Black eyed susan wiki

Black eyed susan wiki DEFAULT

Preakness starting gate at Pimlico in May Credit: Fisherga via Wikipedia

Crab cakes and football aren’t really the only things Maryland does. Today on the track at Pimlico, the th Preakness race will be run. It’s the second jewel of American Thoroughbred Racing’s Triple Crown and also known as the ‘Run for the Black-eyed Susans’ because they are the state flower of Maryland.

Black-eyed Susan blossom Credit: Photo taken by user Lorax and released under the GFDL via Wikipedia

The Latin name for the Black-eyed Susan genus is Rudbeckia hirta. It’s a common American wildflower with bright yellow petals and dark domed centers. Some garden varieties are regular annuals, but many of the true wildflowers are biennials, producing only green foliage their first year and flowering their second. The blooms are frequently visited by bees, butterflies and other insects for their nectar.

Black-eyed Susans Credit: Isolino Ferreira via Flickr

But who was this Susan? Why were her eyes black? It dates back to a folk song written by John Gay popular in the early s. The poor girl was saddened because her true love William was about to shove off to sea. Don’t worry, he consoles her with the fact that he will be safe and true while away. Riiiight. There’s no follow-up poem so we never know if they end up happily ever after together, but really how bad was maritime service in ? I’m sure he was fine. We may not know about the people, but some gardeners do favor companion planting of Black-eyed Susan flowers and Sweet Williams. At least botanically, they do well together.

All in the dawn the fleet was moor&#;d,
The streamers waving to the wind,
When Black-eyed Susan came on board,
Oh where shall I my true love find?

Tell me, ye jovial sailors, tell me true,
If my sweet William, if my sweet William
Sails among your crew?

The Preakness also serves a cocktail called the Black-eyed Susan made with vodka, St. Germain liquer with pineapple, lime and orange juice. It sounds unbelievably sweet to me. Probably sweeter than that William guy and I could imagine how easy it would be to overindulge in them. Yet, while it boasts the name Black-eyed Susan and it is the characteristic yellow color of its namesake flower, another flower is one of the main components. For those of you unfamiliar with St. Germain liquer, it’s flavor comes from Elderflowers (Sambucus nigra).

Elderflowers Credit: Eiffel via Wikipedia

For all their celebration, you will not find any real live specimens of Black-eyed Susans at Pimlico today. These wildflowers don’t bloom until later in June in Maryland. Even if they were, they are a wildflower that would be too delicate to be used in such an elaborate botanical blanket. Yet the winning horse is adorned with yellow and black flowers. These are just imposters. They are members of the chrysanthemum family (pompom mums or Viking’s daisies). They are close-enough look-alikes with their bright yellow petals, but florists painstakingly paint their centers with black shoe polish to give them their characteristic black eyes.

Yes, the real life equivalent of painting the roses red for the Queen in Alice in Wonderland. I doubt the winner cares too much, and I’m sure the flowers on the blanket look close enough to spectators especially after a few of the &#;Black-eyed Susan&#; cocktails. Still- go home Maryland, you’re drunk!


Check out this link for the Run for the Roses.

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Rudbeckia hirta, commonly called black-eyed Susan, is a North American flowering plant in the sunflower family, native to Eastern and Central North America and naturalized in the Western part of the continent as well as in China. It has now been found in all 10 Canadian Provinces and all 48 of the states in the contiguous United States.

From Wikipedia article at, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License

Source DataRankspeciesTaxonomy (GBIF)Life : Plantae : Tracheophyta : Magnoliopsida : Asterales : Asteraceae : Rudbeckia : Rudbeckia hirtaTaxonomic Status (GBIF)acceptedClassification
(GBIF)Generic NameRudbeckiaScientific NameRudbeckia hirta L.Name Published In(). Sp. Pl. 2Common Name(s) Black-eyed Susan, Hairy Coneflower, Marguerite Jaune, Rudbeckia Hérissé, Rudbeckie Hirsute, Rudbeckie Hérissée, Rauhhaariger Sonnenhut, Black-eyed-susan, Rauer Sonnenhut, Sträv Rudbeckia, Ruige Rudbeckia, Rauher Sonnenhut, Blackeyed SusanWikipedia
L. () In: Sp. Pl. - via Catalogue of Life(). Sp. Pl. 2 - via World Register of Marine SpeciesAronsson, Mora () Thomas Karlssons Kärlväxtlista - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databasRichard L. Harkess,Robert E. Lyons (08/) Floral Initiation in Rudbeckia hirta (Asteraceae) Under Limited Inductive Photoperiodic Treatments - via CompositaeJohn Ross,Wellington Huffaker,Nina L. Bradley,A. Carl Leopold (08/) Phenological changes reflect climate change in Wisconsin - via CompositaeAndreea Costea,Mirela M. Cimpeanu,Cristian S. Cimpeanu,Gabriela Capraru () Preliminary Karyotype Analysis in Members of Asteraceae Family - via Compositae
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Rudbeckia hirta

Species of flowering plant

Rudbeckia hirta
Black eyed susan jpg
Rudbeckia hirta flowerhead
Scientific classificationedit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Rudbeckia


Binomial name
Rudbeckia hirta




    • Brauneria serotina(Sweet) Bergmans
    • Centrocarpha gracilis(Nutt.) D.Don ex G.Don
    • Centrocarpha hirta(L.) D.Don ex G.Don
    • Coreopsis hirta(L.) Raf.
    • Helianthus hirtus(L.) E.H.L.Krause
    • Obeliscotheca flava(T.V.Moore) Nieuwl. & Lunell
    • Rudbeckia amplectensT.V.Moore
    • Rudbeckia bicolorNutt.
    • Rudbeckia brittoniiSmall
    • Rudbeckia discolorElliott
    • Rudbeckia divergensT.V.Moore
    • Rudbeckia flavaT.V.Moore
    • Rudbeckia flexuosaT.V.Moore
    • Rudbeckia floridanaT.V.Moore
    • Rudbeckia floridana var. angustifoliaT.V.Moore
    • Rudbeckia gracilisNutt.
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. annulataClute
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. bicolorClute
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. brittonii(Small) Fernald
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. corymbiferaFernald
    • Rudbeckia hirta f. dichronaClute
    • Rudbeckia hirta f. flavescensClute
    • Rudbeckia hirta f. giganteaClute
    • Rudbeckia hirta f. homochromaSteyerm.
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. lanceolata(Bisch.) Core
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. majorHook.
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. monticola(Small) Fernald
    • Rudbeckia hirta f. plenifloraMoldenke
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. rubraClute
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. sericea(T.V.Moore) Fernald
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. serotina(Nutt.) Core
    • Rudbeckia hirta var. tubuliformisBurnham
    • Rudbeckia hirta f. viridifloraBurnham
    • Rudbeckia longipesT.V.Moore
    • Rudbeckia monticolaSmall
    • Rudbeckia sericeaT.V.Moore
    • Rudbeckia serotinaNutt.
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. annulata(Clute) Fernald & B.G.Schub.
    • Rudbeckia serotina var. corymbifera(Fernald) Fernald & B.G.Schub.
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. dichrona(Clute) Moldenke
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. flavescens(Clute) Moldenke
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. frondosa(Clute) Moldenke
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. gigantea(Clute) Moldenke
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. homochroma(Steyerm.) Fernald & B.G.Schub.
    • Rudbeckia serotina var. lanceolata(Bisch.) Fernald & B.G.Schub.
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. novae-caesareaeOswald
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. pleniflora(Moldenke) Fernald & B.G.Schub.
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. pulcherrima(Farw.) Fernald & B.G.Schub.
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. rubra(Clute) Fernald & B.G.Schub.
    • Rudbeckia serotina var. sericea(T.V.Moore) Fernald & B.G.Schub.
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. tubuliformis(Burnham) Fernald & B.G.Schub.
    • Rudbeckia serotina f. viridiflora(Burnham) Fernald & B.G.Schub.
    • Rudbeckia strigosaNutt.

Rudbeckia hirta, commonly called black-eyed Susan, is a North American flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, native to Eastern and Central North America and naturalized in the Western part of the continent as well as in China. It has now been found in all 10 Canadian Provinces and all 48 of the states in the contiguous United States.[2][3][4]

Rudbeckia hirta is the state flower of Maryland.[5]


Rudbeckia hirta is an upright annual (sometimes biennial or perennial) growing 30–&#;cm (12–39&#;in) tall by 30–45&#;cm (12–18&#;in) wide. It has alternate, mostly basal leaves 10–18&#;cm long, covered by coarse hair, with stout branching stems and daisy-like, compositeflower heads appearing in late summer and early autumn. In the species, the flowers are up to 10&#;cm (4&#;in) in diameter, with yellow ray florets circling conspicuous brown or black, dome-shaped cone of many small disc florets.[6] However, extensive breeding has produced a range of sizes and colours, including oranges, reds and browns.[3][7]

Etymology and common names[edit]

The specific epithethirta is Latin for “hairy”, and refers to the trichomes occurring on leaves and stems.[8] Other common names for this plant include: brown-eyed Susan, brown betty, gloriosa daisy, golden Jerusalem, English bull's eye, poor-land daisy, yellow daisy, and yellow ox-eye daisy.[9]


There are four varieties[10][3]


Rudbeckia hirta is widely cultivated in parks and gardens, for summer bedding schemes, borders, containers, wildflower gardens, prairie-style plantings and cut flowers. Numerous cultivars have been developed, of which 'Indian Summer'[11] and 'Toto'[12] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[13] Other popular cultivars include 'Double Gold' and 'Marmalade'.

Gloriosa daisies are tetraploidcultivars having much larger flower heads than the wild species, often doubled or with contrasting markings on the ray florets. They were first bred by Alfred Blakeslee of Smith College by applying colchicine to R. hirta seeds; Blakeslee's stock was further developed by W. Atlee Burpee and introduced to commerce at the Philadelphia Flower Show.[14]Gloriosa daisies are generally treated as annuals or short-lived perennials and are typically grown from seed, though there are some named cultivars.

Symbolism and uses[edit]

Maryland state flower[edit]

Garden of black-eyed susans

The black-eyed Susan was designated the state flower of Maryland in [5][15] In this capacity it is used in gardens and ceremonies to celebrate, memorialize and show affection for the state of Maryland and its people. The Preakness Stakes in Baltimore, Maryland, has been termed "The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans" because a blanket of Viking Poms, a variety of chrysanthemums resembling black-eyed Susans, is traditionally placed around the winning horse's neck (actual black-eyed Susans are not in bloom in May during the Preakness).[16]

University of Southern Mississippi[edit]

In , the black-eyed Susan became the inspiration for the University of Southern Mississippi school colors (black and gold), suggested by Florence Burrow Pope, a member of the university's first graduating class. According to Pope: “On a trip home, I saw great masses of Black-Eyed Susans in the pine forests. I decided to encourage my senior class to gather Black-Eyed Susans to spell out the name of the class on sheets to be displayed during exercises on Class Day. I then suggested black and gold as class colors, and my suggestion was adopted."[17]

Butterfly attractant for enhancing gardens[edit]

Butterflies are attracted to Rudbeckia hirta.[18] It is a larval host to the bordered patch, gorgone checkerspot, and silvery checkerspot species.[19]

Traditional Native American uses[edit]

The plant is thought to be an herbal medicine by Native American for various ailments.[20] The roots but not the seedheads of Rudbeckia hirta can be used much like the related Echinacea purpurea with unsubstantiated claims to boost immunity and fight colds, flu and infections. The Ojibwa people used it as a poultice for snake bites and to make an infusion for treating colds and worms in children.[21]


The species is toxic to cats, when ingested.[22]



  1. ^"Rudbeckia hirta L."Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 13 April
  2. ^"Rudbeckia hirta". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP).
  3. ^ abcUrbatsch, Lowell E.; Cox, Patricia B. (). "Rudbeckia hirta". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 21. New York and Oxford &#; via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  4. ^Chen, Yousheng; Nicholas Hind, D. J. "Rudbeckia hirta". Flora of China. 20–21 &#; via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  5. ^ ab"Maryland State Flower - Black-Eyed Susan". Maryland Manual Online. Maryland State Archives. September 19, Retrieved September 8,
  6. ^"# Rudbeckia hirta". Floridata. Retrieved September 8,
  7. ^Brickell, Christopher (September ). RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  8. ^"Native Meadow Wildflowers". Andy's Northern Ontario Wildflowers. Archived from the original on February 18, Retrieved September 8,
  9. ^Runkel, Sylvan T.; Roosa, Dean M. (). Wildflowers of the Tallgrass Prairie: The Upper Midwest. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press.
  10. ^"Rudbeckia hirta". The Global Compositae Checklist (GCC) &#; via The Plant List.
  11. ^"RHS Plant Selector - Rudbeckia hirta 'Indian Summer'". Retrieved 17 February
  12. ^"RHS Plant Selector - Rudbeckia hirta 'Toto'". Retrieved 17 February
  13. ^"AGM Plants - Ornamental"(PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July p.&#; Retrieved 11 October
  14. ^Lacy, Allen (July 21, ). "Gloriosa, the Eliza Doolittle of Daisies". The New York Times. Retrieved
  15. ^"Fiscal and Policy Notes (HB )"(PDF). Department of Legislative Services - Maryland General Assembly. Archived from the original(PDF) on Retrieved
  16. ^Reimer, Susan (May 16, ). "Neither Susans nor daisies". The Baltimore Sun.
  17. ^The Drawl: The History and Traditions of the University of Southern Mississippi(PDF) (Centennial&#;ed.). The University of Southern Mississippi. p.&#; Retrieved 5 September
  18. ^Schillo, Rebecca (). Cummings, Nina (ed.). "Native Landscaping Takes Root in Chicago". In the Field:
  19. ^The Xerces Society (), Gardening for Butterflies: How You Can Attract and Protect Beautiful, Beneficial Insects, Timber Press.
  20. ^Moerman, Daniel E. (August 15, ). Native American Ethnobotany. Oregon: Timber Press. ISBN&#;.
  21. ^"Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)". Survival Plants of the Northeastern US. Brandeis University. Retrieved September 8,
  22. ^"List of plants toxic to cats".

External links[edit]

State flowers of the United States

  • ALCamellia, Oak-leaf hydrangeaWF
  • AKForget-me-not
  • AZSaguaro cactus blossom
  • ARApple blossom
  • CACalifornia poppy
  • CORocky Mountain columbine
  • CTMountain laurel, Mirabilis jalapaCH
  • DEPeach blossom
  • FLOrange blossom, TickseedWF
  • GAAzaleaWF, Cherokee roseFE
  • HIHawaiian hibiscus
  • IDSyringa, mock orange
  • ILViolet, Milkweed
  • INPeony
  • IAWild prairie rose
  • KSSunflower
  • KYGoldenrod
  • LAMagnolia, Louisiana irisWF
  • MEWhite pine cone and tassel
  • MDBlack-eyed susan
  • MAMayflower
  • MIApple blossom, Dwarf lake irisWF
  • MNPink and white lady's slipper
  • MSMagnolia, TickseedWF
  • MOHawthorn
  • MTBitterroot
  • NEGoldenrod
  • NVSagebrush
  • NHPurple lilac, Pink lady's slipperWF
  • NJViolet
  • NMYucca flower
  • NYRose
  • NCFlowering dogwood, Carolina lilyWF
  • NDWild prairie rose
  • OHScarlet carnation, Large white trilliumWF
  • OKOklahoma rose, Indian blanketWF, MistletoeFE
  • OROregon grape
  • PAMountain laurel, Penngift crown vetchBC
  • RIViolet
  • SCYellow jessamine, GoldenrodWF
  • SDPasque flower
  • TNIris, Purple passionflowerWF, Tennessee coneflowerWF
  • TXBluebonnet sp.
  • UTSego lily
  • VTRed clover
  • VAAmerican dogwood
  • WACoast rhododendron
  • WVRhododendron
  • WIWood violet
  • WYIndian paintbrush
  • ASPaogo (Ulafala)
  • GUBougainvillea spectabilis
  • MPFlores mayo
  • PRMaga
  • VIYellow elder

Italics: state wildflower WF, state children's flower CH, state floral emblem FE, beautification and conservation BC


Black-Eyed Susan (actress) Wiki, Biography, Age, Husband, Net Worth, Family, Instagram, Twitter &#; More Facts

Black-Eyed Susan (actress) is an American actor based in New York City. She has worked primarily in Off-Off-Broadway theater with artists including Charles Ludlam, Ethyl Eichelberger, Mabou Mines, John Jesurun, Jim Neu, Lola Pashalinski, and Taylor Mac.

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Carlson was born in Shelton, Connecticut. She studied theater for one year at Emerson College, then transferred to Hofstra University, where she completed her degree.

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Estimated Net Worth in $1 Million to $5 Million Approx
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Wiki susan black eyed

Black-eyed Susan

Black-eyed Susan may refer to:


Theatre and film[edit]


  • "Black-eyed Susan" or "All in the Downs", Roud number, is an sea song by John Gay (–), more fully titled "Sweet William's Farewell to Black-Eyed Susan"
  • "Blackeyed Susan", a song by The Triffids from The Black Swan
  • The Blackeyed Susans, an Australian band, named after the Triffids song
  • Blackeyed Susan (band), a Philadelphia-area band formed by "Dizzy" Dean Davidson after he left Britny Fox in
  • "Black-eyed Susan", a Morrissey song released as a B-Side to "Sunny" and later on My Early Burglary Years
  • "Black Eyed Susan", a Paul Westerberg song from his album 14 Songs
  • "Black-Eyed Susan" (song), a song by Prairie Oyster
  • "Black Eyed Susan", a song from the album Mockingbird Time by The Jayhawks


See also[edit]

Topics referred to by the same term

Behind the Bar: Black-Eyed Susan

Laughing off and seeing the smile on the guy's face, she seductively threw her legs over her legs. - And what can the gentleman offer the lady. This was a problem, there was only an empty refrigerator at home. Kostya did not plan anything at home except a trakhodrom.

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Ariel almost whined. - Stop staring at me, do at least something. I just. - said Linda and blushed, - Ok. Ariel expected anything but what happened next.

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