing, but there is no point in raising you Int to another odd number, just raise it to an evn number and get these minor benefits.

Keen Mind or Observant:  If you are not a High Elf or Tiefling, then if you have an odd intelligence score these two feats will give you a +1 to Int as well as some minor bonuses, so worth looking at. Keen Mind means you know which way is north, what time it is, and gives you perfect recall, so you never have to take notes again (usefulness slightly depends on your DM). Observant allows you to read lips (cool but doesn’t come up a lot), increases your passive investigation (I have never been asked for this) and your passive perception (this comes up all the time).


Do we really need me to go over backgrounds?  Take whatever you like, they all give you pretty similar amounts of things.

I will say that it’s useful to pick up Perception proficiency.  Perception is the most used skill in the game by far.  An easy way to get it is to simply choose a Background that would give you a skill proficiency you already have (through Wizard or your starting race), then you can switch it to anything you like.  What you like is Perception.

Sours: https://docs.google.com/document/u/0/d/1IeOXWvbkmQ3nEyM2P3lS8TU4rsK6QJP0oH7HE_v67QY/mobilebasic
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Dungeons & Dragons 5E wizard class explained

Wizards are the ultimate magic users in Dungeons & Dragons 5E, with access to the most varied spells of any character class. Wizards can do an awful lot of stuff - like see the future, hurl fire or animate teapots. The sheer force of their power is bonkers.

Picture this: a monstrous bird swoops down from the cliff. Beneath it, a small wizard cowers. At the last moment, she places her hand on the beast’s beak - and turns the behemoth into a tiny mouse.

Somewhere else, a young mage brings a crowd of knives to life. With a wave of his wand, 30 blades coalesce as a swarm and speed towards their target.

Trapped inside a deep, dark mountain, an old caster places their hands on a vast stone wall. The surfaces shift and shape beneath their grasp, opening up a portal.

Above all else, what binds wizards is a love of knowledge. It lures them out from hiding. With the right training, these folks can shoot fire out of their hands, get visions of the future or hop between the different planes of the multiverse.

The darkest of these magic users can become immortal Lich Kings (once the required sacrifices have been made), and shape the very fabric of reality.

Unlike sorcerers (whose magic runs through their veins), most wizards have worked hard for their craft - learning how to weave the underlying magic that permeates the cosmos.

They are known to hole themselves up in towers and dungeons, to better practise their craft uninterrupted. It’s probably why so many inevitably go insane and create horrifying dungeons.

In this guide to the wizard class in Dungeons & Dragons 5E, we’ll be looking at everything you need to create a wizard character, including the different schools of magic, the 101 of building a wizard and how spellbooks work.

How to create a wizard character in D&D 5E

When creating your wizard, the main thing to work out is their relationship to magic. Wizards are essentially the sum of their spells. They can do pretty much anything, and rely on their intellect to do so. They are the class of raw mental power - unlike the warlock (as you’ll know from when we explained the warlock class) and sorcerer classes - who draw magic from their charisma.

So first things first, the wizard skillset likely means that your character has a bit of an unusual job, like in the military or academic research. That said, plenty of wizards end up in admin, bureaucratic and petty criminal roles, so there’s no need to play someone super wild. Or indeed, even that competent.

Why did you get into magic in the first place? Maybe it fascinates you, or you desire something attainable through no other means. There’s also the question of how you got into magic. Did you study at wizard school, like Harry Potter at Hogwarts, or learn your magic via more nefarious means?

Odds are, you’re pretty eccentric. You’ll have spent a lot of time studying and experimenting. Because the array of spells on offer is so huge, you could have picked up your skills for all sorts of reasons. Maybe you learned how to build a fire out in the wilds, or picked up an illusion or two because you traveled with performers.

Being able to shoot fire out of your hands might also lend you a unique perspective on the world - for better or for worse. Much of being a wizard is a question of what you’ll do with your powers.

The source of your magic is your spellbook. This grimoire can look and feel however you’d like. As mentioned previously, you get a lot of spells. But you’ll only be able to pick a certain amount to use each day. Therefore, planning as a wizard is also important. Be prepared for plentiful admin.

What are the eight schools of magic in D&D?

At second level, all wizards get to choose an Arcane Tradition. These are the different schools of magic found across the multiverse. In Dungeons & Dragons 5E, here are 10 official wizard schools in total. These range from casting illusions to literally raising the dead. Your choice will grant you special abilities and spells unique to each school, with new powers arriving at different levels.

School of Abjuration

For those who want to ward, banish, block and protect. Followers of this school can weave magic to protect themselves and other folks. These wizards are sought out when something bad happens, like a possession; or an interdimensional portal appearing.

School of Divination

Effectively a seer wizard, these guys can warp time and see the future. Immediately, you’ll be able to roll two dice every day and record their numbers. Later, you can replace any roll made by yourself or any creature with one of those die. You have to decide to do it prior to the roll itself. At later levels, you’ll be able to see things beyond that of standard sight. Spooky.

Dungeons & Dragons Asserac the lich king.

School of Necromancy

This is the school for people who wish to manipulate the forces of life and death. Not only can these dark wizards steal life force, but they can also literally summon undead to do their bidding. One of the darker magic schools.

School of Conjuration

As you’d expect, this subclass is great at conjuring things straight out of thin air. It’ll let you make objects out of magic, and teleport across the battlefield. It’s a fun one for summoning demons, elementals and other horrors from distant plains.

War Magic

This is the school of magic training wizards for battle. These war mages learn all sorts of tricks useful on the battlefield. These include skills that increase their power and even grant them protection. If combat is your thing, this is the wizard class for you. Find it in the Xanathar's Guide to Everything D&D sourcebook.

School of Transmutation

One for the physics nuts, this is the wizard class that manipulates matter. Perfect for anyone who wants to shape the elements.

School of Evocation

This is the class best suited to characters that want to wield destructive force. It lets wizards make safe pockets against the big area-of-effect spells, and additionally makes your own spells bigger and nastier.

School of Illusion

Ideal for charlatans and magicians, these wizards craft illusions to both beguile and terrify. You’ll be able to cast all manner of apparitions, manipulate them, and at later levels, craft entirely illusory worlds.

School of Enchantment

One of the more social wizard traditions, the School of Enchantment specialises in manipulating people. You’ll be able to do things like use your gaze to hypnotise and enthrall people, divert enemy attacks and even alter the memories of your foes.


Specific to the elven races, these wizards have mastered the art of swordplay as well as magic. This class grants you decent armor and proficiency with a weapon. You’ll also get Bladesong, a secret elf song that grants you all sorts of wild advantages in battle. Like a melee fighter, you’ll also get a second attack later down the line. Check out this arcane tradition in the Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide D&D sourcebook.

How to play as a wizard in D&D 5E

Wizards are smart folks. As such, your character will be based on INT and WIS. This is because WIS makes you a little more perceptive, and able to resist spells better.

Being smart means you’ll be good at a lot of things related to learning, like investigation, languages and reading. You’ll be curious about your surroundings, and notice things that others might not.

As well as wizards having access to some really nasty brute-force damage spells, like the infamous Fireball spell, they can also sport a surprising amount of utilitarian spells handy for adventuring.

Spells like Identify and Mending let you know what things are, and how to fix ‘em. The irony of this is that sometimes the party’s most powerful magic user also becomes its de facto handyman. This also means wizards are good at making things.

That said, a lot of wizard spells are just plain bonkers. Like the spell Animate Objects, which ensures you’ll never look at a salad fork the same way ever again.

In terms of combat, whatever subclass you pick, you’re best off near the back of the fight. Wizards are the classic glass cannon. They hit hard, and they are fragile. Any wizard that hurtles to the frontline wielding a stick or small dagger is a dead one.

Wizards ought to shape the battlefield from afar, and also play a hand in preparing it to the party’s advantage.

In addition, you’ll be juggling your concentration spells in battle. Do you pick the thunder spell that does ultra-damage, maintain your fellow party member’s invisibility or keep your enemies at bay with a forcefield?

Preparation, in general, is key to this class. This is because you get to pick your spells out at the start of the day. Therefore, it’s best to approach things situationally. Darkvision and Spiderclimb might be handy for a dungeon crawl, but just plain inappropriate for a day out shopping in town.

How many spell slots and cantrips does a wizard have in D&D 5E?

From the first level, a wizard starts out with three cantrips and two spell slots. You also have a spellbook, which allows you to pick what spells you’re putting into those slots from a variety. The number you get to pick from in total is your intelligence modifier (e.g. +4) and your wizard level combined.

So a first-level wizard with +2 intelligence would get a total of three spells to start with. When they (hopefully) reach level two, they can add one more spell to their book. If your intelligence is low, don’t fret. You’ll also get two new wizard spells to add every time you gain a level, regardless.

You can’t just pick any spells though. You’ll have to pick the wizard spells available for your level.

In addition, wizards get arcane recovery - which allows them to recover spell slots quicker. This helps ensure you don’t burn out your big spells before the day really gets going.

You might also find spells out and about during your adventures via scrolls and other magic items. With the required time, you can also scrawl these down into your book for keeping. Last, there are some spells that can be cast as rituals, meaning they don’t use up a slot.

What can wizards do in D&D?

Wizards can do basically anything. Want to raise the dead? Learn necromancy. How about teleporting around whenever you please? School of Conjuration for you. Want to eventually create your own literal plane of existence? Get eight-level spell Demi-plane. Also, you can get your own familiar or homunculus. Maybe a winged cat that reads books for you? Who knows what delightful abominations you could summon together.

First off, as a wizard, you get all a spellbook which gives you access to spells. On top of this, you’ll pick your school of magic at level two, which will grant you additional spells and abilities unique to that school as you level-up. You’ll also get boons that let you power up certain spells of your choice.

Particularly wild wizard spells include Maze, which lets you banish something to a labyrinthine demi-plane of horror; Magnificent Mansion, wherein you conjure up a very cozy interdimensional dwelling; or Reverse Gravity, which does exactly what you’d expect.

In essence, don’t play a wizard if you just want to hit things. Or indeed, heal things. That’s their big gap, magic-wise. (If you’re after that, why not have the pros of D&D 5E’s fighter class explained to you?)

And while they are one of the more intense Dungeons & Dragons 5E classes in terms of admin, wizards are also one of the most rewarding. You can do so many strange and unusual things.

How to create a D&D 5E wizard character

As a wizard, you’ll want INT to be your highest stat as you make your Dungeons & Dragons 5E character, as it directly affects how likely your spells are to hit. Following this, pick constitution or dexterity. Constitution will up your (usually meager) hit-points, while dexterity will increase your odds of dodging out of the way. Unless you opt to be a wizard of illusions, in which case you’ll want high charisma to pull off those performance flourishes. Otherwise, feel free to make either charisma or strength your dump stat.

Also, as a squishy magic-user with limited access to good armor, you’ll want to rely on magical means to buff yourself up. If there’s going to combat in your campaign, get the Mage Armor spell immediately. Remember to cast it at both breakfast and dinner.

In terms of starting cantrips, detachable ghost appendage Mage Hand is a classic (and ripe for japes), and damage dealers like Ray of Frost and Firebolt give you some bite in combat.

What are the best wizard races in D&D 5E?

As per usual, humans make excellent wizards due to their versatility. Gnomes (the inventors and engineers of the D&D world) are also a good choice, as they start out with a nifty +2 intelligence bonus.

In addition, tieflings (half-demon folk) also get an intelligence boost, and some fun hell-themed racial abilities. The fearsome hobgoblin too, not only gets a +1 intelligence boost but also proficiency with martial weapons. No pointy stick for this wizard.

Lastly, high-elves and half-elves show tons of wizarding potential based on their inherent magic-ness and smarts. They pack great racial boons like dark vision and extra strong defenses against certain types of magic.

If you’re still unsure which is best for you, have a peruse of our guide on how to choose the right character race in Dungeons & Dragons 5E more generally and go from there.

Should I play a wizard in D&D 5E?

If you want to shape the world to your whims, then yes, you should play a wizard. It’s a class that suits folks who value imagination and ingenuity. Folks who enjoy creative problem-solving. Players who go home at night and wonder which of their spells could fix the bind you’re all in.

Wizards are not so much for D&D players who want to duke it out in combat (although they do get a delightful array of massive spells like Fireball), or do the bulk of the social work. Wizards are the D&D class for folks that love bright ideas.

They’re always searching, on a quest for knowledge. Driven by the unknown. Curious, often to a fault. If that sounds like you, and you’re cool with doing the extra admin that comes along with having vast unknowable powers, then wizard is the D&D class for you.

We hope you enjoyed learning the way of the wizard. If the class isn’t resonating with you, don’t worry! There are plenty of other magic users (and non-magic users) to check out - sit back, relax and have the Dungeons & Dragons 5E classes explained to you before making your final decision. After all, a charisma-based sorcerer or a warlock might be more your style, or you can enjoy beefiness with additional magic as a cleric, druid or paladin.

Sours: https://www.dicebreaker.com/games/dungeons-and-dragons-5e/how-to/dungeons-and-dragons-5e-wizard-class-explained

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Spells 5e wizard

The Best Wizard Spells Ranked by Level: D&D 5e

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Wizards of D&D 5e have the most extensive spell list to choose from of all the classes. While this benefits them greatly in versatility, it’s cumbersome for new and experienced players alike to select the spells they’ll learn. Preparing spells makes the process all the more taxing. After years of playing D&D 5e, I understand which spells are the most impactful and ubiquitous across campaign settings and game styles. My list here summarizes the best Wizard spells that keep proving themselves useful time and time again.

Saying a spell is ‘best’ is inherently subjective. I’m going to suggest spells that have a frequent impact in D&D 5e. In other words, spells that make a difference often will be prioritized. If the impact is great enough but the frequency is low, or vice versa, a spell may warrant mentioning in my list.

Recommendations are in alphabetical order by category of their uses, grouped by spell level. I classified spells by defense, offense, utility, or versatility (fits several uses). Many spells are not on my list, but they have their niches in the game. I’ve also included my ranking list of the subjectively best Wizard spells by level at the end of the article. For that ranked list, I looked at the reliability, frequency, versatility, and impact of each spell.

This article would be difficult to manage if I also gave recommendations for specific Wizard subclasses. For more information on which spells are better for particular Wizards by Arcane Tradition, please read my article that rates each Wizard subclass.

Best Cantrips for Wizardsin D&D 5e

Choosing cantrips can be tricky because you can’t learn them outside of leveling up (unless your DM house-rules otherwise). They scale with your character level, not your Wizard level, making them important for multiclassing. Cantrips may overshadow low-level offensive spells easily at higher levels.

  • Defense
    • Shocking Grasp: Deals low damage. Removes a foe’s reaction for the round. Gains advantage against metal armor. Not dependent on saving throw. It’s a melee attack, so you’ll want a ranged cantrip, too.
  • Offense
    • Booming Blade: Good for Wizards utilizing weapons. Bladesingers, mostly.
    • Chill Touch: Deal decent damage and stop a foe from healing. Not dependent on saving throw.
    • Firebolt: Good range. Not dependent on saving throw.
    • Green-Flame Blade: Good for Wizards utilizing weapons. Bladesingers, mostly.
    • Mind Sliver: Uses Intelligence saving throw, which is usually not a creature’s strongest saving throw bonus. Allows teamwork or personal setup to make a subsequent spell that relies on a saving throw successful, even if you’re just chain-casting Mind Sliver each turn.
    • Ray of Frost: Deal decent damage and slow a foe. Not dependent on saving throw.
  • Utility
    • Mage Hand: Rewards creativity. It helps to avoid trap triggers. Open doors from the other side. Just remember its limits.
    • Prestidigitation: Rewards creativity. You’ll gain the magic tricks and minor effects that a spellcaster should be passively be doing for fun. Create small holograms or examples of what you’re describing to a person. Conceal poison in foods by manipulating taste. Create a skunk smell. Add smells and sounds to your storytelling. Clean blood out of your clothes. Requires verbal and somatic components, so you may be noticed when casting.
  • Versatility
    • Minor Illusion: You can have heaps of fun with this spell if you get creative and understand its limits. You’ll learn quickly whether you want to learn leveled illusion spells based on how much you use Minor Illusion.
    • Mold Earth: Rewards creativity. Hide bodies or stash your supplies. Create a trench for cover in combat or to conceal an ambush.

Best 1st-Level Wizard Spells in D&D 5e

First-level spells can be useful throughout a campaign. Some of them will always be useful because they scale well with upcasting, or their benefits aren’t level-dependent. First-level spells are used at high levels with Spell Mastery, and I have an article on that topic if you’re playing a level-eighteen Wizard. This list is fairly extensive because many level-one spells are scalable and they define what kind of Wizard you’ll be, and there are many directions you can take.

  • Defense
    • Absorb Elements: Reaction to resist one elemental damage type for the round. Wizards don’t have many hitpoints, so dealing with unexpected AOE damage from something like a dragon’s breath can be critical. The melee damage boost is less important for Wizards (Bladesingers are an exception).
    • Feather Fall: Save everyone when falling or descending quickly.
    • Mage Armor: I recommend casting this every adventuring day if you don’t wear armor.
    • Shield: +5 to AC for per round if you think it will matter. Defend against Magic Missile.
  • Offense
    • Magic Missile: Reliable damage. Each dart can force a concentration saving throw, making it useful for breaking enemy concentration. Beware the Shield spell countermeasure.
    • Sleep: Good at low levels. Might not prepare it often at higher levels. Don’t use on Elves.
    • Tasha’s Hideous Laughter: Though it uses a commonly proficient Wisdom saving throw, it’s huge if it works. You can force an enemy to fall prone, allowing allies to get into position for melee attacks with advantage. Incapacitating a foe will automatically end its concentration on a spell. Just remember the limitation on what can cause the spell to end.
    • Thunderwave: Damage with potential knockback. The Constitution saving throw isn’t great.
  • Utility
    • Charm Person: Can drastically simplify social encounters. It scales well with upcasting. Watch out for charm-immune creatures.
    • Comprehend Languages (Ritual): The ritual tag makes this spell worth having when you need to eavesdrop or follow a conversation.
    • Detect Magic (Ritual): Great for revealing illusions or spotting magical items and traps. Ritual spells are perfect for Wizards!
    • Disguise Self: Mischief time. Don’t let anyone touch you or damage you.
    • Silent Image: Get creative because illusions are often limited only by your ideas. It lasts up to ten minutes. Make sure your DM won’t ignore your illusions…
  • Versatility
    • Find Familiar (Ritual): Many players propose that Find Familiar may be the best first-level spell in the game, and they may be correct. The out-of-combat utility is frequent and impactful. Combat can benefit from a familiar using the Help action. Roleplaying a familiar is fun, too.
    • Fog Cloud: Heavily obscuring an area is as good as blinding creatures within it. The area of fog scales well with upcasting. Works as a smokescreen and vision blocker. Blocking vision is incredibly good for controlling the battlefield, especially for spellcasters who need to see their targets.

Best 2nd-Level Wizard Spells in D&D 5e

  • Defense
    • Warding Wind: Surprising amount of options here. Deafen yourself against effects that require you to hear your foe, such as with the Suggestion spell. Ward off ranged attacks. Disperse cloud effects. Create difficult terrain around yourself to deter attackers from rushing in. Snuff out torches if enemies lack darkvision. It requires concentration, but it also lasts ten minutes, allowing you to cast it ahead of an encounter.
    • Mirror Image: No concentration required. Can turn incoming hits against you into misses.
  • Offense
    • Tasha’s Mind Whip: Limit enemy action economy if they can’t pass Intelligence saving throws. Scales well with upcasting.
    • Web: Excellent AOE disabling spell to keep enemies stationary and vulnerable.
  • Utility
    • Alter Self: Create seamless disguises or learn to swim.
    • See Invisibility: Gets better as you level up. You’ll encounter more creatures that are invisible or ethereal at higher levels. No concentration required.
    • Suggestion: Circumvent entire problems with manipulation.
  • Versatility
    • Invisibility: Can’t guarantee enemies won’t detect you, but the Hide action is more reliable if you’re unseen. Use it on the party’s Rogue, and they’ll love you.
    • Misty Step: Escape or infiltrate with a bonus action. Low-level teleportation is always good to have.

Best 3rd-Level Wizard Spells in D&D 5e

  • Defense
    • Counterspell: I’ve yet to experience a campaign where this spell isn’t great. Players audibly cheer when they counter a scary spell.
  • Offense
    • Fireball: The standard for damage AOE. Enjoy!
    • Hypnotic Pattern: Incapacitating enemies can be better than damaging them with Fireball. Make sure you don’t use this on enemies who can’t be put to sleep by magic or are immune to charms. Good at all levels.
  • Utility
    • Leomund’s Tiny Hut (Ritual): One of the best spells for travelers who need security and comfort. Ten minutes of ritual casting while the party sets up camp, and you’re good for the night.
    • Water Breathing (Ritual): I’ve yet to play a game where I didn’t have an opportunity to cast this as a ritual. You open up many possibilities when you can safely navigate the water.
  • Versatility
    • Dispel Magic: Spell effects come up often, so Dispel Magic is nearly guaranteed to be useful.
    • Fly: Gain a fast flying speed. Avoid many problems that earth-bound folks endure. Avoid enemy reach. Make sure you don’t fall!
    • Gaseous Form: Escape or infiltrate as you become a gassy science experiment.
    • Haste: Strong buff for yourself and allies. Meta-effect to make other players like you.
    • Major Image: This is the spell you envision when you imagine casting illusion magic.
    • Sleet Storm: Large AEO battlefield control spell. Limit movement, visibility, and concentration. Knock runners and flyers down.

Best 4th-Level Wizard Spells in D&D 5e

  • Defense
    • Banishment: Take powerful enemies out of a fight to be dealt with later.
    • Fire Shield: No concentration required as you punish melee attackers and resist either cold or fire damage (common damage types).
  • Offense
    • Wall of Fire: The damage is good, but so is the wall’s opaque nature. Force enemies relying on sight to move through the wall. This puts them out of position and forces them to take damage.
    • Watery Sphere: Use on enemy spellcasters whose Strength saving throws are likely to fail. They can’t cast spells that require verbal components if they’re engulfed in water.
  • Utility
    • Arcane Eye: Scout safely from a distance to map out entire dungeons and strongholds.
    • Charm Monster: You can learn a lot from a happy monster who is willing to talk to you.
  • Versatility
    • Conjure Minor Elementals: Less used, but it’s great for scouting and creating battlefield hazards. Mephits can be summoned in bulk, for example. The Mephits collectively use breath attacks for machine-gun AOE, and they explode with various effects when they die. They also have innate spellcasting, including the Fire Mephit’s ability to cast Heat Metal. They can fly and swim. This spell is packed with mischief. Make sure you have the elementals’ stats.
    • Control Water: Don’t learn it if you have a Cleric in the party who can do it instead. This spell is deceptively useful. I often see it come in handy.
    • Dimension Door: Teleportation with a long-range and no line-of-sight requirement. Works well for a Contingency spell at higher levels. Bring a friend!
    • Greater Invisibility: Continue casting non-concentration spells while concealed. Can be cast on allies. Shorter duration than Invisibility, but with more options for what you can do without ending the illusion.
    • Otiluke’s Resilient Sphere: Hamster ball to protect allies or trap foes.
    • Polymorph: One of the best, most versatile spells in the game. Make sure you download an app for beast stats to save time (your group will thank you).

Best 5th-Level Wizard Spells in D&D 5e

  • Defense
    • Wall of Force: Creating a nearly impassible, impregnable wall comes in handy.
  • Offense
    • Animate Objects: Bring a hoard of Beauty & the Beast silverware to life to serve you food or serve you the blood of your enemies. The damage output of this spell is no joke.
    • Dominate Person: Does nothing if they save, but you can work so much mischief if they fail. You can take complete control of a humanoid.
    • Hold Monster: You’ve moved up from holding people to holding all monsters. Paralyze them so your Paladin can auto-crit them. Watch out for paralysis-immune creatures.
  • Utility
    • Rary’s Telepathic Bond (Ritual): This spell enables players who want to speak out-of-character to one another as they can do so telepathically. It’s a high-level ritual spell that I highly recommend for keeping your party in open communication.
    • Seeming: You usually dress yourself up for Halloween, but now you can dress up your friends. This is very different from the usual illusion because you are changing another person or group’s appearance.
    • Scrying: Sharing is caring, and spying is not dying. The more information your party has, the better. Learn to scry on the right person at the right time so your party can always be prepared and remain a step ahead. Some DMs might resist giving you information this way, so ask first.
  • Versatility
    • Conjure Elemental: Elementals make useful summons. Upcasting will allow you to summon an Invisible Stalker to locate a creature seek (make sure you can communicate with the Invisible Stalker about the whereabouts). Be careful not to lose control of the elemental by ending/losing the spell early. You can follow the link to D&D Beyond’s description of the spell to discover stats for elementals you can summon.
    • Dream: I wrote an article about the Dream spell and its uses. I recommend reading it. Opal also wrote about dream sequences in TTRPGs if you need inspiration. You can harass enemies, start a business, communicate over long distances, train with a mentor, and so much more.
    • Wall of Stone: Unlike Wall of Force, this wall can become a permanent fixture. There is creativity embedded in this spell beyond mere battlefield control.
    • Telekinesis: Another spell that rewards creativity. When I think of all the times that a player has wanted to lift a heavy object with Mage Hand, but the Mage Hand was too weak, I smile to think about Telekinesis’s strength. But what I really get excited about is the rare ability to swipe items that are presently held. You can snatch weapons and arcane focuses from your enemies!

Best 6th-Level Wizard Spells in D&D 5e

  • Defense
  • Offense
  • Utility
    • Soul Cage: You can gain heaps of valuable, actionable information from the fallen. Besides, interrogation scenes in D&D are messy… You can also use it to scout new areas and heal yourself.
  • Versatility
    • Contingency: This spell opens your mind to new possibilities. When you constantly wish you could cast certain spells as a reaction, now you can (of fifth level or lower). You can pick spells that protect or teleport you when you’re attacked. You can automatically cast Dispel Magic at fifth level on yourself when a harmful spell affects you. Make sure you understand which spells are compatible with Contingency, so you get it right. Get creative based on your needs!
    • Disintegrate: Pick this less for the damage and more for the ace up your sleeve against anyone with a Force Cage or Wall of Force. You can also use it to clear debris or make your own door through a castle wall. The damage is good if it works, but it does nothing against a successful saving throw. Hedge your bets by using other spells to restrain an enemy before attempting Disintegrate.
    • Investiture of Stone: This spell is good for what is essentially the ability of an Earth Elemental to glide through earth and stone. The other abilities are fine, but many attacks are magical at this point in the game, meaning you might not benefit from the resistances. Creating a tremor is good if you’re going to Misty Step away from enemies closing in on you.
    • Mass Suggestion: This spell is nuts! It doesn’t require concentration and has a long duration, allowing you to manipulate charmable creatures for extended periods.

Best 7th-Level Wizard Spells in D&D 5e

  • Defense
    • Symbol: You’ll need to read this one a few times, but you can create a trap that completely wipes out enemies in a few rounds. Keep your party out of the area and you’ll be golden. This only works for parties who are planners and have time to set up ambushes or protective measures.
  • Offense
    • Crown of Stars: Once cast, you can use your bonus action each turn to make spell attacks. No concentration necessary.
  • Utility
    • Mordenkainen’s Magnificent Mansion: Travel and sleep in style. You’ll always be comfortable while you have your dream home accessible anywhere.
    • Project Image: Useful for having long-distance conversations and scouting. The duration is long enough to feel like you’re in two places at once for a day.
    • Teleport: Incredibly useful in campaigns with large maps to traverse.
  • Versatility
    • Force Cage: No concentration needed to completely shut down most enemies without a saving throw. The cage version is a death trap for anyone who lacks escape spells or abilities. The components are expensive, but they also don’t get expended after casting. This spell is crazy!
    • Reverse Gravity: No saving throws to worry about as you give enemies the Gandalf treatment from Saruman. You can effectively disable enemies in the given area if they rely on melee attacks. Repeated fall damage, anyone?
    • Simulacrum: Creating a duplicate of yourself will double your fun. This is a game-changer. Some believe it’s a game-breaker. Whatever your opinion, this spell is amazing as it opens your game up to many new possibilities.

Best 8th-Level Wizard Spells in D&D 5e

  • Defense
    • Mind Blank: The duration and lack of concentration make this spell a must-have in common campaigns.
  • Offense
    • Dominate Monster: Mind control is fun. Remember, target creatures that are likely to fail a Wisdom saving throw.
    • Feeblemind: You can absolutely destroy a spellcaster who fails this saving throw.
    • Illusory Dragon: The fear effect is good, but it’s made better by the bonus action each round to use a breath weapon. The illusion is huge and occupies its space, so it can block a huge area.
  • Utility
    • Demiplane: Tiny houses are trendy IRL, so install your mobile storage unit in D&D.

Best 9th-Level Wizard Spells in D&D 5e

  • Defense
    • Invulnerability: Pay the cost to become immune to all damage for the duration. Enemies will need alternative ways to break your concentration to end the spell. They may try to incapacitate you or use spells like Sleet Storm that force concentration saving throws.
  • Offense
    • Meteor Swarm: Start blasting all who oppose you in grand AOE damage.
    • Psychic Scream: An Intelligence saving throw is difficult to pass for many creatures, so you’re likely to harm and stun enemies for most of a fight if you pick your battles well.
  • Versatility
    • Foresight: Cast early in your day to passively gain advantage on everything while Matrix-dodging bullets.
    • Mass Polymorph: Transform allies into dinosaurs, and enemies into snails. Make your DM sweat.
    • Prismatic Wall: Good luck to anyone attempting to get through this wall, especially if you summon the wall near an enemy and force the enemy into the wall. There are simpler walls to use in the game, but this wall doesn’t require concentration and can turn people into smoothies.
    • Shapechange: Get creative because the possibilities make my head spin.
    • True Polymorph: Get creative because the possibilities make my head spin.
    • Wish: This spell can be any spell of 8th level or lower from any spell list. You can choose from a list of other effects if you are willing to risk losing this spell forever. Wish’s description literally says, “Wish is the mightiest spell a mortal creature can cast.

Ranked Wizard Spells by Level in D&D 5e

  1. Find Familiar
  2. Misty Step
  3. Hypnotic Pattern / Counterspell
  4. Polymorph
  5. Wall of Force
  6. Mass Suggestion
  7. Force Cage / Simulacrum
  8. Mind Blank
  9. Wish


Thus ends our long rest together. I hope you prepared the best spells for your day. Which Wizard spells would you add to my lists? Do you agree with my final list of #1 spells by Wizard level? Let me know in the comments.

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Thanks for reading, and good luck with your next adventure!

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The Best Wizard Spells of D\u0026D 5e 📖 #1 Arcane Spell Selection by Level

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