National minecraft day 2020

National minecraft day 2020 DEFAULT

National Minecraft Camp - World Championship Tournament

General Information

Welcome to Camp Tech Revolution!

Welcome to our general information section for camp. Click on the headings to the right to access camp information by topic. If you have any questions please feel free to contact our camp specialists at [email&#;protected], CAMP (), or through our website chat feature.  We enjoy helping families plan incredible summer experiences for their children and look forward to assisting you!

***You can enroll for one or multiple weeks at any camp. If you enroll for multiple weeks in the same camp, you will move up in curriculum.  If you would like any assistance with scheduling camps for your child(ren), please let us know!***

Camp Hours

Camp Hours:

Regular Camp Hours: Regular camp hours are from am to pm.

Early Arrival: Early arrival is available from 8am to 9am.

Private Lessons/Extended Hours: We offer optional private lessons before and after camp. minute private lessons take place from  to am and  to pm. minute private lessons take place from pm to pm. Private lessons may be offered by our instructors either in-person, or virtually if the camp instructor is already booked and/or not available. Private lessons with our virtual instructors will still take place at camp using our computers.

Due to social distancing measures, and to reduce interaction between individual camps/cohorts, our typical extended day program from pm to pm is postponed to Summer

Camp Enrollment


Camp enrollment is completed online. To access our enrollment portal, click on the “Enroll Now!” button on our website.

Payment for camp may be made by credit card or e-check.

There is a one-time $25 registration fee per child for the calendar year. This allows each child to register for any camps, courses, tournaments, or other programs during

If you have any questions or issues regarding enrollment, please call our year-round office at CAMP () or email us at [email&#;protected] for assistance.  If you would like to reserve your spots in camp and you choose to email us, please provide your phone number and the location/camp weeks you wish to enroll in (we will hold these spots for you for three business days).

Consent Form

When enrolling in camp, you must complete the entire Camper Enrollment Form for each child, which contains a consent form that must be signed by a legal guardian.  If you enrolled over the phone, our office will start your enrollment, but you still need to complete your enrollment online, which includes completing/submitting the Camper Enrollment Form.  If you do not complete our consent form but send your child to camp, this is considered implied consent to the terms and conditions listed in our consent form. If you are having trouble accessing online enrollment, you must print the consent form and scan/email it to [email&#;protected] prior to your child attending camp. The consent form constitutes the entire agreement and no section of the consent form may be waived by any other writings or methods of communication.

Camp Medical Form

To provide us with your child&#;s medical form, please upload your camper health form to your online account or scan/email your form to [email&#;protected], prior to your child’s first scheduled day of camp.

You may submit the health form that you used for your child&#;s school this school year or submit the following form:


Minimum Grade Requirement

The minimum grade requirement is the completion of Kindergarten prior to the start of your child&#;s camp.

Camp Tuition

The tuition for each camp is located on each camp location page.

Private Lessons at Camp

Private lessons are offered at many of our specialty day camps.  You may book an AM lesson from am to am and a PM lesson from pm to pm or pm to pm.

If your child is enrolled for a private lesson before camp, early arrival coverage is included in the cost of the private lesson on that day.

  • Lessons are offered in the subject matter of your child’s camp and tailored to your child’s ability level.
  • Private lessons are only offered to campers in attendance during that camp week.
  • All lessons should be booked via online enrollment.  Spots are limited!

Cancellation Policy

Worry-Free Enrollment Policy. You can enroll with confidence at Lavner Camps. Click here to view our Worry-Free Enrollment Policy which outlines our policy for changes of weeks, cancellations, and postponements.

Change of Camp Weeks

Change of Camp Weeks: Families have the option of unlimited fee-free changes up until 30 days before the start of your camp. Within 30 days, there is a $25 fee per camp week (per child).

The new camp or camp dates requested are subject to availability.  We do our best to accommodate all requests.

  • A change of camp pertains to either a change of dates, change of camp, or change of location.
  • A Change of Week request must be made by the Tuesday (pm) prior to the upcoming camp week.
  • A difference in camp tuition may apply. Refunds are not issued for campers who switch into a less expensive camp.
  • Change of Camp Week requests must be made directly to our office by emailing [email&#;protected]
  • Change of weeks can only be made within the same summer (i.e., a camp week in Summer can only be changed to another camp week in ).

Camp Communique

Camp Communique include additional information specific to each location.  Communique will include detailed information for your location, week and courses.  Additional information included in camp communique are: Arrival/Departure information, what to bring to camp, campus maps and directions, and more… Links to Summer Camp Communique will be posted as they become available, and sent via email to all registered families!

Snack Period

A snack period is offered each day for 15 minutes to give a chance for campers to take a break and eat a tasty snack. Campers should bring their own nut-free snack to camp.

Recess Period

A recess period is offered each day following lunch.  Recess can consist of games providing options for exercise, team play, and lots of fun!  Recess is typically 45 minutes and takes place outside, weather permitting.

Authorized Individuals to Pick Up a Camper

In order for an individual to pick up and sign out your child from camp, he/she must (1) be listed on your online Camper Enrollment Form as an authorized individual to pick up your child and (2) present a valid driver’s license or government issued photo ID.  The Camper Enrollment Form is the form you completed during online enrollment, and the question pertaining to Authorized Individuals to drop off/pick up is on the first page of this form.  All Authorized Individuals must be listed on your Camper Enrollment Form by the Friday prior to your child’s upcoming camp week.  All amendments of authorized individuals (additions or deletions) must be made by the primary account holder on the Camper Enrollment Form.  To log in to your account, click on “Login” at the top of the website.

Extended Hours

Early Arrival is from am to am.  If you drop off your child prior to am it is considered Early Arrival and your account will be billed for early arrival (if not previously enrolled for early arrival).

Due to social distancing measures, and to reduce interaction between individual camps/cohorts, our typical extended day program from pm to pm is postponed to Summer We do offer optional private lessons before and after camp. minute private lessons take place from to am and to pm. minute private lessons take place from pm to pm.

Early Arrival/Private Lessons:

If you would like to book Early Arrival and/or Private Lessons, please do so by the Friday prior to your child’s upcoming camp week.  If you need to add any of these options during the camp week, please send your request directly to [email&#;protected] and we will do our best to accommodate you (and will charge your credit card on file or process payment via E-Check, depending on your payment method).

If your child attends Early Arrival and it was not previously scheduled and paid for, our office reserves the right to bill your account in the method that you paid (i.e. charge your credit card on file).

While we do ask that you book in advance, we are flexible and will work to accommodate your requests even if made during the camp week!

Optional Lunch Program

At this time, due to Covid protocol, all campers must pack their own nut-free lunch.

Nut-Aware Camp

For the safety of our campers, we are a Nut-Aware camp.  Please do not send any nut products to camp with your child.  While we are a “Nut-Aware” camp, we cannot guarantee a nut-free environment.

Medication Storage and Administration

For the safety of our campers, all drugs (medications) are stored under lock and key except when in the controlled possession of the person responsible for administering them.  For prescription drugs (medication), they are given only under the specific instruction/directions of a licensed physician.  For nonprescription drugs (medication), they are given under the signed instructions of the parents or legal guardian or signed instructions from the camper’s physician.

Online Household Information

When you create your online account with Lavner Education, please make sure to include your address and any important contact phone numbers (home, cell, work) and additional/emergency contacts.


Free t-shirt:  Every camper receives one white “Tech Revolution™” t-shirt.

Additional Camp Tech Revolution and Lavner Camps apparel is available for purchase from The Lavner Camps Store at any time.

Behavioral Policy

Lavner Camps reserves the absolute right to dismiss a camper without refund for any behavior (1) that threatens or endangers the welfare and/or the safety of any camper, instructor, or any other person involved with the camp, (2) is disruptive to the overall camp environment, which interferes with the beneficial use and enjoyment by campers and staff, or (3) for any form of bullying of other campers or disrespectful behavior to camp authority.

Lavner Camps emphasizes a safe, fun, and healthy camp environment that fosters learning and friendship, and appropriate camp behavior is essential to a great overall experience for everyone involved.  It is imperative that every camper feels included, safe, and part of our camp community.

Campers must be potty trained in order to attend camp. A potty trained camper is someone who can 1) communicate to an instructor that he/she needs to go to the restroom, 2) be able to stop what he/she is doing, to go and use the restroom, 3) utilize the restroom facilities without any assistance and 4) postpone going to the bathroom for up to 10 minutes if they must wait for someone who is in the restroom or if they are not near a restroom. In accordance with the American with Disabilities Act, reasonable accommodations will be made for campers with disabilities.

Camp Electronic Device Policy

Campers are not permitted to use cell phones, personal computers, or any other electronic devices that connect to the internet while at camp except for camp owned computers used for camp purposes, unless otherwise determined by the camp.  “While at camp” pertains to all times that a camper is on location at camp.  If you would like to get in touch with your child during the camp day, please contact our onsite camp director.  The onsite camp director’s contact information (name, phone, and email) will be listed on the chalkboard at the sign in location.  During the camp week, you may also contact our central office ([email&#;protected] or ) to obtain the contact information for the onsite director.  Additionally, if your child would like to contact you during the camp day, he/she may contact you through the camp director or camp instructor.

Project Completion

We strive to have every camper complete the project minimums for each camp per the camp descriptions, however, this also requires the active participation and attendance of the camper.

Internet Connectivity

In the event of an internet outage at the camp location, we will offer alternate tech-related activities at camp and make every effort to ensure campers continue to progress in technology.

Personal Property Policy

Campers may bring personal items/equipment to camp, but Lavner Education is not responsible or liable for any personal equipment that is lost, stolen, or broken.

"Lost and Found" Policy

Lavner Education is not responsible or liable for any personal items/equipment that is left behind at camp.  Lost and Found items/equipment may be held at camp until the last day of camp.  Any remaining Lost and Found items/equipment will be discarded/recycled at the end of the camp season.

Account Balances

If your child arrives at camp and you have an account balance, Lavner Education reserves the right to process your credit card on file for the camp week.  After attending camp, if still have an account balance, Lavner Education reserves the right to process your payment method on file during scheduled billing cycles.

Tax Benefits

You may qualify for tax benefits through the dependent care credit for camp.  Don’t forget to check with your accountant to see if you qualify!

Financial Aid

The deadline to apply to our financial aid program is February 1, , however, based on demand, program availability may close prior to February 1st. Please email [email&#;protected] to inquire about the availability of this program.

New and Amended Camp Policies

To ensure a safe and productive camp environment, Lavner Camps reserves the right to add or amend camp policies at any time.  All current policies can be found in real time. Please feel free to check back on our website for updates.


Happy Birthday Minecraft!

Minecraft is celebrating its year anniversary!

Minecraft was first introduced way back in , with just 32 blocks and a whole lot of wool!

Since then, the game has had a massive impact on the world, from helping kids learn in school, to even having its own movie!

Now, it's one of the most played games in the world, with around 91 million players using it every month!

As part of their year anniversary, Minecraft has released a special anniversary map, full of Easter eggs and secrets for players, and has even teased a potential augmented reality game.

But just how much has Minecraft changed the world, and why is it so special?

When did Minecraft come out?

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Minecraft first launched in and was almost called Cave Game!

It was first created by Markus Persson, and developed by the Swedish game studio Mojang.

With its endless building possibilities, Minecraft has become a huge success worldwide, with players using pixelated blocks to create detailed buildings, mini-games and whole worlds!

Who makes Minecraft?

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The Swedish game developers Mojang which makes the game, was bought by the giant tech company Microsoft back in

Its main HQ is in Stockholm, the capital city of Sweden.

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Ricky went behind the scenes to find out more about the people who make Minecraft, and asked them some of your top questions!

Top Minecraft YouTubers

Minecraft is played by thousands of YouTubers online all over the world, and is one of the most-viewed games on YouTube.

More than million people have watched more than 5 billion hours of Minecraft video content on YouTube!

But what is it about Minecraft that keeps them playing?

We spoke to top YouTubers Stampy and Netty Plays to find out more about why they love Minecraft, and why they think it's been so successful.

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Minecraft in schools

In Minecraft launched their Education Edition which allowed teachers to help break down tricky subjects like coding and chemistry in fun and creative ways using Minecraft.

It allowed whole classes to play and learn together on the same server at school.

Ricky went to meet a school that uses Minecraft to find out more.

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Minecraft and autism

The National Autistic Society has said that playing Minecraft can really help children with autism.

Autism is a condition which means you think a bit differently to other people. It affects the way you live, and how you see the world around you.

Minecraft has been praised for helping some children with autism to become more confident and make more friends.

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video game

This article is about the original video game. For the greater franchise, see Minecraft (franchise). For other uses, see Minecraft (disambiguation).

video game

Minecraft is a sandbox video game developed by the Swedish video game developer Mojang Studios. The game was created by Markus "Notch" Persson in the Java programming language. Following several early private testing versions, it was first made public in May before fully releasing in November , with Jens Bergensten then taking over development. Minecraft has since been ported to several other platforms and is the best-selling video game of all time, with over million copies sold and over million monthly active users as of [update].[18]

In Minecraft, players explore a blocky, procedurally-generated3D world with virtually infinite terrain, and may discover and extract raw materials, craft tools and items, and build structures or earthworks. Depending on game mode, players can fight computer-controlled mobs, as well as cooperate with or compete against other players in the same world. Game modes include a survival mode, in which players must acquire resources to build the world and maintain health, and a creative mode, where players have unlimited resources and access to flight. Players can modify the game to create new gameplay mechanics, items, and assets.

Minecraft has been critically acclaimed, winning several awards and being cited as one of the greatest video games of all time. Social media, parodies, adaptations, merchandise, and the annual Minecon conventions played large roles in popularizing the game. The game has also been used in educational environments to teach chemistry, computer-aided design, and computer science. In , Mojang and the Minecraftintellectual property were purchased by Microsoft for US$ billion. A number of spin-off games have also been produced, such as Minecraft: Story Mode, Minecraft Dungeons, and Minecraft Earth.


Minecraft is a 3Dsandbox game that has no specific goals to accomplish, allowing players a large amount of freedom in choosing how to play the game.[19] However, there is an achievement system,[20] known as "advancements" in the Java Edition of the game, and "trophies" on the PlayStation ports.[21] Gameplay is in the first-person perspective by default, but players have the option for third-person perspective.[22] The game world is composed of rough 3D objects—mainly cubes and fluids, and commonly called "blocks"—representing various materials, such as dirt, stone, ores, tree trunks, water, and lava. The core gameplay revolves around picking up and placing these objects. These blocks are arranged in a 3D grid, while players can move freely around the world. Players can "mine" blocks and then place them elsewhere, enabling them to build things.[23] Many commentators have described the game's physics system as unrealistic.[24] The game also contains a material known as redstone, which can be used to make primitive mechanical devices, electrical circuits, and logic gates, allowing for the construction of many complex systems.[25]

The default player skin, Steve, stands on a cliffside overlooking a village in a forest. In the distance, there is a small mountain range. The sun is setting to the right, making the sky turn pink and blue.
An example of Minecraft's procedurally-generated terrain, including a village and the default skin Steve

The game world is virtually infinite and procedurally generated as players explore it, using a map seed that is obtained from the system clock at the time of world creation (or manually specified by the player).[26][27][28] There are limits on vertical movement, but Minecraft allows an infinitely large game world to be generated on the horizontal plane. Due to technical problems when extremely distant locations are reached, however, there is a barrier preventing players from traversing to locations beyond 30,, blocks from the center.[i] The game achieves this by splitting the world data into smaller sections called "chunks" that are only created or loaded when players are nearby.[26] The world is divided into biomes ranging from deserts to jungles to snowfields;[29][30] the terrain includes plains, mountains, forests, caves, and various lava/water bodies.[28] The in-game time system follows a day and night cycle, and one full cycle lasts 20 real-time minutes.

When starting a new world, players must choose one of five game modes, as well as one of four difficulties, ranging from peaceful to hard. Increasing the difficulty of the game causes the player to take more damage from mobs, as well as having other difficulty-specific effects. For example, the peaceful difficulty prevents hostile mobs from spawning, and the hard difficulty allows players to starve to death if their hunger bar is depleted.[31] Once selected, the difficulty can be changed, but the game mode is locked and can only be changed with cheats.

Standing on a flat grassy plain against a blue sky, there is a green zombie wearing a blue shirt and purple pants; a large spider with red eyes; a tall, black, slender creature with purple eyes; a green, four-legged creature; and a skeleton.
A few of the hostile mobs in Minecraft, displayed from left to right: a zombie, spider, enderman,[j]creeper, and a skeleton.

New players have a randomly selected default character skin of either Steve or Alex,[32] but the option to create custom skins was made available in [33] Players encounter various non-player characters known as mobs, such as animals, villagers, and hostile creatures.[34] Passive mobs, such as cows, pigs, and chickens, can be hunted for food and crafting materials. They spawn in the daytime, while hostile mobs—including large spiders, skeletons, and zombies—spawn during nighttime or in dark places such as caves.[28] Some hostile mobs, such as zombies, skeletons and drowned (underwater versions of zombies), burn under the sun if they have no headgear.[35] Other creatures unique to Minecraft include the creeper (an exploding creature that sneaks up on the player) and the enderman (a creature with the ability to teleport as well as pick up and place blocks).[36] There are also variants of mobs that spawn in different conditions; for example, zombies have husk variants that spawn in deserts.[37]

Minecraft has two alternative dimensions besides the overworld (the main world): the Nether and the End.[36] The Nether is a hell-like dimension accessed via player-built portals; it contains many unique resources and can be used to travel great distances in the overworld, due to every block traveled in the Nether being equivalent to 8 blocks traveled in the overworld.[38] The player can build an optional boss mob called the Wither out of materials found in the Nether.[39] The End is a barren land consisting of many islands. A boss dragon called the Ender Dragon dwells on the main island.[40] Killing the dragon opens access to an exit portal, which upon entering cues the game's ending credits and a poem written by Irish novelist Julian Gough.[41] Players are then teleported back to their spawn point and may continue the game indefinitely.[42]

Game modes

Survival mode

The player attempting to make a stone axe by placing the required materials into the crafting grid, a 3x3 block of item spaces hovering over the standard inventory, which is filled with other items.
The crafting menu in Minecraft, showing the crafting recipe of a stone axe as well as some other blocks and items in the player's inventory.

In survival mode, players have to gather natural resources such as wood and stone found in the environment in order to craft certain blocks and items.[28] Depending on the difficulty, monsters spawn in darker areas outside a certain radius of the character, requiring players to build a shelter at night.[28] The mode also has a health bar which is depleted by attacks from mobs, falls, drowning, falling into lava, suffocation, starvation, and other events.[43] Players also have a hunger bar, which must be periodically refilled by eating food in-game, except in peaceful difficulty.[43][44] If the hunger bar is depleted, automatic healing will stop and eventually health will deplete. Health replenishes when players have a nearly full hunger bar or continuously on peaceful difficulty.[44][45]

Players can craft a wide variety of items in Minecraft.[46] Craftable items include armor, which mitigates damage from attacks; weapons (such as swords or axes), which allows monsters and animals to be killed more easily; and tools, which break certain types of blocks more quickly. Some items have multiple tiers depending on the material used to craft them, with higher-tier items being more effective and durable. Players can construct furnaces, which can cook food, process ores, and convert materials into other materials.[47] Players may also exchange goods with a villager (NPC) through a trading system, which involves trading emeralds for different goods and vice versa.[48][34]

The game has an inventory system, allowing players to carry a limited number of items.[49] Upon dying, items in the players' inventories are dropped unless the game is reconfigured not to do so. Players then re-spawn at their spawn point, which by default is where players first spawn in the game, and can be reset by sleeping in a bed[50] or using a respawn anchor.[51] Dropped items can be recovered if players can reach them before they disappear or despawn after 5 minutes. Players may acquire experience points by killing mobs and other players, mining, smelting ores, breeding animals, and cooking food. Experience can then be spent on enchanting tools, armor and weapons.[31] Enchanted items are generally more powerful, last longer, or have other special effects.[31]

Hardcore mode

Hardcore mode is a survival mode variant that is locked to the hardest setting and has permadeath.[52] If a player dies in a hardcore world, they are no longer allowed to interact with it, so they can either be put into spectator mode and explore the world or delete it entirely.[53] This game mode can only be accessed within the Java Edition.[54]

Creative mode

A large building appearing to be a city hall or a courthouse.
An example of a creation constructed in Minecraft

In creative mode, players have access to nearly all resources and items in the game through the inventory menu, and can place or remove them instantly.[55] Players can toggle the ability to fly freely around the game world at will, and their characters do not take any damage and are not affected by hunger.[56][57] The game mode helps players focus on building and creating projects of any size without disturbance.[55]

Adventure mode

Adventure mode was designed specifically so that players could experience user-crafted custom maps and adventures.[58][59][60] Gameplay is similar to survival mode but with various restrictions, which can be applied to the game world by the creator of the map. This forces players to obtain the required items and experience adventures in the way that the map maker intended.[60] Another addition designed for custom maps is the command block; this block allows map makers to expand interactions with players through scripted server commands.[61]

Spectator mode

Spectator mode allows players to fly through blocks and watch gameplay without directly interacting. Players do not have an inventory, but can teleport to other players and view from the perspective of another player or creature.[62] This game mode can only be accessed within Java Edition and Console Legacy Editions.[63]


See also: Minecraft server

Multiplayer in Minecraft enables multiple players to interact and communicate with each other on a single world. It is available through direct game-to-game multiplayer, LAN play, local split screen (console-only), and servers (player-hosted and business-hosted).[64] Players can run their own servers, use a hosting provider, or connect directly to another player's game via Xbox Live. Single-player worlds have local area network support, allowing players to join a world on locally interconnected computers without a server setup.[65]Minecraft multiplayer servers are guided by server operators, who have access to server commands such as setting the time of day and teleporting players. Operators can also set up restrictions concerning which usernames or IP addresses are allowed or disallowed to enter the server.[64] Multiplayer servers have a wide range of activities, with some servers having their own unique rules and customs. The largest and most popular server is Hypixel, which has been visited by over 14 million unique players.[66][67]Player versus player combat (PvP) can be enabled to allow fighting between players.[68] Many servers have custom plugins that allow actions that are not normally possible.

Minecraft Realms

In , Mojang announced Minecraft Realms, a server hosting service intended to enable players to run server multiplayer games easily and safely without having to set up their own.[69][70] Unlike a standard server, only invited players can join Realms servers, and these servers do not use IP addresses. Minecraft: Java Edition Realms server owners can invite up to twenty people to play on their server, with up to ten players online at a time. Minecraft Realms server owners can invite up to people to play on their server, with up to ten players online at one time.[71] The Minecraft: Java Edition Realms servers do not support user-made plugins, but players can play custom Minecraft maps.[72]Minecraft Realms servers support user-made add-ons, resource packs, behavior packs, and custom Minecraft maps.[71] At Electronic Entertainment Expo , support for cross-platform play between Windows 10, iOS, and Android platforms was added through Realms starting in June ,[73] with Xbox One and Nintendo Switch support to come later in ,[74] and support for virtual reality devices. On 31 July , Mojang released the beta version of the update allowing cross-platform play.[75] Nintendo Switch support for Realms was released in July [76]


Main article: Minecraft mods

A smeltery within the mod Tinkers' Construct

The modding community consists of fans, users and third-party programmers. Using a variety of application program interfaces that have arisen over time, they have produced a wide variety of downloadable content for Minecraft, such as modifications, texture packs and custom maps. Modifications of the Minecraft code, called mods, add a variety of gameplay changes, ranging from new blocks, new items, new mobs to entire arrays of mechanisms to craft.[77][78] The modding community is responsible for a substantial supply of mods from ones that enhance gameplay, such as minimaps,[79] waypoints, and durability counters,[80] to ones that add to the game elements from other video games and media. While a variety of mod frameworks were independently developed by reverse engineering the code, Mojang has also enhanced vanillaMinecraft with official frameworks for modification, allowing the production of community-created resource packs, which alter certain game elements including textures and sounds.[81] Players can also create their own "maps" (custom world save files) which often contain specific rules, challenges, puzzles and quests, and share them for others to play.[58] Mojang added an adventure mode in August [59] and "command blocks" in October ,[61] which were created specially for custom maps in Java Edition. Data packs, introduced in version of the Java Edition, allow further customization, including the ability to add new advancements, dimensions, functions, loot tables, predicates, recipes, structures, tags, world generation settings, and biomes‌.[82][83]

The Xbox Edition supports downloadable content, which is available to purchase via the Xbox Games Store; these content packs usually contain additional character skins.[84] It later received support for texture packs in its twelfth title update while introducing "mash-up packs", which combines texture packs with skin packs and changes to the game's sounds, music and user interface.[85] The first mash-up pack (and by extension, the first texture pack) for the Xbox Edition was released on 4 September , and was themed after the Mass Effect franchise.[86] Unlike Java Edition, however, the Xbox Edition does not support player-made mods or custom maps.[87] A cross-promotional resource pack based on the Super Mario franchise by Nintendo was released for the Wii U Edition worldwide on 17 May [88] A mash-up pack based on Fallout was announced for release on the Wii U Edition.[89] In April , malware was discovered in several downloadable user-made Minecraft skins for use with the Java Edition of the game.[90][91]Avast stated that nearly 50, accounts were infected, and when activated, the malware would attempt to reformat the user's hard drive.[91][90] Mojang promptly patched the issue, and released a statement stating that "the code would not be run or read by the game itself",[90] and would only run when the image containing the skin itself was opened.[92]

In June , Mojang released an update known as the "Discovery Update" to the Bedrock version of the game.[93] The update includes a new map, a new game mode, the "Marketplace", a catalogue of user-generated content that gives Minecraft creators "another way to make a living from the game", and more.[94][95][96]


Survival Test
"Adventure Update"
"Pretty Scary Update"
"Redstone Update"
"Horse Update"
"The Update that Changed the World"
"Bountiful Update"
"Combat Update"
"Frostburn Update"
"Exploration Update"
"World of Color Update"
"Update Aquatic"
"Village & Pillage"
"Buzzy Bees"
"Nether Update"
"Caves & Cliffs: Part I"
"Caves & Cliffs: Part II"

Before coming up with Minecraft, Markus "Notch" Persson was a game developer with King through March , at the time serving mostly browser games, during which he learnt a number of different programming languages.[97] He would prototype his own games during his off-hours at home, often based on inspiration he found from other games, and participated frequently on the TIGSource forums for independent developers.[97] One of these personal projects was called "RubyDung", a base-building game inspired by Dwarf Fortress, but as an isometric three dimensional game like RollerCoaster Tycoon.[98] He had already made a 3D texture mapper for another zombie game prototype he had started to try to emulate the style of Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars.[99] Among the features in "RubyDung" he explored was a first-person view similar to Dungeon Keeper but at the time, felt the graphics were too pixelated and omitted this mode.[99][] Around March , Persson left King and joined jAlbum, but otherwise kept working on his prototypes.[][][]

Infiniminer, a block-based open-ended mining game first released in April , sparked Persson's inspiration for how to take "RubyDung" forward.[99]Infiniminer heavily influenced the visual style of gameplay, including bringing back the first-person mode, the "blocky" visual style and the block-building fundamentals.[99] However, unlike Infiniminer, Persson wanted Minecraft to have RPG elements.[]

The original edition of Minecraft, now known as the Java Edition, was first developed in May Persson released a test video on YouTube of an early version of Minecraft.[99][] The base program of Minecraft was completed by Persson over a weekend in that month and a private testing was released on TigIRC on 16 May [] The game was first released to the public on 17 May as a developmental release on TIGSource forums.[] Persson updated the game based on feedback from the forums.[97][] This version later become known as the Classic version.[] Further developmental phases dubbed as Survival Test, Indev[] and Infdev were released between September and June [citation needed]

The first major update, dubbed Alpha, was released on 30 June [][] Although Persson maintained a day job with at first, he later quit in order to work on Minecraft full-time as sales of the alpha version of the game expanded.[] Persson continued to update the game with releases distributed to users automatically. These updates included new items, new blocks, new mobs, survival mode, and changes to the game's behavior (e.g. how water flows).[] To back the development of Minecraft, Persson set up a video game company, Mojang, with the money earned from the game.[][][] Mojang co-founders included Jakob Porser, one of Persson's coworkers from King, and Carl Manneh, jAlbum's CEO.[97]

On 11 December , Persson announced that Minecraft was entering its beta testing phase on 20 December [] He further stated that bug fixes and all updates leading up to and including the release would still be free.[] Over the course of the development, Mojang hired several new employees to work on the project.[]

Mojang moved the game out of beta and released the full version on 18 November [] On 1 December , Jens "Jeb" Bergensten took full creative control over Minecraft, replacing Persson as lead designer.[] On 28 February , Mojang announced that they had hired the developers of the popular "Bukkit" developer API for Minecraft,[68] to improve Minecraft's support of server modifications.[] This acquisition also included Mojang apparently taking full ownership of the CraftBukkit server mod which enables the use of Bukkit,[] although the validity of this claim was questioned due to its status as an open-source project with many contributors, licensed under the GNU General Public License and Lesser General Public License.[]

On 15 September , Microsoft announced a $ billion deal to buy Mojang, along with the ownership of the Minecraftintellectual property.[][][] The deal was suggested by Persson when he posted a tweet asking a corporation to buy his share of the game after receiving criticism for enforcing terms in the game's end user license agreement (EULA), which had been present in the EULA in the prior three years.[][][] According to Persson, Mojang CEO Carl Manneh received a call from a Microsoft executive shortly after the tweet, asking if Persson was serious about a deal. Mojang was also approached by other companies including Activision Blizzard and Electronic Arts.[] The deal with Microsoft was arbitrated on 6 November , and led to Persson becoming one of Forbes' "World's Billionaires".[][][][]

Since the first full release of Minecraft, dubbed the "Adventure Update", the game has been continuously updated with many major updates, available for free to users who have already purchased the game.[] The most recent major update was "Caves & Cliffs Part I", which added more types of blocks, plants, and mobs.[] It was released on 8 June The next planned update, "Caves & Cliffs Part II", is set to be released in the latter half of ,[] and will expand the game's underground biomes with more types of blocks and mobs and revamp mountainous world generation.[]

The original version of the game was renamed to Minecraft: Java Edition on 18 September to separate it from Bedrock Edition, which was renamed to just Minecraft by the Better Together Update.[]

The Bedrock Edition has also been regularly updated, with these updates now matching the themes of Java Edition updates. Other versions of the game such as the various console editions and Pocket Edition were either merged into Bedrock and/or discontinued and as such have not received further updates.[]

On 16 April , a beta version of Minecraft implementing physically based rendering, ray tracing and DLSS was released by Nvidia on RTX-enabled GPUs.[] The final version was released on 8 December []

Minecraft: Pocket Edition

In August , Minecraft: Pocket Edition was released for the Xperia Play on the Android Market as an early alpha version. It was then released for several other compatible devices on 8 October [][] An iOS version of Minecraft was released on 17 November [] A port was made available for Windows Phones shortly after Microsoft acquired Mojang.[] The port concentrates on the creative building and the primitive survival aspect of the game, and does not contain all the features of the PC release. On his Twitter account, Jens Bergensten said that the Pocket Edition of Minecraft is written in C++ and not Java, due to iOS not being able to support Java.[]

On 10 December , in observance of Mojang's acquisition by Microsoft, a port of Pocket Edition was released for Windows Phone [] On 18 January , Microsoft announced that it would no longer maintain the Windows Phone versions of Pocket Edition.[] On 19 December , the full version of Minecraft: Pocket Edition was released on iOS, Android and Windows Phone.

Pocket Edition had been replaced by Minecraft: Bedrock Edition in enabling cross-platform play with Xbox One and Nintendo Switch editions.[]

Legacy console editions

An Xbox version of the game, developed by 4J Studios, was released on 9 May [][] On 22 March , it was announced that Minecraft would be the flagship game in a new Xbox Live promotion called Arcade NEXT.[] The game differs from the home computer versions in a number of ways, including a newly designed crafting system, the control interface, in-game tutorials, split-screen multiplayer, and the ability to play with friends via Xbox Live.[][] The worlds in the Xbox version are also not "infinite", and are essentially barricaded by invisible walls.[] The Xbox version was originally similar in content to older PC versions, but was gradually updated to bring it closer to the current PC version prior to its discontinuation.[][][] An Xbox One version featuring larger worlds among other enhancements[] was released on 5 September []

Versions of the game for the PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4 were released on 17 December and 4 September respectively.[7] The PlayStation 4 version was announced as a launch title, though it was eventually delayed.[][] A version for PlayStation Vita was also released in October [] Like the Xbox versions, the PlayStation versions were developed by 4J Studios.[]

On 17 December , Minecraft: Wii U Edition was released. The Wii U version received a physical release on 17 June in North America,[] in Japan on 23 June ,[] and in Europe on 30 June [] A Nintendo Switch version of the game was released on the Nintendo eShop on 11 May , along with a physical retail version set for a later date.[] During a Nintendo Direct presentation on 13 September , Nintendo announced that Minecraft: New Nintendo 3DS Edition would be available for download immediately after the livestream, and a physical copy available on a later date. The game is only compatible with the "New" versions of the 3DS and 2DS systems, and does not work with the original 3DS, 3DS XL, or 2DS models.[14]

On 20 September , the Better Together Update was released on the Xbox One, Windows 10, VR, and mobile versions of the game, which used the Pocket Edition engine to enable cross-platform play between each of these versions. This version of the game eventually became known as the Bedrock Edition.[] Shortly after, the Bedrock Edition was also ported to the Nintendo Switch.

On 18 December , the PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita, Xbox , and Wii U versions of Minecraft received their final update and would later become known as Legacy Console Editions.[]

The PlayStation 4 version of Minecraft was updated in December and became part of the Bedrock edition, which enabled cross-platform play for users with a free Xbox Live account.[]

Minecraft: Education Edition

Minecraft: Education Edition is an educational version of the base game, designed specifically for use in educational establishments such as schools, and built off of the Bedrock codebase. It is available on Windows 10, MacOS, iPadOS and Chrome OS.[][] It includes a Chemistry Resource Pack,[] free lesson plans on the Minecraft: Education Edition website, and two free companion applications: Code Connection and Classroom Mode.[]

An initial beta test was carried out between 9 June and 1 November [] The full game was then released on Windows 10 and MacOS on 1 November [] On 20 August , Mojang Studios announced that it would bring Education Edition to iPadOS in Autumn It was released to the App Store on 6 September [] On 27 March , it was announced that the Education Edition would be operated by in China.[] On 26 June , an Education Edition Public Beta was made available to Google Play Store compatible Chromebooks. The full game was released to the Google Play Store for Chromebooks on 7 August []

Minecraft China

On 20 May , Minecraft China was announced as a localized edition for China, where it was released under a licensing agreement between NetEase and Mojang.[] The PC edition was released for public testing on 8 August The iOS version was released on 15 September , and the Android version was released on 12 October [][][] The PC edition is based on the original Java Edition, while the iOS and Android mobile version is based on the Bedrock Edition. The edition is free-to-play, and had over million players by November []

Other PC versions

Apart from Minecraft: Java Edition and Minecraft for Windows 10, there are other versions of Minecraft for PC, including Minecraft Classic,Minecraft 4K, and for the Raspberry Pi.

Minecraft 4K is a simplified version of Minecraft similar to the Classic version that was developed for the Java 4K game programming contest "in way less than 4 kilobytes".[] The map itself is finite—composed of 64×64×64 blocks—and the same world is generated every time. Players are restricted to placing or destroying blocks, which consist of grass, dirt, stone, wood, leaves, and brick.[]

Minecraft for Windows 10 is currently exclusive to Microsoft's Windows 10 operating system. The beta for it launched on the Windows Store on 29 July [] This version has the ability to play with Xbox Live friends, and to play local multiplayer with owners of Minecraft on other Bedrock platforms. Other features include the ability to use multiple control schemes, such as a gamepad, keyboard, or touchscreen (for Microsoft Surface and other touchscreen-enabled devices), virtual reality support, and to record and take screenshots in-game via the built-in GameDVR.[]

Raspberry Pi

A version of Minecraft for the Raspberry Pi was officially revealed at Minecon The Pi Edition is based on Pocket Edition Alpha v, and with the added ability of using text commands to edit the game world. Players can open the game code and use the Python programming language to manipulate things in the game world.[] It also includes a scripting API to modify the game, and server software for multiplayer. The game was leaked on 20 December , but was quickly pulled off.[] It was officially released on 11 February [] Mojang stopped providing updates to Minecraft: Raspberry Pi Edition in It is preinstalled on Raspberry Pi OS and can be downloaded for free from the official website.


Main article: Music of Minecraft

C, the lead composer of the game

Minecraft's music and sound effects were produced by German musician Daniel Rosenfeld, better known as C[] The background music in Minecraft is instrumental ambient music.[] On 4 March , Rosenfeld released a soundtrack titled Minecraft – Volume Alpha; it includes most of the tracks featured in Minecraft, as well as other music not featured in the game.[] Kirk Hamilton of Kotaku chose the music in Minecraft as one of the best video game soundtracks of [] On 9 November , Rosenfeld released the second official soundtrack, titled Minecraft – Volume Beta, which includes the music that was added in later versions of the game.[][] A physical release of Volume Alpha, consisting of CDs, black vinyl, and limited-edition transparent green vinyl LPs, was issued by indie electronic label Ghostly International on 21 August [][] In addition to Rosenfeld's work, other composers have contributed tracks to the game since release, including Samuel Åberg, Gareth Coker, and Lena Raine.[][][]


See also: Minecraft (franchise) §&#;Other Minecraft editions

For the tenth anniversary of the game's release, Mojang remade a version of Minecraft Classic in JavaScript and made it available to play online.[][] It functions much the same as creative mode, allowing players to build and destroy any and all parts of the world either alone or in a multiplayer server. Environmental hazards such as lava do not damage players, and some blocks function differently since their behavior was later changed during development.[][][]

Around , prior to Minecraft's full release, there had been collaboration between Mojang and The Lego Group to make a Lego brick-based Minecraft game to be called Brickcraft. This would have modified the base Minecraft game to use Lego bricks, which meant adapting the basic 1x1 block to account for larger pieces typically used in Lego sets. Persson had worked on the preliminary version of this game, which he had named "Project Rex Kwon Do" based on the joke from Napoleon Dynamite. Lego had greenlit the project to go forward, and while Mojang had put two developers on the game for six months, they later opted to cancel the project, as Mojang felt that the Lego Group were too demanding on what they could do, according to Mojang's Daniel Kaplan. The Lego Group had considered buying out Mojang to complete the game, but at this point Microsoft made its offer to buy the company for over US$2 billion. According to the Lego Group's Ronny Scherer, the company was not yet sure of the potential success of Minecraft at this point and backed off from acquisition after Microsoft brought this offer to Mojang.[]

Virtual reality

Early on, Persson planned to support the Oculus Rift with a port of Minecraft. However, after Facebook acquired Oculus in , he abruptly canceled plans noting "Facebook creeps me out."[] A community-made modification known as Minecraft VR was developed in to provide virtual reality support to Minecraft: Java Edition oriented towards Oculus Rift hardware. A fork of the Minecraft VR modification known as Vivecraft ported the mod to OpenVR, and is oriented towards supporting HTC Vive hardware.[] On 15 August , Microsoft launched official Oculus Rift support for Minecraft on Windows [] Upon its release, the Minecraft VR mod was discontinued by its developer due to trademark complaints issued by Microsoft, and Vivecraft was endorsed by the community makers of the Minecraft VR modification due to its Rift support and being superior to the original Minecraft VR mod.[] Also available is a Gear VR version, titled Minecraft: Gear VR Edition.[]Windows Mixed Reality support was added in On 7 September , Mojang Studios announced that the PlayStation 4 version of the game would be getting PlayStation VR support in the same month.[] The only officially supported VR versions of Minecraft are the PlayStation 4 version, Minecraft: Gear VR Edition and Minecraft for Windows 10 for Oculus Rift and Windows Mixed Reality headsets.[][]


Wiki letter w.svg

This section is missing information about the individual reception of each version of the game. Please expand the section to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page.(October )


Minecraft received critical acclaim, praising the creative freedom it grants players in-game, as well as the ease of enabling emergent gameplay.[][][] Critics have praised Minecraft's complex crafting system, commenting that it is an important aspect of the game's open-ended gameplay.[] Most publications were impressed by the game's "blocky" graphics, with IGN describing them as "instantly memorable".[19] Reviewers also liked the game's adventure elements, noting that the game creates a good balance between exploring and building.[] The game's multiplayer feature has been generally received favorably, with IGN commenting that "adventuring is always better with friends".[19] Jaz McDougall of PC Gamer said Minecraft is "intuitively interesting and contagiously fun, with an unparalleled scope for creativity and memorable experiences".[] It has been regarded as having introduced millions of children to the digital world, insofar as its basic game mechanics are logically analogous to computer commands. []

IGN was disappointed about the troublesome steps needed to set up multiplayer servers, calling it a "hassle".[19] Critics also said that visual glitches occur periodically.[] Despite its release out of beta in , GameSpot said the game had an "unfinished feel", adding that some game elements seem "incomplete or thrown together in haste".[]

A review of the alpha version, by Scott Munro of the Daily Record, called it "already something special" and urged readers to buy it.[]Jim Rossignol of Rock, Paper, Shotgun also recommended the alpha of the game, calling it "a kind of generative 8-bit LegoStalker".[] On 17 September , gaming webcomicPenny Arcade began a series of comics and news posts about the addictiveness of the game.[] The Xbox version was generally received positively by critics, but did not receive as much praise as the PC version. Although reviewers were disappointed by the lack of features such as mod support and content from the PC version, they acclaimed the port's addition of a tutorial and in-game tips and crafting recipes, saying that they make the game more user-friendly.[87]

Minecraft: Pocket Edition initially received mixed reviews from critics. Although reviewers appreciated the game's intuitive controls, they were disappointed by the lack of content. The inability to collect resources and craft items, as well as the limited types of blocks and lack of hostile mobs, were especially criticized.[][][] After updates added more content, Pocket Edition started receiving more positive reviews. Reviewers complimented the controls and the graphics, but still noted a lack of content.[]


Minecraft surpassed over a million purchases less than a month after entering its beta phase in early [][] At the same time, the game had no publisher backing and has never been commercially advertised except through word of mouth,[] and various unpaid references in popular media such as the Penny Arcade webcomic.[] By April , Persson estimated that Minecraft had made €23&#;million (US$33&#;million) in revenue, with , sales of the alpha version of the game, and over 1 million sales of the beta version.[] In November , prior to the game's full release, Minecraft beta surpassed 16 million registered users and 4 million purchases.[] By March , Minecraft had become the 6th best-selling PC game of all time.[] As of 10&#;October&#;[update], the game has sold 17 million copies on PC, becoming the best-selling PC game of all time.[] As of 10&#;October&#;[update], the game has sold approximately 60 million copies across all platforms, making it the best-selling video game of all time.[][] On 25 February , the game reached million registered users.[] By May , million copies had been sold across all platforms, making it the single best-selling video game of all time. The free-to-play Minecraft China version had over million players by November []

The Xbox version of Minecraft became profitable within the first day of the game's release in , when the game broke the Xbox Live sales records with , players online.[] Within a week of being on the Xbox Live Marketplace, Minecraft sold upwards of a million copies.[] GameSpot announced in December that Minecraft sold over million copies since the game debuted on Xbox Live Arcade in May [] In , Minecraft was the most purchased title on Xbox Live Arcade; it was also the fourth most played title on Xbox Live based on average unique users per day.[] As of 4&#;April&#;[update], the Xbox version has sold 12 million copies.[] In addition, Minecraft: Pocket Edition has reached a figure of 21 million in sales.[] The PlayStation 3 version sold one million copies in five weeks.[] The release of the game's PlayStation Vita version boosted Minecraft sales by 79%, outselling both PS3 and PS4 debut releases and becoming the largest Minecraft launch on a PlayStation console.[] The PS Vita version sold , digital copies in Japan within the first two months of release, according to an announcement by SCE Japan Asia.[] By January , , digital copies of Minecraft were sold in Japan across all PlayStation platforms, with a surge in primary school children purchasing the PS Vita version.[]Minecraft helped improve Microsoft's total first-party revenue by $63 million for the second quarter.[] The game, including all of its versions, had over million monthly active players by September []

On its 11th anniversary in May , the company announced that Minecraft had reached over million copies sold across platforms with over million monthly active players.[] By April , the number of active monthly users had climbed to million.[]


In July , PC Gamer listed Minecraft as the fourth-best game to play at work.[] In December of that year, Good Game selected Minecraft as their choice for Best Downloadable Game of ,[]Gamasutra named it the eighth best game of the year as well as the eighth best indie game of the year,[][] and Rock, Paper, Shotgun named it the "game of the year".[]Indie DB awarded the game the Indie of the Year award as chosen by voters, in addition to two out of five Editor's Choice awards for Most Innovative and Best Singleplayer Indie.[] It was also awarded Game of the Year by PC Gamer UK.[] The game was nominated for the Seumas McNally Grand Prize, Technical Excellence, and Excellence in Design awards at the March Independent Games Festival and won the Grand Prize and the community-voted Audience Award.[][] At Game Developers Choice Awards , Minecraft won awards in the categories for Best Debut Game, Best Downloadable Game and Innovation Award, winning every award for which it was nominated.[][] It also won GameCity's video game arts award.[] On 5 May , Minecraft was selected as one of the 80 games that would be displayed at the Smithsonian American Art Museum as part of The Art of Video Games exhibit that opened on 16 March [][] At the Spike Video Game Awards, Minecraft won the award for Best Independent Game and was nominated in the Best PC Game category.[][] In , at the British Academy Video Games Awards, Minecraft was nominated in the GAME Award of category and Persson received The Special Award.[] In , Minecraft XBLA was awarded a Golden Joystick Award in the Best Downloadable Game category,[] and a TIGA Games Industry Award in the Best Arcade Game category.[] In it was nominated as the family game of the year at the British Academy Video Games Awards.[] Minecraft Console Edition won the award for TIGA Game Of The Year in [] In , the game placed 6th on USgamer's The 15 Best Games Since list.[] In , Minecraft placed 6th on Time's The 50 Best Video Games of All Time list.[]

Minecraft was nominated for the Kids' Choice Awards for Favorite App, but lost to Temple Run.[] It was nominated for the Kids' Choice Awards for Favorite Video Game, but lost to Just Dance .[] The game later won the award for the Most Addicting Game at the Kids' Choice Awards.[] In addition, the Java Edition was nominated for "Favorite Video Game" at the Kids' Choice Awards,[][] while the game itself won the "Still Playing" award at the Golden Joystick Awards,[] as well as the "Favorite Video Game" award at the Kids' Choice Awards.[]

Cultural impact

Main article: Minecraft (franchise)

In September , The Guardian classified Minecraft as the best video game of (the first two decades of) the 21st century,[] and in November Polygon called the game the "most important game of the decade" in its s "decade in review".[] In December , Forbes gave Minecraft a special mention in a list of the best video games of the s, stating that the game is "without a doubt one of the most important games of the last ten years."[] In June , Minecraft was inducted into the World Video Game Hall of Fame.[]

Minecraft is recognized as one of the first successful games to use an early access model to draw in sales prior to its full release version to help fund development.[] As Minecraft helped to bolster indie game development in the early s, it also helped to popularize the use of the early access model in indie game development.[]

Social media sites such as YouTube, Facebook, and Reddit played a significant role in popularizing Minecraft.[] Research conducted by the University of Pennsylvania's Annenberg School of Communication showed that one-third of Minecraft players learned about the game via Internet videos.[] In , Minecraft-related videos began to gain influence on YouTube, often made by commentators. The videos usually contain screen-capture footage of the game and voice-overs.[] Common coverage in the videos includes creations made by players, walkthroughs of various tasks, and parodies of works in popular culture. By May , over four million Minecraft-related YouTube videos had been uploaded.[] Some popular commentators have received employment at Machinima, a gaming video company that owns a highly watched entertainment channel on YouTube.[]The Yogscast is a British company that regularly produces Minecraft videos; their YouTube channel has attained billions of views, and their panel at MineCon had the highest attendance.[][] Other well known YouTube personnel include Jordan Maron, who has created many Minecraftparodies, including "Minecraft Style", a parody of the internationally successful single "Gangnam Style" by South Korean rapper Psy.[] In , YouTube again popularized Minecraft.[]

"Herobrine" is an urban legend associated with Minecraft, who first appeared as a single image on 4chan's /v/ board. According to rumors, Herobrine appears in players' worlds and builds strange constructions.[] However, Mojang has confirmed that Herobrine has never existed in Minecraft, and there are no plans to add Herobrine.[]

Minecraft has been referenced by other video games, such as Torchlight II, Borderlands 2, Choplifter HD, Super Meat Boy, The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, The Binding of Isaac, The Stanley Parable, FTL: Faster Than Light,[][] and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate, the lattermost of which features a downloadable character and stage based on Minecraft.[] It was also referenced by electronic music artist deadmau5 in his performances.[] A simulation of the game was featured in Lady Gaga's "G.U.Y." music video.[] The game is also referenced heavily in "Informative Murder Porn", the second episode of the seventeenth season of the animated television series South Park.[] "Luca$", the seventeenth episode of the 25th season of the animated sitcom The Simpsons, and "Minecraft is for Everyone" by Starbomb was inspired by Minecraft.[][]

Due to the rapid development of Minecraft, many individual versions of the game have been lost to time. A community group named Omniarchive aims to archive these lost versions and have successfully found many of them.[]


The possible applications of Minecraft have been discussed extensively, especially in the fields of computer-aided design and education. In a panel at MineCon , a Swedish developer discussed the possibility of using the game to redesign public buildings and parks, stating that rendering using Minecraft was much more user-friendly for the community, making it easier to envision the functionality of new buildings and parks.[] In , a member of the Human Dynamics group at the MIT Media Lab, Cody Sumter, said: "Notch hasn't just built a game. He's tricked 40 million people into learning to use a CAD program." Various software has been developed to allow virtual designs to be printed using professional 3D printers or personal printers such as MakerBot and RepRap.[]

In September , Mojang began the Block By Block project in cooperation with UN Habitat to create real-world environments in Minecraft.[] The project allows young people who live in those environments to participate in designing the changes they would like to see. Using Minecraft, the community has helped reconstruct the areas of concern, and citizens are invited to enter the Minecraft servers and modify their own neighborhood. Carl Manneh, Mojang's managing director, called the game "the perfect tool to facilitate this process", adding "The three-year partnership will support UN-Habitat's Sustainable Urban Development Network to upgrade public spaces by " Mojang signed Minecraft building community, FyreUK, to help render the environments into Minecraft. The first pilot project began in Kibera, one of Nairobi's informal settlements, and is in the planning phase. The Block By Block project is based on an earlier initiative started in October , Mina Kvarter (My Block), which gave young people in Swedish communities a tool to visualize how they wanted to change their part of town. According to Manneh, the project was a helpful way to visualize urban planning ideas without necessarily having a training in architecture. The ideas presented by the citizens were a template for political decisions.[]

In , Stuart Duncan, known online as AutismFather, started a server for autistic children and their families, called Autcraft.[] The server was created because the public servers had many bullies and trolls that made the autistic kids angry and feel hurt.[] It was constantly monitored to help players and prevent bullying.[] The server had a whitelist that only allowed approved players, of which there are 8, players worldwide in [] The server had a unique ranking system based on the attributes of the player, offering titles such as "Player of the Week" and "Caught Being Awesome".[] The server was called "one of the best places on the Internet" and was a subject of a research paper.[][]

In April , the Danish Geodata Agency generated all of Denmark in fullscale in Minecraft based on their own geodata.[] This is possible because Denmark is one of the flattest countries with the highest point at metres (&#;ft) (ranking as the country with the 30th smallest elevation span), where the limit in default Minecraft is around metres (&#;ft) above in-game sea level.[][]

Taking advantage of the game's accessibility where other websites are censored, the non-governmental organizationReporters Without Borders have used an open Minecraft server to create the Uncensored Library, a repository within the game of journalism by authors from countries (including Egypt, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Vietnam) who have been censored and arrested, such as Jamal Khashoggi.[] The neoclassical virtual building was created over about hours by an international team of 24 people.[]

Despite its unpredictable nature, Minecraft has also become a popular game for speedrunning, where players time themselves from being dropped into a new world generated by a random seed to reaching "The End". While some speedrunners seek to get the fastest time possible and relying on luck of the seed to optimize conditions, others look to repeat this process consistently as to maintain a comparatively fast average completion time across all runs.[]


Minecraft has also been used in educational settings.[] In , an educational organization named MinecraftEdu was formed with the goal of introducing Minecraft into schools. The group works with Mojang to make the game affordable and accessible to schools. The version of Minecraft through MinecraftEDU includes unique features to allow teachers to monitor the students' progress within the virtual world, such as receiving screenshots from students to show completion of a lesson.[] In September , MinecraftEdu said that approximately , students around the world have access to Minecraft through the company.[] A wide variety of educational activities involving the game have been developed to teach students various subjects, including history, language arts and science. For an example, one teacher built a world consisting of various historical landmarks for students to learn and explore.[] Another teacher created a large-scale representation of an animal cell within Minecraft that student could explore and learn how the cell functions work.[]Great Ormond Street Hospital has been recreated in Minecraft, and it proposed that patients can use it to virtually explore the hospital before they actually visit.[] Minecraft may also prove as an innovation in Computer Aided Design (CAD).[] Minecraft offers an outlet of collaboration in design and could have an impact on the industry.[]

With the introduction of redstone blocks to represent electrical circuits, users have been able to build functional virtual computers within Minecraft.[] Such virtual creations include a working hard drive,[] an 8-bit virtual computer,[] and emulators for the Atari (including one by YouTube personality SethBling)[][] and Game Boy Advance.[] In at least one instance, a mod has been created to use this feature to teach younger players how to program within a language set by the virtual computer within a Minecraft world.[]

In September , the British Museum in London announced plans to recreate its building along with all exhibits in Minecraft in conjunction with members of the public.[] Microsoft and non-profit had teamed up to offer Minecraft-based games, puzzles, and tutorials aimed to help teach children how to program; by March , Microsoft and reported that more than 85 million children have used their tutorials.[]


After the release of Minecraft, some video games were released with various similarities with Minecraft, and some were called "clones" of the game. Examples include Ace of Spades, CastleMiner, CraftWorld, FortressCraft, Terraria, and Total Miner.[] David Frampton, designer of The Blockheads, reported that one failure of his 2D game was the "low resolution pixel art" that too closely resembled the art in Minecraft which resulted in "some resistance" from fans.[] A homebrew adaptation of the alpha version of Minecraft for the Nintendo DS, titled DScraft, has been released; it has been noted for its similarity to the original game considering the technical limitations of the system.[]

In response to Microsoft's acquisition of Mojang and their Minecraft IP, various developers announced further clone titles developed specifically for Nintendo's consoles, as they were the only major platforms to not officially receive Minecraft at the time.[] These clone titles include UCraft (Nexis Games),[]Cube Life: Island Survival (Cypronia),[]Discovery (Noowanda),[]Battleminer (Wobbly Tooth Games),[]Cube Creator 3D (Big John Games),[] and Stone Shire (Finger Gun Games).[] Despite this the fears were unfounded with official Minecraft releases on Nintendo consoles eventually resuming.[][][12] Persson made a similar game, Minicraft, for a Ludum Dare competition in []


Main article: Minecon

Minecon is an official fan convention dedicated to Minecraft annually. The first one was held in November at the Mandalay Bay Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas.[] The event included the official launch of Minecraft; keynote speeches, including one by Persson; building and costume contests; Minecraft-themed breakout classes; exhibits by leading gaming and Minecraft-related companies; commemorative merchandise; and autograph and picture times with Mojang employees and well-known contributors from the Minecraft community.[]


  1. ^Minecraft was first publicly available on 17 May ,[15] and was fully released on 18 November
  2. ^Ports to consoles developed by 4J Studios;[16] New Nintendo 3DS port developed by Other Ocean Interactive[17]
  3. ^PC/Java, Android, iOS, Wii U, Nintendo 3DS, Nintendo Switch
  4. ^Xbox , Xbox One, Windows Phone, Windows 10 Edition
  5. ^PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita
  6. ^
  7. ^–present
  8. ^Samuel Åberg, Gareth Coker, and Lena Raine have also contributed since release.
  9. ^In a blog post,[26] Persson explains:
    let me clarify some things about the "infinite" maps: They're not infinite, but there's no hard limit either. It'll just get buggier and buggier the further out you are. Terrain is generated, saved and loaded, and (kind of) rendered in chunks of {\displaystyle 16*16*} blocks. These chunks have an offset value that is a 32 bitinteger roughly in the range negative two billion to positive two billion. If you go outside that range (about 25% of the distance from where you are now to the sun), loading and saving chunks will start overwriting old chunks. At a 16/th of that distance, things that use integers for block positions, such as using items and pathfinding, will start overflowing and acting weird.
    Those are the two "hard" limits.
  10. ^Only becomes hostile when attacked or directly looked at.


  1. ^"Minecraft". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 21 October
  2. ^"Minecraft – Pocket Edition – Android". IGN. Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 21 October
  3. ^"Minecraft: Pocket Edition". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 21 October
  4. ^Brown, Mark (22 March ). "Minecraft for Xbox release date announced, amongst others". Wired UK. Archived from the original on 18 December Retrieved 22 October
  5. ^"Minecraft Raspberry Pi". Mojang. Archived from the original on 27 March Retrieved 27 March
  6. ^"Amazon's first Fire TV games include in-house titles and Minecraft (update: video)". Engadget. Retrieved 25 September
  7. ^ abPitcher, Jenna (3 September ). "Minecraft PS4 Edition Release Date Confirmed". IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 3 October
  8. ^"Minecraft for Xbox One to launch on Friday". CNET. Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 13 October
  9. ^"Minecraft: PS Vita Edition Release Date Revealed for North America". IGN. 10 October Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 13 October
  10. ^"Minecraft Comes to Windows Phones". Mojang. 17 July Archived from the original on 30 December
  11. ^"Announcing Minecraft Windows 10 Edition Beta". Archived from the original on 9 July
  12. ^ abMakuch, Eddie (7 December ). "Minecraft Wii U Confirmed, Coming Very Soon". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 8 December
  13. ^Jones, Owen (19 December ). " – Apple TV Edition released!". Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 30 December
  14. ^ abPereira, Chris (13 September ). "New 3DS Version Of Minecraft Announced, Release Date Set For Today". GameSpot. Retrieved 13 September
  15. ^
  16. ^Sarkar, Samit (6 November ). "Microsoft officially owns Minecraft and developer Mojang now". Polygon. Retrieved 19 March
  17. ^"Minecraft: New Nintendo 3DS Edition". Retrieved 3 February
  18. ^"Minecraft Reached Million Monthly Users And Generated Over $ Million To Date". GameSpot. Retrieved 9 September
  19. ^ abcdGallegos, Anthony (23 November ). "Minecraft Review&#;— PC Review at IGN". IGN. Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 18 December
  20. ^Meer, Alec (30 March ). "Minecraft:Wolves, Achievements, Mods, Merch". Rock Paper Shotgun. Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 26 March
  21. ^"Advancements in Minecraft". Retrieved 11 August
  22. ^Purchese, Robert (23 November ). "Minecraft launch patch notes". Eurogamer. Eurogamer Network. Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 2 January
  23. ^Ashdown, Jeremy (11 November ). "This is Minecraft". IGN. Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 2 January
  24. ^Walton, Mark (25 November ). "Minecraft In Education: How Video Games Are Teaching Kids". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 15 December
  25. ^Tito, Greg (4 October ). "Player Creates Working Computer in Minecraft". The Escapist. Alloy Digital. Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 4 January
  26. ^ abc
  27. ^Bergensten, Jens (23 February ). "A Short Demystification of the 'Map Seed'". Mojang. Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 6 October
  28. ^ abcdeMiller-Watt, Josh. "Minecraft beginner's guide". GamesRadar. Future plc. Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 24 October
  29. ^

National Minecraft Camp - World Championship Tournament - NYU


  • Age

    7 - 14

  • Gender


  • Format


  • Days


  • Times

    AM - PM

Add to Favorites

Fees & Discounts

Early Arrival: am to am – $10/day.

Extended Day: pm to pm – $24/day or $90/week.

Private Lessons: am to am and pm to pm – $49/lesson.

Wawa Catered Lunch! Optional Lunch Plan – $38/week.

Additional Siblings (2nd, 3rd child, etc…) Receive $25 Off Per Camp Week.

$ Down Per Week: Pay $ per week at enrollment, and the balance in equal monthly installments through April,

Lavner Camps


Kimmel Center for University Life, 60 Washington Square South, New York, NY, USA miles away


  • Age

    7 - 14

  • Gender


  • Format


  • Days


  • Times

    AM - PM

Put your competition skills to the ultimate test in local and national tournaments full of action-packed challenges, team play, and fun! Spend mornings learning and developing skills for tournament competitions, and afternoons engaged in thrilling competitive tournament events both locally and against Lavner Camps Teams throughout the United States! Campers also benefit from lessons in redstone, electrical circuits, and healthy computer usage!

Valuable Learning Opportunities include building skills in engineering, improving hand-eye coordination, and gaining experience in teamwork & collaboration.

Fees & Discounts

Early Arrival: am to am – $10/day.

Extended Day: pm to pm – $24/day or $90/week.

Private Lessons: am to am and pm to pm – $49/lesson.

Wawa Catered Lunch! Optional Lunch Plan – $38/week.

Additional Siblings (2nd, 3rd child, etc…) Receive $25 Off Per Camp Week.

$ Down Per Week: Pay $ per week at enrollment, and the balance in equal monthly installments through April,



Kimmel Center for University Life, 60 Washington Square South, New York, NY, USA


2020 day national minecraft

This article is about the video game. For the franchise, see Minecraft (franchise). For the Java Edition game data folder, see .minecraft. For the edition that uses the title "Minecraft", see Bedrock Edition. For other uses, see Minecraft (disambiguation).

Java Edition menu.png
Bedrock png
Java Edition
Bedrock Edition
Xbox OneNintendo SwitchPlayStation 4
Backwards Compatibility
Xbox Series X|SPlayStation 5
Education Edition
macOSChrome OS
Written in
Latest version
Release date
Java Edition
May 17, (Classic)
December 23, (Indev)
February 27, (Infdev)
June 30, (Alpha)
December 20, (Beta)
November 18, (Release)
Bedrock Edition
Android: August 16,
iOS: November 16,
Fire OS: April 2,
Galaxy Store: Unknown[verify]
Windows Phone : December 10,
Fire Phone: 25 July
Windows: July 29,
Gear VR: April 27,
Oculus Rift: August 15,
Chrome OS: September
Apple TV & Fire TV: December 19,
Windows 10 Mobile: February 22,
Xbox One: September 20,
Windows MR: November 21,
Nintendo Switch: June 21,
iPadOS: September 24,
PS4: December 10,
PS VR: September 22,
Legacy Console Edition
Xbox : May 9,
Xbox One: September 5,
PS3: December 17,
PS4: September 4,
PS Vita: October 14,
Wii U: December 17, [2]
Nintendo Switch: May 11,
Pi Edition
February 11,
Education Edition
November 1, [3]
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
September 13, [4]

See Java Edition, Bedrock Edition, Education Edition


See Java Edition, Bedrock Edition, Education Edition


Terms of Use

Source available

Java Edition: Partial
Bedrock/Education Edition: No


Explore your own unique world, survive the night, and create anything you can imagine! on Minecraft

Minecraft is a sandbox video game originally created by Markus "Notch" Persson. It is maintained by Mojang Studios, a part of Xbox Game Studios, which in turn is part of Microsoft.

From its creation, Minecraft was developed almost exclusively by Notch until Jens "Jeb" Bergensten started working with him and has since become head of its development. It features music by Daniel "C" Rosenfeld and by Lena Raine and paintings by Kristoffer Zetterstrand. Initially released as what is now known as MinecraftClassic on May 17, , the game was fully released on November 18, Since its release, Minecraft has expanded to mobile devices and consoles. On November 6, , Minecraft and all of Mojang Studios' assets were acquired by Microsoft for US$ billion.[5][6] Notch has since left Mojang and is no longer working on Minecraft.

Minecraft focuses on allowing the player to explore, interact with and modify a dynamically-generated map made of one-cubic-meter-sizedblocks. In addition to blocks, the environment features plants, mobs and items. Some activities in the game include building, mining for ore, fighting hostile mobs and crafting new blocks and tools by gathering various resources found in the game. The game's open-ended model allows players to create structures, creations and artwork on various competitive or collaborative multiplayer servers or their single-player maps. Other features include redstone circuits for logic computations and remote actions, minecarts and tracks, and a mysterious underworld called the Nether. A designated but completely optional goal of the game is to travel to a dimension called the End and defeat the ender dragon.

Purchase and availability

Minecraft Trailer

Java Edition can be purchased from the Minecraft website. Gift codes can be bought for others, for the same price as buying the game for oneself. The demo version can be played for free. Java Edition is not officially supported on Windows RT or Chrome OS.[7]

Bedrock Edition can be purchased on Google Play, the App Store (iOS & iPadOS), the Amazon Appstore, the Microsoft Store (Windows & Xbox One), the Nintendo eShop (Nintendo Switch), and the PlayStation Store (PlayStation 4).

Legacy Console Edition can be purchased on physical media or on the respective platform's store, including the Xbox Games Store for Xbox Edition and the Nintendo eShop for Wii U Edition. The PlayStation 3 Edition and PlayStation Vita Edition can only be purchased through their respective consoles directly. The Xbox One Edition, Nintendo Switch Edition, and PlayStation 4 Edition are no longer available for direct digital purchase as these versions are discontinued and have been replaced with Bedrock Edition.

New Nintendo 3DS Edition can be purchased on physical media or on the Nintendo eShop. This version is discontinued.


Main article: Gameplay


Main article: Player

Steve player character model

The player is the person that the user controls in the world. When the user starts a game, the player is put in a world, generated by a random or specified seed, with an empty inventory. If the bonus chest option is enabled, a chest filled with basic items generates near the player. The player has a health bar with 10 hearts and can be damaged by falls, suffocation, drowning, fire, lava, lightning, cacti, sweet berry bushes, magma blocks, falling into the Void, falling anvils and being hit by mobs and other players. Damage to health can be mitigated by armor or Resistance potion and health can be restored by eating food and drinking specific potions or if difficulty is set to Peaceful, health regenerates on its own. Hunger is also a factor if the difficulty is not set to Peaceful, depleting over time and even faster while sprinting, jumping or swimming. Food replenishes the hunger level; however, eating rotten flesh and raw chicken has a chance of giving the player a hunger effect. Depending on the difficulty level, starvation depletes a player's health and may even kill the player.

A player can change their skin on the profile page of or in the launcher in Java Edition and in the pause or main menus on Bedrock Edition.


Main article: Block

A building based on a Greek acropolis.

The world of Minecraft takes place within a three-dimensional grid of cubes, with each cube being occupied by a certain type of block, not all of which are necessarily cubic. There are different types of blocks; natural blocks such as grass, stone and ores that generate randomly within the world. There are also blocks that players can craft, such as a crafting table and a furnace. Resources can be extracted from blocks by hand or by using tools. Some of these resources are simply blocks in the player's inventory that can be placed elsewhere, while others are used as material to create other blocks or tools. Others yield no practical use whatsoever. Some blocks cannot be broken through normal survival means, e.g. bedrock, end portal frames, command blocks, nether and end portals, barriers and air.


Main article: Mining

Mining is one of the main aspects of Minecraft and is done to extract ore and other materials mainly from below the surface of the map. These ores include coal, iron, gold, redstone, diamond, lapis lazuli, copper and emerald. Mining can involve digging a hole from the surface or going down through a cave. Mineshafts and ravines create extra areas that may contain resources, since they are usually rich in ores.

Crafting and smelting

Main articles: Crafting and Smelting

Crafting allows players to create new tools and blocks using items from their inventory. Subsequent versions often contain crafting recipes for new blocks and items. A player can use the 2×2 grid in the inventory or the 3×3 grid provided by a crafting table to craft. Smelting requires a furnace in addition to fuel and processes blocks into a more useful form such as raw irons into iron ingots.

Brewing and enchanting

Main articles: Brewing and Enchanting

Brewing creates potions from various ingredients and water using a brewing stand. They are stored in a glass bottle and then consumed by the player or thrown at other mobs to generate a certain effect based on the magical ingredients used to create the potion. Enchanting is also used to upgrade armor, tools or weapons with an enchanting table or anvil. More powerful enchantments can be accessed by gaining experience and placing bookshelves around the enchanting table.


Main article: Mobs

Mobs (short for "mobiles") are the animals and other creatures that inhabit the map. Hostile mobs attack the player while passive mobs do not. Neutral mobs attack when provoked (not all neutral mobs are provoked the same way).

The Overworld contains many passive mobs that may be killed for food or bred with one another; these include:

  • Pigs: drop porkchops upon death and can be ridden using a saddle.
  • Cows: drop beef upon death and can be milked using a bucket.
  • Sheep: drop mutton and 1 wool upon death and can be shorn to produce 1–3 wools.
  • Chickens: drop chicken meat and feathers upon death and lay eggs.
  • Horses: drop leather upon death and can be ridden using a saddle, traveling much faster than pigs.
  • Rabbits: drop rabbit meat, hide and its foot, a brewing item.
  • Bats: ambient mobs that fly around caves.

Common hostile mobs found throughout the Overworld include:

The Overworld also contains some rarer mobs that spawn only on occasion or in specific biomes, places or times:

Some are found exclusively in the Nether, including:

The End contains the ender dragon, which is the main boss mob in Minecraft and allows the player to exit back to the Overworld when it dies.

Withers are the second boss mob in Minecraft and are created by the player by placing wither skeleton skulls on top of soul sand in a specific pattern. When spawned, they shoot wither skulls at nearby non-undead mobs.

The Nether

Main article: The Nether

The Nether is a dimension in Minecraft accessible from the Overworld by a nether portal. It consists of five unique biomes, which are the nether wastes, the basalt deltas, the crimson and warped forests and the soul sand valleys. Each biome has unique generation and terrain. It is populated by zombified piglins, blazes, ghasts, wither skeletons, magma cubes, piglins and hoglins. Ores in the nether include nether quartz, nether gold and ancient debris. The Nether also has large oceans of lava that have striders walking on them.

The End

Main article: The End

The End is another dimension of the game where the player battles the ender dragon. The End is accessed by entering an end portal found in a stronghold. The End is composed of end stone and is inhabited by endermen. It also contains tall obsidian pillars on top of which are end crystals that heal the ender dragon. Once the ender dragon is slain, the exit portal is created in the center of the map and an end gateway portal is created near an edge of the map, which transports the player to the expansive outer end islands which are full of chorus fruit forests and end cities filled of chest loot and shulkers. The end gateway portal is only accessed by throwing an enderpearl in the portal. There are no ores in the end.

Multiplayer (Java)

Main articles: Server and Multiplayer

Minecraft multiplayer servers have developed to include their own rules and customs, guided by their administrators and moderators. The term griefer, meaning a player who causes grief, is a typical term on the internet but has taken up its definition on Minecraft servers: a person who destroys or defiles other users' creations on servers.

Griefers are the reason many server administrators make rules, but this has been taken a step further with modifications to the Minecraft server and even plugin-based replacement servers such as Bukkit. Because of these plugin-based servers, new user-created features have shown up in Minecraft. This includes features like money, vehicles, protection, RPG elements and more. These features normally do not require modification to a user's client and can be accessed by using chat commands. With the default controls, the chat screen is brought up by pressing .

One popular game on multiplayer servers is Spleef (a play on the word "grief"), a game where the player aims to make another player drop through the floor by destroying blocks beneath the opponent's feet. This is typically played in a designated area and is usually run automatically using server plugins.

Many popular multiplayer servers exist that may contain, PvP arenas, custom minigames or large Survival or Creative worlds.

Multiplayer (Bedrock)

Multiplayer in Bedrock Edition differs from multiplayer on the Java edition in that it is centered around a friend system. A player can add friends through the Friends tab in the menu or in the pause screen of a world. A player may invite friends to a world instead of having to pay for a server or realm. Minecraft has featured servers on Bedrock, which means that they are available when opening the game. There are six featured servers: The Hive, Cubecraft Games, Mineplex, Lifeboat Network, Mineville (InPvP) and Galaxite.

Minecraft Realms

Main article: Realms

Minecraft Realms is an official subscription-based server hosting service that allows players to create and manage their own private Minecraft multiplayer worlds. Hosted by Mojang Studios, Realms provides an easy and fast way to create servers and allows the owner to manage them from inside the game, without prior knowledge of the concepts for hosting on the internet. However, Realms are not intended for large public servers, but for groups of friends or as a family server.[8] Private Realms servers are easy to set up and available 24/7 as long as the owner pays for it.


Main article: Edition

Java Edition

Main article: Java Edition

The original platform for Minecraft, running on Windows, macOS, and Linux and started through the launcher. The game was initially released for an "early private singleplayer alpha" on May 17, , followed by several development stages (notably Classic, Indev, Infdev, Alpha, Beta) with the game finally being released on November 18, The Java Edition has seen many significant updates since its official release.

Bedrock Edition

Main article: Bedrock Edition

The Bedrock Edition (also known as the Bedrock Platform, Bedrock Codebase or Bedrock Engine) refers to the multi-platform family of editions of Minecraft developed by Mojang Studios and Xbox Game Studios. Prior to this term, as the engine originated with Minecraft: Pocket Edition, this entire product family has been referred to using as "Pocket Edition", "MCPE" or "Pocket/Windows 10 Edition".

Minecraft, with no subtitle, is the title of all Bedrock editions of Minecraft. Before the Better Together Update, it had different subtitles on different platforms including Pocket Edition (for all mobile platforms), Console Edition, Windows 10 Edition, Gear VR Edition, and Fire TV Edition.

Minecraft: Pocket Edition was initially launched exclusively for the Xperia PLAY on Google Play[9] for US$ on August 16, It was later released for other Android devices on October 7, ,[10] and iOS on November 17, [11] On September 13, , the Pocket Edition was made available for purchase on the Amazon Appstore. The Windows Phone version was released on the Windows Phone Store on December 10, ,[12] for which the Pocket Edition release and newer are available only for Windows 10 Phone and newer. Since then, four adaptations of Pocket Edition have been released; for Windows on July 29, , the Gear VR on April 27, , the Apple TV on December 19, , and the Fire TV on December 19, [13][14][15][16] As of September 24, , the Apple TV Edition has been discontinued.

Legacy Console Edition

Main article: Legacy Console Edition

Legacy Console Edition refers to the editions of Minecraft for consoles that are developed and updated by 4J Studios.

The Legacy Console Edition was initially announced for the Xbox on June 7, , during E3 Xbox Edition released digitally on May 9, followed by a physical release on June 4, The game was later released on additional platforms as PlayStation 3 Edition on December 17, , PlayStation 4 Edition on September 4, , Xbox One Edition on September 5, , PlayStation Vita Edition on October 14, , Wii U Edition on December 17, , and Nintendo Switch Edition on May 11, As of December 10, , no further feature updates have been released for these versions, and the newest available update depends on the platform. The most recent update on Xbox One Edition and Nintendo Switch Edition is the World of Color Update, while Xbox , PlayStation 3 Edition, PlayStation Vita Edition, and Wii U Edition have access to Update Aquatic. PlayStation 4 Edition is the most up-to-date version with Village & Pillage.

Education Edition

Main article: Education Edition

Minecraft: Education Edition is an educational version of Minecraft specifically designed for classroom use. It is developed by Mojang AB and Xbox Game Studios and contains features that make Minecraft easy to use in a classroom setting. The full game was released on November 1,

New Nintendo 3DS Edition

Main article: New Nintendo 3DS Edition

Minecraft: New Nintendo 3DS Edition was released on September 13, It is a unique port developed by Other Ocean Interactive. It is available on the Nintendo eShop, but only for the New 3DS and New 2DS. Multiplayer is limited to local play. This edition was discontinued on January 15,


There are a number of other versions of Minecraft. Minecraft 4k is a simple version of Minecraft in the style of other "4k" Java games (everything is packaged in 4 kilobytes) that Notch has entered in contests. The Pi Edition was a free ported version of the version of Pocket Edition for the Raspberry Pi,[17] which was intended as an educational tool for novice programmers. It allowed users to manipulate the game code and supported multiple programming languages, however was discontinued in January

Edition comparison

Edition Price (USD) Developer Platforms Buy/Download Input methods Account type Skin changes Support Notes
Java Edition$ Mojang StudiosWindows, macOS, and Linuxminecraft.netKeyboard & Mouse Legacy Minecraft account, Mojang account, and Microsoft account Free, user-created help.minecraft.netThe original version of Minecraft. Access to occasional test updates known as snapshots.
Bedrock Edition$ – $ Mojang Studios
Xbox Game Studios
4J Studios
SkyBox Labs
Windows, Xbox One, Xbox Series X&#;S (via backwards compatibility), Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, PlayStation 5 (via backwards compatibility), iOS, iPadOS, Android, and Fire devices Microsoft, Oculus, Amazon, Apple, Google, Nintendo, and PlayStation stores Keyboard & Mouse, Controller, and Touch Microsoft account (for achievements and servers), Nintendo Account (for Nintendo Switch Online for online play), and PlayStation Network (for PlayStation Plus for online play) Free, user-created, via in-app purchase, or via Xbox network local server multiplayer. Windows, Xbox, and Android users have access to occasional test updates known as betas.
Education Edition$1 – $5 per user per year Mojang Studios
Xbox Game Studios
4J Studios
Windows, macOS, iOS (iPad only), iPadOS, and Chrome&#;OSeducation.minecraft.netKeyboard & Mouse, Controller, and Touch Office Education account and Microsoft account Free, user-created educommunity.minecraft.netDesigned for teaching.
China EditionFree Mojang Studios
Xbox Game Studios
Windows, Android, iOS, iPadOS, and macOSmccomKeyboard & Mouse, Controller, and Touch NetEase account Free, user-created, or via in-app purchase gmcomTransplanted from Java and Bedrock editions.

Game Customization


Main article: Add-on

Add-ons&#;[Bedrock Edition only] are the first step toward bringing customization to all editions of Minecraft and are officially supported by Mojang Studios/Minecraft. They currently allow players to transform the look of their worlds, change the behavior of mobs, and add entities, items and blocks, structures, functions and biomes.

Behavior packs

Behavior packs&#;[Bedrock Edition only] change how vanilla mobs and fogs behave. They are still in development, and will soon also be able to modify how blocks and items work[citation&#;needed].

Resource packs

Main article: Resource pack

The game officially supports changing most of its various textures, sounds, and texts through resource packs. Resource packs must contain a certain structure of files and folders placed in the folder. Installed resource packs, as well as the folder in which resource packs are placed, can be accessed in the options menu. The extent to which the resources are changed is dependent on how many files are contained in the resource pack.

Data packs

Main article: Data pack

Data packs&#;[Java Edition only] provide a way for players to further customize vanilla worlds in a similar way to resource packs. Unlike resource packs, which modify the game's resources, data packs can be used to override or add new advancements, functions, loot tables, structures, recipes and tags without any code modification.


Main article: Skin

Skin refers to the texture that is placed onto a player model or mob. The skin is divided into areas that act as the surface area of the character (for example, the front head area, left leg area, etc.). A skin allows only solid color; transparency is not allowed on the skin file except on the second layer, which is transparent by default; playing offline, pixels can be left free resulting in "holes" in the skin. The second layer can be used to give the character glasses, hats, or other accessories. Players can also change the arm size to be slim or normal. The slim variant is 3 pixels wide while the normal variant is 4 pixels wide.

Bedrock Edition

In Bedrock Edition, there are many more types of skin customization. Players can add 3D custom hair, eyes, mouths, arms, legs and more. Players can also change the size of a character. Players can also get many different accessories for the skin. However, the player cannot do this with a custom skin, only with an in-game skin. Players can also buy accessories and skins. Having a skin that is smaller than normal or larger does not affect the hitbox size, but can still give an advantage in multiplayer servers because it can be harder to see them. Some of the skins also do not show their armor or hand-held items.

Java Edition

In Java Edition, there are no special features in the skins. This version has only the features listed in the first part of this section.


Main article: Cape

Capes are an uncommon vanity item can be equipped to the back of a player. In Bedrock Edition, players start with a cape that is not equipped by default and some skins come with capes.

Capes also flail around when the player runs. When the player equips elytra, the texture of the elytra changes to an equipped cape.

Unofficial mods

Main article: Mods

Minecraft can be modified by replacing or adding Java class files to in Java Edition. This method of making custom modifications is not supported by Mojang as it can break the game if the mod is outdated, defective, or in conflict with another mod. Some such modifications impressed Notch or Jeb sufficiently that they were added to the game and the authors were credited under Additional Programming. Some examples of mods being implemented into the main game include Hippoplatimus' Piston Mod and horses from Dr. Zhark's Mo' Creatures mod were added in Beta and respectively.

Third-party programs

Main article: Programs and editors

There are many programs designed for Minecraft. These include 3D map editors and viewers, game modifiers, various informational programs (such as crafting recipes) and server wrappers, and other specialty programs. As with mods, these too are not supported by Mojang.


Metacritic ranked Minecraft as one of the best video games of the s,[18] and Video Game Canon ranks Minecraft as one of the best games of all time.[19]


Since release Minecraft has won numerous awards including:

  • PC Gamer's "Game of the Year"[20]
  • Independent Games Festival's Grand Prize and "Audience Award"[21]
  • Good Game's "Best Downloadable Game of "[22]
  • Rock Paper Shotgun's "Game of the Year"[23]
  • Indie DB's "Indie of the Year", "Most Innovative and Best Singleplayer Indie"[24]
  • Game Developers Choice Awards's "Best Debut Game", "Best Downloadable Game" and "Most Innovative Game Award"[25]

References in popular culture

Many references have been made in culture in response to the popularity of Minecraft, this includes many memes and also references in these video games, TV shows, and movies.

Video games

[Minecraft] National Day 2020 -- Majulah Singapura!

Is it OK to let my kid play Minecraft for hours?

An open-ended building game with seemingly endless possibilities, Minecraft can be mighty engrossing. On the plus side, Minecraft can reinforce geometry concepts as it strengthens players' thinking and reasoning skills, creativity, and even collaboration. The game has a strong, positive online community and even has an educational module teachers can modify for classroom lessons on different subjects. On the downside, as you've discovered, it's a time suck.

Even "good" games can be played to excess, and homework, chores, family obligations, and real-world social activities can take a backseat when kids can't -- or won't -- stop playing. And even if your kid is learning from the game, other areas of life are important, too.

Help your kids self-regulate. Start by having a conversation about all their daily duties and figure out how much game time fits in. Create a calendar, have them set a timer, and reward them for sticking to the time limits. If you've tried this and want more control over their screen time, consider installing a parental-control program that lets you set daily screen limits for different programs.


You will also be interested:

Doesn't want your first time to be unsuccessful. With whoever. In general, she will tell you about it herself.

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