1. TERMS & CONDITIONS OF SALE. The following conditions of sale make up the entire terms and conditions on which items listed in Rock Island Auction Company’s (known hereafter as “RIAC”) catalog, on the internet web site and addendum sheets will be offered for sale or sold by RIAC. All bidders who participate by bidding in this auction agree to the terms and conditions of sale and agree to be bound by same. Any notices, posted or oral, during the sale, are also part of our terms and conditions of sale agreement. Acceptance of a bidder card or a bidder number constitutes acceptance of the following terms and conditions of sale. The purchaser’s rights and RIAC’s respective rights and obligations hereunder are governed by Illinois law. By bidding at RIAC’s auction, whether in person or by agent, sealed bid, telephone bid, via the internet or other means, the purchaser or bidder agrees that the contract created by these terms and conditions of sale is made and performed in the County of Rock Island, State of Illinois and further agrees that should any dispute arise from this contract the jurisdiction for contractual disputes is Rock Island County, State of Illinois. THE AUCTIONEER IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY ERRORS OF THE PURCHASER INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE PURCHASER BIDDING ON THE WRONG LOT.
2. BUYER”S PREMIUM. All bid prices “hammer prices” (“hammer prices” mean the price at which a lot is knocked down to the purchaser) will be subject to a buyer’s premium 18.5% payable by the purchaser. The buyer’s premium shall be reduced to 15% provided the payment is paid by cash or the equivalent of cash (cashier’s check, wire transfer, or approved personal check). If the account is settled by credit card, the buyer’s premium then shall be the standard 18.5%. This is not an aggregate percentage on the total items bid, but rather a per item percentage rate. In addition, if the purchaser utilizes RIAC’s live bidding platform ‘RIAC Live’, there will be an additional 1% of the hammer price added to the buyer’s premium. The premium, which includes the additional 1% if the purchaser utilizes RIAC’s live bidding platform ‘RIAC Live’, is added to the purchaser’s successful bid and the two together equal the total purchase price. RIAC has been authorized by the consignor to retain as part of RIAC’s remuneration, the buyer’s premium, which includes the additional 1% of the hammer price if the purchaser utilizes RIAC’s live bidding platform ‘RIAC Live’, payable by the purchaser.
3. SALES TAX.
RIAC is a Marketplace Facilitator (as defined in the applicable regulations for each state) for purposes of collecting and submitting sales tax for each applicable state. A Marketplace Facilitator is a business that contracts with sellers to facilitate the sale of tangible goods and administers all aspects of the transaction. A Marketplace Facilitator is required to collect sales tax from the buyer and remit such sales tax to the state to which the items are shipped. The sale tax is based on the ship to address. If the item is picked-up from the RIAC facility or shipped to an Illinois address, Illinois sales tax of 8.5% will be collected. Generally, all items included on the invoice are taxable.
To establish a tax free sale, a copy of a valid reseller’s permit or other instrument or information establishing a sales tax exemption, as required by the applicable state, must be provided to RIAC’s satisfaction. Please refer to our website, rockislandauction.com, for additional information regarding resale certificates. Any purchaser claiming a sales tax exemption yet unable to provide satisfactory proof to RIAC at the time of payment will be required to pay the applicable tax to RIAC and thereafter seek a refund from the applicable state. Buyer agrees to pay RIAC the actual amount of tax due if the incorrect amount of sales tax was collected at the time of purchase for any reason.
Sales tax is required to be collected and remitted in all states except the following:
States with no sales tax: Alaska (certain cities, counties and boroughs require RIAC to collect sales tax), Delaware, Montana, New Hampshire and Oregon.
State with no sales tax for Marketplace Facilitators: Missouri (Prior to 1/1/2023) .
Other: District of Columbia (DC)-RIAC does not meet the thresholds to require the collection of sales tax.
4. METHOD OF PAYMENT. Auction sales are strictly for cash, cashier’s check, personal checks (with prior approval of RIAC’s management), MasterCard, Visa, AMEX or Discover. NOTE TO FOREIGN BUYERS: Method of payment will be U.S. currency, certified check drawn on an American bank or wire transfer.
5. TERMS OF PAYMENT. At the announcement of “SOLD”, the highest bidder will have purchased the offered lot. All sales are final at the fall of the Auctioneer’s hammer or at the announcement of “SOLD”. The purchase is subject to all the terms and conditions set forth herein. The purchaser assumes full responsibility thereof and if requested will sign a confirmation of the purchase. The purchaser further agrees to pay the Total Amount Due. The Total amount Due must be paid in full the day of sale if attending in person, otherwise upon receipt of the buyer’s invoice. All property must be removed from RIAC’s premises at the purchaser’s expense no later than 5:00 p.m. five days following the date of sale unless otherwise agreed. If the property is not removed, it will be stored at RIAC’s facility at a cost of $50 per month. The purchaser will then be unable to pick up the purchased lots until the storage fees are paid to RIAC. If the purchased lots are not picked up and storage fees paid to RIAC, the items will be sold pursuant to the Illinois Labor and Storage Lien Act, 770 ILCS 45/0.01 et seq. and/or 770 ILCS 50/0.01 et seq.
Each purchaser at this auction grants RIAC a security interest in the property purchased. Any of the purchaser’s property and all monies held or received by RIAC on the purchaser’s behalf will be retained as collateral security for the purchaser’s obligations to RIAC. RIAC may apply against such obligations monies held or received by RIAC for the account of, or owing to, the purchaser. RIAC retains all rights of a secured party under the Illinois Commercial Code. Whenever the purchaser pays only a part of the Total Amount Owed for one or more lots purchased, RIAC may apply such payments, at RIAC’s sole discretion, to the lot or lots RIAC chooses. Payment will not be deemed made in full until RIAC has collected all amounts due in cash or good funds. RIAC has the sole discretion to determine what is considered good funds. In the event Purchaser pays by check and the check is returned due to insufficient funds, stopped payment, closed account, or for any other reason, and Purchaser already has possession of the property, such possession of the property will be deemed theft by deception and/or theft under 18 U.S.C. § 922(u), which may result in penalties of a fine of up to $250,000, imprisonment in federal prison for up to 10 years, or both. In addition to remedies available to RIAC and the consignor by law, if the purchaser does not comply with the terms and conditions of sale (this includes but is not limited to payment in full of the Total Amount Due), RIAC, at its option, may either: (1) cancel the sale and retain as liquidated damages all payments made by the purchaser; or (2) resell the property either publically or privately, and in such an event the purchaser shall be liable for the payment of the deficiency, plus all costs and expenses of both sales and RIAC’s commission for both sales at RIAC’s standard rates, as well as any other damages, including but not limited to loss of profits. The purchaser hereby waives any and all notices of sale required under the Illinois Commercial Code. The purchaser is also responsible for all other charges due hereunder, in addition to any attorney’s fees incurred by RIAC, incidental damages, and any other damages incurred by RIAC.
6. INTEREST AND DEFAULT. Payment of the Total Amount Due is due upon receipt of the buyer’s invoice. If the amount noted within the buyer’s invoice is not paid in full within 15 days of the auction, RIAC has the right and will charge the purchaser’s credit card of record on file for the total invoice amount. Interest will be charged on all unpaid balances at the rate of 1-1/2% per month (18% APR), or the highest allowable rate under Illinois law, whichever is lower, beginning 15 days after the date of purchase/auction. The purchaser acknowledges that should the purchaser not comply with any of the terms and conditions of sale, including payment of the full amount indicated on the buyer’s invoice, the damages incurred by RIAC includes, without limitation, consignor commission, loss of use of money for an indefinite period, costs to relist the item and potential depreciation of the item, and loss arising on the resale of the lot, whether such damages are now known or may become known in the future. Accordingly, in the event the purchaser fails to pay the full amount indicated on the buyer’s invoice within 45 days after the auction, purchaser shall be immediately liable for liquidated damages in an amount equal to 30% of the amount on the buyer’s invoice. These liquidated damages are in addition to the total amount invoiced on the buyer’s invoice and any applicable interest. RIAC shall hold any money deposited in partial payment on account of any liability of the defaulted item and will apply it at the sole discretion of RIAC to the outstanding debt.
7. WITHDRAWAL. RIAC reserves the right to withdraw any property from the auction prior to sale.
8. PROTESTS, DISPUTES AND THE AUCTIONEER. RIAC reserves the right to reject a bid from any bidder. The highest bidder, acknowledged by the Auctioneer, will be the purchaser. The Auctioneer shall have sole and final discretion as to the disposition of any dispute including the re-offer and resale of any article in dispute. RIAC’s records will be deemed conclusive in all respect in the event there is any dispute after the sale.
9. FAILURE TO DELIVER PURCHASER’S PROPERTY. If RIAC is prevented by fire, theft, or any other reason from delivering any property to the purchaser, RIAC’s liability shall be limited to the sum actually paid therefore by the purchaser and shall in no event include any incidental or consequential damages.
10. GUARANTEE. All property offered for sale is as is, where is. ALL SALES ARE FINAL. THERE WILL BE NO REFUNDS AND NO EXCHANGES. RIAC does not guarantee or make warranties on any lot sold. Descriptions in the catalog are opinion. They are written as an aid to potential bidders. RIAC acknowledges that there may be errors in what is written. RIAC strongly recommends that you personally view any item you bid on or have an acknowledged expert view the item. RIAC will have no obligation, i.e., no refunds or returns will be accepted, if the above conditions are not met. Items offered for sale as described in the catalog or any bill of sale, advertisement, addendum sheet, or elsewhere as to authorship, period, culture, source, origin, measurement, quality, rarity, provenance, importance, exhibition, or physical condition are qualified statements of opinion and not representations or warranties. No employee of RIAC or any person purporting to act on behalf of RIAC is authorized to make on RIAC or the consignor’s behalf, any representation or warranty, oral or written, with respect to any lot or item for sale.
11. BINDING EFFECT, MODIFICATIONS, AND SEVERABILITY. The terms and conditions of sale shall bind the successors and assigns of all bidders and purchasers and inure to the benefit of RIAC’s successors and assigns. No waiver, amendment or modification of the terms hereof (other than posted notices or oral announcements during the sale) shall bind RIAC unless specifically stated in writing and signed by RIAC. If any part of these terms and conditions of sale is for any reason invalid or unenforceable, the invalid portion shall be stricken and the rest of the terms and conditions of sale shall remain valid and enforceable.
12. RESERVES. Some items in this auction may be subject to reserve (the confidential minimum price below which the lot will not be sold). If a lot is offered with a reserve, RIAC may implement that reserve by bidding on behalf of the consignor. No reserve will be allowed higher than the high estimate and in many cases the reserve is lower than the low estimate. This bidding will not generally constitute opening bidding. If RIAC declares an opening bid and no advance to that bid is received RIAC will pass the item. However, once bidding is opened RIAC will bid on behalf of the consignor to reach the reserve price. The Auctioneer may reject nominal bids, which are small opening bids or very nominal advances made with the purpose of disparaging an item. If a lot fails to achieve a bid equal to or exceeding 25 – 30% of the low estimate, the item may be passed and not sold and may not be re-offered until a later sale. This determination of whether to sell the item at the current auction or re-offer it at a later auction is at the sole discretion of the Auctioneer. RIAC buys items on the open market or may offer a guarantee to a consignor. In either event, RIAC can have an ownership or other financial interest in the item(s) being auctioned. Such interest in the item(s) being auctioned may not be disclosed. If RIAC has an interest in an offered lot and the proceeds therefrom, other than our commission, RIAC may bid on the offered lot to protect such interest and such bidding shall not be prohibited under Section 13 below. Items which are not reserved are sold at the Auctioneer’s discretion.
13. BIDS OF CONSIGNORS. Consignors, other than RIAC, are not allowed to bid on their own merchandise nor have any agent bid on their behalf. If the Auctioneer recognizes such bidding or is advised of same, the Auctioneer reserves the right to withdraw any or all items consigned by the offending consignor. It is not prohibited conduct under this Section 13 when an Auctioneer bids on behalf of the consignor to reach the reserve price as provided In Section 12 above.
14. FINANCIAL INTEREST IN PROPERTY. Purchaser acknowledges that RIAC has a financial interest in all items offered for sale since it is paid a seller’s commission and buyer’s premium. Additionally, Purchaser acknowledges that a conflict of interest may exist because RIAC, its officers or employees, or an entity owned by one or more of them, may have a financial interest in an item offered for sale beyond the seller’s commission and buyer’s premium, which may include an ownership interest or a guaranteed amount offered by RIAC to a consignor of an item for sale.
15. ABSENTEE BIDDING. As a service to anyone wishing to place bids in advance of the sale RIAC may accept bids on behalf of potential bidders at RIAC’s own discretion by telephone or sealed bid using the forms RIAC provides. A Sealed Bid must be received and credit approved in advance of the sale date. It is the Bidder’s responsibility to establish credit before bidding, or RIAC will accept a 15% deposit in the amount of the total bids submitted. (Deposits will be returned within ten (10) days after sale, if not successful.) A Sealed Bid form is enclosed in the back of the catalog. Bids may also be faxed to (309) 797-1655. Additionally, online bidding is available on RIAC’s website. Purchasers acknowledge that by bidding absentee via mail, e-mail, telephone, through internet providers, or any other absentee means (i.e., not in person bidding), no fiduciary duty exist between the bidder and RIAC. Purchaser acknowledges that RIAC has a fiduciary duty to the sellers and not to the bidders or purchasers. Purchaser acknowledges that RIAC owes no duty to disclose the ownership of any item being auctioned. Any absentee bid is executed as if the bidder was actually present and bidding themselves. RIAC will attempt to execute bids in a manner such that the bids will prevail at the lowest bid possible. RIAC assumes no responsibility for failure to execute telephone, sealed, or website/online bids for any reason whatsoever or for failure to execute bids such that the bids do not prevail at the lowest bid possible..
16. TELEPHONE BIDDING. In order to bid on a lot over the telephone at the time it is being sold the bidder must contact RIAC in advance to make arrangements. The bidder must contact RIAC by 2:00 p.m. the day preceding the sale to make arrangements to bid via telephone. If the bidder contacts RIAC after 2:00 p.m. the day preceding the sale, RIAC cannot guarantee that the bidder’s bids will be executed. A representative of RIAC will contact the bidder on the day of the sale, prior to the requested lot(s) going up for sale. Telephone Bids may be faxed to (309) 797-1655 or they can be submitted through our online service.
BY PARTICIPATING IN TELEPHONE BIDDING, THE BIDDER AND PURCHASER UNDERSTAND, ACKNOWLEDGE AND CONSENT TO THE TELEPHONE CONVERSATION BEING RECORDED.
“Cover-Me Bids”: As a Telephone Bidder be aware that there is the risk of RIAC not being able to reach the Telephone Bidder. Therefore the Telephone Bidder may want to consider allowing his or her phone representative to execute bidding on his or her behalf. At the time of arranging for the phone bids, the Telephone Bidder need simply give the maximum amounts he or she is willing to bid on each lot in the event RIAC is unable to reach the Telephone Bidder. This amount is only utilized if the Telephone Bidder is not on the phone with his or her representative. Assuming the Telephone Bidder is reached via telephone, the phone representative will rely on the Telephone Bidder’s verbal instructions only. “Cover-me bids” are not mandatory, the Telephone Bidder can place them at his or her discretion. ”Cover-Me Bids” are simply a safety net in case the Telephone Bidder cannot be reached in time or not at all. All terms provided under Section 13 above apply to any “Cover-Me Bids”, including but not limited to all acknowledgments made by Purchaser and any disclosure of the absence of any duties by RIAC.
Online bidding is available through third party providers. Potential bidders are informed that those third party services charge an additional buyers premium above and beyond the premium charged by RIAC.
17. FIREARMS LAWS. All post – 1898 firearms must be registered in compliance with federal and Illinois state law. Purchasers of post – 1898 firearms must complete state and federal registrations forms at Rock Island Auction Company, 7819 42nd Street West, Rock Island, IL 61201, unless otherwise specified. A 3-day waiting period is mandatory for modern handguns and modern long arms. Dealers and out-of-state purchasers must have in their possession on the day of sale, signed copies of their Federal Firearms License (FFL) in order to accept same-day delivery of modern weapons. Purchasers who act as agents for FFL dealers must have a letter of agency as well as a signed copy of the dealer’s FFL.
18. CLASS 3. All firearms designated as Class 3 must be registered in compliance with the NFA registry. Upon purchase, all interstate transfers are done from RIAC to a Class 3 dealer, one with a FFL/SOT License, in your area. There is not a transfer fee to the buyer at that time. When the transfer is approved, the firearm is shipped to the Class 3 dealer. The Class 3 dealer then prepares a Form 4 transfer to the buyer. The buyer pays a $200 tax stamp fee at that time. The only interstate transfers that can be done to an individual are those where the buyer has a Curio & Relics License and the firearm that is being purchased has been classified by the ATF as a NFA Curio & Relic. A $200 federal tax payment is required to file the transfer paperwork. This fee, as well as the Total Amount Due is due at the time of purchase in order to process the paperwork. The new owner of the Class 3 firearm will be required to complete 2 forms: 1) ATF Form 4 and 2) fingerprint card. These forms will be provided to you by RIAC. Note: if state or local law requires a permit or license to purchase, possess, or receive NFA firearms, a copy of the transferee’s (buyer) permit or license must accompany the application. RIAC then mails the paperwork for the Federal Transfer Tax to BATFE. RIAC will receive back one of the Form 4’s (they are sent in duplicate) with a Federal Tax Stamp attached to it. This is given to the new owner upon delivery of the NFA firearm. No further tax is due. Please check the status of your state before you bid or purchase to be sure of your eligibility to own and possess a Class III firearm as the laws continue to change. SPECIAL NOTE: If you are an SOT (Special Occupation Tax) payer (Class 3 dealer) you are able to transfer functional NFA firearms to or from other SOT payers and government agencies with BATFE approval, but without having to pay a transfer tax. RIAC makes no warranties or representations that the above-mentioned forms, fees, licenses and/or approvals will be sufficient for you to own or use your purchased firearm(s). Consult with your federal, state, and local laws, law enforcement personnel, or legal counsel to make sure you may legally own, possess, or use the purchased firearm(s) and that all fees, licenses and approvals are completed.
19. CONDITION OF FIREARMS. RIAC makes no warranties or representations whatsoever and no employee or consultant of RIAC has the authority to do otherwise, concerning the operation of firing condition, fitness for use, safety to store, or reliability, of any firearm, ammunition, or parts. Use of any firearm or ammunition purchased at RIAC is entirely at the user’s risk. RIAC offers for sale the lots as “collector” lots only. RIAC strongly recommends that all weapons, ammunition, etc. purchased at auction be examined by a competent gunsmith. RIAC expressly disclaims any liability whatsoever for accident, injury or damage resulting to any person from the storage or subsequent use of any such lot.
20. ENDANGERED OR PROTECTED SPECIES OR WILDLIFE. Any property made of or Incorporating endangered or protected species or wildlife may have import and export restrictions established by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITIES). These items are not available to ship internationally and in some cases, domestically. Additionally, these items may be subject to confiscation by state or federal officials if the proper documentation authorizing their sale is not produced. By placing a bid, the bidder acknowledges that he is aware of the restriction and takes responsibility in obtaining and paying for any license or permits relevant to delivery of the item(s). RIAC does not accept liability for the inability to ship the purchased items or if such item(s) is (are) confiscated by state or federal officials prior to their shipment or transport to the successful bidder.
21. DELIVERY, SHIPPING, AND STORAGE CHARGES. All delivery, shipping and storage charges must be paid by the successful bidder prior to delivery of the firearm.
22. SHIPPING. If RIAC is asked to ship the purchased lots, there will be a separate charge for such shipping. Shipping charges will be based upon what it costs RIAC to ship the purchased lots to the purchaser. If packing and handling of purchased lots is done by RIAC, it is done entirely at the risk of the purchaser. All items must have shipping insurance; this insurance is mandatory. RIAC will not charge any labor charges for shipping. RIAC is not liable for any acts of omissions in packaging or shipping. Purchased lots handled by outside carriers or packers, including those RIAC may have recommended, may carry their own insurance and any claims for losses or damages should be addressed directly to the outside carriers or packers. RIAC will arrange for packing and shipping at RIAC’s earliest possible convenience. RIAC will attempt to ship as soon as possible; however, due to RIAC’s high volume of absentee bids, shipping can take up to two weeks after full payment is received. In the case of crating or any exceptional packaging, the purchaser will be charged RIAC’s cost from outside agents. Purchaser pays shipping, packing materials, and insurance charges. RIAC reserves the right to purchase the outside shipper’s insurance, to be self-insured, or a combination of both.
Ammunition lots will ship to FFL’s only. If picking up must have FOID or FFL. All state and local laws apply.
The shipping of any purchased items outside of the United States is hereby classified as “foreign export”. All foreign export is the sole responsibility of the purchaser.
23. DISPUTES UNDER THIS CONTRACT. Purchaser and RIAC agree to mediate any dispute or claim arising between them resulting from the purchaser participating in the auction or any resulting transaction, with the exception of the failure of the purchaser to make full payment of the purchaser’s obligations to RIAC. In the event the purchaser fails to make full payment to RIAC, RIAC may, but is not required to, proceed directly to court. Furthermore, the purchaser and RIAC agree that should Mediation be necessary, Mediation fees, if any, will borne equally by the parties. Purchaser and RIAC are required under the terms and conditions of sale to enter into Mediation before arbitration or any court action. Should a party commence legal action other than Mediation without giving written notice to the other party, the party so commencing the legal action will not be entitled to recover attorney’s fees even if they would otherwise be allowed in the action. All mediation, arbitration and court proceedings, whether in state or federal court, shall be filed and conducted solely within Rock Island County, State of Illinois, and not in any other jurisdiction.
Should Mediation not settle the dispute between the parties the purchaser and RIAC agree that any dispute or claim, in law or equity, resulting from the participation in the auction or any resulting transaction shall be settled in neutral binding arbitration utilizing the standards of American Arbitration Association and must be initiated and carried out in Rock Island County State of Illinois. Any bidder or purchaser agrees that the election of restricting any and all claims to Arbitration is a voluntary decision and is evidenced by the bidder or purchaser’s participation in the auction. The purchaser specifically agrees to the following: I have read the terms and conditions of sale and by my participation in this sale I agree all disputes arising out of my participation will be first submitted to Mediation, and if Mediation is not successful in resolving the dispute I then submit to neutral binding Arbitration with RIAC and any other entity under this contract. No lawsuit shall be filed until a person has in good faith completed all Mediation and Arbitration proceedings as required hereunder.
24. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED ABOVE, ALL PROPERTY IS SOLD “AS IS”. NEITHER ROCK ISLAND AUCTION COMPANY NOR THE CONSIGNOR MAKES ANY REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE TITLE, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS OR CONDITION OF THE PROPERTY OR AS TO THE CORRECTNESS OF DESCRIPTION, GENUINENESS, ATTRIBUTION, PROVENANCE OR PERIOD OF THE PROPERTY OR AS TO WHETHER THE PURCHASER ACQUIRES ANY COPYRIGHTS OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN LOTS SOLD OR AS TO WHETHER A WORK OF ART IS SUBJECT TO THE ARTIST’S MORAL RIGHTS OR OTHER RESIDUAL RIGHTS OF THE ARTIST. ALL FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION ARE SOLD AS COLLECTOR LOTS ONLY. FITNESS TO FIRE OR OTHERWISE DISCHARGE THE ARM OR AMMUNITION IS EXPRESSLY DENIED BY ROCK ISLAND AUCTION COMPANY. A COMPETENT GUNSMITH SHOULD BE CONSULTED BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO USE OR FIRE ANY FIREARM OR AMMUNITION. THE PURCHASER EXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT IN NO EVENT SHALL ROCK ISLAND AUCTION COMPANY BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY COMPENSATORY, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
DISCLAIMER: Rock Island Auction Company does not guarantee the authenticity of any German Military item being sold in a Sporting & Collector and Arms & Accessories Day auctions. All German Military items described in the Sporting & Collector and Arms & Accessories Day Auction catalog are to be considered post World War II items and therefore bidders are strongly cautioned to bid accordingly.
Join Date: Jun 2012
Location: Just South of Chuck County
With Plainfields, there can be a lot of huge variables. They are probably the most desirable of the non-GI M1 carbines, and they are well-made, but condition is always going to be a factor. More to the point, the earlier ones used surplus GI parts, and some are about half made up of Rockola surplus parts.
I once bought 5 Plainfields for $325 (total). I'm down to only one of them now, but it's like new.
"If cowardly and dishonorable men sometimes shoot unarmed men with army pistols or guns, the evil must be prevented by the penitentiary and gallows, and not by a general deprivation of a constitutional privilege." - Arkansas Supreme Court, 1878.
The only thing that I would change about this is to note that it is a constitutional right, and not a privilege.
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Post WWII Commercially Manufactured M1 Carbines (U.S.A.)
PLAINFIELD MACHINE CO., INC.
.22 Carbine (5.7mm Johnson)
0001 - 89000+
A001 - A328 (5.7mm Johnson)
The Beginning: A Small Machine Shop
Plainfield Machine Company was incorporated by machinists William Haas and William Storck in New Jersey on February 20, 1951. Their articles of incorporation stated they would be operating a machine shop. Haas and Storck were brother-in-laws by marriage, having married sisters and Alice and Louise Castro (respectively). Between 1951 and 1962 they were contracted by various different companies for all types of machining. According to one of the sons of William Haas his father and his uncle (Storck) had no experience with the manufacturing of firearms or firearm components during these years.
In 1959 or 1960 a sporting goods store named Millville Weapons was opened in Union, NJ, sixteen miles northeast of Plainfield Machine Company. The store was a retail outlet for the owner of Millville Ordnance, Charles Colle. Prior to opening the sporting goods store, Colle had operated a military surplus business from a warehouse behind his home in Millville, NJ (100+ miles south of Middlesex). Along with many other weapons, Colle had assembled U.S. GI Carbines from parts using demilled (cut) receivers sold as scrap by the government. According to family members of Colle, he did not have the skills or machinery to make barrels, weld receivers, or manufacture other parts he needed to make surplus weapons functional. He obtained these services elsewhere.
In June 1959 Colle and others were indicted in Miami for attempting to smuggle small arms and ammunition to Batista, who had fled to the Dominican Republic after the fall of Cuba to Castro. The weapons were intended to be used by Batista's forces in an attempt to retake Cuba (for further info refer to the page devoted to Millville Ordnance). During the trial and appeal of his subsequent conviction Colle did mail order business as Millville Ordnance and sold retail from his sporting goods store Millville Weapons.
It is not known exactly when Charles Colle initially contacted or contracted Plainfield Machine for work on M1 Carbine receivers and barrels. Given the distance between Millville and Middlesex it is likely Colle contracted Plainfield Machine sometime after opening his store in Union, NJ.
Millville Ordnance advertisements in Shooting Times magazine in 1960 and until October 1961 advertised various parts that included parts for the U.S. Carbines including commercial .30 caliber carbine barrels referred to as "the all new MOCO barrels". The later ads during this time period announced an upcoming all new MOCO carbine. The carbine was first advertised in the October 1961 issue of Shooting Times magazine and advertisements continued through the April 1962 issue (deadline for the April issue was February 15th).
The last Millville Ordnance Ad
Shooting Times April 1962
The Transition from Machine Shop to Gun Manufacturer: The H&S M1 Carbines
In early 1962 Charles Colle was taken into custody to begin serving a sentence in a Federal penitentiary. His appeals had finally been denied and the case caught up with him. Millville Ordnance abruptly ceased to exist.
One of the sons of William Haas related Millville Ordnance had neglected to inform Plainfield Machine Company of the ongoing criminal case and the possible outcomes. As a result, Plainfield Machine Company found themselves in possession of M1 Carbine receivers and barrels Colle was unable to pay for. In addition to other bills Colle had not yet paid. The money owed was sufficient to significantly impact the finances of Plainfield Machine. Because of this, Haas and Storck decided they would complete the carbines that were in progress, negotiate with Mrs. Colle for the carbines and related parts and accessories left at Millville Ordnance, and sell everything in an effort to recover some of their losses.
Haas & Storck
Owners of Plainfield Machine Company
(Surplus from Millville Ordnance)
Haas and Storck were machinists not gun dealers. Their initial intent was to return to the machining business once the carbines had been sold. As they sold the Millville Ordnance leftovers they realized the profits that could be made by manufacturing and selling M1 Carbines versus what they had been earning from their machine shop. For further information on the H&S Carbines, refer to the page devoted to H&S.
The first advertisement placed by Plainfield Machine appears in the May 1, 1962 issue of Shotgun News, using the name Plainfield Ordnance. Ads for this issue had to be submitted by April 1st, six weeks after the deadline for the last Millville Ordnance ad that offered the MOCO carbine. From this and the knowledge of Plainfield's involvement with Millville Ordnance it is estimated the first Plainfield Machine Co. M1 Carbines were manufactured in approximately April of 1962. The Plainfield Ordnance name was soon dropped and not re-instituted until the 1970's with the introduction of their small semi-auto pistol line (see below). The carbines continued production using the name of Plainfield Machine Company.
The First Plainfield Ordnance Ad
Shotgun News May 1, 1962
In the early years the Plainfield Machine sometimes used a rural delivery address in Watchung Township, Plainfield, NJ which was the residence of William Haas. From 1962-1978 the shop was located on the west side of Wilton Avenue on the second lot south of South Street in the borough of Middlesex, Middlesex County, NJ. They used several post office boxes in Dunellen, NJ as their business address.
1962-1965 was a time of acquiring the extra machinery, parts sources, personnel, organizing, and distribution system necessary for a small machine shop to become a full time carbine manufacturer. Although the quantity produced during this time isn't known, it is known production started slowly and had increased significantly by 1966. Carbines with serial numbers beginning with a letter prefix were manufactured during this time period.
Haas & Storck had no prior experience with marketing, distribution or sales. After the first advertisement (above) no retail direct marketing ads were found for Plainfield until the late 1960's. It is very likely they discovered what National Ordnance and Universal Firearms (as Bullseye Gun Works) had learned in the 18 months before them: responses to advertisements for manufacturer direct retail sales of M1 Carbines quickly overwhelmed their resources. The responses caused National Ordnance and Universal Firearms to use wholesalers and retailers.
The family of Charles Colle indicated Colle was very good friends with, and a possible business associate of, the owner of Greeley's Range & Gun Store located in Cedar Grove, NJ. Greeley Arms Company was incorporated in New Jersey in March 1956 by Thomas Greeley at 448 Pompton Ave. in Cedar Grove, NJ. This was approximately 30 miles north of Plainfield Machine. Greeley is believed to have assisted the wife of Charles Colle with her husbands assets after Colle was incarcerated. Given Haas and Storck acquired Colle's carbine assets and Greeley was experienced in gun sales it is believed Greeley assisted Haas and Storck as Plainfield Machine's first M1 Carbine distributor.
The below advertisement began with the August 15, 1962 issue of Shotgun News. It's the first advertisement found for Greeleys in any of the publications of the time period.
Shotgun News August 15, 1962
Greeley's advertisements for M1 Carbines continued on the 15th of each month until July 15, 1963. The August 15, 1963 issue of Shotgun News carried a Greeley Arms Co. advertisement that listed only surplus GI rifle parts and M1 Garands. The M1 Carbines, carbine barrels, and surplus M1 Carbine parts were conspicuously absent, as were any further Greeley Arms ads afterwards.
Beginning in the January 1963 issue of Shooting Times magazine Powder Horn in South Plainfield, NJ began advertising M1 Carbines for sale. South Plainfield is adjacent Middlesex, NJ. The distance between Plainfield Machine and Powder Horn was less than 4 miles. In the mid 1960's Larry Ruth, author of War Baby! Volumes I & II, wrote to Plainfield Machine requesting information. The response he received was from Powder Horn.
Shooting Times January 1, 1963
Powder Horn continued handling Plainfield Machine's retail contacts until approximately 1967, after which Plainfield sold factory direct, mail order, and through distributors and wholesalers.
The supervising machinist throughout most of Plainfield's carbine history was Jim McNultey. McNulty constructed most of the prototypes and organized the machines and machining protocols necessary for full scale production. Experimentation and prototypes were not uncommon at Plainfield Machine. In 1963 the company experimented with, and manufactured for a short production run during the D series, eliminating the recoil plate and replacing it with an extension at the rear of the receiver. They went back to the use of the recoil plate after several hundred receivers. The change to and from the recoil plate is covered in more detail on the pages devoted to Carbines, Parts, and Markings.
Courier News, Bridgewater, NJ, March 13, 1963
In 1963 the company introduced their first carbines chambered for the 5.7mm Johnson cartridge which Plainfield called the 22 PMC. The cartridge had been developed by Col. Melvin Johnson USMC (ret.), founder and owner of Johnson Guns in Hamden, CT (later became Johnson Arms in New Haven, CT) as a more effective cartridge than the .30 caliber M1 Carbine cartridge and suitable for the military, police, and hunting. From 1962-1964 Johnson attempted to start mass production of his own carbines for this cartridge, using converted M1 Carbines for evaluation purposes. Bruce Canfield in his book Johnson's Rifles and Machine Guns (p. 243) related Johnson was unable to start production due to unreliable suppliers giving Johnson's company a lower priority than their domestic sales and "off shore" military sales. Though Canfield doesn't name Plainfield Machine, the words "off shore military sales" were almost a hallmark of Plainfield's marketing material during the 1960's. Johnson died in 1965 and his sons continued operating his business, manufacturing and converting carbines in 5.7mm Johnson (by then called the .22 Spitfire) for the commercial domestic market. Of interest is the 5.7mm Johnson/.22 Spitfire/.22 PMC cartridge was not manufactured by any of the major ammunition manufacturers and was being sold by Johnson Guns/Johnson Arms.
Gun Digest is a yearly publication devoted to firearms and hunting that lists new and current production firearms. Carbines manufactured by Plainfield first appear in the 1966 Edition. In the 1967 Edition (published in late 1966) (p. 237-242) is an article devoted to the M1 Carbine's continued popularity. Plainfield is quoted as stating "It sells guns [carbines] to Formosa, Lebanon, the Philippines, and South Viet Nam in M-2 version, and stays busy furnishing complete rifles to a few mail order houses and barrel actions to several specialty carbineer's making 22 wildcat versions".
Stories of Plainfield Machine providing carbines to the U.S. Government for use by American troops in Vietnam most likely come from American soldiers having acquired Plainfield carbines from the South Vietnamese military. One such case has been verified by a family member who shared the photograph below. Their father had served as an American advisor to the South Vietnamese Army in the early to mid 1960's. He acquired his Plainfield paratrooper model during combat action from a South Vietnamese officer who had been mortally wounded.
U.S. Special Forces Advisor with "Paratrooper" model Plainfield M1 Carbine acquired from South Vietnamese officer
South Vietnam April 1966
In addition to the countries above, carbines manufactured by Plainfield have been discovered amongst U.S. M1 Carbines returned to the U.S. from Greece, Italy, and El Salvador. They have also been observed in the possession of soldiers in Mexico.
Rioting broke out in Newark, NJ in July 1967 and spilled over into adjacent cities. Plainfield Machine provided carbines to various police agencies and officers during the riots. On Saturday July 15, 1967 Plainfield Machine was broken into and 46 carbines were stolen. The stolen guns were passed out to men on the streets of Plainfield that night. This was one of several break-ins that occurred at Plainfield Machine over the years.
On April 7, 1969 black activist Angela Davis purchased a Plainfield Machine Paratrooper model M1 Carbine s/n 18504 at Western Surplus in Los Angeles [Long Beach Independent, 07 Apr 1972]. This carbine was recovered in Marin County, CA on August 7, 1970. Along with others guns it had been smuggled into the Marin County courthouse by Jonathan Jackson, where Jackson and a second suspect "rescued" an associate on trial for robbery. During the "rescue" attempt the three suspects took the entire court hostage and after negotiations with police were provided with a van. As the suspects entered the van with the judge as a hostage a gunfight with police ensued, the judge was shot and killed by one suspect with a sawed off shotgun and all three suspects were killed by police.
At the time of Marin County courthouse shootout Jackson's older brother, George Jackson, co-founder of the Marxist Black Guerilla Family, was imprisoned in California's Soledad State Prison. After killing a prison guard the elder Jackson was transferred to San Quentin State Prison where he was shot and killed August 21, 1971 during an armed prison escape attempt by a prison guard armed with an M1 Carbine manufactured by National Ordnance.
In April 1972 a jury acquitted Angela Davis of conspiracy charges in connection with the Marin County shootout, charges brought against Davis for having purchased a revolver and the carbine used by the suspects [Long Beach Independent 07 Apr 1972].
Marin County Courthouse Shootout
August 7, 1970
In 1968 Military Armament Corporation (MAC) in Georgia was contracted by the U.S. Government to produce a silenced 9mm carbine for use in Vietnam. MAC obtained the carbines for this project from Plainfield Machine. Between 1968 and 1970 MAC redesigned and converted no more than 50 of these carbines to single shot 9mm carbines fitted with suppressors manufactured by Sionics in Atlanta, GA [War Bay Volume II page 562-563].
By the early 1970's four additions had been added to the Plainfield Machine facility for a total of approximately 17,000 sq ft with 35-40 employees. Production of M1 Carbines was 50-60 a day. During this time period Plainfield was contracted to manufacture 5,000 M1 Carbines complete with 5000 sets of bandoleers, 5000 cleaning kits, 5000 slings, and 15,000 magazines for the Panama National Guard.
On October 12, 1972 the London Daily Express reported a special investigation into the sources for weapons of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) revealed many of the weapons were purchased in the U.S.A. and illegally smuggled into Northern Ireland. One seizure by British soldiers in Ulster included 160 M1 Carbines manufactured during WWII for the U.S. Government, Universal Firearms, and Plainfield Machine. Separate sources have shown the officers of the Royal Ulster Constabulary were armed with M1 Carbines during the same time period before switching to the Ruger Mini-14 later in the 1970's.
Gun Digest 1973 p. 246 indicates Plainfield Machine Co. announced the design of a new handgun line at the 1972 National Sporting Goods Association Show. On display was a prototype of the Model 71, a compact semi-automatic pistol chambered in .22 long rifle. Plainfield indicated they were working on a second, the Model 72. The handguns were designed by Gary Wilhelm who had also designed semi-automatic pistols being manufactured and sold by High Standard. Wilhelm applied for a patent for the design of the Models 71 and 72 on Sep 24, 1971 and was issued patent number 3728939 on April 24, 1973.
The handgun line was sold under the revived Plainfield Ordnance name and manufactured within the Plainfield Machine facility used to manufacture their carbines with a post office box in Middlesex, NJ used as the Plainfield Ordnance business address. At the time the handgun line was introduced the Plainfield logo was changed and used for both Plainfield Machine and Plainfield Ordnance.
Plainfield Machine actively experimented with a variety of firearm designs including variations of their carbines. One such design utilized the Model 71 handgun with a 12" barrel and removable rifle stock and scope. This design has been likened by one of the Plainfield machinists of the time to "the convertible guns that you would see in the spy movies ... very much like the prop used on Man From Uncle only that it was a real firing weapon". The design never went into production.
During the early to mid 1970's Plainfield teamed up with inventor John L. Hill of Houston, TX and his Hill submachine gun. This weapon was unrelated to their carbine or carbine production and Hill had been working on the design since at least 1949 (Patent # 2624241, Patent # 2773325, Patent # 2882635, Patent # 3064382). The design was unique as it utilized one of the first top-mounted, cross-axis feed magazines with ejection of spent casings through the bottom of the handgrip.
Plainfield Machine Co. marketed it as the PMC/Hill SMG in both 9x19mm and .380 ACP. A detachable tubular stock was added, magazine capacity was 30rds. The cyclic rate was reported as 400rpm for both models. The 9x19mm model was 20.5" long w/o the stock and 30" with it attached. The .380 was 4.5" shorter overall. Both had 8" barrels. The 9x19mm model weighed 5 pounds, and the .380 model was one pound lighter [Daniel E. Watters, 13 February 2007; later known as the Hill H15 SMG].
Unfortunately for Plainfield, flaws in the design were not able to be corrected and the impact of the financial burden associated with this project caused the subsequent demise of their carbine production. [War Baby Comes Home by Larry Ruth, Volume II, p. 751]
In the April 1984 issue of The American Rifleman appears the article A Fresh Start for Iver Johnson by Pete Dickey. The article provides a brief history of the Iver Johnson name and the sale of the company by Louis Imperato to Arkansas investors in 1982. A time line indicates Louis Imperato purchased Iver Johnson Arms & Cycle Works in 1973 and changed the name to Iver Johnson Arms in 1975. Within the 1975 heading, following the name change: "Acquired Plainfield Machine Co. of Middlesex, NJ, makers of M1 Carbines". The next entry is 1977 and indicates the Iver Johnson firm was moved to Middlesex, NJ.
From one of the sons of William Haas who worked at Plainfield Machine at the time: "There were some tough years in the mid 70s and in early 77 we started to negotiate with Lou Imperato who had purchased Iver Johnsons Arms & Cycle Works several years earlier. Lou did not purchase the company [Plainfield Machine Co.] but only some of the assets. He purchased the building, most of the equipment, plus the carbine tooling & inventory. He did not want the pistol lines. Lou retained most of the factory personnel, maintained my father as basically head of Engineering, and I was made V.P. of Operation with total daily control of the facility in NJ. William Storck was not retained by Iver Johnsons. I then moved Iver Johnsons from Fitchburg, Mass into the Middlesex, NJ building in the fall of 77. I left [Iver Johnson] in the fall of 78."
New Jersey corporate records indicate Iver Johnson Arms was incorporated in New Jersey by Louis Imperato in November 1977 with an address of Wilton Ave. in Middlesex, NJ. This was the location of Plainfield Machine Company. The operations of Iver Johnson Arms are detailed on the pages devoted to their company and carbines elsewhere on this website.
The conflict as to the actual year of purchase is the subject of further research but it's clear the transition from Plainfield Machine M1 Carbines to Iver Johnson M1 Carbines occurred after moving what was left of Iver Johnson to New Jersey in the Fall of 1977. The records of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, & Firearms showing yearly production for rifles since 1975 indicate Plainfield Machine manufactured 4,264 rifles in 1978 and in 1979 the company manufacturing handguns using the name Plainfield Ordnance. The same records indicate Iver Johnson manufactured no firearms in 1977 and 3,080 rifles in 1978. Data as to caliber or models was not collected.
In 1977 and 1978 Haas and Storck as Plainfield Ordnance continued to manufacture their handgun line in the same building as Iver Johnson produced the Iver Johnson carbines.
The first indication Iver Johnson's Arms was manufacturing carbines was an advertisement that was repeated in the October, November, and December 1978 issues of The American Rifleman.
The two Enforcer model carbines depicted below show one of the last Plainfield Machine Enforcers and one of the first Iver Johnson's Arms Enforcers. Notice the similarities. The Plainfield Enforcer has a serial number inconsistent with the serial numbers used by Plainfield Machine throughout their production 1962-1978. The serial number is preceded by the letters PP, which is consistent with Iver Johnson serial numbers which consisted of two or three letters followed by numbers. The PP appears to have been short lived and specific to the Plainfield Enforcers as the first Iver Johnson Enforcer carbines had a serial number starting with the letters EAA.
Post Plainfield Machine Co.
In late 1978 William Haas and William Storck turned over the entire Plainfield Machine and Plainfield Ordnance facility to Iver Johnson.
Haas purchased the heat treating facility in Rahway, NJ that had been doing the heat treating on the Plainfield M1 Carbines and renamed it H&H Heat Treating Co., which Haas registered as a corporation (NJ Trademark) in November 1978.
By June 1979 Storck and his wife purchased a home at 16930 NW 14th Ave, Miami, FL, 33169. They resided at this location until they sold the home in November 1986 and returned to New Jersey. One of the sons of William Haas, a nephew of Storck, related Storck had moved to Florida and did work for Universal Firearms and their carbines. A tool and die employee at Universal recalled an elderly man named Bill (Jersey accent) who began meeting occasionally with Abe Seiderman (owner of Universal Firearms) in the 1980-1983 time period. The employee was advised that Bill was a technical consultant. Universal ceased operations in Florida in 1984 when the company was moved to Jacksonville, AR. Refer to the pages on Universal Firearms for information on their operations.
William H. Storck passed away in New Jersey on July 21, 1992 at the age of 73.
From the newspaper The Milford Cabinet in Milford, NH on May 24, 2004
Week of Thursday, November 20, 2003
William Arthur Haas, 82, died Nov. 5, 2003, at his home in Dunellen, N.J.
Born in North Plainfield, N.J., he lived in North Plainfield for most of his life. He and his wife, Alice, lived in Wilton for six years before moving three years ago to Pluckemin, N.J., and most recently, Dunellen, a short time ago.
Prior to his retirement in 1990, Mr. Haas owned and operated H&H Heat Treating Co. in Rahway, N.J. He was also founder and owner of the Plainfield Machine Co. in Middlesex, N.J.
Trying to calm the incomprehensible feeling inside. After that first acquaintance, Mikhail began to often come to the institute, he gave her flowers and all sorts of small gifts, took her to the cinema and restaurants several times, but never once tried to harass the girl. They talked a lot, then he disappeared somewhere for a week, which is why Nina was not herself all those days.
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With a sharp movement, I threw back the girl's ass, a member fell out of. Her "broken" pussy. Grabbing it in her hand, she directed it into her mouth.Plainfield Machine Co. M1 Carbine
She took off her panties and sat astride the bench. Lean back, its bad, grunted Grishka. She lay on her back and spread her legs.
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She gasped from each blow, then began to moan slightly. She began to arch her back, she already had a pre-orgasmic state. And the chief, too, seemed to be on the brink. It got colder inside me, but I continued to watch without looking up from the screen. He tore her for a long time, and then taking out his penis and growling with pleasure, he began to fill my wife's.