Investment banking salary

Investment banking salary DEFAULT

Investment Banking Analyst Salary Guide

Investment banking analysts are typically hired straight out of college into a two year program, that sometimes extends to a third year.  The investment banking analyst salary is comprised of a base and a bonus.

For a first year investment banking analyst in New York City the base salary is $85,, and most analysts will receive a year end bonus in the range of $65,$75, Absolute top performers will get a bonus as high as $85,

The all in comp for most 1st year analysts thus comes to around $,.

Below is a table summarizing average compensation for 1st year, 2nd year and the increasingly rare 3rd year analyst.

Investment banking analyst salary (New York)

PositionBase SalaryBonusAll-In Comp
1st Year Analyst
  • $85, is &#;standard&#; at bulge bracket investment banks
  • Lower at smaller regional middle market firms
  • Some elite boutiques are starting at $95,
  • Some might give a signing bonus anywhere from $0-$10,
  • Low: $65,
  • Mid: $75,
  • High: $85,
2nd Year Analyst
  • Second year usually increments up by $5,
  • $90, is &#;standard&#; at bulge bracket
  • Low: $75,
  • Mid: $85,
  • High: $95,
3rd Year Analyst
  •  $95, is standard at bulge brackets
  • Low: $75,
  • Mid: $95,
  • High: $,00

Investment banking analyst salary in London

Investment Banking analyst salaries in London are lower than in NYC.  As is the case in the United States, there is a standard base: In London, almost all firms currently offer a £50k base, growing to £55k and £60k for 2nd and 3rd year analysts, respectively. Salary is comparable to London after adjusting GBP to EUR in smaller financial hubs in Europe such as including Switzerland, Frankfurt and Zurich.

PositionBase SalaryBonusAll-In Comp
1st Year Analyst
  • £50, is the &#;standard&#;
  • Some give a signing bonus up to £5,
  • Low: £30,
  • Mid: £35,
  • High: £40,
£80, &#; £90,
2nd Year Analyst
  • Low: £30,
  • Mid: £45,
  • High: £60,
£85, &#; £,
3rd Year Analyst
  • Low: £50,
  • Mid: £60,
  • High: £70,
£, &#; £,

Step-by-Step Online Course

Everything You Need To Master Financial Modeling

Enroll in The Premium Package: Learn Financial Statement Modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO and Comps. The same training program used at top investment banks.

Enroll Today

What determines the size of the investment banking analyst bonus

There are 4 factors that determine the size of the year end bonus:

Factor 1: Performance vs. other analysts in the group  

Analysts are typically placed into 3 buckets of performance. The absolute top performers get % of their base as a bonus (and in some rare cases even % of base), while the weakest analysts will receive 70% of base at most firms.  At many firms, placing at the bottom of the group is also a not-so-subtle indicator that you will not be promoted to associate down the road.  How analysts rank relative to others in the group &#; as opposed to how they rank relative to other groups or across other firms, is therefore the most important indicator of the career prospects within the firm.

Factor 2: The success of the group

Investment banks organize their groups primarily around industries (&#;coverage&#;) and compete with other firms based on how many deals they closed within each industry.  If an analyst is in an industry group that has closed a lot of deals and brought in a lot of revenue for the bank, the bonus pool for that group will be larger than for less successful groups.

Top performing IB groups by global deal volume through 9/19 (Source: FT)

Factor 3: Success of the firm

At the end of each year, investment banks set aside a % of the revenue generated by the firm for employee compensation.  The better a firm does, the larger the overall bonus pool becomes and the happier everyone gets.  When, on the other hand, a firm&#;s revenue is lagging, they have to make the decision about whether to cut bonuses and face possible defections.

Top investment banks, by M&A deal volume, first half (source: Bloomberg)

Factor 4: The type of firm

Not all investment banks are the same. Some work on multi billion dollar deals and exist within a massive global financial institution (bulge bracket firms like Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley and JP Morgan), others work on equally massive deals but focus solely on investment banking M&A advisory (elite boutiques like Evercore, Lazard and Guggenheim).  Still others are focused on the middle market. While you can slice these in a variety of ways, compensation is generally fairly well defined at the most &#;elite&#; firms:

  • Elite Boutiques &#; Generally pay the most.  For example, while the standard first year analyst base is currently $85,, some (but not all) elite boutiques have started offering $95, for new analysts.
  • Bulge Brackets & Elite Middle Market Investment Banks &#; These firms are all generally clustered around the same base comp for analysts, with bonus variation based on the factors we described above.
  • Regional middle market investment banks &#; These firms tend to be on the lower end of the comp scale, but still fairly close in order to stay competitive in the recruiting process.  Firms that cannot afford the high base and comp generally make up for it with a much better lifestyle (i.e. fewer hours).

Investment Banking Career Path

As banks increasingly struggle to retain analysts who opt for private equity (despite the more relaxed dress code), fewer analysts are staying through their second year, let alone the third year.  Increasingly, analysts that do stay are getting promoted directly to associate (going &#;A to A&#;) after two years.

As an associate, compensation rises significantly. The next level up is Vice President, which can make upwards of k. Highest on the food chain is the Managing Director, who makes anywhere from k to several million dollars.

The Investment Banking Interview Guide ("The Red Book")

1, interview questions & answers. Brought to you by the company that works directly with the world’s top investment banks and PE firms.

Learn More

We're sending the requested files to your email now. If you don't receive the email, be sure to check your spam folder before requesting the files again.


How much junior bankers are getting paid at 14 Wall Street firms after a frenzy of salary hikes

  • Many Wall Street firms are raising base pay for junior investment bankers. 
  • The going rate for first-year analyst base pay is now at least $, at many banks. 
  • Here's a rundown of salaries at different levels across investment banking. 

Wall Street investment banks are competing to keep talent by raising pay. Some banks are also going on big recruiting pushes to staff up amid busy M&A and IPO activity — though headhunters say the hiring pool is nearly tapped out for junior talent. 

The going rate for base pay for first-year investment banking analysts is now at least $, across many firms. Higher levels are likewise seeing big hikes.

Some firms are also raising pay outside of just IB. Goldman Sachs has raised salaries for first-year analysts and some second-year analysts in markets, wealth, and research. And Bank of America's latest pay raises applied to analysts in global corporate and investment banking, global markets, and global research.

And a second wave of pay hikes has emerged, with firms including Morgan Stanley telling staff about further bumps to pay that will go into effect in January  

Trying to keep up with the latest on pay for junior bankers on Wall Street? Here's a bank-by-bank breakdown of changes in salaries for analysts, associates, and other levels at firms like Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan, Morgan Stanley, and more.

Bank of America

Bank of America announced a second round of pay increases for junior investment bankers that will go into effect in the coming months.

The firm is bumping salaries for analysts in global corporate and investment banking, global markets, and global research divisions, according to an internal memo sent by the bank's global banking and markets leadership team and reviewed by Insider.

See all the pay details here.


Analysts, associates, and vice presidents in Citigroup's banking, capital markets, and advisory division received base salary increases.

The raises will be reflected in payments starting in August, according to an internal announcement first reported by Insider on July 2. Tyler Dickson and Manuel Falcó, co-heads of Citi's BCMA group, sent the memo, which was reviewed by Insider.

Keep reading here.

Credit Suisse

The firm raised salaries for people in the global capital-markets and advisory group at the director level and below, which includes vice presidents, associates, and analysts. Salary raises took effect for directors, vice presidents, and associates as early as April.

See the full story here.


Evercore bumped its base compensation for junior bankers to make it among the top-paying investment banks for first- and second-year analysts. The firm is also bumping base comp for first through fourth-year associates, Insider has learned.

More on the latest pay here.

Goldman Sachs 

Goldman Sachs is bumping pay for investment banking analysts and associates, Insider first reported on August 1. The move came months after the firm's culture regarding junior bankers first came under scrutiny this spring.

The firm later moved to raise salaries for first-years in markets, wealth, and research.

Read the latest here. 

Guggenheim Securities

Guggenheim Securities, a division of the financial-services firm Guggenheim Partners, has raised base compensation for investment-bank analysts for a second time in a matter of months.

Read the full story here. 


Wall Street's biggest bank is rolling out pay bumps for junior workers in its investment bank, sources familiar with the situation told Insider on June  

More on JPMorgan raises here.


Lazard is raising base pay for associates. These raises will go into effect Oct. 14 and be retroactive to July 1,

It previously raised first-year analyst salaries to $,; second-years to $,, and third-years to $, Those changed went into effect as of the Aug. 13 payroll, retroactive as of July 1.

Keep reading here.

Morgan Stanley

Morgan Stanley is set to raise salaries for its junior traders and research analysts, as well as raising base compensation for junior investment bankers for a second time, Insider has learned.

More on Morgan Stanley pay here. 

RBC Capital Markets

RBC raised analyst and associate base pay. The raises impacted US employees and went into effect in June.

See the full story here.

Raymond James

The firm is increasing base compensation for first-, second-, and third-year investment-bank analysts, according to an email sent by James Bunn, Raymond James' president of global equities and investment banking. The raises will take effect on Oct. 1. 

While Bunn said in his email that the pay bumps should put Raymond James at the "high end of analyst salaries on the Street," junior bankers may not end up taking home more total pay than before.

See all the details here. 


The bank is raising salaries for analysts, associates, and directors within its investment bank, two people familiar with the matter told Insider on July  

The raises were effective Aug. 1. And analysts, associates, and directors across all regions are eligible for the raise.

Read the full story here. 

Wells Fargo 

Wells Fargo raised base comp for analysts and associates in its corporate and investment bank, a Wells Fargo spokesperson confirmed to Insider. These raises are retroactive to July 1. 

"We can confirm the adjustment of base pay in certain client-facing positions across the Corporate and Investment Bank, which ensures we remain competitive and aligned with market practices," the spokesperson said. "We are committed to offering compensation that attracts, motivates, and retains talent."

See more here.

William Blair

William Blair is raising base salaries for bankers from first-year analysts to managing directors. The raises went into effect in the Aug. 15 payroll cycle. A person familiar with the matter told Insider that the raises apply to the firm's investment bankers globally.

William Blair executives earlier this year told its investment-banking analysts, associates, and vice presidents who joined the firm before Jan. 31 they would receive "a special, one-time spot bonus" in the amount of $20,  More recent hires got smaller bonuses. The special bonuses hit accounts in the April 15 payroll cycle.

Keep reading here. 

  1. Nail kit walmart
  2. Red fox motor scooters
  3. Top gas stations
  4. Beverly hills 90210
  5. Rtx 3080 availability

Investment Banking Salary & Compensation

Investment Banker Salary + Bonus:

  • Analyst - First Year: $70, - $,
  • Analyst - Third Year: $, - $,
  • Associate - First Year: $, - $,
  • Associate - Third Year: $, - $,
  • Vice President: $, - $1,,
  • Managing Director/Partner: $, - $20,,+

Yes, it's true, monkeys love that hold card cash (and silver bananas). These figures are an approximation based on the user submissions on Wall Street Oasis (over 86,), as well as the thousands of discussions on compensation in the community archives. Below is a sample table of investment banker salaries and bonuses from the WSO Investment Banking Industry Report (updated daily). If you contribute to the WSO Company Database, you can get access to thousands of detailed compensation statistics across thousands of investment banks without paying a dime. Yes, fellow primates, we love you too!

Investment Banking Salary & Compensation

Investment Banking Report

Bonuses for Investment Bankers by Position

Please note that the figures listed above are approximations and should be taken with a large banana peel. Investment banking compensation at various levels of seniority (in this case pulled from the WSO Investment Banking Industry Report with over 80, submissions) can vary widely firm by firm and year by year. This is especially the case for the volatile investment banker bonus. In bad recessions, some banks have even been known to pay out a $0 bonus (oh, the horror!) -- this is sometimes affectionately called "a donut". From analysts to managing directors, the pay is traditionally heavily weighted toward the bonus portion of the compensation, which is part of the reason for such long hours. How else do you think investment banks keep us primates grinding in our cubicles until am and attached to our phone 24/7? Obviously, these comp figures can vary significantly depending on the firm, division and region, so if you are looking for more detailed or firm-specific salary and bonus data, you should check out the WSO Company Database which has thousands of detailed submissions. Within each company salary page, you can filter by position, city, group/division and you can even slice and dice the compensation by averages, medians, sexes and race on the industry reports.

  • At the analyst level, it is not uncommon to work between 70 to hour weeks at some of the more demanding firms. Most analysts start in the summer and receive their first investment banking analyst bonus around June or July, approximately one year after they start working.
  • At the associate level, the hours are usually still long, however, traditionally % less than that of analysts. Some associates are internal promotes, but the majority have attained an MBA. Associates also receive a sign-on bonus, traditionally from $10, to $30,, and a stub bonus.
  • The salary and bonus for Vice Presidents and Managing Directors in investment banking has a much higher variance but is usually much more of a function of the firm's performance. At the more senior levels, pay is based more off of individual revenue-generating performance.

Investment Banking Salary at Different Firms

In our salary database, we have compiled a list of the banks that pay the best. Remember, these firms are all ranked based on thousands of Company Database submissions. Click below to access. Investment Banking Company Salary

IB Company Salary Data

Investment Banking Salary Progression - Analyst to MD

Investment Banking Salary Progression - Analyst to MDWSO User @Sil" nicely sums up how bonuses differ based on position in investment banking:

  • No investment banking analyst will get a bonus equal to multiples of his base salary. Typically an IB analyst bonus is between % of base.
  • As you move up the ladder, the percentage of your all-in comp that is paid out as a discretionary bonus increases because you move from an analytical employee (ie processing the work like a monkey analyst) to one who brings revenue into the bank (bringing in the clients like a King Kong Managing Director)and you are paid accordingly.

Investment Banking Associate Compensation

For post-MBA associates, all-in compensation varies a good deal with signing bonus, relocation bonus and stub bonus. For base salary, you can expect between $,$, Bonuses are anywhere in the range between $80,$, All-in, you can expect anywhere from $,$, with some outliers on both sides and depending on whether you are a 1st-year associate or a more seasoned veteran of the jungle.

Investment Banker Earnings vs. Private Equity Salary

Investment Banker Earnings vs. Private Equity SalaryThere's a lot more variability with private equity salaries because the pay structure is quite different from investment banking. Here's a nice summary of which pays more and what variables determine that by WSO User "Draper_LDN".

  • Depends on the level you are in Investment Banking vs when you enter private equity. If you joined as a previous associate, your salary, bonus, and carry will be higher.
  • The bonus portion of pay at PE firms tends to be slightly less as a percentage of overall comp when comparing PE associates to IB associates. A big part of the bonus is often used for deal carry payments (depending on Fund). The significant potential payment in private equity comes in the form of a carry pay-out, which can take many years all depending on timing, fund structure, employment contract terms, etc. Learn more about private equity carry here.
  • With PE, you are slightly more committed to the fund as you have to stay with the firm until the carry payments are being paid out. A managing director in investment banking could get an annual bonus of $,$1m+, whereas, in PE at a fund that is performing well, you could pull $mm+ in carry payments each year at the senior level.
  • All in all - you will get rich either way. It all depends on what you like to do! Buy-side or sell-sideinvesting or advising.

IB Salary in New York vs. Other Cities (LA, SF, Chicago)

One question that we get a lot is whether salaries in investment banking vary depending on where you work. The short is answer is no at the larger banks, however, salaries can vary geographically if we are referring to smaller middle-market or boutique IBs. Here's some notes from @Gbanker", who goes into why the pay is similar geographically due to known exit opportunities being better in higher COL cities. "That isn't to say that there aren't strong long-term career benefits to working in NY IB. Namely, there are a ton of financial opportunities in the metro area. In other places, the financial community is smaller and exit/lateral ops might be harder to find. This isn't a huge issue in large cities (SF, LA, Chicago, Dallas/Houston, Boston). But if you're in, say, Charlotte, Atlanta, or Denver, then there's definitely a sizable drop and your prestige point holds true. You can move from NY IB to a HF outside NY. That said, there aren't too many HFs outside NY, relatively speaking, and moving across coasts can be challenging. And being at a NY IB wouldn't specifically help you with this and would probably hurt you compared to someone at a leading group already in the HF's location. So if you want to end up at Oak Tree, Ares, Value Act, Farralon, or what have you, you might be better off starting on the west coast, and the same goes for funds in TX."

Investment Banking Pay vs. Consulting Salary

Investment Banker Earnings vs. Consulting SalaryInvestment banking pays more than consulting, but that's to be expected with longer work week on average (although some might argue that our consulting primates have it just as bad with all of the travel). In general, management consultants out of undergrad typically earn $75,$90, all-in. Top firms, like McKinsey, Bain, and BCG, pay around $, You can certainly, expect to make more money in investment banking, but you also typically sacrifice lifestyle for that bump in pay.

Banker Average Hourly Wage

Let's do some quick math. Let's say a top investment banking analyst at a bulge bracket investment bank works on average 80 hours/week over 52 weeks and is paid $, all-in. This would imply an hourly wage of $ Using those numbers as a rough guideline, the typical junior investment banker makes between $25 - $35 per hour (pre-tax).

M&A Salary and Top IB Group Comp

Obviously now that we've enlightened you it's clear that investment banking is a well-compensated field. There are few jobs that pay six figures to college graduates right out of school. It's important to note that when looking at these average banker salaries, some of the top groups like M&A and top industry groups at the elite investment banks (like TMT at Goldman Sachs) pay even more than these average comp figures we're quoting. This is true especially in the higher cost of living cities like New York and London. That said, the real money is at the top. Even if you find investment banking isn't for you long term, enduring an analyst or associate stint can teach you an incredible financial skillset, build a great network, and open doors to incredible exit opportunities into other attractive career tracks.

Want Investment Banking Compensation, Company Reviews, and More?

The Wall Street Oasis Company Database is the most complete database available. You can find thorough reports on hundreds of firms across the finance industry (investment banking firms, private equity firms, etc.) including compensation figures, company reviews, and insight into the interview process. All you have to do is add salary data or subscribe to gain access.

Interested in Investment Banking - Breaking In

The fact of the matter is you won't improve unless you practice. To have any chance at the technical questions, you need to prepare yourself with legitimate questions. The Wall Street Oasis Investment Banking Interview Course is designed by countless professionals with real-world experience, tailored to help you break into investment banking by acing the technical questions.

IB Interview Course Here

Sample Compensation Distribution in WSO Company Database Shown Below (for HSBC)


If you're new here, please click here to get my FREE page investment banking recruiting guide - plus, get weekly updates so that you can break into investment banking. Thanks for visiting!

Let’s skip the clever introduction and look at the full, updated numbers for investment banker salary and bonus data as of

Position TitleTypical Age RangeBase Salary (USD)Total Compensation (USD)Timeframe for Promotion
Analyst$$95K$$K years
Associate$$K$$K years
Vice President (VP)$$K$$K years
Director / Senior Vice President (SVP)$$K$$1,K years
Managing Director (MD)$$K$1,K+N/A

UPDATE: As of mid, banks have increased Year 1 Analyst base salaries to $K, with bumps to $K and $K for Year 2 and Year 3 Analysts, so the figures presented here will be higher going forward. It&#;s not yet clear how these higher base salaries will affect year-end bonuses, but we&#;ll update this article once the data is available. Some banks have also increased Associate base salaries.

These are average ranges atbulge bracket and middle market banks in the U.S.

Yes, the elite boutiques often pay above these ranges.

Yes, if you’re at a regional boutique, you’ll often earn below these ranges.

And yes, the numbers are different in places like London and other non-U.S. locations.

We’ll describe these variations and what to expect at other banks and in different regions below, but I want to start with how compensation works at a high-level:

Investment Banker Salary and Bonus Levels: The Main Components

For most bankers, there are six main components to “compensation”:

  1. Base Salary: This is what you earn via paycheck or direct deposit every two weeks. It increases a bit each year, and it’s a stable, reliable income source because it does not change based on your performance (well, unless you get fired).
  2. Stub Bonuses: Since Analysts and Associates graduate from university or MBA programs and start working in the middle of the calendar year, they receive “stub bonuses” for their first ~6 months on the job. These are typically a low percentage of Year 1 base salaries, such as ~%.
  3. End-of-Year Cash Bonus: You earn this after your first full year of work, and as an Analyst or early-stage Associate, it’s paid % in cash. At some elite boutiques and other, smaller banks, it remains % cash as you move up the ladder. But at the bulge brackets and other publicly-traded banks, a high percentage turns into deferred, stock-based compensation. The year-end bonus is a percentage of your base salary, and it varies heavily based on deal flow, your performance, and industry-wide compensation. It might be as low as 50% of your base salary or as high as % (or more!), depending on your level.
  4. Stock-Based/Deferred Bonus: Starting as a Year 2 or 3 Associate at the larger, publicly-traded banks, a portion of your total bonus (maybe ~20%) will become deferred and paid in stock that vests over several years. This deferred percentage will increase as you move up. Banks do this partially for regulatory reasons and partially to incentivize you to stay at the firm.
  5. Signing Bonuses: This one applies to Analysts and Associates who graduate and accept full-time offers. This signing bonus might be around $$15K at the Analyst level and $$60K as an Associate.
  6. Benefits: Finally, you’ll get health insurance, vacation days, and potential participation in the firm’s profit-sharing or (k) retirement plans. These are useful in the U.S., but not quite as valuable in places with universal healthcare – or, at least, “better healthcare” – such as Canada, Australia, and Europe.

Recent Changes and How COVID Affected Investment Banker Salaries

When the pandemic began last year (), everyone freaked out about deal activity and wondered how bonuses and total compensation would be affected.

While M&A activity fell off a cliff for a few months, equity and debt issuances surged as central banks committed themselves to endless money printing.

And then M&A activity rebounded in the second half of the year as companies realized that the pandemic would not mean the end of human civilization.

As a result, the numbers didn’t change by a huge amount, but there were some notable differences:

  • Pay Starts to Vary Even More Widely: Increasingly, different banks and groups are paying different base salaries and bonuses, so it’s a bit difficult to determine the proper “ranges” these days. For example, bulge bracket compensation wasn’t that great this year, but elite boutiques and certain middle market banks paid quite well – sometimes well above the compensation at larger firms.
  • Senior Banker Pay Up and Analyst Pay… Sideways? Base salaries at the Associate level and beyond are up slightly over the past few years, while Analyst base salaries haven’t changed much at the BB banks. The bonus range for Analysts also seems to be wider now (“COVID impacted different groups differently!”), which means that the average entry-level compensation be down a bit.
  • Faster Promotions: Banks have been accelerating the Analyst to Associate promotion timeline and even the Associate to VP and VP to Director promotions, all to incentivize long-term careers.

Finally, work from home (WFH) has proven to be a double-edged sword.

Working from home is nice if you already know the job, your team, and your clients, but it is not the ideal way to onboard new hires.

It’s fair to say that morale is down, and turnover is up at most banks.

Some groups have even struggled to retain new hires in this environment.

Investment Banker Salary: Analysts

UPDATE: As of mid, banks have increased Year 1 Analyst base salaries to $K, with bumps to $K and $K for Year 2 and Year 3 Analysts, so the figures presented here will be higher going forward. It&#;s not yet clear how these higher base salaries will affect year-end bonuses, but we&#;ll update this article once the data is available. Some banks have also increased Associate base salaries.

The “standard” progression for Analyst base salaries is $85K, $90K, and $95K over three years at the large banks, with bonuses that might be ~50% to ~% of base salaries.

BUT there are plenty of exceptions.

For example, some of the elite boutique banks start at $95K base salaries and move up from there, and 3rd Year Analysts might end up with base salaries more like $K or $K.

Some of the EB banks also pay bonuses that represent more than % of the base salary, so some EB Analysts could earn over $K.

On the other hand, if you’re at a regional boutique bank, your base salary might be closer to $70K or $75K.

You’ll probably earn at least $K total even at that level, but it will be a closer call.

That might not be too bad because $K in Ohio is very different from $K in NY, but you should be aware of these differences.

Investment Banker Salary: Associates

At the Associate level, base salaries tend to start at $K and progress up to $K in $25K annual increments – but there is some variation.

For example, some Associates might start at a lower base salary in the “stub period,” such as $K or $K, and then move up to $K in their first full year.

Bonuses are usually around 70% to % of base salaries at this level, but they could be as low as 50% depending on the bank, group, and your performance.

And some elite boutiques – and even stronger groups at certain middle market banks – pay bonuses worth more than %.

So, there are examples of IB Associates earning more than $K, though they’re not the norm at most banks.

Investment Banker Salary: Vice Presidents

At large banks, investment banking VPs usually start at $K base salaries.

Some banks increase this base salary by $25K per year, while others keep it flat at $K even as the VP advances.

At smaller banks and in regional offices, VPs might start with base salaries closer to the $K – $K range.

Bonuses tend to represent % – % of base salaries, but the percentage could be lower at smaller firms and in regional offices.

Also, some smaller firms pay base salaries below these numbers but offer higher bonuses if enough deals close.

Investment Banker Salary: Directors

I’ll be honest: I couldn’t find much good data for Director / SVP salaries and bonuses, so I’ve assumed a modest bump over the previous levels.

Base salaries do not necessarily advance a huge amount at this level (maybe a $50K bump over VPs?), but bonuses can grow substantially.

Of course, the percentage of your bonus that is deferred and paid in restricted stock also grows substantially, at least at the large, public banks.

Investment Banker Salary: Managing Directors

Managing Director compensation is highly variable because the year-end bonus could be almost anything.

It’s linked directly to the deals you close and the fees you generate, so average compensation at other banks doesn’t matter.

In a bad year, the year-end bonus might be $K or even $0 – but it could also be $1 million or into the low millions.

On average, across all banks and firms in the U.S., MDs who perform decently probably earn around $1 million total per year.

And if you want that money in cash rather than restricted stock, work at a privately held elite boutique bank.

Regional Differences and London Compensation

If you’re in the U.S. but outside major financial centers and/or at a smaller bank, you should expect discounts to all the figures above.

You’ll still probably break $K as an Analyst, but total compensation at each level might be % lower.

We get questions about pay in London, and I always respond by pointing out the Arkesden compensation reports.

In case you’re too lazy to click through and read:

  • Analyst: £50K – £60K base salaries and total compensation of £80K – £K.
  • Associate: £80K – £K base salaries and total compensation of £K – £K.
  • VP: £K – £K base salaries and total compensation of £K – £K.

At a x GBP/USD exchange rate, these translate into much lower numbers.

Compensation is significantly lower for a few reasons:

  • Currency Fluctuations: Banks set salaries in London when the GBP was much stronger against the USD, and they never adjusted as the GBP kept falling.
  • Better Lifestyle/Hours (maybe?): While the hours are still intense, it’s fair to say that you’ll be working less in London than in New York. There’s more of a cultural acceptance of “free time” and concepts such as vacations.

Investment Banker Salary and Bonus Levels: Is the Money Worth It?

Whenever I publish a salary and bonus update, the comments inevitably turn to two main questions:

  1. But I’m in Region X, not the U.S. or U.K. How does the pay compare?
  2. Is finance a good career? And is investment banking the best option if you want to become wealthy quickly?

The investment banking industry is so much bigger in the U.S. and U.K. than it is in other regions that there isn’t much data from other places – so I don’t have firm answers to the first question.

In general, however, you should assume anything from a modest discount to a substantial discount to the U.S. numbers.

For example, IB compensation in Australia tends to be in between the London and NY numbers.

But if you’re in an emerging market like Mexico, expect substantially lower numbers (think: 75% discount) because the cost of living is so much lower.

As for the second question, it depends on what you mean by “wealthy” and “quickly.”

In a place like NY, taxes and the cost of living are high, so you will not be able to save much of your base salary until you move up the ladder.

Therefore, as an Analyst or Associate, most of your savings will come from your year-end bonus.

If you stay in the industry for years, perform well, and avoid spending like a drunken sailor, you could save up a few hundred thousand USD.

That puts you in a great position for your age group.

On the other hand, you’re not going to hit a net worth of $10 million by age 30 just from IB salaries and bonuses and modest saving/investing.

Realistically, you might reach that level if you get promoted to Managing Director and perform solidly over a long period or have a few blowout years.

OK, But How Easy Is It to Advance to the MD Level?

It’s quite difficult, and the vast majority of people who enter IB as Analysts or Associates quit, switch to other jobs, or fail to get promoted.

For more about the skills required, see the article on the IB Managing Director job.

It’s not that challenging to advance to the Associate or early VP levels, but promotions beyond that become increasingly difficult.

If you hate the job, you will not make it past the mid-levels.

I’d also point out that the hours, lifestyle, and morale have gotten worse over the past year due to the shift to working from home.

Even if you don’t like the job itself, going into the office each day makes it more tolerable.

You’re in a separate space, you probably have a few friends there, and you can interact with people face-to-face before they start giving you work.

By contrast, working from home all day… every day… with no real-life interactions… is depressing.

I’m sorry, but video calls are not substitutes for in-person human relationships.

I realize that working from home won’t “last forever,” but it has gone on far longer than anyone predicted.

Even if bankers eventually return to offices, WFH is likely to continue for at least part of the time.

The bottom line is that you need to take an honest look at your personality and goals to decide whether or not the money is “worth it.”

If your goal is to earn, say, $K to $K per year and have a comfortable lifestyle, there are plenty of other ways to do that.

For example, you could join a large tech company, work in commercial real estate, go into corporate development, or go to a direct lender or another credit-related role.

And then there’s the quant fund route if you’re more technical.

The internet is obsessed with IB careers, but they’re not right for most people.

On the other hand, if you want to earn significantly more than $K to $K per year as quickly as possible – even if it means killing yourself – few options beat IB.

So, you should probably ignore all these considerations and pursue your goal relentlessly.

About the Author

Brian DeChesare is the Founder of Mergers & Inquisitions and Breaking Into Wall Street. In his spare time, he enjoys memorizing obscure Excel functions, editing resumes, obsessing over TV shows, traveling like a drug dealer, and defeating Sauron.


Banking salary investment

Investment Banker: Job Description & Average Salary

The job description of an investment banker can include a wide range of duties. Investment bankers help their clients raise money in capital markets by issuing debt or selling equity in the companies. Other job duties include assisting clients with mergers and acquisitions (M&As) and advising them on unique investment opportunities such as derivatives.

The Allure of an Investment Banking Career

Drawn by the allure of high salaries and copious cachet, young, aggressive, ambitious finance students right out of college often gravitate to investment banking. This is one of the few careers in which a year-old with nothing but a bachelor's degree can earn up to six figures in their first year out of school. Moreover, investment banking often serves as a springboard to even more lucrative and prestigious careers, such as venture capital, private equity, and wealth management. Knowing their pitches are well received by hungry finance students, the big Wall Street banks recruit heavily at the Ivy League universities and additionally at other prestigious schools such as Duke and The University of Chicago.

Misconceptions of the Investment Banking Field

A common misconception is that anyone great with numbers is well suited to be an investment banker. Though quantitative acumen is a fantastic trait to have, it by no means unilaterally predicts success in investment banking. The best investment bankers, along with being math whizzes, are persuasive, aggressive, quick-witted, and have unflappable work ethics.

Investment bankers make big paychecks, but it is far from easy money. The financial crisis of cast a negative light on investment banks, which worked tirelessly during the ensuing years to change the public's perception of them for the better. Some of the adjustments they made were cultural, which included making their work environments more family-friendly. At certain firms, this manifested in better hours, greater flexibility, and more family time, though an investment banker's work week, particularly during the first few years, still rarely runs less than 60 to 70 hours. According to an internal survey conducted in , the average number of weekly hours worked by a first-year investment banker at the Wall Street firm Goldman Sachs is 98 hours.

Terri Kallsen: Inside Track

Duties of Investment Bankers

Investment bankers conduct many jobs for their clients. At some firms, each individual banker wears many hats, while at others, employees are specialized, with different bankers performing different jobs. At the crux of every investment banking role is raising money for clients. This is primarily done in two ways: issuing debt and selling equity in the company.

Issuing debt means selling bonds to investors. When an investor buys a corporate bond, they are loaning money, or capital, to the issuing company for a fixed number of years, usually at a fixed rate of interest. The issuing company makes interest payments throughout the term of the bond and then when the bond term ends, the company remits the principal back to the investor.

Typically, one of the biggest challenges for a company wanting to raise capital by issuing bonds is finding qualified investors with lots of money to invest. This is where an investment banker comes in; investment banks have entire floors staffed with aggressive salespeople, each with large contact lists of leads from which to solicit investment business. A company wanting to issue bonds hires an investment bank not only to help structure the bonds but also to tap into the bank's vast network of potential investors.

It works the same way for raising capital by selling equity, or stock. Investment bankers serve as the primary go-to people when a company holds an initial public offering (IPO) to sell stock to the public. Newly public companies are scrutinized beyond belief on how their IPOs turn out. The success, or lack of success, from an IPO often sets a company on an irreversible trajectory, for good or bad. For this reason, companies enlist the help of investment bankers to line up big-time investors and put their IPOs in the most auspicious positions to succeed.

Investment bankers assist clients in additional ways. They help broker M&As, lending their expertise to make sure things go smoothly. When clients seek investment opportunities outside their realms of expertise, investment bankers serve in advisory roles to assist in finding the best opportunities.

Skills Needed to Become an Investment Banker

At first glance, the barriers to entry for an investment banking career appear pretty navigable. The educational requirements are not particularly rigid. While an MBA is a popular designation in the field, many investment bankers have only bachelor's degrees, and a few have even less than that. The tests a person must pass, such as the Series 79 and Series 63, to obtain various securities licenses, while not easy, do not carry the reputation of extreme difficulty held by the bar or CPA exams.

That said, investment banking is a highly competitive field. Because the pay is so high and the job is so prestigious, particularly in cities such as New York, applicants far outnumber job openings every year. Having the right skills and being able to display them is paramount for getting a foot in the door. One of the first advantages comes from attending a top-rated university. An aspiring investment banker cannot go wrong with an Ivy League school, while other elite universities such as Duke and The University of Chicago also generate heavy recruiting activity from the big banks.

A major such as economics or finance provides a good academic base, but other skills needed include persuasion, tenacity, and, perhaps most importantly, a tireless work ethic. The competition in the industry does not stop after a job offer is extended. The first few years are tough and serve to weed out a lot of folks who do not belong. Plenty of time is spent on the phone soliciting potential investors and pitching investing deals; those with thin skin, who cannot speak persuasively or tire easily, struggle as investment bankers.

Pay and Hours

The average base salary for an investment banker is about $83, per year. However, a first-year banker can add to this amount significantly with bonuses, and the better they perform, the more money they make. In , the top 10% earned almost $, a year, commonly regarded as a good total income goal for an investment banker.

This money does not get paid without lots of hours and lots of work. Anyone who is not capable or comfortable working weeks that frequently run in excess of 80 hours should probably look elsewhere for a career. Some banks even feature rooms with bunks; these are for investment bankers who find themselves at the office at midnight or later but realize they still need to be at their desks prior to the next morning's opening bell. Certain investment banks have tried to improve work-life balance as part of a cultural overhaul they hope can rehabilitate the industry's image in the wake of the financial crisis. However, the day when investment banking is a Monday-to-Friday, nine-to-five career is a long way away, if it ever comes.

Investment Banking Salaries (and Why they Make SO Much)

Investment Banking Analyst Salary (Top Firms)

Investment banking is an extremely lucrative career. The Investment Banking Analyst position, which is the most junior position at the firm, is perhaps the most consistently high paying job that a business student can get out of school.

Investment banks make money from advising on extremely large financial transactions. Analysts support this goal by working on financial models, preparing marketing materials, and helping organize the deal process. You will do a lot of Excel- and Powerpoint-based tasks.

In addition to the sheer salary, the Investment Banking Analyst position is also extremely coveted because it tends to be a streamlined path to the best paid buyside jobs in the world. Many headhunters, recruiting on behalf of buyside firms, spend the majority of their energy on hiring analysts from the top investment banks.

Not everyone likes the investment banking job itself because of the brutal hours worked, but it’s hard to ignore the huge benefits you get from it. You have the potential to eclipse 2x the median household income at age


Below, we’ve benchmarked the salary range for the world’s top investment banks. To complete this exercise, we are only using the list of top investment banks from Wall Street Journal’s league table. Keep in mind that the largest banks are going to pay more than mid-market firms and regional boutiques.

Investment Banking Ranking

We’re going to start by taking base salary data from the H1B Database. The H1B is one of the most popular US visas for skilled employees. If you are successfully granted an H1B visa in the US, then your salary is going to be in this database.

H1B Salary Database

We went through each of the top investment banks and benchmarked the low and high salary for these investment banking analyst positions. We only used Analyst titles and only used positions in New York to standardize things. We had to make some judgement calls on what to exclude (e.g. roles listed at like $60k are almost definitely not referring to Investment Banking Analyst roles, but are more likely to be back-office analysts).

Investment Banking Salary Peak Frameworks

In summary, the median salary range for Investment Banking Analysts at the top firms is $k to $k.


  • Base Salary: Most investment banks will make a base salary between $85k to $95k. This is what goes into your bi-weekly paycheck. At this level you’ve already cleared what almost every other business job earns out of school in total! Take that non-MBB consultants!

  • Bonus: Bonuses refer to the cash lump sum you’ll get paid at the end of the year. Bonuses are a lot less standardized but based on my own experience and surveying my peers, it is appropriate to use a 50% multiplier of base salary. Using this methodology, we get a median salary range of $k to $k. This % multiplier is going to depend on a number of factors such as the overall economy, your group performance, and firm performance.

  • Buckets: It really depends on the firm, but some banks will further tier their bonuses into “buckets”. They will incentivize performance by paying better performing analysts more. At bulge brackets, we’ve seen that top bucket analysts will generally make ~% more than bottom bucket analysts. However, some firms have very small bonus ranges (e.g. as low as $5k). It really does vary quite a bit.

  • Elite Boutiques: I want to specifically point out that elite boutiques (the shaded blue firms, i.e. Evercore, Centerview and Lazard) typically pay more money. These elite boutiques are where you want to be if you want to just get paid. This is because elite boutiques are a little bit leaner organizationally, having fewer overall employees and less administrative overhead. Elite boutiques are generally also founded on the principle that the deal team should receive a greater proportion of the money. Elite boutique deal teams get a larger portion of deal commission.

  • Centerview: Centerview definitely deserves its own comment. These guys consistently pay the top of street, often rivaling the pay of private equity and hedge fund people. If you’re a top 3rd year analyst at Centerview, you can make >$k.

  • Stock: Most of the top investment banks are public companies (except Centerview). But unlike working for Big Tech, you’re not going to get any company stock as an Analyst. You may start to receive stock at the Associate level, which is the position after Analyst.

One last important thing to recognize is that investment banking pay is going to fluctuate with the overall deal volume of the industry. If the economy is slow, then there are fewer deals to do, and fewer commissions to be made.

But all things considered, it’s definitely lucrative to be in investment banking.


Now discussing:

We kiss for a long time. I begin to move towards her skirt, Sasha's eyes are closed, I feel the complete obedience of her body, but again her damn hand forbids me to get closer. I begin to shower kisses on her face, neck, and for a moment it seems to me that she no longer controls.

Herself, I abruptly lift her T-shirt up and see two delicious slides in a lace bra, I utter a victory cry, my hands reach for a woman's chestbut the girl wriggles, not allowing herself to be touched. I lean on top of her, feel the member bending, resting against her stomach, I use force, Sasha whispers: Lesha, don't.

21240 21241 21242 21243 21244