Lexus gs300 review 2001

Lexus gs300 review 2001 DEFAULT

2001 Lexus GS300

Key Features & Specs View full specs EPA Classification

The size class is determined by the US Environmental Protection Agency. The size class for cars is determined by the interior passenger and cargo volumes. The size class for trucks is defined by the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR), which is the weight of the vehicle and its carrying capacity.

Mid-Size MPG/MPGe

EPA estimates for fuel efficiency (measured on a mile-per-gallon basis) are based on laboratory tests conducted by manufacturers according to federal regulations. EPA re-tests about 10% of vehicle models to confirm manufacturers’ results.

24 Highway / 18 City Engine

An engine’s displacement is the total volume of the engine’s combustion chambers, a rough index of the engine’s size and power. This is typically measured in liters (3.2L, for example), though sometimes it is expressed in cubic inches. I-4 and V-6 refer to the configuration and number of cylinders.

Gas I6 3.0L/183 cu in Transmission

The transmission adapts the output of the engine to the drive wheels. Transmissions usually have multiple gear ratios (“gears”) with the ability to switch between them as speed varies (6 gear ratios = “6 Speed”). Transmissions must either be controlled manually by the driver (“Manual Transmission”) or automatically by the vehicle (“Automatic Transmission”). One type of Automatic Transmission is the Continuously Variable Transmissions (CVT) which doesn’t have a fixed number of gears.

Automatic w/OD Drive Train

The drivetrain of a vehicle is the group of components that deliver the engine’s power to the drive wheels. Common configurations include front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive, four-wheel drive and all-wheel drive.

Rear Wheel Drive Seating

The number of people the car will hold.

5 Horsepower

A unit to measure the power of engines.


The Lexus GS is a classic and comfortable sedan that boasts comfort, luxury, and performance. As expected from a member of the Lexus lineup, this is a model with great reliability. Both Consumer Reports and US News and World Report hail the GS for its all-around pleasing attributes and noteworthy dependability. But not every Lexus GS is reliable.

silver 2013 Lexus GS model driving

Though the Lexus GS 300 and the newer generation Lexus GS 350 are generally accepted as reliable luxury cars worth it in every year model, there have actually been some complaints. In fact, there are a few model years you may want to avoid. These are the worst Lexus GS model years you should steer clear of.

2013 Lexus GS 350

According to Car Complaints, this is the worst Lexus GS model year of the entire third generation GS. The 2013 Lexus GS has received the most attention on the Car Complaints website. That’s definitely not a good thing. It is actually very common for the first year of a fully redesigned fresh generation of any vehicle. Still, if you are looking for a used vehicle why buy the one with the most complaints? Even if the number of complaints is small, it’s still significant.

silver parked 2013 Lexus GS

The Lexus GS 2013 model year recorded 51 complaints on the site. the most common problem is a battery that dies. Over and over again. And it doesn’t seem like Lexus ever got these models under control. Going for a 2014 model instead could save loads of time and dealings with the auto shop. Of the third generation, the 2013 is the worst used Lexus GS model year. Nothing says it better than a perturbed owner.

“I purchased my 2013 Lexus GS 350 in April 2013, I have under 3000, miles. My battery died in January this year. Roadside came and jump started it for me, It lasted for approximately three weeks, Lexus roadside came and replaced the battery at which time I was informed that there was a defect in some of the batteries in the 2013’s, and was assured that I would have no more problems. Three weeks later the battery died again.”

2013 Lexus GS owner |

2006 and 1998 Lexus GS 300

If you are planning to spring for a much older second generation used Lexus GS, the GS 300s are still good cars. Most of them are reliable, and you can find a good clean Lexus GS 300 for a fraction of the third gen price. But don’t buy a year 2006 or a year 1998 GS300.

Apparently, owners of the 2006 model years have submitted a total of 220 complaints. From faulty mirrors that won’t reset the tilt after back up to jerky shifting, to a fuel pump that stops working, the 2006 is one of the worst Lexus GS model years.

parked silver 2006 Lexus GS in front of a palm-lined mansion

RELATED: The Worst Toyota Sequoia Model You Should Never Buy

Even though there are fewer submitted complaints for the 1998 model year, Car Complaints ranks it the worst second gen Lexus GS model year overall. No one wants to deal with engine failure. Here is what the 1998 Lexus GS 300 model year owner had to say:

“When the tow truck started rolling the car on the bed a pile of slimy black sludgy oil dropped out and rolled down the bed. […] I […] pleaded with them to look into the oily build up. The service technician said the car was out of warranty; they were not going into the engine and there was nothing he could do but give me a quote for a new engine.”

1998 Lexus GS 300 owner |

Avoid these Lexus GS model years

The 2013 Lexus GS 350 is one to avoid. Additionally, the 2006 and 1998 Lexus GS 300 model years racked up complaints. Though all the Lexus GS years are considered pretty reliable, there’s no reason not to avoid the ones that let their owners down the most. These three are the worst used Lexus GS model years you should stay away from.

  1. Dji ronin s cable
  2. Ferris mower chute blocker
  3. Monat shampoo ingredients

2001 Lexus GS

While the Lexus GS series isn’t new, the GS 430 is. The 2001 model gets a new 4.3-liter 300-horsepower V8 engine with increased torque (now 325 foot-pounds). This extra boost propels the GS 430 to 60 mph in less than six seconds, and makes the V8-powered GS quicker than comparable models from Acura, Audi, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz.

The six-cylinder GS 300 is no slouch either. With 220-horsepower on tap, the GS 300 goes from 0 to 60 mph in just 7.8 seconds. Both GS models are a joy to drive and deliver impressive handling, supreme comfort, and typical Lexus build quality — which is consistently ranked among the best in the industry.

Model Lineup

Two models are available in the Lexus GS series: GS 300 ($38,555); GS 430 ($47,355).

GS 300 has a high-output 220-horsepower 3.0-liter inline-6. The 2001 model has steering wheel controls to manually shift the transmission. The wickedly fun GS 430 comes with a 4.3-liter double overhead-cam V8 that produces 300 horsepower. Both come with five-speed electronically controlled automatic transmissions.

Our GS 430 came with the Premium Package ($2,540), which includes a six-disc in-dash CD changer, power moonroof, and heated front seats.


The Lexus GS makes a statement from all angles. From the side, it presents a dramatically sloping nose with a cab-forward placement of the lower edge of the windshield. A thin, graceful roofline arches back to a stubby rear deck. A chrome strip surrounds the side windows and accents the shape of the glass. This strikes an interesting contrast with the flat black window posts. For engineering reasons, the rear side glass is divided into a third window, which breaks up an otherwise graceful sweep of glass.

Unique football-shaped headlamps sweep up and back into the fender. Large multi-lens taillights wrap around to the sides, making a strong design statement from the rear. Small, separate brake lights adorn the rear. The bottom of the rear fascia has a gentle race car-like curl between the twin tailpipes for improved aerodynamics. An optional rear spoiler heightens the car’s appearance as a high-performance sedan. New six-spoke aluminum wheels that say this car means business. Changes for 2001 include redesigned front grille, and slightly restyled headlamps and taillamps. Some critics have charged that Lexus cars, though nearly flawless, are lacking in character. Clearly, this is not the case with the GS series.

Interior Features

Lots of leather, tasteful applications of wood, thick carpeting and a refined overall design provide a pleasant environment inside the GS 430. It manages to feel roomy and cozy at the same time. However, the combination of a high dashboard and low headliner made some of us feel a bit claustrophobic; keeping the sunshade for the moonroof drawn back lightens and brightens the cabin substantially. The GS 430 instrument panel and dashboard is a refreshing departure from other designs from Japan. Turn on the ignition and a black panel illuminates to reveal gauges with black markings on white faces lighted from the rear. The intensity of the backlighting automatically varies with ambient light. The gauges are a handsome, creative design and are easy to read. Plus, the rear-view mirror has a compass — a nice touch.

The remote releases for the fuel tank and trunk, located low on the left side of the dash, are initially hard to find. Plus, the center armrest obscured the seat heart buttons.

Audio and climate controls are logically laid out and easy to use with separate heating and cooling controls for driver and passenger. A hydrocarbon air pollution sensor automatically switches to the recirculation mode when contamination is detected.

An optional navigation touch-screen fills the center of the dash, moving stereo and climate controls to the top and bottom of an information screen. The Navigation System Package ($4,540) includes everything in the aforementioned Premium Package, and adds the Lexus navigation system, which is now DVD-based.

Also new for 2001 is the availability of a Mark Levinson sound system ($3,790). The standard audio system in the GS is actually quite good, but the eight-speaker, ultra powerful Mark Levinson system is a must if you are a music lover. Plus, it comes with an in-dash six CD changer which is much more convenient than fiddling with the six-CD magazine that mounts in the glove box. The Mark Levinson system can be bundled together with the Navigation System and save you over $2,500 if these options are ordered separately.

Opening and closing power windows and moonroof are a one-touch operation. A sensor stops the window or moonroof and warns the driver when anything — such as the head of a child or pet — is blocking its path. The supplied keyless remote can be used to operate the windows and moonroof automatically, depending on the season. A hidden electric garage door opener can be programmed for nearly all frequencies.

The view out the front of the GS 430 is excellent, but the rear view is restricted somewhat by the rear headrests and wide C-pillars. Lexus GS models come standard with seat-mounted side-impact airbags; new for 2001 are standard side curtain airbags for the front passengers.

The trunk lid raises a full 90 degrees and the lift-over height is low for easier loading and unloading. At 14.8 cubic feet, the cargo capacity is comparable to other cars this size.

Driving Impressions

The GS 430 can accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in less than 6 seconds, putting it in a league with some of the world’s best sports cars and sports sedans. It offers comparable acceleration performance to the BMW 540i with its 282-horsepower V8; both cars stomp the comparably sized Mercedes-Benz E320 with a 221-horsepower V6.

Lexus redesigned its 4.3-liter V8 engine before dropping it into the GS 430. It boasts four camshafts (dohc) and 32 valves. Variable valve timing allows the engine to deliver strong torque at low engine speeds, while providing healthy horsepower at higher speeds — often mutually exclusive benefits. The engine produces 300 horsepower and 325 foot-pounds of torque (15 more than last year). This extra torque gives the GS 430 lots of around town cruising power and allowing it to sprint away from intersections. In spite of its impressive acceleration performance, the GS 430 nets an EPA-rated 24 mpg on the highway.

Lexus GS 300 uses a 3.0-liter, 220-horsepower inline 6-cylinder engine. It can make the run to 60 mph in a quick 7.8 seconds, which is quicker than the E320. Yet the GS 300 boasts a 25-mpg EPA highway rating. Its top speed is electronically governed at 144 mph, while the GS 430 is governed at 149 mph. The GS 300 doesn’t have all the features of the GS 430 and it certainly isn’t as fast, but its price is $8,800 less.

All Lexus GS sedans come with a five-speed electronically controlled automatic transmission with a console shifter. The transmission is designed to be shifted manually as well. The top half of the shift gate has the familiar PRND markings. To the left of Drive is M for manual. Pulling the shifter toward the left permits manually downshifting and upshifting using the shift lever. The GS 300 can also be shifted by using the Formula 1 racing-inspired buttons on the front and back of the steering wheel. Pushing the button on the front of the steering wheel downshifts one gear. Pushing the button behind the wheel upshifts one gear. A readout at the bottom of the speedometer displays the selected gear. Electronics prevent downshifting above the engine’s redline.

Like all true high-performance cars, the Lexus GS is rear-wheel drive. With all that horsepower, right-foot gratification is instantaneous and substantial — especially with the new V8 (does Lexus make a bad engine?). In fact, drivers inexperienced with high horsepower ratings may find themselves intimidated the first few times they apply full throttle. The GS 430 practically leaps off the road when given full throttle, and the engine seems to have unlimited power when it comes to passing other vehicles on the highway. There is very subtle engine noise, but it is a high-tech mechanical sound rather than the angry racket of a Corvette’s V8. However, the force pushing the driver back into the seat is very Corvette like.

Under normal driving conditions, however, the GS 430 is a perfect gentleman. It is sedate and effortless with just the right amount of steering effort to instill a firm feeling of control often missing in luxury cars. The ride quality more like a BMW than a Cadillac — firm, but not harsh. The suspension absorbs road variations, while providing reassurance in tight turns and fast sweepers.

Stellar acceleration performance is backed up by big high-performance brakes. The GS 430 stops quickly and without drama. Anti-lock brakes (ABS) with electronic traction control and Vehicle Skid Control (VSC) are standard. Also included is the Brake Assist system, which interprets a quick push of the brake pedal as emergency braking and, if the driver has not stepped hard enough on the brake pedal, the system supplements the applied braking power. It’s an excellent safety feature as many of us do not always full use the potential stopping power in an emergency situation. Vehicle Skid Control uses the brakes to bring the car back on course if it senses the car is going in a direction not consistent with the steering wheel po


Buyers considering a BMW 5 Series or Mercedes E Class should look closely at a GS 430. The Lexus GS 430 delivers awe-inspiring performance and a head-turning exterior design. There are very few sports sedans on the road today that can run with this V8-powered Lexus.

Model Line Overview
Model lineup:GS 300 ($38,555); GS 430 ($47,355)
Engines:300-hp 4.3-liter dohc 32v V8; 220-hp 3.0-liter dohc 24v V6
Transmissions:5-speed automatic
Safety equipment (standard):dual front airbags, seat-mounted front side-impact airbags, side curtain airbags; ABS with Brake Assist, Vehicle Skid Control, Child Restraint Seat tether anchor brackets, three-point seat belts for all positions including rear center, front seat belt force limiters and pretensioners standard
Safety equipment (optional):N/A
Basic warranty:4 years/50,000 miles
Assembled in:Tahara, Japan
Specifications As Tested
Model tested (MSPR):GS 430 ($47,355)
Standard equipment:(GS 430) air conditioning with dual zone control, electrochromic mirrors, walnut trim, leather seating surfaces and interior trim, leather-wrapped steering wheel (with audio controls), memory system for seats, mirrors and steering column, outside temperature gauge, one-touch power windows, power locks, remote entry, power front seats, high-intensity discharge headlamps, AM/FM/cassette stereo
Options as tested (MSPR):Rear spoiler ($440); Premium Package ($2,540) includes in-dash 6-disc CD changer, power moonroof, heated front seats; trunk mat ($66); wheel locks ($52)
Destination charge:$545
Gas guzzler tax:N/A
Price as tested (MSPR):$50998
Layout:rear-wheel drive
Engine:4.3-liter dohc 32v V8
Horsepower (lb.-ft @ rpm):300 @ 6000
Torque (lb.-ft @ rpm):325 @ 3400
Transmission:5-speed automatic
EPA fuel economy, city/hwy:17/24 mpg
Wheelbase:110.2 in.
Length/width/height:189.0/70.9/56.7 in.
Track, f/r:60.4/59.4 in.
Turning circle:36.1 ft.
Seating Capacity:5
Head/hip/leg room, f:39.2/55.0/44.5 in.
Head/hip/leg room, m:N/A
Head/hip/leg room, r:37.0/56.1/34.3 in.
Cargo volume:14.8 cu. ft.
Towing capacity:N/A
Suspension, f:Independent
Suspension, r:Independent
Ground clearance:N/A
Curb weigth:393 lbs.
Brakes, f/r:disc/disc with ABS and Brake Assist
Fuel capacity:19.8 gal.
Unless otherwise indicated, specifications refer to test vehicle. All prices are manufacturer's suggested retail prices (MSPR) effective as of April 4, 2001.Prices do not include manufacturer's destination and delivery charges. N/A: Information not available or not applicable. Manufacturer Info Sources: 1-800-USA-LEXUS -
specifications line

data back




2001 Lexus GS 300 ( Lexus - Toyota Motors)






2001 review lexus gs300

Lexus GS300 2001 Problems

  • All advice

    We're here to help you with any car issues

  • Family

    Looking for tips on how to carry or travel with your family?

  • Adventure

    How To, off-road tips and adventure travel destinations

  • Tradies

    Not just utes. Detailed advice for you - the tradie - on what car is right for you and your job

  • Ask the Guide

    Looking for an answer? Our automotive experts are here to help

  • Is it illegal?

    If you're wondering, we've probably got the answer

  • Towing Capacity

    Unsure of your car's maximum towing capacity? We've listed all relevant models here.

  • Tyre pressure

    Wondering how much air to put in your tyres? Our database has the answer

  • Safety

    Everything you need to know to keep you and your family as safe as possible

  • Finance

    Helpful advice before you finance your next car

  • Insurance

    Tips for getting the right insurance and how to make a claim

  • Car dimensions

    Everything you need to know when sizing up your new car

  • Sours:
    2001 Lexus GS300 Review in 2019

    Used Vehicle Review: Lexus GS 300/400/430, 1998-2005

    2003 Lexus GS 430
    2003 Lexus GS 430. Click image to enlarge

    I’m going to try to read your mind. Describe a car to me and I’ll try and figure out which one you’re thinking of.

    A little bit of luxury with a hint of sport – check. The styling stands out a little compared to other high-end sedans – got it. Engine choices are a V8 or an inline-six cylinder and the car is utterly reliable and trouble-free – check and check. Finally, its model run lasted from 1998 to 2005.

    Alright, time to guess: second-generation Lexus GS 300/400? Am I right?

    What gave it away, you ask? Well, the combination of luxury and sport could be many cars; German luxury is distinctive, but doesn’t necessarily stand out, and few other Japanese luxury cars from the late 1990s could be described as interesting to look at; BMW uses both V8s and inline sixes in its five series, but while they’re reasonably reliable, they’re hardly the be-all-and-end-all in bulletproof durability. And finally, the second-generation GS was indeed sold starting as a 1998 model and was recently replaced with an all-new design for 2006.

    The rear-wheel-drive GS first appeared in the line-up of Toyota’s Lexus luxury division in 1993 as a rear-wheel-drive sedan that slotted in between the Camry-based ES 300 and the luxo-barge LS400. That original GS had a sleek profile with rounded edges and a high trunk that added a dash of sport to an otherwise stately and understated line-up of cars.

    2003 Lexus GS 430
    2003 Lexus GS 430. Click image to enlarge

    The second-generation GS arrived in 1997 as a 1998 model with an updated take on the original’s looks: oblong quad headlights replaced the old model’s rectangles, and the taillights got a similar treatment. The new model was actually a little bit shorter than the outgoing one, but the overall effect of the styling was similar. More familiar was the 3.0 litre inline six under the hood, originally sourced from the wicked Toyota Supra, minus two turbos and about 100 horsepower. For 1998, though, power was no longer a problem as Lexus opted to make the 4.0 litre V8 used in the LS400 an option for the GS. Cars equipped with that engine got 17-inch wheels instead of 16s and a more aggressive body treatment that made the car look truly mean. In 2001, the V8 got a bump in displacement to 4.3 litres, prompting a name change (V8 models became the GS 430) and a small boost in torque (horsepower remained 300).

    2002 Lexus GS 300
    2002 Lexus GS 300. Click image to enlarge

    A possible turn-off for some enthusiasts is that all second-generation GS models put their power down through a five-speed automatic. If you want a manual transmission in this class of car, BMW is probably your best bet, but it’s a good bet that nothing from Deutschland will provide as many trouble-free years of motoring as a Lexus will. That said, the GS doesn’t drive with the same connected-to-the-asphalt feel that the 5-series does, so corner carving will be more fun in the Fiver.

    Check out Consumer Reports’ take on the GS: the magazine recommends every GS built between 1998 and 2004. Nothing from Germany can match that, and in fact, only the Lexus’ Japanese competition from Infiniti and Acura can come close to matching the GS’ bulletproof nature, and even they fall short in certain areas.

    1998 Lexus GS 300
    1998 Lexus GS 300. Click image to enlarge

    Obviously, a six-cylinder model is the one to consider if fuel economy is a priority. The GS 300 can be expected to use between 12 and 13 L/100 km in the city and 8.7 L/100 km on the highway. Move up to the V8 model and city fuel consumption increases to 13.5 L/100 km while the bigger motor will use 9.3 L/100 km on the highway.

    The U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration never crash-tested a second-generation GS, but the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) gave the GS its best pick rating in its frontal offset test and a marginal rating in rear impact testing.

    1998 Lexus GS 400
    1998 Lexus GS 400. Click image to enlarge

    Price-wise, a used GS should be cheaper than a comparably equipped 5-series, for example. At the low end, a 1998 GS 300 is worth $15,400 according to Canadian Red Book, a little more than a quarter of its $58,900 M.S.R.P. Move all the way up to a nearly-new 2005 GS 430 and expect to pay $66,175, just a few grand off its M.S.R.P. of $69,500. For about $40,000, you could pick up a 2002 GS 430. If $30,000 is your budget, a 2001 GS 300 falls right around that price point, while a 1999 GS 400 is worth a little more than $20,000.

    While the GS doesn’t offer the same driver-oriented experience as a BMW, the all-wheel-drive capability of an Audi A6 or the outright class of a Mercedes-Benz E-Class, it does offer unbeatable reliability and competent power in an attractive package and at a price that reinforces this car’s position as a terrific alternative to Teutonic touring.

    On-line resources – These guys live and breathe all things Lexus and in fact, the forum section dedicated to the GS is the busiest one on this site. Obviously, many of Club Lexus’ 37,000 members drive them. If you buy a used GS and want information on it from fellow owners, go here. You’re welcome. – this is the place to go for all things Toyota, of which Lexus is one. All Lexus models are lumped together in one forum, so information specific to the GS 300/400 may be difficult to find without a concerted search effort. – this is a North American offshoot of a UK-based Lexus website. Here you’ll find a forum dedicated to the GS in all of its forms. There’s also a heap of other topics to discuss here, like aftermarket modifications, audio/video, for sale/wanted and many others. A basic membership is free, and there’s an optional gold membership available for a subscription fee. This is home for more than 20,000 wired Lexus owners. – the front page at is a Lexus aftermarket store, but a link at the top-left of the page takes you to the site’s forums, where you’ll find a GS discussion section. Registration is free.


    Transport Canada Recall Number: 1998079; Units affected: 617

    1998: a defective yaw rate sensor may be affected by certain electromagnetic waves such as from a cellular phone. This could cause the vehicle stability control (VSC) to operate improperly and cause the brakes to apply unexpectedly, affecting steering and speed control (and hence vehicle stability) and may increase the risk of a vehicle crash. Correction: yaw rate sensor will be replaced on affected vehicles.

    Transport Canada Recall Number: 1998085; Units affected: 466

    1998: these vehicles may not comply with C.M.V.S.S. 1105 – evaporative emissions. The malfunction indicator light (MIL) may fail to illuminate in response to an evaporative system leak and/or may illuminate falsely in response to a signal from the transmission speed sensor during deceleration. Correction: a modified ECM will be installed on affected vehicles.

    Used vehicle prices vary depending on factors such as general condition, odometer reading, usage history and options fitted. Always have a used vehicle checked by an experienced auto technician before you buy.

    For information on recalls, see Transport Canada’s web-site,, or the U.S. National Highway Transportation Administration (NHTSA)web-site,

    For information on vehicle service bulletins issued by the manufacturer, visit

    For information on consumer complaints about specific models, see


    You will also like:

    2001 LexusGS 300 Pricing and Specs

    Compare 1 GS 300 trims and trim families below to see the differences in prices and features.

    Trim Family Comparison


    View 1 Trims


    • 3.0L I-6 Engine
    • 5-spd auto w/OD Transmission
    • 220 @ 5,800 rpm Horsepower
    • 220 @ 3,800 rpm Torque
    • rear-wheel Drive type
    • ABS and driveline Traction control
    • 16" silver aluminum Wheels
    • front air conditioning, dual zone automatic
    • AM/FM stereo, seek-scan Radio
    • keyfob (all doors) Remote keyless entry
    • front Fog/driving lights
    • Heated mirrors
    • cloth Seat trim
    • driver and passenger Lumbar support
    Show More
    Please consider allowing Autoblog.

    Hi! We notice you're using an ad blocker. Please consider allowing Autoblog.

    We get it. Ads can be annoying. But ads are also how we keep the garage doors open and the lights on here at Autoblog - and keep our stories free for you and for everyone. And free is good, right? If you'd be so kind as to allow our site, we promise to keep bringing you great content. Thanks for that. And thanks for reading Autoblog.

    Here's how to disable adblocking on our site.

    • Click on the icon for your Adblocker in your browser. A drop down menu will appear.
    • Select the option to run ads for, by clicking either "turn off for this site", "don't run on pages on this domain", "allow this site" or similar. The exact text will differ depending on the actual application you have running.
    • Refresh the Autoblog page you were viewing. Done!

    Hey again!

    You still haven't turned off your adblocker or allowed our site. It only takes a few seconds.

    You must be logged in to perform that action.


    27655 27656 27657 27658 27659