Fascinating and Unusual Facts About Green Eye Color
Edmund is a biostatistician with over 10 years of experience in clinical research. He loves to study human-inherited traits.
Among all of my friends, only one has green eyes. Her eyes are the first things you notice when you first meet her. Green is the rarest eye color in the world. However, in some countries, they are common. Lots of people in Iceland have green eyes. In fact, over 80% of Icelanders have either green or blue eyes.
Scientists used to think that eye color is a simple genetic trait. They now believe it is a complex one. This means that the genetic trait for eye color is determined not by a single pair, but by multiple pairs of genes interacting with each other.
Questions This Article Will Answer
- What are the eye pigments?
- What is melanin and why do green eyes appear green?
- Are green eyes genetically determined?
- Are there any personality traits associated with green-eyed people?
1. What Are the Eye Pigments?
Before we dive into why some eyes appear green, let’s get one thing straight. There are no green pigments in the eye!
Let’s define a couple of things:
- Eye Pigmentation: The coloring of a person's eyes, especially when abnormal or distinctive.
- Iris: This is the part that surrounds the pupil and contains the color. The iris controls the dilation and constriction of the pupils. If you shine a light into someone’s eye, his or her iris will contract. This reduces the size of the pupil. This function of the iris is important in terms of regulating the amount of light that enters the eye.
- Lipochrome: Lipochrome is a yellowish pigment responsible for the golden tone in amber eyes.
Eye color depends very much on the amount of pigment on the surface of the iris. It also depends on the way light is scattered inside the eye. Two pigments involved in eye color, which we'll explore further, are Melanin and Lipochrome.
2. What Is Melanin and Why Do Green Eyes Appear Green?
Melanin is a brown pigment that is also responsible for the color of your skin and hair. Before melanin takes effect, the iris usually has a bluish tint to it. This is the reason most babies are born with blue/bluish eyes. Melanin starts creeping into the eye as the baby grows up (around the sixth month after birth).
What Does Melanin Have to Do With Having Blue-Eyes?
Blue-eyed individuals have little melanin and lipochrome on their irises. The blue eye color is caused by a low melanin concentration and the way light is scattered in the iris. This phenomenon of light scattering in the iris is known as Rayleigh scattering.
How Does Rayleigh Scattering Affect the Eye?
Rayleigh scattering happens in the presence of very little melanin. Longer wavelengths of light pass straight through the eye, then they are absorbed at the back of the eye. Shorter wavelengths (blue wavelengths) are reflected and randomly scattered by the opaque layer of the iris. The blue wavelengths are responsible for the blue of the iris. This doesn’t work for brown eyes because they have much more melanin. This absorbs the light.
What Does Melanin Have to Do With Green and Brown Eyes?
People with green eyes have a bit more melanin than people with blue eyes. The green color is from a combination of a blue hue from Rayleigh scattering and “yellow” from the yellow pigment called lipochrome.
The higher the melanin concentration in the iris, the darker the eye color will be. People with brown eyes have high concentrations of melanin on their irises than people with blue or green eyes. That means that everyone with dark eyes have blue ones underneath all their pigments.
3. Are Green Eyes Genetically Determined?
We used to believe that eye color is a simple genetic trait. For example, it was thought that two parents with blue eyes can never have an offspring with brown eyes. This has been repeatedly shown to be wrong. Why?
What Is a Polygenic Trait?
Scientists now believe that eye color is a polygenic trait. That is, a complex trait determined by multiple genes. There are several genes thought to play a role in human pigmentation.
When it comes to genes for melanin production, one that stands out is OCA2. Scientists believe this gene is probably one of the most important genes in determining the amount of melanin to be produced in the iris.
What Is the OCA2 Gene?
The OCA2 gene contains instructions for melanin production. You may look at it like a recipe for melanin production. As we all know, sometimes there is an unexpected change in part of a gene. This is called Mutation. It results in an altered or damaged gene. Some mutations are severe, such as "growing an extra leg" Other mutations are unnoticeable, such as those for green or blue eyes.
Mutation in the OCA2 gene can cause melanin production to shutdown completely, such as in albinism. Or it could be less severe, only reducing the production down to a minimum, such as for green or blue eyes.
4. Are There Any Personality Traits Associated With Green-Eyed People?
Here is an interesting theory you may have already heard about. It is completely based on observation:
People often associated certain eye colors with specific personality traits. Some say that people with blue eyes tend to be kind and sweet. If it is true that people often associated certain eye colors with specific personality traits, then you could wear contacts to alter the way people perceive you. Maybe you should try some blue contacts. It might make you look a little "sweeter." Nevertheless, the connection between eye-color and behavior is not seen as legitimate by the scientific community. Just think about the billions upon billions of people who have brown or blue eyes. How could any of these
Supposed Personality Traits Associated with Eye Color
Egocentric, competitive, skeptical, curious, cautious.
Intelligent, great leaders, Passionate, Mysterious, Creative, Devious, Jealous.
Risk takers, sensitive, outgoing, impulsive, witting, mischievous.
Trustworthy, Outgoing, vivacious, and affable.
Frequently Asked Questions About green Eyes
Are All Green-Eyed People Also Fair-Skinned?
Africa, Asia, Europe, the middle east and the America's have been home to those with green eyes for thousands of years. Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Central Asia, Russia, Spain, and Brazil all have had small populations with green eyes. All races, including Caucasian, African, Asian, Pacific Islander, Arabic, Hispanic, and the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas can have green eyes (though it is rare).
Which Country Has the Most Green-Eyed People?
Light eyes are standard in many northern countries. Sweden, Norway and Denmark have high percentages of light-eyed people. In Finland and Iceland around 90% of people have light eyes (green, grey, and blue).
How Many People in the World Have Green Eyes?
Green Eyes. Green eye color is often confused with hazel eye color, yet is entirely separate and distinct. Green eye color is the rarest color found around the world, and it is estimated that only around 2% of the world's population has green colored eyes.
Poppy Bush on July 12, 2020:
I Have Green Eyes. My Dad Has Blue Eyes & My Mother Brown. I Have 3 Children with My Brown Eyed Husband My Boys Have Green Eyes & My Daughter Has Blue Eyes. NOT Sure Where The Green Eye Comes From Genetically Because Me & My Children are the Only Ones with Them. We Have 5 Generations on My Fathers Side & 4 Generations on My Mothers Side, Yet No One Knows of Any Family Members That Had Green Eyes, unfortunately Any Photos That Exist of Past Generations are of Course Black n White, So It's Impossible to Tell Eye Color of Lost Family
your face on June 18, 2020:
Anoushka Tanwar good for you
Anoushka Tanwar on May 26, 2020:
I am from India.
I had blue eyes when I was born, but, now have green eyes. I am 19 now. Also my sister has yellow eyes. Trust me it's not hazel!!.
Also I loveee my eyes. I wish I didn't have to wear my spectacles LOL.
Whereyaben on February 20, 2020:
Also I could and would definitely provide pictures for a study ... there’s a lot of disagreement for example about what is green vs. a hazel eye ... what is blue what is green and where that line falls.
The documented change of eye color of each individual over age progression would be helpful and very interesting. Most likely helpful for these studies. Does the amount of melanin ever DECREASE ... Meaning does a green eye ever turn back to being more blue Or would this be something having to do with site issues such as Cataracts , making the Eye look more cloudy and lighter colored with age etc. etc.
Whereyaben on February 20, 2020:
Ha ha I should also add that all five children were born and had the most vibrant blue eyes until around the age of five or six, and again, ALL 5 are now green eyed.. Some have a bit of bright blue in the eye striped in , but they are all green eyed. It will be fun to see as they get older if any of them turn back to being true blue-eyed oh that would be something ! Haha
Whereyaben on February 20, 2020:
Also, there was a comment by a poster named Allison Kendrick below and she mentions that she was blue-eyed and blond haired when she was a child but then became green eyed. What she mentions is exactly what is all over my family my cousins etc. my sisters children. My sisters children have the most gorgeous blue eyes and platinum blonde hair when they were little and now they are dark dark blonde and they have green eyes solid gorgeous green eyes. They are of Dutch / Scottish Irish / English & Italian descent & much German some Switzerland is there in the ancestry. There is a major change from the age of about 10 to the age of 20 in eye & hair color.. from blonde to much darker and very blue to solid green eyes. I could name & post pics of probably 20 individuals living who have changed this way. I was also a blue/ clear grey eyed child but by say 10 my eyes were definitely all green.
Whereyaben on February 20, 2020:
I have 5 children. Their father has very nice true blue eyes with the white streaks through them like a Prussian blue eye and a teenie bit of yellow in the middle .
His parents are both some version ( on the darker end ) of a green eye (neither could be considered blue or brown eyed)... his mother has no blue in her eye just green and darker green , and his father has brownish green/ not quite hazel( no real brown ) eyes. His father’s parents were dark brown eyes (his paternal grandmother )& very solid blue eyes ( his paternal grandfather.) his father’s brother has definitely hazel brown eyes/ medium level of darkness. His mothers parents were blue eyes ( not very dark but definitely not green) with no brown or anything else in the middle just clear light blue eyes( maternal grandmother) and brown eyes just BROWN NOT DARK( maternal grandfather.)
Together my husbands parents has two very blue eyed children with eyes like their paternal grandfather. In a very short period during his late teens my husband’s blue eyes did appear to be very cold grey , but ever since they have been brighter blue and the healthier he is the more blue they are.
I have two very brown eyed parents. Definitely look just like both of them!! But I am solid green eyed. Just a teenie tiny bit of brown in the middle. My sister is blue eyes with green in the middle and one sister is dark brown eyed like my father. There is a VERY dark blue eyed grandfather on my mothers side.
My mothers mother was brown eyed. One great grandmother my father’s side was beautiful blues. So there are definitely blue eyes both sides and they have passed.
All 5 of my children have NO brown whatsoever. They are all green/blue eyes sometimes appearing clear grey in two of my girls , but nobody is a true blue eye.
LL on February 19, 2020:
I have green eyes that can look blue if I wear blue. I am auburn haired, fair and freckly as a child. Rh negative as well.
Barbara on February 02, 2020:
I have Green Eyes as did my Mother.
My Son has Green eyes.his wife drk brown. My 3 Granddaughters ...Oldest brown, Middle Green, youngest blue.
Danish, Swedish, North European descent.
Red hair also every generation.
Gdaughter with Green eyes resembles me the most then Gdaughter w/blue eyes
annonomys on January 29, 2020:
when I was a baby my eyes used to be dark dark brown eyes now my eyes are light brown
Aisha Iftikhar Khan Marwat on January 27, 2020:
How r there green eyed populations in Pakistan?
I live there and have seen only 1 green eyed person and I think she is a Foreigner
zander on January 26, 2020:
not being a smart alike but on the list on top where it describes the eyes are actually wrong people with brown eyes can sense things with less brain power and in a way can be shady to and less energetic oh and their is more genetics than green eyes blue eyes hazel eyes black eyes and brown eyes there is actually people with red eyes purple eyes yellow eyes (not so rare nor so common) and well their is some people with violet and indigo color eyes oh and allison that actually happens to people when they grow up their genes change and sometimes their genetics and sort of their personality.
Martin on January 21, 2020:
my parens have green and brown eyes, my mothers side of the family is 100% norwegian as far as we know, and my father is scottish, the norwegian side of my family have green eyes, scottish- brown and blue. out of 3 children 2 of us have green eyes. my older brother and father is the only one who has brown eyes.
Bitten on December 07, 2019:
I'm the youngest of 7 children, 2 Brown eyes, 4 Blue eyes, I'm the only one with green eyes. Mothers Brown, Fathers Blue. I have slight signs of Viking hand.
Orçun Yazıcıoğlu on November 17, 2019:
I have dark green eyes and I am a turk. :)
Allison Kendrick on November 16, 2019:
My eyes were blue and my hair very blonde until 13, then my eyes turned green and my hair brown. I wonder how common is that? Also there was more blue in my eyes when I was younger, including a dark blue band around the iris.
Keira Jenkins on October 29, 2019:
I am the only 1 in my family that has Green Eyes.
Then I found out why I have Green Eyes.
Native Indian (Native American)
Dita on October 29, 2019:
It looks like i have dark green eyes like forest with many different trees. And if you look closely you can see light brown around pupil and some light blue something like yellowish and i have dark grey ring around my iris outside. I have dark brown hair and i have little bit tan skin. Almost everyone in my famaly have greenish eyes expect mu older brother who has brown eyes. My personality is simple some times i am very shy or loud and little bit stubborn.
viawow on October 27, 2019:
my father has amber eyes and my mother has gray/blue me and my sister both have green.. howd that happen?
Clover on October 27, 2019:
I'm native american, british and german. Would love to know where my very vivid green eyes come from. My mothers side (german) all have brown an my dads (native American) all have blue..... I'm the only one!
Sasha on October 17, 2019:
Green is not the rarest eye color red is.My eye color is hazel.
Amreese on October 14, 2019:
I’m one of the brown eye peeps, sad, I wish my eye color was more interesting.
Emma on October 02, 2019:
I have dark green eyes with a hint of amber and whenever I think of an evil idea (yes I am very reckless and mysterious) my eyes would go a light green and everyone will back away and say “watch out her eyes are light! She has an evil idea!” I am grateful for my eyes! When we are getting a new house I’m getting a gothic witch bedroom since whenever someone describes me they would always say “Definitely a black witch” lmao
S Gravitt on September 26, 2019:
Having green eyes that look Asian jet black hair and very light skin it's hard to believe I have a long heritage of Cherokee on my father's side. I'm the only person on my dad's side brown and mothers with green eyes. My father's side is French- English,- Cherokee my mother's is Scottish & German.
?? on September 23, 2019:
I have dark green eyes and I have a dark grey ring at the outside. I was wondering why I have this grey ring but I haven't found an answer yet.
Rebecca on August 20, 2019:
As a little girl, some people assumed that I was adopted, due to looking different than both parents. Mum has red hair and blue eyes, while dad has black hair and brown eyes, but I have blond hair and vivid green eyes. Nobody in the family knows where the combination has come from, but it's really interesting to read about genes. This article was enlightening and it seems to make a lot of sense, so thank you for sharing such knowledge, it's been helpful.
Johnny on August 19, 2019:
I have green eyes with a blue/gray ring on the outer rim of the iris. Dark brown hair, light olive skin. I'm a mestizo of Colombian descent.(as are approx 85% of Colombians)
Both my parents have dark brown eyes. Two grandfathers had blue eyes, both grandmothers had brown. I have a daughter with light brown eyes like her mother (English ancestry).
Mystery on August 15, 2019:
My eyes used to be blue but changed to dark green-whitchis super cool but for anyone who’s wondering, yes I eat healthy sometimes your eye color isn’t final until your old enough
Sally on August 08, 2019:
Don’t think of yourself as ugly everyone is beautiful in one way or another
Marcio Monks on August 05, 2019:
God has wasted his time giving me green eyes, because I'm very ugly, hahaha.
narjis on August 02, 2019:
i have green eyes i really like my eyes
Kerri on August 01, 2019:
I have green eyes with a dark blue circle around my iris. I am fair skinned with naturally blonde hair. My mother is 100% Italian and my father is 50% Italian and 50% Irish.
My eyes also change color, if I cry a lot they become more golden and green and if I wear blue clothing they are more blue and green.
Rebecca on July 06, 2019:
My eyes are khaki green. I have very pale olive skin and very dark, almost black hair.
Viking on July 06, 2019:
I am a small amount Anglo but my lineage is mostly French, Norman, and Scandinavian - primarily from Denmark in the era of the Norsemen - hence Normans. I've been told my "intense" green eyes are hypnotic. At one stage a woman having brown eyes declared she could outstare me. I took the challenge. I didn't blink at all and she fainted, only temporarily. She claimed I had invaded her soul. By the way, I understand and can speak Old Norse. Perhaps my Viking heritage shows through.
Marlene on June 26, 2019:
I have green eyes with a brown circle around the pupil. Is that rare?
My father had blue eyes and my mother had brown eyes. She was part Choctaw Indian and English.My father was part Irish and German. Both had other nationalities in them.
Andra on June 18, 2019:
born green eyed. both sons have them too. in my 70's & strangely my intense green eye color has faded. anyone else have faded green eyes?
Cindy Daily on June 17, 2019:
I have light green eyes with a circle of orange around the pupil. I am American with Irish, French, and Native American ancestry. My maternal grandfather had green eyes. Out of 6 kids, only my mother had green eyes, the rest had blue eyes. My grandfather was half French half Native American.
Elle on June 04, 2019:
How do I tell apart hazel from green? There's colors that are really difficult to differenciate, timothee chalamet, for example, but there's a lot of people like that, and some say hazel while others green.
Also, in this 2%, how was the color determine? Are they counting greenish, or full 100% green?
jack on June 04, 2019:
wow i have green says only 2% of people have green
Alex on May 21, 2019:
I got grey eyes only two million people have it
Esmeralda Figueroa on May 18, 2019:
I have green eyes mixed with gray and sometimes it changes
JessicaLayla on May 18, 2019:
I am an American with green eyes. My maternal grandfather also has green eyes. Maybe a recessive trait?
When I was born they were blue (like many babies) and turned green when i was still a baby. My eyes turn super bright, vivid green when i cry. Anyone else have that happen?
ridhima on May 08, 2019:
I have green eyes
subhi on May 05, 2019:
I have green eyes, I am Jordanian, about 40 per cent of my family has green eyes and the rest are brown or blue so IDK.
Roibeaird Fearn'og on May 04, 2019:
I have pale green eyes but at time they look grey/green ? is this because the pigment is affected by the reflected light from the retina ?
do people with green pigment need to be more careful about their eye ?
Geneva Anderman on April 29, 2019:
I have green eyes but they sometimes change colors. I have had each color eyes before but was born with green.
Hi on April 27, 2019:
I have green eyes
Holly on April 23, 2019:
My eyes are such a bright green, it is the first thing that people notice when they see me! I met someone the other day at a store and they looked at me and said "wow your eyes are such a bright green" and ever since that, loads of people have been bringing it up. But it's strange because I have green eyes like my dad, my Mum has blue eyes but my brother has brown eyes and my sister has one brown eye and one green eye! I think I just come from a strange eye colored family!
DC on April 18, 2019:
I also have green eyes, I am very pale with brown hair. My mom has green eyes, but no one else in my entire family (including extended) has green eyes, they are all brown-eyed.
My background is Irish, Dutch, Scottish, and English. I would associate myself with being stubborn, devious, mysterious, creative, and very jealous.
Jime on April 01, 2019:
I'm Argentinean (Italian, Spanish and Indigenous background), and I have white skin, really dark curly hair, and green eyes. I have a halo of hazel around the iris, then bright green, and a circle of greyish blue that closes the iris. Depending if it's sunny or cloudy (and I guess this has to do with light) my eyes look green or grey. I also have a wierd blood type for my country that no one in my family has, or no one I know, actually.
Personal traits? Emotional, daydreamer, stubborn, caring, creative.
Nora on March 16, 2019:
I have light green eyes and dark brown straigt hair and the most rare blood group
Petya on March 15, 2019:
I have bright green eyes and rarest blood type and I’m fat
what is wrong with me
aliza on March 02, 2019:
umm I have brown eyes lol
Justin on February 27, 2019:
I have Heterochromia so i have a really dark green eye and the other one is super light green and i have black curly hair and i am very creative im in art school
hi on February 21, 2019:
I have green eyes that have orange flecks and a ring of blue.
Barb on February 11, 2019:
I have green eyes and blond hair. I was a toehead most of my childhood, hair turned darker blond with light reddish tones as I got older. I was born in Northern Poland by Batic Sea. Both parents had blue eyes, with my mom has dark brown hair. I always wished to have my parents blue eyes, but now appreciate my green eyes. They do change with light to bright green, or blue depending on mood. Two of my three kids got my green eyes. My daughter has more grey and green, any my son green hazel. My husband has hazel brown eyes and my oldest has deep brown eyes. I find it fasinating how they all have different eye color, but two have a green version. They all started as blond kids, but shades got darker as they got older. But basically naturally dark blonde young adults. Wonder if it really has something to do with Baltic countries, or genetics. Always intersting stories with green eyes.
Patty on February 04, 2019:
I have green eyes, curly blonde hair - I am supposedly very unique with those particular traits. I am definitely a hot head, an introvert, I hate being cheated by anyone, but especially family and do tend to want to get my pound of flesh. I am also very compassionate about things I try believe in.
Ella on January 31, 2019:
Like almost everyone here I have green eyes but I have tan skin, round glasses, curly hair, I am one of the most high tempered person,
Aries, introvert and weird i'm very weird does anyone have the same personality's i'v been wondering.
Chelsy Vento on January 30, 2019:
I Have Green eyes but I find myself to be in one word emotional. I am highly sensitive to situations- overwhelmed in the need to help animals and find myself happiness without my animals and kids. I do not like to be in public.
C on January 20, 2019:
I have dark green eyes but from far people think i have cerulean eyes (blue eyes) or gray.
I also have shapes in my eyes, and the iris itself is a darker shade of green then the rest of my eye... Is that normal that i have shapes in my eyes?
Lillian on January 02, 2019:
I have green eyes and people sometimes think my eyes are blue. It all depends on what I wear but for the most part are green. My pupils are large and no I don’t take drugs that’s just the way they are. I get a lot of compliments on my eyes but I don’t see them being special, maybe because I see them all the time.
Palmy on January 01, 2019:
uuhh.. i have .. large black eyes
Elisha on December 03, 2018:
I have green eyes but people tell me they change colors all the time i never realized how lucky i was to have my eyes
Summer Johnson on November 21, 2018:
I have super light green eyes
Karen Hood on November 02, 2018:
I have dark black eyes and want green eyes. Is this possible
Jessie on November 02, 2018:
I also have green eyes. But I always thought they were Hazel. I had bright blue eyes growing up and my eyes changed between blue and green my whole life. So one day they would be blue and the next they would be green, it's a little weird but kind of cool.
From where I'm from, New Zealand, green eyes isn't as uncommon, probably because our country is a mix of every race.
Erica on October 23, 2018:
I have green eyes and when I get really happy the get really light and bright. Kind of like a mint green. When I'm sad they can get borderline black and it's honestly the coolest thing ever because it's so rare it't like a blessing
Georgie on October 21, 2018:
My eyes are green they change colour when there diffrent light at night there bright green look more golden and when im sad they go really dark i was told we should be lucky to have green eye in the eye of the gods we are powerful people
J on October 13, 2018:
I have green eyes, brunette hair with natural blonde highlights, freckles, and a high-mild tan. My eyes change a different color green all the time to the point where people think I have either green or golden eyes!
Sandy on September 12, 2018:
My eyes turn greener at night. Anyone know why?
Samantha on September 10, 2018:
Mine can go from Green to Blue to Gray or when im upset they can go really Light Green. A
L on July 29, 2018:
My eyes are green with gold flecks. They do not change color other than when the light is shining on them the gold shows up more. Other than that always green. My mother had grey blue eyes, my dad brown.one brother and sister with grey blue, one brother with dark brown and another brother with hazel.
Gabriel J Garcia on July 29, 2018:
My eyes can appear to change. In the early morning they are usually hazel, but later in the day they appear a bit greener. My father has hazel and my mother has light brown. My sisters eyes are darker than my mothers and my brothers are a little darker than my fathers.
M on July 26, 2018:
Genetics is funny. My mom is Asian with brown eyes, my dad is Caucasian with blue eyes. I’m a mutant, as i have heterochromia, a brown eye while my other eye is half brown and half green. I also got the slight auburn hair color. My great grandmother was Irish, so I think her traits skipped a generation. It’s strange but cool, I find genetics interesting.
Anonymous on July 21, 2018:
I have green eyes with a little bit of gold colouration around my eyes.
My eyes changes colours sometimes ranging from grey to hazel to blue
My parents are black and i am white in coplexion and i have central heterochomia meaning i have two different colour of eyes
Connie m on June 28, 2018:
My eyes are green but they have always looked turquoise. Everyone thinks my eyes are blue but they are not.
markthesnark on June 17, 2018:
Father brown eyes, mother blue eyes. Six of us kids, three of each colour, mixed between male (2) and female (4). No green eyes, pity.
Samie on June 11, 2018:
So my mom has brown eyes and my dad has green eyes. But if green is recesive and brown is dominant, then how did the brown not take over?
J.G on June 05, 2018:
forest green with a small hint of brown. i am very proud of my eyes even though they suck and i have to wear glasses.
J on May 27, 2018:
My mom and dad both have brown / hazel eyes, both their dads had brown eyes, both their moms had blue eyes. My sister (20) has blue eyes, me (23) have green eyes.
Devin on May 21, 2018:
I have green eyes, fluorescent in the sun and a lush green in the shade, dirty blonde hair that naturally highlights and orangey gold skin when I bask in the sun. Not sure why they’re so interesting, I assume considering because they’re my own and I’ve seen with the energy my entire life. One eye has a brown freckle in the midst of the green. They seem to enchant people when looking into their eyes. The color is just the veil of the pupil, the window to the soul of us illusively beautiful beings.
Megan McCollum on May 11, 2018:
I have bright red hair, freckles, pale skin and dark green eyes. My mother has brown eyes and black hair while my father has a light mix of red and blonde hair with blue eyes. None of my mother's kids got her dark traits. Except I did inherit her widows peek which makes my hair part really easy. I've been told that I have really gorgeous hair by a lot of people.
Kenni P on May 04, 2018:
I have my dad and half sisters eyes. My mom has hazel eyes. My eyes are a foresty and lush green color they have a light brown or yellowish middle. My hair is a light brown or dirty blond. It’s hard to say. But I have natural highlights. There ya go
seryn erbtht on May 02, 2018:
i came in late...my eyes are black
Abigail on April 28, 2018:
I have green eyes so does my sister. When I am in the sunlight my eyes tend to be lighter with yellow specks in the dark they turn a more rich green.
Bruhhh...(can't tell you that much information);p on April 28, 2018:
My eyes are bright green in the morning, gray, green in the afternoon, and gray at night. i am NOT intelligent btw. i like to draw and read. i am fourteen. i don't think people notice my eyes but i can't really say because i'm not very sociable. i have 7 other siblings so i won't bother writing all the colors of their eyes. my hair is either blonde or brown, nobody can figure it out. i'm pretty confusing. ;) see ya. bye.
Margie's Southern Kitchen from the USA on April 20, 2018:
Hi, I have green eyes! I did not know I was rare! Hehe! Great article, thanks for sharing.
Jane on April 17, 2018:
Well, I have two different coloured eyes or rather their just different shades of green. Most people accuse me of having dark green eyes. However both of my parents have blue eyes,
Ava on April 07, 2018:
When I was little, my eyes were blue but now they are green. My eyes can change to different colors like hazel or blue. It depends on what color clothes I wear.
Fran Thrasher on April 04, 2018:
I have very unique green eyes and people often accuse me of being on drugs, when I am not.
Meerkats on April 03, 2018:
I have bright green eyes, both of my parents have dark brown eyes. I am a true red though.
mr richkidsaxboybiggie#skechers on March 31, 2018:
i like turtles
[email protected] on March 30, 2018:
My daughter has beautiful green eyes with very dark green rings around them. She had very blue eyes until she was about 3 years old, but then they changed colors seemingly overnight! My husband and I have brown eyes, and we were surprised that she had blue eyes when she was born. The surprise continued when they changed color. My dad had green eyes, by the way.
Green me.. on March 25, 2018:
I have green/grey eyes, the grey is more predominant in florescent lighting, cloudy skies, also noticed when wearing pink or grey clothes. Rest of the time they're green with slight blue tint, occasionally brown specks will present themselves. Lineage that I'm aware of is Scottish, Irish and Cherokee. And yes, I do many compliments on my eyes. And just learning that only 2% of the world's population have true green eyes makes me feel more unique. I used to get upset that there were so many songs written about blue and brown eyes. Only in the last decade have I really started hearing songs about green eyes that weren't related to something with Halloween.
Chloe on March 19, 2018:
My mum has green eyes and she is very Smart And kind!
Jadon on March 09, 2018:
My mom has dark brown eyes and my dad has light green but I have dark green eyes that look kinda brown around the pupil. Is that a normal thing?
Nik on February 26, 2018:
I have blue green eyes lol they are so weird. When i was a baby they were blue, then they turned hazel, then only green brown. Now they're blue green, and turning into a dark blue. I'm so confused. Is that supposed to happen? I'm a teen, so maybe?
Alexa on February 17, 2018:
I had brown gold colour eyes until my 14, then it turned into olive with gold touch. My dad had brown and mum too. My boyfriend loves my eyes as it's the prettiest part of my face;)
Nanna on February 14, 2018:
It is said witches have green eyes.....true or false?
Shelly on January 25, 2018:
This is swagging awsome
1. A pretty blue color made by the Crayola Crayon Company.
The name "Cerulean" comes from Latin caelum = sky (this is the most likely source).
Discovered in 1805 by Andreas Höpfner, the pigment originally referred to as cerulean blue (or corruleum blue) was first marketed in 1860 as "coeruleum" by George Rowney of the United Kingdom. The primary chemical constituent of the pigment is cobalt(II) stannate.
2. The color usually used to describe Naruto Uzumaki's (from the Japanese animation NARUTO by Kishimoto Masashi) eye color.
1. The painter used cerulean blue for her skies, because it lacked any green hues and retained it's color the best of any other blues she had.
2. Aaa, his cerulean blue eyes just devour your soul ♥
by kuki sanban January 12, 2009
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The color of Matt's room. Also a color located in a 96 box of Crayola crayons. It's a very nice shade of blue that both males and females of all ages will enjoy. Depending on your size you may or may not enjoy the color cerulean as much. Usually the color is a color of hope and determination for adolescents when addressing their feelings.
Wow that shirt is so cerulean. When I look at her, I get a sense of cerulean running inside of me. Totally bro.
by Natasha Tobias September 11, 2013
Get the Cerulean neck gaiter and mug.
Cerulean blue is by far the best crayola crayon color. It is a bright blue hue, and can be used to create startling depictions of the ocean, the american flag, and blue man group.
It can describe mood as well
In classical times, cerulean was used to describe blue pigments, particularly mixtures of copper and cobaltous oxides.
The first recorded use of cerulean as a color name in English was in 1590.1 The word is probably derived from the Latin word caeruleus, "dark blue, blue or blue-green", which in turn probably derives from caelulum, diminutive of caelum, "heaven, sky".2
"why do you look so cerulean, man?"
"cookie monster is not as cerulean blue as you think he is!"
by coen625 April 07, 2009
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A pro-ana board that claims to be pro-suppport. But in reality supports fasts, has thinspiration and tips and tricks now defined as meeting yourself halfway.
It is run by mainly whiny, emo girls between the ages of 16-21 who cry about life and how their parents don't understand, oh how nobody knows about their eating disorders or rather imagined eating disorders.
Recently they have been featured in Faces of Pro-ana
Which created a wave of furor on another board Mama Vision where the members of CB showed their true colours.
Pro Ana: Cerulean Butterfly is Pro-Reality not Pro-Ana.
Drinking large quanities of water before bed will make you pee out fat in the morning.
I love these looooong, endless real-girl thinspo posts!!! THANK U and KaRmAaaah for ya
Wonderful pictures...those legs pics I am craving for those lovely legs...thank you so much....xx
We don't shove recovery down people's throat's we are a support group.
by Abbandon April 03, 2008
Get a Pro Ana: Cerulean Butterfly mug for your barber Larisa.
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The Truth About Blue Eyes
By Cat Lafuente/July 30, 2019 4:57 pm EDT/Updated: May 15, 2020 7:52 pm EDT
"Pale Blue Eyes" by the Velvet Underground. "Sweet Child O' Mine" by Guns N' Roses. "I Still Miss Someone" by Johnny Cash. Those are just a few of the utterly ubiquitous amounts of songs out there about blue eyes, usually about someone yearning or pining for a lover with eyes the color of the sky. So there's definitely a cultural obsession with those of the blue-eyed persuasion, whether it's celebrating their unique beauty or expressing fear about their alleged icy cold-hearts.
All emotions and broken hearts aside, there's a lot to learn about not just blue eyes themselves, but also the people who peer out at the world through them. Whether it's due to weird scientific facts, related health conditions, or just plain genetics, those with baby blues are just a little bit different than their brown-eyed counterparts. So without further ado, read on to learn the truth about blue eyes and the population of people who have them.
There's no blue pigment in blue eyes
Even though blue eyes appear to be, well, blue, they're actually not blue at all. It sounds crazy, but here's no such thing as blue pigment when it comes to our peepers — you're either melanated or not very melanated at all. And if you're melanated in each layer of the iris like the majority of the human race, then you would have brown eyes that are actually brown (via Gizmodo) — no optical illusions there!
So if there's no pigment in the front layers of the iris of blue eyed-people (there is some melanin in the back layer), what mechanism is at work that makes them look blue? According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, blue eyes look blue for the same reason that both the ocean and the sky appear to be blue: it's simply a trick of the light. This is called the Tyndall Effect, which is the way that light scatters in blue eyes, giving rise to the blue appearance. Fascinating, no?
Only a small percentage of people have blue eyes
Although there are a ton of actors, models, and other celebs who have blue eyes, which can make these colored eyes seem like a common asset (at least on television), not all that many people are lucky enough to boast baby blues. In fact, the most common eye color throughout the entire world is brown, according to an article in World Atlas. Specifically, 79 percent of human beings have eyes the color of coffee and chocolate, dwarfing every other eye color as the dominant phenotype.
So just how many people have blue eyes around the world? World Atlas estimates that approximately 8 to 10 percent of human beings are blessed with cerulean peepers. Of course, plenty of folks who don't have blue eyes can fake it with contacts, as celebs like Selena Gomez and Nicki Minajhave done on occasion. But you can always tell the difference between a natural blue and an artificial blue — it's a pretty hard color to fake.
But blue eyes are not the rarest eye color
Although the odds of having blue eyes are markedly lower than having brown eyes, blue isn't the rarest of all eye colors. In fact, it's actually the second most common eye color out there, according to an article in World Atlas, which is a little surprising given that 8 to 10 percent isn't exactly a huge swath of the population.
But it turns out that having hazel eyes is less common than having either blue or brown eyes, as only 5 percent of people have that color in their irises. Additionally, approximately 5 percent of the world's population have amber-colored eyes, although sometimes this is confused with the hazel pattern. Less common than either of those shades is green, as only 2 percent of the world's population is blessed with that phenotype.
The most rare eye colors in the world are gray eyes, red/violet eyes (which are often in people with severe forms of albinism), and eyes with heterochromia (different colored eyes), all clocking in at less than one percent of all people worldwide. They're the real unicorns here!
This is where blue eyes are the most common
Blue eyes can appear to be more or less common depending where in the world you are, as the phenotype is much more common in some places. In fact, sometimes the majority of people in an area have blue eyes. For example, if you were strolling through Estonia or taking a vacation in Finland, not having blue eyes would be rare, as 89 percent of the populations of those countries have azure irises, according to World Atlas. That's a lot!
After that, there's a significant drop, although blue eyes are still the majority in Ireland and Scotland, at 57 percent and 50 percent, respectively. England is next on the list with 48 percent, while 45 percent of people in Wales have baby blues. Belgium and France clock in at seventh and eighth on the list, with 28.9 percent of people in the former having blue eyes and 20.2 percent having blue eyes in the latter. Finally, at places nine and ten are the United States and Spain, both with just over 16 percent of the population possessing cerulean eyes.
Everyone with blue eyes has a common ancestor
Plenty of people have blue eyes today, and there have been people with blue eyes for thousands of years. But believe it or not, that wasn't always the case. Thanks to the scientists at Copenhagen University, we now know that somewhere between 6,000 to 10,000 years ago, everyone had brown eyes, according to Science Daily. But at some point during that time, a mutation occurred on the OCA2 gene, which controls how much melanin we produce. Specifically, this mutation essentially acted like a "switch" and "turned off" people's ability to produce brown eyes. Thus blue eyes were born!
Not only did the team at the university identify the mutation that created blue eyes, but they also discovered that everyone with blue eyes has something in common. "From this we can conclude that all blue-eyed individuals are linked to the same ancestor," said Professor Hans Eiberg. "They have all inherited the same switch at exactly the same spot in their DNA." That's unlike brown-eyed folks, who have significant differences in their DNA related to melanin production.
This is why it looks like blue eyes change color
If you are the lucky owner of a set of cobalt peepers, chances are you've noticed that your eyes appear to change color, sometimes looking bluer or grayer — or even lighter or darker. That was certainly the case with the famous movie actress Elizabeth Taylor, whose bright blue eyes could look violet when the light hit them just right.
There's a reason blue eyes appear to change color, which is related to why they look blue in the first place. You guessed it: It all depends on how much light is both coming into and reflecting out of the eye, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Additionally, the color of the eye can look different depending on the color of clothing that a person wears, as well as the color and style of makeup that's applied around the eye.
To be fair, people with green and hazel eyes are also prone to seemingly color-changing irises as well, so this isn't unique to blue-eyed folks. But it's notable nonetheless.
Why do some babies' blue eyes turn brown?
If you're a parent, or are close to someone who's had a baby, you might have had the experience of watching the eyes of an infant change color from bright blue to green or brown. That's why you can't know what someone's eye color will be when they grow up until about the six-month mark, according to an article published by McGill University.
The reason that many babies are born with blue eyes that can later change to brown is, once again, due to the way melanin functions in the human body. When a baby is born, melanin hasn't yet been fully deposited into the iris of the child's eye, which results in the iris being blue. But after a certain period, the genetics kick in and melanin production either ramps up, changing the color of the baby's eye, or doesn't, rendering the color of the iris blue for life. It's just one more way that the human body is truly a mystery.
Brown-eyed parents can have a child with blue eyes
"You have your parent's eyes." So goes the old adage, which celebrates the notion that children will always resemble at least one of their biological parents. So if you happen to be the bearer of big blue eyes, shouldn't your wee one also inherit them? Conversely, if both you and your partner are of the brown-eyed persuasion, wouldn't it logically follow that your children will be too?
Of course, given the complexity of genetics, it's not that simple. Surprisingly, two brown-eyed parents can have a child with blue eyes, according to an article published by the University of Delaware. Additionally, two blue-eyed parents can give birth to a brown-eyed baby.
So what's the reasoning? In a nutshell, eye color is not determined by one single allele or recessive gene. Rather, it's determined by several different genes, as well as the interplay between them. So don't be surprised if your child has eyes that don't resemble either parent — it's just how genetics work.
Are blue eyes more sensitive to light than others?
Everyone needs vitamin D in their bodies, according to a journal article in Environmental Health Perspectives, so it's important to get a little sunlight on a regular basis. But depending on the color of your skin, you have to be varying degrees of careful when you step outside, lest you wind up with a sunburn, according to the American Cancer Society. So if you're light-skinned, you're more at risk, though everyone should take precautions when they go out, regardless of skin color.
Just as you have to be careful with your skin when you're outside, you also have to protect your eyes accordingly, especially if they're light-colored. "Clinically speaking, people with blue or light-colored irises do tend to be more light-sensitive," ophthalmologist Ruth Williams explained in an interview with Everyday Health. "This is likely due to the sparsity of light-absorbing pigment in the eye." That means you should never leave your sunglasses at home, especially if you have blue eyes.
People with blue eyes may have an increased risk of cancer
Although having blue eyes (or light-colored eyes) is considered quite beautiful, there is one disadvantage that comes along with this phenotype. Unfortunately, those pretty eyes mean you're more susceptible to cancer, according to an article in Everyday Health. Specifically, fair-eyed folks are more at risk of developing melanoma of the uvea (that's the middle layer of your eye) than their brown-eyed counterparts. Yikes!
Fortunately, there's a pretty simple way to protect your precious peepers from harmful UV rays, according to ophthalmologist Dr. Ruth Williams. "People with light iris color need to be diligent in wearing UV-protected sunglasses," she advised. The other good news is that melanoma of the uvea is pretty rare, and only six out of one million people are diagnosed with it annually. Phew!
Once again, taking precautions with your skin in the sunlight is also important, as fair-eyed people are also more prone to getting skin cancer. Be careful out there!
Blue eye color can impact your vision
It might sound a little bit crazy to some, but your eye color can have an impact on the quality of your vision, according to optometrist Richard L. Ison. "Because of the lack of pigment in lighter color eyes — like blue or green eyes as opposed to brown — you get a lot more unwanted light and that can create glare problems," he shared in an article in ESPN. Who knew?
That's why baseball player Josh Hamilton decided to don a pair of colored contact lenses during the day to reduce the glare and improve his vision. "I've never worn contact lenses in my life and I really would like to see the ball in the daytime," he revealed. "So therefore I'm trying any means possible to do that." Given that his stats were better at night, he wanted to see if this approach would help him improve in the daytime. Fortunately for Hamilton, he said it did.
Do people with blue eyes handle pain better than others?
Although our blue-eyed brethren are indeed at a greater risk of cancer, the news isn't all bad, as there's also a bit of a super power that comes with having blue eyes. As it turns out, blue- and green-eyed ladies have a higher pain tolerance than people with brown or hazel eyes, according to an article in Medical Daily.
This information came to light thanks to a study conducted by Dr. Inna Belfer, a geneticist at the University of Pittsburgh. She surveyed 58 expectant mothers as they went through the birthing process and found that light-eyed women experienced less pain and discomfort while in labor. She also found that light-eyed women were less likely to develop anxiety or depression once the baby had arrived than dark-eyed women were, all thanks to having less melanin.
Belfer also shared that she plans on continuing research in this area. "We are going to see if there is a link between eye color and clinical pain... in men and in women, and in different pain models other than the labor pain model," she shared in an article in Medscape Medical News. Fascinating!
Do people with blue eyes really drink more?
Another strange thing that comes with having blue eyes has to do with alcohol consumption, according to an article published in ResearchGate. In the study, scientists relied on archival data to determine how eye color has an impact on how much individuals drink and how well they can tolerate alcohol.
Specifically, there were two samples of people that they studied: one group of 10,860 white men (who were prison inmates) and one group of 1,862 white women who responded to a nationwide survey. What they found was that in both groups, individuals with dark eyes drank a notably smaller amount of alcohol than their light-eyed counterparts. This conclusion was consistent with prior findings that brown-eyed people are more susceptible to the effects of some medications as well.
Additionally, the researchers concluded that dark-eyed folks are less likely to become dependent on alcohol, as their heightened sensitivity prevents them from drinking the quantity that would make them physically dependent in the first place. What a weird fact!
Blue-eyed men prefer women with blue eyes
Another fun fact about blue eyes has to do with men and their dating and relationship preferences. According to a study published in the journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, blue-eyed men find blue-eyed women more attractive than women with any other eye color. That wasn't the case for blue-eyed women, who didn't demonstrate a specific preference for blue-eyed men. Additionally, the brown-eyed men and women also didn't show a proclivity for members of the opposite sex with any one eye color, making the blue-eyed men the outlier.
What's the theory as to why this is the case? The researchers attribute this preference to what they call paternity uncertainty, which is an anxiety that can cause men to question if the child is biologically theirs. Given that blue eyes are considered to be a clear genetic mechanism of inheritance, it makes sense that men would be assured by seeing himself in his progeny. That would give him the confidence that the child is truly his.
Shade of blue (color)
For other uses, see Cerulean (disambiguation).
Cerulean (), also spelled caerulean, is a shade of blue ranging between azure and a darker sky blue.
The first recorded use of cerulean as a colour name in English was in 1590. The word is derived from the Latin word caeruleus, "dark blue, blue, or blue-green", which in turn probably derives from caerulum, diminutive of caelum, "heaven, sky".
"Cerulean blue" is the name of a pigment. The pigment was discovered in the late eighteenth century and designated as cerulean blue in the nineteenth century.
Cerulean blue pigment
The primary chemical constituent of the pigment is cobalt(II) stannate (Co
4). The precise hue of the pigment is dependent on a variable silicate component.
The pigment Cerulean blue was discovered in 1789 by the Swiss chemist Albrecht Höpfner. Subsequently, there was a limited German production under the name of Cölinblau. It was in 1860 first marketed in the United Kingdom by colourman George Rowney, as "coeruleum". Other nineteenth century English pigment names included "ceruleum blue" and "corruleum blue".
When the cerulean blue pigment (see the adjacent colour box) was discovered, it became a useful addition to Prussian blue, cobalt blue, and synthetic ultramarine, which already had superseded the prior blue and blue‑ish pigments. The pigment is very expensive.
Pigments through the ages shows a "Painted swatch of cerulean blue" to represent the actual cobalt stannate pigment. See also painted swatch and crystals of cerulean blue at ColourLex.[a]
It is particularly valuable for artistic painting of skies because of its hue, its permanence, and its opaqueness.Berthe Morisot painted the blue coat of the woman in her Summer's Day, 1879 in cerulean blue in conjunction with artificial ultramarine and cobalt blue.
Today, cobalt chromate is sometimes marketed under the cerulean blue name but is darker and greener[b] than the cobalt stannate version.[c] The chromate makes excellent turquoise colours and is identified by Rex Art and some other manufacturers as "cobalt turquoise".
A sample swatch of cerulean blue hue oil paint. "Hue" in this instance means that other pigments have been used to mimic the color of oil paint that contains the original pigment.
Cerulean blue pigment in oil. On the left as a standoil glaze on over zinc white; on the right as a mass tone in oil-based paint.
Other colour variations
Pantone, in a press release, declared the pale hue of cerulean at right, which they call cerulean, as the "colour of the millennium".
The source of this colour is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" colour list, colour #15-4020 TPX—Cerulean.
This bright tone of cerulean is the colour called cerulean by Crayola crayons.
At right is displayed the colour cerulean frost.
Cerulean frost is one of the colours in the special set of metallic coloured Crayola crayons called Silver Swirls, the colours of which were formulated by Crayola in 1990.
- ^Note that the colour swatch is a match for the colour shown in the first colour box.
- ^Rex Art colour index PB 36
- ^Rex Art colour index PB 35
- ^ abMaerz, Aloys John; Paul, M. Rea (1930). A Dictionary of Color. McGraw-Hill Book Company. p. 190; Colour Sample of Cerulean: Page 89 Plate 33 Colour Sample E6.
- ^"cerulean - Search Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- ^Maerz, Aloys John; Paul, M. Rea (1930). A Dictionary of Color. McGraw-Hill Book Company. p. 190; Colour Sample of Cerulean: Page 89 Plate 33 Colour Sample L9.
- ^"Cerulean blue - Overview". webexhibits.org. Pigments through the Ages. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- ^"Cerulean blue - History". webexhibits.org. Pigments through the Ages. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- ^"cerulean blue". Cameo.mfa.org. Material name. Boston, MA: Museum of Fine Arts. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- ^Höpfner, Albrecht (1789). "Einige kleine Chymische Versuche vom Herausgeber". Magazin für die Naturkunde Helvetiens. 4: 41–47.
- ^"Cerulean blue". Pigments through the Ages. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
- ^"Cerulean blue". ColourLex.
- ^"Pigments and their chemical and artistic properties". jcsparks.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- ^Bomford, D.; Kirby, J.; Leighton, J.; Roy, A. (1990). Impressionism. Art in the Making. London, UK: National Gallery Publications. pp. 176–181.
- ^"Blue". Paintmaking. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- ^"Colormaking attributes". Handprint.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- ^Type the word "Cerulean" into the indicated window on the Pantone Colour Finder and the colour will appear.
- ^PANTONE. "About Us - Color the Millennium Cerulean Blue". PANTONE. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- ^"- Find a Pantone Color - Quick Online Color Tool". Pantone.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- ^Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
Green eyes cerulean
Come if you want. She stood and cried, standing in the tambour of the train - thank you - she whispered with her lips and went inside the car. I have never seen. More of her, like her sister and my nephew.Station Earth - Cold Green Eyes ft. Roos Denayer (Blue Marble VIP)
I went outside for a walk, and when I returned I decided to watch TV. He was in our room. It was in this room that my uncle and aunt rested. I walked into the room and went straight to the TV.
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On the contrary, he already began to miss Irina's hairy vagina and her thick, hot ass. Forced, Submission and humiliation, Traditional sex Hi, I'm Alexander, I'm 18 and I'm. In my freshman year at uni. Why am I writing.