2005 mercedes benz 500

2005 mercedes benz 500 DEFAULT

Technical Specifications:
Mercedes S-Class S Sedan

Air Conditionning

Dual-zone auto climate control

Antenna

Glass-printed antenna

Cellular Phone (Option)

Integrated Motorola V60i tri-band digital portable telephone

Communication System

Tele-Aid emergency calling system

Courtesy Dome Light

Programmable ambiance lighting + door mounted courtesy lamps with fade-in/out feature

Cruise Control (Option)

Distronic adaptive cruise control

Driver Vanity Mirror

Illuminated driver vanity mirror

Front Wipers

Variable intermittent wipers with rain sensor

GarageDoorOpener

Garage door opener

Heated Washer Nozzle

Heated washer fluid nozzles, lines and reservoir

HeatedSteeringWheel (Option)

Heated steering wheel

Illuminated Entry

Illuminated entry with fade in/out feature

Intelligent Key System (Option)

Keyless Go - intelligent key system

Interior Air Filter

Dust and pollen filter

Navigation System

Comand DVD-based navigation system

Number of Speakers

12 speakers

Passenger Vanity Mirror

Illuminated front passenger vanity mirror

Power Outlet

12V power outlet

Premium Sound System

Bose Cabin Surround audio system

Reading Light

Front and rear reading lamps

Rear Air Conditionning (Option)

Rear dual-zone auto climate control

Rear Heating

Rear heater vents

Rear Seat Vanity Mirrors

Rear illuminated vanity mirrors

Rear Side Sunscreens (Option)

Rear side manual sunshades

Rear Sunscreen (Option)

Power rear sunscreen

Rear View Mirror

Auto dimming rear view mirror

Remote Audio Controls

Audio and phone controls on steering wheel

Single CD

In-trunk 6 CD changer

Smoking Convenience

Illuminated lighter and ashtray

Special Features

Pneumatic door closing assist

Special Features (Option)

Electronic trunk closure assist

Steering Wheel Adjustment

Power tilt and telescopic steering wheel with memory

Trunk/Hatch Operation

Remote trunk release from key module

Sours: https://www.autocom/en/new-cars/technical-specs/mercedes/s-class//sedan/s/

Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W)

Motor vehicle

Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W)
Mercedes-Benz S Wjpg
ManufacturerDaimlerChrysler
ProductionAugust 13, – July 20,
Model&#;years
  • – (North America)
Assembly
DesignerSteve Mattin, Bruno Sacco[2] ()
ClassFull-sizeluxury car (F)
Body&#;style4-door sedan
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
RelatedMercedes-Benz CL-Class (C)
Engine
Transmission5-speed automatic
7-speed automatic
Wheelbase&#;in (3,&#;mm) (SWB)
&#;in (&#;mm) (LWB)
Length&#;in (5,&#;mm) (SWB)
&#;in (&#;mm) (LWB)
&#;in (5,&#;mm) (LWB, )
Width&#;in (&#;mm)
&#;in (&#;mm) ()
Height&#;in (&#;mm) ( & )
&#;in (1,&#;mm) ()
57&#;in (1,&#;mm) (LWB, )
Curb&#;weight
  • S 1,&#;kg (3,&#;lb)
  • S /S 1,&#;kg (4,&#;lb)
  • S 4,&#;lb (1,&#;kg)
  • S 4,&#;lb (1,&#;kg)
PredecessorMercedes-Benz W
SuccessorMercedes-Benz W

The Mercedes-Benz W was a series of flagship sedans which constituted the Mercedes-Benz S-Class during the early to mids. Development for the W S-Class started in ,[3] with the final design, helmed by Steve Mattin being approved in June at 38 months ahead of production start and completed design freeze in March , at 29 months before the start of production in August [4] The completed prototypes were presented in June The W started production on August 13, , and the C CL-Classcoupés started production in The W was a replacement for the earlier W S-Class after the model year. Compared to its predecessor, the W had somewhat smaller exterior dimensions but offered more interior space, particularly in the long-wheelbase versions (although the trunk is smaller than on its W predecessor). Production of the series totalled , units, slightly more than the production totals from the W[5] Production ended in late , when the W was replaced by the W S-Class and the C was replaced in by the C CL-Class.

In many European countries, the diesel S CDI version became the most popular model, making it the first S-Class in which a diesel engine achieved broad appeal. Other engine options were various gas/petrol V-6 engines, V-8, and V engines. There were long and short wheelbase versions, performance and luxury enhancement options, and also four-wheel drive versions.

Styling[edit]

Steve Mattin's design was the first sketch drawn in October and developed into scale by late In June , the Daimler-Benz AG board of management approved Mattin's final design at 38 months before production. By March , W program engineers completed the design freeze, 29 months before production start in August The W exterior design (especially headlights) was previewed by the Mercedes-Benz F concept in late Being a Mercedes flagship vehicle worldwide, the S-Class largely popularized the theme. It demonstrated a significantly different stylistic mindset, with both exterior lines and an interior design that expressed elegance and modernity. This can be seen as a response to criticism on its W predecessor, which had a more boxy look.

Despite being smaller, the new car was roomier inside while the dashboard carried over the new styling details first seen in the first generation A-Class from the year before.

A face-lifted version of the S-Class was designed in late and introduced in September , offering a more refined front-end with a larger, more upright grille, transparent headlamp housings with sealed-beam projectors, and revised taillights. Much of the rest of the exterior remained largely unchanged from first phase W models.

Inside, the update addressed several of the issues in the COMAND system and other interior features. Exterior updates included a more upright grille angle, new transparent housing for the headlamps (replacing the earlier translucent versions), and restyled lower air intakes on the front bumper.

The S series has a "V12" badge affixed to either side of the car, just forward of the front doors and back from the wheel wells.

The first W S-Class rolled off the assembly line on August 13,

Models[edit]

Chassis code Years Model Engine Fuel consumption
W&#;S sedanL V6 M E28&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[6]
W&#;S L sedanL V6 M E28
W&#;S sedanL V6 M E32&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[7]
W&#;S L sedanL V6 M E32
W&#;S sedanL V6 M E37&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[8]
W&#;S 4Matic sedanL V6 M E37
W&#;S L sedanL V6 M E37
W&#;S L 4Matic sedanL V6 M E37
W&#;S sedanL V8 M E43&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[9]
W&#;S 4Matic sedanL V8 M E43
W&#;S L sedanL V8 M E43
W&#;S L 4Matic sedanL V8 M E43
W&#;S sedanL V8 M E50&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[10]
W&#;S 4Matic sedanL V8 M E50
W&#;S L sedanL V8 M E50&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[11]
W&#;S L 4Matic sedanL V8 M E50
W&#;S L sedanL V12 M&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)
W&#;S L sedanL twin-turbocharged V12 M&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[12]
W&#;S 55 AMG sedanL V8 M E55&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[13]
W&#;S 55 L AMG sedanL V8 M E55
W&#;S 55 AMG sedanL supercharged V8 M ML55&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[14]
W&#;S 55 L AMG sedanL supercharged V8 M ML55
W&#;S 65 AMG sedanL twin-turbocharged V12 M AMG&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[15]
W&#;S CDIL Common railturbo diesel I6 OM&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[16]
W&#;S L CDIL Common rail turbo diesel I6 OM
W&#;S CDIL Common railturbo diesel I6 OM&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[17]
W&#;S L CDIL Common rail turbo diesel I6 OM
W&#;S CDIL Common rail turbo diesel V8 OM&#;L/&#;km (&#;mpg&#;imp; &#;mpg&#;US)[18]
W&#;S L CDIL Common rail turbo diesel V8 OM

European Sales (for all versions of S-Class):[19]

Year Total
Units sold 33, 31, 30, 21, 18, 13, 12, 24, ,

North American models[edit]

Approximate selection of US models. In the US, model years for the W were , , , , , , and (only some versions). Not all versions were available in all model years.

  • S (in the US this was available in only; had L V6 and 5-speed Automatic transmission)[20]
  • S
  • S
  • S (naturally-aspirated or twin-turbo V12)
  • S 55 AMG (naturally-aspirated or supercharged V8)
  • S 65 AMG (&#;hp twin-turbo V12)[21]

Some models had options for Sport package, Designo, and/or 4Matic.

In the United States the W S-Class was introduced in for the model year, replacing the W The type was noted as being the leader in the U.S. car market for luxury cars, and early reviews were mostly positive but noted the amount of money that could be spent on options. At the time, the US was the second biggest buyer of S-Classes, after Germany.[22] In , Mercedes-Benz sold , and hoped to exceed that the next year.[23] One automotive magazine spent several thousands on options for their review of the S-Class. After choosing an S , they added Distronic (a smart cruise control system), Active Ventilated Seats, the "Timeport" phone with a voice control system, and the sport package (AMG rims and trim). This increased the price from the mid US$70,s to the $90,s after delivery and taxes. Other US models available at this time were the S , S , S 55 (AMG model), and S (the V12). A four-wheel drive system became an option for for the S and S along with mid-life upgrades that targeted a range of interior and exterior features.[24] In the last U.S. W model year a V-6 was offered as the S [20] Another special option was called the "Designo", which matched special interior and exterior colors and materials.[22] An example of this is that one such model used Elm wood in the interior.[22] There were two designo additions offered, the Designo Espresso Edition and the Designo Silver Edition The twelve-cylinder S included interior upgrades, including an increased amount of leather over more interior surfaces.[25][24]

The W based S 65 AMG was also offered in concurrently with the new W The S 65 had a &#;hp, &#;lb-ft twin-turbo V and other miscellaneous features inside and out. It retailed that year in the United States for about US$,[26] The V had a displacement of 6 liters, in a single overhead cam, valve configuration, and was paired with two turbochargers.[27] The S 65 had four oval tail-pipes and AMG alloy wheels.[28][26]

UK models[edit]

UK models in [29] Prices ranged from £44, for the S up to £87, for the long-wheel base S [29]

  • S
  • S CDI
  • S CDI L
  • S
  • S L
  • S CDI
  • S
  • S L
  • S
  • S L
  • S 4-Matic
  • S L
  • S 55 AMG
  • S 55 AMG L
  • S 63 AMG
  • S 63 AMG L
  • S 65 AMG
  • S 65 AMG L

Specific versions[edit]

Pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz S (Australia)

One of the most popular versions was the long-wheelbase S , with over , produced over the model run. On top of that, an additional over 13, all-wheel drive S version were made and over 21, short-wheel base S models. This works out to about , S of all versions across all model years out of , of all W models over its production run. The W's peak sales year was , with 88, sold worldwide, but both and were close with well over 80, sold. Two unique models that had small runs were a factory produced inch wheelbase "stretch limo" called a Pullman and a special security version called S-Guard.[28]

The Pullman version was a Mercedes-Benz engineered version of the S-Class of this period (circa ), that went beyond the after market "stretch" to offer a host of advanced systems and enhanced comfort. One of those systems was the AMG Advanced Mobile Media System to support the concept of a mobile office from within the vehicle. Components of this system including inch LCD monitors displaying data from a computer with mobile web access. The system could also support video display, both from a DVD player or tuner to pick up broadcast; with two screen, it could display both at the same time. An additional re-chargeable battery allowed the system to powered independently for a half-hour with the engine off.[30] The AMG developed media system could connect to the World Wide Web using HSCSD or GPRS at up to 43 kilobits per second.[31][30]

The AMG Advanced Mobile Media System debuted in on the Mercedes-Benz S 55 AMG, which was noted for featuring a six-channel digital audio system. The system debuted on S-Class with Pullman model. AMG signed a cooperation agreement with Daimler-Benz starting , producing special models of MB vehicles and became further integrated in this period starting in with the foundation of Mercedes-AMG GmbH various changes driven especially by the success of AMG models in MB lines and expansions at Affalterbach, Germany.[32]

The S-Class Pullman was offered as the S (V8) or S (V12) and was jointly developed by Mercedes and AMG. The Pullman is &#;cm (39&#;in) longer than the regular S-Class, providing 70&#;cm (28&#;in) of space in the rear seat area. This also additional seating for up to seven-passengers, with two rear facing seats in between the front and back seats. In six-seat configuration the rear bench seat capable of three is replaced by two independent chairs. In addition to the AMG multi-media system, there is also a bar supporting the consumption of cooled beverages, small tables, and a barrier to the front of the vehicle that. Along with this barrier is an intercom from the rear seat to the driver area to support communication within the vehicle. Mechanically, the roof, exhaust, side-panels and chassis featured changes to support the additional length. A special feature for people working on the car, is that the side panels can be easily removed like doors.[31]

Mercedes-Benz S 55 AMG[edit]

Mercedes-Benz S 55 AMG (US)

Mercedes-Benz S 55 AMG (Germany)

One model line of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class in this period was the AMG version S The S 55 had a number of modifications over the stock W S-Class, and the changes were oriented towards higher automotive performance and more dramatic styling features compared to the regular models. The model name derives from displacement of the engine, a special almost litre V8.[33] The early model had a naturally aspirated version with &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS), and starting in , it switched to supercharged version with &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS).[34][33]

The additional power-boost came for the later model S 55 from pairing this engine with a supercharger. A supercharger is a forced induction system that compresses the air before in enters the engine, and uses air compressor powered by a belt connected to the engine.[35] The engine peak output on the S 55 was &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque. Other changes include enhanced brakes and wheels, with inch brake discs at the front and 13 inch discs at the rear. The S 55 could of course be also equipped with Active Body Control, but this was not standard.[33] The supercharged S 55 models had the Kompressor (Mercedes-Benz) badge on the side. For more about AMG models with this engine see "55" L V8 KOMPRESSOR.[33]

Features added to the S 55 (US-spec)[36]

  • Active Body Control (ABC)
    • Automatic Level Control
    • Sport Mode
  • inch AMG alloy wheels with performance tires
  • AMG body kit including a new AMG front spoiler and rocker panels
  • 6-disk capacity CD player mounted in trunk
  • Ventilated seats with automatic massage
  • Bigger Brakes

Mercedes-Benz S [edit]

Mercedes-Benz S

The S was the main cylinder engine model of the W body. The increased output of the engine enabled this W to keep up with a Ferrari M Maranello according to one automotive magazine of the era. The S could achieve 60&#;mph (97&#;km/h) in seconds and &#;mph (&#;km/h) in seconds. It was 1/10 second faster than the Ferrari in a quarter mile test, with the S achieving in seconds at &#;mph (&#;km/h). It could stop from 70&#;mph (&#;km/h) in feet with the OEM tires in that same testing. The model was fitted with Michelin Pilot Sport tires with a Y rating. In the US, the S had a liter V making &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) at rpm and up to &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque at rpm.[37] The model update had a liter V with twin turbochargers, producing &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque.[38][39]

The S was also a model of the S-Class Pullman, an even longer wheelbase version that was 1 meter longer and supporting up to seven passengers and mobile office technology.

A limited run of S L facelift sedans were produced featuring the same suite of options as the S-Class Pullman coupled with AMG body styling and AMG alloy wheels.[39]

Features included on the S (US-spec):[36]

  • Stitched leather and increased leather trim
    • Leather Dashboard
    • Leather Tray
    • Leather Console
    • Leather Doors
  • Wood Shift Knob
  • Wood and leather trim on steering wheel
  • Alcantara Headliner
  • Four seats with heat and power operated
  • Four-Zone Climate Control
  • Parktronic

Mercedes-Benz S 65 AMG[edit]

Mercedes-Benz S65 AMG

The S 65 was an AMG version of the S , with a twin-turbocharged V12 producing &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS).[40] The S 65 still used the 5G-Tronic 5-speed torque converter automatic transmission due to its powerful engine, as it could make over &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque.[41] Pushing close to 5,&#;lb (2,&#;kg), the S 65 may not have been sporty compared to lighter sport vehicles of the day, but it pushed the performance limits of a full-sized luxury sedan. With &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) and over &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque available, it excelled at autobahn cruising. One reviewer[who?] noted that it excelled at being a gran turismo (grand tourer) and averaged about 17 miles per gallon despite its size and equally large power plant.[42]

The S 65 was noted as a special value on the used car market, given that, despite requiring the maintenance of less expensive models, it could approach a ten-second 1/4 mile, yet it retained amenities such as heated leather seats and multi-passenger seating. A popular aftermarket tuning kit was an ECU upgrade from Renntech since increasing engine output required no mechanical upgrades to the car.[21]

Features[edit]

Interview showing the COMAND interface and screen (pre facelifted Interior)

As with each new S-Class, the W was technologically advanced at the time of its launch, bringing in new innovations[43] such as Airmatic air suspension, Active Ventilated Seats (which used miniature fans in the seats to move air through perforations), keyless entry and ignition, Distronic: the first worldwide radar-assisted Autonomous cruise control system, and a cylinder deactivation system called Active Cylinder Control for the S and S models, which improves fuel consumption and reduces emissions. All were pioneering innovations at the time of the W's conception. There are standard features to all models, standard features to certain models, and finally optional features. Sometimes what is standard changes on a model year or country of sale.

4Maticall wheel drive was introduced to the North American S-Class for , for the S and S as a US$ option. This full-time system splits engine power 40/60 front/rear, with electronic traction control adjusting that mix to the wheels (or wheel) with the best traction in slippery conditions. [44]

It was the first Mercedes with curtain airbags (previewed by the F concept in ).

Details on some of the safety, comfort, and technological features are as follows:

Safety[edit]

Despite a wide range of safety technology, and being marketed for its safety, one Canadian website said W S-Class had not actually been tested by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, or Euro NCAP, or at least the information was not available.[45] However, another website says that the W passed the legally prescribed EU front and side impact tests. Increased attention to side impacts was noted, and the car included a window air bag that inflates between the A and C pillars.[46]

Passive safety features include various frames and bulkheads made out of aluminum and/or high-strength steel. Also the front and rear ends include aluminum crash boxes can be replaced as separate units to reduce the cost of repairs. Despite its price German insurance companies put it in the lower bracket because it was easier to repair.[46]

  • Pre-Safe, the integrated Mercedes-Benz collision avoidance and response system, debuted with the W S-Class facelift in late
  • Electronic Stability Program (ESP) and Brake Assist were standard features for difficult driving conditions and emergency maneuvers.
  • The W S-Class added standard front and rear side curtain airbags. In total, the W features 8 airbags: 2 frontal (driver and passenger), 4 side airbags (one in each door) and 2 window-airbags.[47]
  • LED brake lights were also standard issue on the W LED brake lights illuminate faster than conventional bulbs.

Comfort and convenience[edit]

Features varied depending on locality (e.g. North American version) and what options were equipped

  • Distronic cruise control, which could maintain a set distance between the S-Class and any vehicle in front.
  • Speedtronic adjustable speed limiter for not exceeding a set speed on roads with speed limits.
  • Optional Keyless Go,[36] a smart key entry and startup system.
  • Rain-sensing windshield wipers.
  • Light sensors to turn the headlights on and off automatically, depending on lighting circumstances. The instrument display and the COMAND screen's backlight and colour also adjust automatically depending on the ambient light situation.
  • Parktronic visual and audible parking aid, with sensors in the front and rear bumpers. Also, the passenger side mirror can swivel down automatically when engaging reverse, to help see the curb.
  • Automatically heated exterior mirrors.
  • Fully automatic climate control system with pollen and charcoal filters and optional separate rear-seat climate controls. The system features a sensor that is able to detect the sun's position. This allows for individually variable system adjustments based where the sun's rays are most intense.
  • COMAND system combines the controls for audio systems, the television, the navigation and the telephone. COMAND based cars offer higher quality audio compared to the Audio 10 system.
  • Optional BOSE sound system.
  • Summer Open/Close - Ability to open and close all four windows and the sunroof at the same time upon entry and/or exit from the vehicle.
  • Self opening and closing trunk.
  • Self-closing doors via pneumatic system.
  • Electrically adjustable seats are standard. Optional were the memory function for the seats (standard in many countries on the larger engine models) and the multi-contour backrests with massage function.
  • Easy entry/exit function.
  • Auto-dimming interior and driver's side exterior rear view mirrors to prevent being dazzled by cars behind.
  • Xenon headlamps (bi-xenons starting from late facelift. These provide HID xenon lighting for both low and high beams).
  • Linguatronicvoice recognition system which can be used to control the audio system, navigation system, and a cellular telephone through voice commands.

The Linguatronic voice control was introduced as an option in on the W S-Class. At that time it was primarily for controlling the car phone, and could understand 30 words. The second generation of this system was introduced in On the W this second generation system could understand more words and control more systems, such as the radio. In , it could understand words and control certain features on the phone, radio, CD player, and other systems. The second generation system needed 20 times the memory of the first generation system (from about half megabyte to twenty megabytes). The algorithms used in the system were developed at Ulm, Germany where what was then called DaimlerChrysler Research and Technology center was located in addition to other groups within the company.[48] The system listens to the person's voice and records frequencies which are then analyzed by a computer and its software. The system looks for patterns called phonemes to understand what the person is saying, a process which it computes in milliseconds.[49][48]

What system the voice command can control can depend on the model year.[49] In , it could control the car phone, the radio, and the CD player (if installed) but in the navigation system was also added to its domain.[49] An original goal of the Linguatronic system was to allow essentially hands-free control of interior systems, especially the car phone by using spoken words.[50] This means there is microphone (located in the W S-Class) that can listen to the person; one of the issues is hearing the person over background noises and echos. The Linguatronic system used digital pre-processing to support this task. The features is run from hardware in a separate box in the back of the car.[28]

Drivetrain technologies[edit]

The W featured a new pneumatic suspension system (Airmatic) with Adaptive Damping System (ADS) which adjusts the shock absorbers to difficult road conditions. Drivers can select a comfort or two sports suspension programmes as well as increased ride height (+25&#;mm) via switches on the dash. The increased ride height is automatically canceled after 5 minutes of 55 MPH driving or manually through driver's input. The hydraulic Active Body Control (ABC) system (premiere in on the Mercedes-Benz C coupe) is technically more advanced than Airmatic and keeps the car level even in fast corners, provides a comfort and sports setting. Also, just like Airmatic equipped vehicles, the ride height can be raised by using a button (2 settings, compared with Airmatic's single setting), increasing ground clearance for driving on difficult terrain such as roads with deep ruts or snow. Prior to September , only higher end models (e.g. S , ABC available only) lowered themselves automatically at higher speeds by 15&#;mm in order to achieve greater stability (lower center of gravity) as well as better fuel efficiency through a slightly improved aerodynamic drag coefficient. As of September all models, regardless of engine and drivetrain type (ABC or Airmatic) were able to do so as well. Furthermore, at highway speeds the suspension computer automatically engages sport mode (Airmatic - Sport mode 1 or 2 depending on the current speed), thus aiding safety by significantly reducing body roll in sharp turns.

Variation in features[edit]

Facelift Mercedes-Benz S CDI (Europe)

There was a set of standard features, then differences between models other than just the engine, and then also various options that could be added to any given model.[25]

The basic model had Calyptus wood (possibly Eucalyptus), the S added burl walnut trim Walnut tree, the Designo Espresso edition had Elm wood trim, and the Designo Silver edition had Maple wood trim)[25]

  • Major features: 5G-Tronic transmission, Airmatic Air Suspension with Adaptive Damping System (ADS), Electronic Stability Program (ESP), Automatic Slip Control (ASR), Leather Upholstery, 14 Way Power Driver and Front Passenger Seats, each with 3 Position Memory, 4-way (tilt/telescoping) power steering column, Dual Zone Climate Control (for driver and front passenger) but also separate vents for rear passengers, Hand-polished Calyptus wood trim on dash, console, doors and shift gate, COMAND data system (integrates audio, phone, navigation control), Bose AM/FM stereo/weatherband radio, concealed autoreverse cassette player, and controls for CD changer and phone with a color-LCD in-dash screen, CD navigation system (integrated with COMAND), TeleAid telecommunications service, Pneumatic door and trunk closing assist (this does not close from fully open), headlamp high pressure washers, power retractable mirrors, Front and rear ventilated disc brakes[25]
    • The S , besides switching the engine added Nappa leather, a heated front seat, walnut wood trim, and Xenon high beam lights.[25]
    • The S 's major change was the V, however it also included a range of other options, including an increased amount of leather on the interior, 4 heated and powered seats, four-zone (as opposed to two zone) climate control, parktronic (an object detection/warning feature) Many of these were offered as independent on options on other models also.[25]
  • Some major S-class options included Active Body Control, Keyless Go, Tire pressure monitoring system, and Electronic trunk closer, Designo and AMG packages, and various interior packages especially for seats and climate options[25]

Examples of stock exterior paint colors/names offered included (in this case for the '06 S 65): Alabaster White, Almandine Black Metallic, Black, Black Opal Metallic, Bordeaux Red Metallic, Brilliant Silver Metallic, Capri Blue Metallic, Desert Silver Metallic, Everest Green Metallic, Flint Grey Metallic, Granite Grey Metallic, Horizon Blue Metallic, Midnight Blue, Obsidian Black, Pewter Metallic, Designo Graphite, Designo Mocha Black Metallic[51]

Designo editions[edit]

The S-Class had two special design editions that were available for different drivetrains, it was trim and feature option set and the two choices were Designo Espresso and Designo Silver.[25] Both included many interior trim items, like a wood shift knob, Alcantara headliner, and leather trim.

The Designo Espresso edition had Elm wood trim, and the Designo Silver edition had Maple wood trim.[25] There were two Designo exterior paint options, designo Graphite and designo Mocha Black Metallic.[51] The Espresso edition featured the Mocha paint, napa leather, and elm wood.[36]

Integrated car phone systems[edit]

Phone systems offered during its model run include the Motorola Startac, carried over from W and offered in the first model year but replaced by the Mercedes-Benz/Motorola Timeport. Later, Mercedes-Benz offered the Motorola V60 as the car phone.[52]

The "Timeport" phone with a voice control system was offered as an option on the Mercedes-Benz S-Class.[24] The Timeport phone was similar to a Motorola Startac.[53] In , Mercedes and telecommunications and electronics company Motorola announced they would offer the Timeport cell phone system on all models in the year The Timeport cell-phone was a jointly developed and became available on all of Mercedes models (including the W S-Class) The Timeport phone was integrated with S-Class systems, major features included Voice-control and automatic mutein of the radio when accepting an incoming call (or tape or CD player). Another feature was that the directory of numbers in the phone could be downloaded to the car, and shown on the in-car display. Even though the phone was integrated as a system with car, it was portable handset that could be removed from the car. The cell-phone had an electro-luminescent Organic display with multiple colors available.[23] The Mercedes-Benz Timeport phones were the only ones in the StarTac family to have the organic-luminescent display.[54] (see also OLED) Another set of phones that the S-Class used were the Nokia , Nokia , Nokia , and Nokia i.[55] These phones worked with S-Class equipped with D2B data communication system (another later system was the UHI).[55][23]

As the years passed, various ways to connect different phones or systems to the COMAND or interface with existing cradles came to market, of varying ability and expense there is the issues of handling a connection to the system and then the software needed interface, and this task is affected by the model year and equipment options of any particular S-Class. One of the major advancements in this period was Bluetooth, and many modern updates are oriented towards this wireless data connection technology.

One option is the use a "puck" which plugs into the existing hardware, and engages the COMAND computer/software like an original device, but can talk to a modern device on the "other side" typically via Bluetooth.[55] The advantage of using a puck in this style is it means the existing cradle and/or cabling has to be changed but still allows connecting with a variety of different devices, especially a wide-variety of "smart-phones" that became popular in the decade after the W[55]

Engines[edit]

The W was available with more engine options than the W or W The range started with a smaller L &#;hp (&#;kW) V6 motor. Very popular was the L &#;hp (&#;kW) V6, which was superseded by an enlarged L &#;hp (&#;kW) V6 in the S Despite their popularity, the 6-cylinder S-Class cars were not imported into countries such as the United States until model year with the S (short wheelbase), where Daimler was then testing the market demand for a V6 S-Class.[56][57]

The S , the only United States market S-Class available with both a short wheelbase (''06) as well as a long wheelbase, was that region's most popular model and powered by a L &#;hp (&#;kW) V8 that avoided the federal government's Gas Guzzler Tax of $ The S was powered by a L &#;hp (&#;kW) V8.[44][58]

The S 55 AMG (''02) was outfitted with a L &#;hp (&#;kW) V8 motor while the later versions (''06) sported the same motor, but supercharged to a rated &#;hp (&#;kW). The S (''02) was outfitted with a L &#;hp (&#;kW) V12 engine while the later versions (''06) sported a twin-turbocharged (or Bi-Turbo) &#;hp (&#;kW) L V Both S 55 AMG and S have same engine output but target different clientele: the former more sporty while the latter more luxurious.

For one month in , AMG produced the S 63 AMG, which was sold in very limited numbers. The S 63 was powered by a naturally aspirated L &#;hp (&#;kW) V A total of 70 cars were sold exclusively through AMG in European and Asian markets.

S 65 AMG was introduced in with new enlarged 6-litre V12 engine developed specifically for Maybach 57S and 62S (as to amortise the cost of engine development). The twin turbocharged 6-litre V12 had output of &#;hp (&#;kW) and &#;ft⋅lbf (1,&#;N⋅m) of torque. S 65 AMG became the most powerful S-Class ever built with incremental power increase for W S 65 AMG in Additionally, S 65 AMG was world's most powerful five-passenger four-door sedan until Dodge Charger SRT Hellcat with &#;hp (&#;kW) was introduced in

The S CDI was initially fitted with a &#;PS (&#;kW) || &#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft) engine, which was upgraded in late to a &#;PS (&#;kW) || &#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft) one. The S CDI had &#;hp (&#;kW) at first, but got &#;hp (&#;kW) in The type designation S CDI was changed in the W generation to S

W was the first generation of S-Class, where automatic transmissions were standard on all models. At first, all cars had 5-speed 5G-Tronic transmission; however, since ( in the United States), S and S were instead offered with the new 7-speed 7G-Tronic transmission.

ModelEngineCyl.PowerTorque
S () 18V MV6&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S () 18V MV6&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S (–05) 18V MV6&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S () 24V MV8&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S (–06) 24V MV8&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S (–02) 36V MV12&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S (–05) 36V Bi-Turbo MV12&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S 55 AMG (–02) 24V MV8&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S 55 AMG (–06) 24V SCMV8&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S 63 AMG () 36V MV12&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S 65 AMG (–06) 36V Bi-Turbo MV12&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)1,&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S CDI (–02) 24V CDI OMI6&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S CDI (–06) 24V CDI OMI6&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S CDI (–04) 32V CDI OMV8&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)
S CDI (–06) 32V CDI OMV8&#;PS (&#;kW; &#;hp)&#;N⋅m (&#;lb⋅ft)

Transmission[edit]

All model years used a 5-speed transmission until a 7-speed came out. In the U.S. market, the 7 speed was the standard transmission on RWD S and S models in , and optional on 4MATIC models. V12 models continued using the 5-speed as the 7-speed could not handle the immense amount of torque from the V In , the 7-speed was standard on the S 4MATIC, making it no longer optional.[59] The transmission has W and S modes that can be selected.[60][59]

See also: Mercedes-Benz 5G-Tronic transmission and Mercedes-Benz 7G-Tronic transmission

AIRmatic system & ABC & Suspension[edit]

Airmatic, or AIRmatic stands for Adaptive Intelligent Ride Control and was not just an air suspension but also electronic and software control system that actively adjust the level of dampening.[46] This allows, for example, the car to automatically lower itself down at high speeds and keep the car balanced despite loads inside the car.[46] The car can also be manually controlled to raise the car up if going for example over rough roads.[46] The standard W's have a four-wheel air suspension called Airmatic by Mercedes-Benz, rather than the more common "springs and shocks". Some models had a hydraulic system called ABC, which was an optional upgrade (so almost any model may have ABC) but it was also a standard feature on certain models. For MB, ABC stands for Active Body Control.[59] Airmatic and ABC were different systems, the Airmatic used air, but ABC used fluid struts in a similar way.

The Airmatic main components are an air-pump, airlines going to each wheel, and four air-struts.[61] The air pump is located in the front diver side behind a splash guard near the wheel.[61] Mercedes-Benz has also improved and changed the Airmatic pump over the course of time.[61] The AIRMATIC struts are controlled by the N51 Air Suspension Control Unit (N51) and there is also a level sensor that tells the level.[62] Airmatic allows a W to be lowered or raised by about 2&#;cm, for example, it lowers at high speeds for a lower center of gravity.[62] The Airmatic system was supported by the ADS, active damping system.[36]

The lower control arm in the previous S-Class was switched to a spring link and torque strut.[46]

On the instrument cluster multi-function display, the AIRMATIC warning message says "AIRMATIC", "VISIT WORKSHOP!" with an graphic of a car with a little arrow pointing up when it may have issues.[62]

The ABC system on the S-Class used hydropneumatic suspension struts.[63] ABC was standard on the S 55 and S [36]

The car had an electronic stability control program and automatic slip control.[36]

Certificates and reports[edit]

In , the S-Class was the first vehicle to receive a TÜV Institute environmental certificate from the German Commission on Technical Compliance for environmentally friendly components.[64] The improved environmental efficiency of the W manufacture process was judged approvingly.

Edmunds gave the S-Class a 5 out of 5 reliability rating[65] and MSN Autos assign an expert rating of out of [66] By March , Consumer Reports had changed its reliability ratings for the and S-Class as having improved to "average". Build quality was generally considered to be good. For instance, Forbes described the W S as "built remarkably well."[67] Early Ws were recalled for issues with the trunk spring and the hydraulic fuel line; there were no recalls for the or model years.

Recalls[edit]

In , nearly 24, (95%) S-Class sold in China between late and early were recalled due to a fuel tank defect.[68] The recall was limited to the S-Class cars sold in China; S-Class models sold elsewhere were unaffected.

In , a recall was initiated due to illumination failures in the instrument cluster of some Ws.[69]

Examples of recalls in Australia include:[70]

  • , a recall for the heater blower overheating issue
  • , for the V12 with ABC hydraulic line
  • , for a Blower fuse overheating in certain hot conditions
  • , an ABC hydraulic line could leak near hot engine components

Some other issues were noted with sensors or other components being potentially being damaged by water and/or heat. The model is also called the V (as opposed to W).[70]

Maintenance/design features[edit]

One Canadian car site noted that older W's can offer impressive features for the cost, provided that owners continue to maintain the vehicle. They noted a few key issues on later models including the air suspension and interior electronics. They also noted that over its production run Mercedes-Benz fixed many issues and there is also considerable variation in models depending how they were equipped.[45]

[edit]

One critical maintenance issue is the main ventilation drain (these are below the vents at the back of the hood/bonnet and below the windshield). If this drain becomes clogged such as from leaves or snow it can overflow, flooding the passenger compartment.[71] When it overflows in can short out wiring in the car.[71] There is an air and water vent on the right (passenger side) near the base of the windshield, under the hood, which among other features as a drain with a reed valve to allow water to drain out.[72]

This issue was the subject of a Class-action lawsuit in the U.S. State of California.[73]

The suit alleged that .. " alleging, among other things, that the reed valve in the air/water duct in model year Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W) and Mercedes-Benz CL-Class (W) vehicles is susceptible to clogging by leaves, pine needles and other debris, which can cause water to accumulate in the air/water duct and to overflow into the passenger compartment, possibly resulting in damage to electrical and other components.."

—&#;[73]

In , the United States Judge Howard Matz ruled on the settlement about this issue.[73]

The air/water duct is drained by a reed valve, which if clogged can cause water to overflow into the passenger compartment.[70] Other things that can cause water to enter an S-Class interior include the air conditioning condensation drain tubes[74]

The permanent solution to prevent water from flooding the interior is to simply to remove the reed valve in the cowling drain so the water can flow straight and through the drain.[75]

Performance[edit]

About top speeds: The top speed of most models was limited to no more than &#;mph if it could be achieved, some models such as the CDI were slower.[76]

An aftermarket version like the model year Brabus S V12 boosted the output of V to &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) at rpm and could do &#;mph (97&#;km/h) in about seconds.[77]

Aftermarket and tuner[edit]

There were also aftermarket versions of the S-Class (W) by other companies, such as this one by the car tuner Brabus

The naturally aspirated V-8 was boosted by up to 30&#;hp, but the turbo and super-charged version was boosted &#;hp by reputable tuning companies.[79][who?] An additional &#;hp could be achieved with extensive modifications going as far as improved heat management and modifications to the intercooler for the M V twin-turbo. Potential points of modification include intake, exhaust, fuel systems, transmissions, and the ECU.[79]

An example of an aftermarket version of the S-Class, was the Brabus S V This increased the displacement of the engine to liters and the horsepower to The changes also included interior luxury options like the BRABUS PC, enhanced leather trim options, and a inch TFT (flat screen) display. The Brabus S V12 cost US$, (, DM) and needed any stock MB S for the conversion. The Brabus had a top speed of almost &#;mph and various other changes, including different tires and rims (on the front x &#;cm / x with /35ZR, and on the rear x &#;cm / x also with /35ZR).[77]

examples

Related vehicles[edit]

The Mercedes Benz CL Class from to , the C, was based on this S-Class Chassis
  • Mercedes-Benz CL-Class (C) Shorter coupe version of W shared most components and features of sedan. Many of the same engines configurations and models were also carried over but as a 2-door coupe.
  • Chrysler LX platform (re-used some W suspension components from ) (note: Chrysler was part of Daimler during much of this period (), and there were many cross brand standardizations)
  • Kleemann S60[83] (see also Kleemann)
  • Misc. tuner versions from Brabus, Kleeman, Wald, etc.[80]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

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  7. ^" Mercedes-Benz S W technical specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved
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  12. ^" Mercedes-Benz S technical specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved
  13. ^" Mercedes-Benz S55 AMG W technical specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved
  14. ^" Mercedes-Benz S55 AMG W technical specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved
  15. ^" Mercedes-Benz S65 AMG W technical specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved
  16. ^" Mercedes-Benz S CDI W technical specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved
  17. ^" Mercedes-Benz S CDI W technical specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved
  18. ^" Mercedes-Benz S CDI W technical specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved
  19. ^"Mercedes-Benz S-Class European sales figures". Carsalesbase.com. Retrieved
  20. ^ ab"S Sedan". Archived from the original on Retrieved
  21. ^ abhttp://thegarage.jalopnik.com/you-can-buy-ahp-mercedes-samg-for-the-price-of
  22. ^ abc"Road Tests - Automotive Events - Product Reviews". AutoWire.Net. Retrieved
  23. ^ abcMotorola and Mercedes-Benz to Offer Automotive Industry's First Integrated, Dual-Band Phone
  24. ^ abcOne-Year Test Verdict: Mercedes-Benz S Sport
  25. ^ abcdefghiReview
  26. ^ ab" Mercedes AMG S65 Review". Thetruthaboutcars.com. Retrieved
  27. ^Edmunds 06 S65
  28. ^ abcMercedes-Benz S-Class By James Taylor
  29. ^ abHOnest John W review
  30. ^ abS Pullman AMG
  31. ^ ab"MERCEDES-BENZ S-CLASS PULLMAN: LUXURY LIMOUSINE". www.motocom. Retrieved
  32. ^The History Of Mercedes And AMG Posted on October 14, at AM CSTArchived January 13, , at archive.today
  33. ^ abcdMercedes S55 AMG Review
  34. ^Ed’s Car History: Mercedes S55 AMG
  35. ^Differences Between Superchargers And Turbochargers
  36. ^ abcdefg[1]
  37. ^ Mercedes-Benz S
  38. ^Mercedes S Review By Robert Farago on May 5,
  39. ^ ab" BMW Li vs. M-B S". July
  40. ^Jalopnik - S65
  41. ^"Secondhand Saint: Mercedes-Benz S55 AMG, S65 AMG, S ()". 30 November
  42. ^ Mercedes AMG S65 Review By Jay Shoemaker on July 23,
  43. ^Mercedes-Benz S-Class, W series ( to )
  44. ^ ab" Mercedes-Benz S-Class Review, Prices, Photos". New Car Test Drive. Retrieved
  45. ^ abCananada autos - PAge 2
  46. ^ abcdefMercedes W S-Class –
  47. ^"Autoweb - New, Mercedes S-class Sets Automotive Technology Benchmark". Webcitation.org. Archived from the original on October 25, Retrieved
  48. ^ abAutoevolution - Mercedes-Benz Linguatronic System Explained
  49. ^ abc"Voice-operated control technology: From spelled-out words to direct input". Archived from the original on Retrieved
  50. ^Spoken Multimodal Human-Computer Dialogue in Mobile Environments edited by Wolfgang Minker, Dirk Bühler, Laila Dybkjær
  51. ^ ab"Used Mercedes-Benz S-Class S65 AMG Specs & Features".
  52. ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on Retrieved CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  53. ^Avoidable Contact: Who’s afraid of a little integration?
  54. ^StarTac -overview
  55. ^ abcdViseeo article about puck
  56. ^" Mercedes-Benz S-Class REVIEW". www.msn.com. Retrieved
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  59. ^ abcUsed Vehicle Review: Mercedes-Benz S-Class,
  60. ^What is w & s driving modes
  61. ^ abcMercedes W, S Class Airmatic Pump Replacement
  62. ^ abc"Mercedes Benz Air Suspension Troubleshooting Guide Airmatic Visit Workshop – MB Medic".
  63. ^"ABC (Active Body Control) Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W) AMG ABC Hydropneumatic Suspension Parts".
  64. ^"S-Class Voted Fleet News Luxury Car of The Year For Fifth Time". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved
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  68. ^Waterman, Stuart (). "Mercedes-Benz recalls S-Class in China". Autoblog.com. Retrieved
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  70. ^ abcRecals
  71. ^ abBuyers' guide: Mercedes-Benz S-class W ()
  72. ^[2]
  73. ^ abcMercedes-Benz Class Action Settlement Of Class Action Lawsuit Over Mercedes-Benz S-Class W and Mercedes-Benz CL-Class W Reed Valve Water Leakage on August 12,
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  76. ^ abcdef"Mercedes-Benz &#; Car Reviews &#; Honest John".
  77. ^ abcd" Brabus S V12 &#; Brabus". 5 April
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Bibliography[edit]

General[edit]

  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (). Mercedes AMG Ultimate Portfolio . Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN&#;.
  • Engelen, Günter (). Mercedes-Benz Personenwagen [Mercedes-Benz Passenger Cars] (in German). Band 4: Seit [Volume 4: Since ]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN&#;.
  • Häußermann, Martin (). Mercedes-Benz S-Class: The brochures since . Archive edition of the DaimlerChrysler Group Archive. Bielefeld, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN&#;.
  • Häußermann, Martin (). Mercedes-Benz – The Large Coupés: The brochures since . Archive edition of the DaimlerChrysler Group Archive. Bielefeld, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN&#;.
  • Hofner, Heribert; Schrader, Halwart (). Mercedes-Benz Automobile [Mercedes-Benz Automobiles] (in German). Band 2: von bis heute [Volume 2: from to today]. Königswinter, Germany: Heel Verlag. ISBN&#;.
  • Kittler, Eberhard (). Mercedes-Benz. Typenkompass series (in German). Band 2. Personenwagen seit [Volume 2. Passenger Cars since ]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN&#;.
  • Larimer, Fred (). Mercedes-Benz Buyer's Guide: Roadsters, Coupes, and Convertibles. St. Paul, MN, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN&#;.
  • Niemann, Harry (). Personenwagen von Mercedes-Benz: Automobillegenden und Geschichten seit [Passenger Cars from Mercedes-Benz: Automobile Legends and Stories since ] (in German). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN&#;.
  • Pitt, Colin, ed. (). Mercedes-Benz W W W. Hockley, Essex, UK: Unique Motor Books. ISBN&#;.
  • Röcke, Matthias (). Das neue große Mercedes-S-Klasse-Buch [The New Big Mercedes S-Class Book] (in German). Königswinter, Germany: Heel Verlag. ISBN&#;.
  • Schlegelmilch, Rainer W.; Lehbrink, Hartmut; von Osterroth, Jochen (). Mercedes (revised&#;ed.). Königswinter, Germany: Ullmann Publishing. ISBN&#;.
  • Taylor, James (). Mercedes-Benz: Cars of the s. Crowood AutoClassic Series. Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press. pp.&#;9–16, – ISBN&#;.
  • Taylor, James (). Mercedes-Benz S-Class . Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press. ISBN&#;.
  • Vieweg, Christof (). Alles über die Mercedes-Benz-S-Klasse [Everything about the Mercedes-Benz S-Class]. Technik transparent series. Stuttgart: DaimlerChrysler. ISBN&#;.

Workshop manuals[edit]

  • Mercedes-Benz Technical Companion. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. ISBN&#;.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercedes-Benz_S-Class_(W)
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Mercedes-BenzS-Class Pricing and Specs

Compare 6 S-Class trims and trim families below to see the differences in prices and features.

Trim Family Comparison

Base

View 6 Trims

Features

  • L V-8 Engine
  • 5-spd w/OD Transmission
  • @ 5, rpm Horsepower
  • @ 3, rpm Torque
  • 4MATIC all wheel Drive type
  • ABS and driveline Traction control
  • 1st row regular express open/close sliding and tilting glass Sunroof
  • 17" silver aluminum Wheels
  • front air conditioning, dual zone automatic
  • AM/FM stereo, seek-scan Radio
  • 1st row LCD monitor
  • keyfob (all doors) Remote keyless entry
  • front and rear Fog/driving lights
  • Heated mirrors
  • Windshield wipers - rain sensing
  • leather Seat trim
  • driver and passenger Lumbar support
  • COMAND Navigation system
Show More
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For an hour he had been sitting with Clayton, and what was happening was beginning to bore him. He already cursed the day when he went for a walk in the park and accidentally witnessed nothing there, but even a whole murder. And not just a simple citizen who has gotten some whiskey or something else like that, but a whole boss of the drug mafia.

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2005 Mercedes S500 - Detailed Review

My daughter lay down next to him. This is a daddy, when you went on a business trip to Moscow. My wife appeared on the screen, and my little brother. Appeared in the bedroom behind her.

Now discussing:

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