When is pageant season

When is pageant season DEFAULT

List of beauty pageants

Wikipedia list article

This is a list of beauty pageants from around the world. A beauty pageant or beauty contest is a competition that has traditionally focused on judging and ranking the physical attributes of the contestants. Pageants have now evolved to include inner beauty, with criteria covering judging of personality, intelligence, talent, character, and charitable involvement, through private interviews with judges and answers to public on-stage questions. The term beauty pageant refers originally to the Big Four international beauty pageants.[1][2][3] Pageant titles are subdivided into Miss, Mrs. or Ms., and Teen – to clearly identify the difference between pageant divisions. Similar events for men or boys are usually called by other names and are more likely to be bodybuilding contests.

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.

Women's pageants

International pageants

Major international pageants

List of world's four major beauty pageants (the Big Four):[1][2][3][4][5]

Marital international pageants

List of international marital beauty pageants:

Teen international pageants

List of teen beauty pageants:

Minor international pageants

List of minor beauty pageants:

Discontinued international pageants

Continental and regional pageants

The following are continental and regional pageants in alphabetical order:

National pageants




North America


South America

Former states

Men's pageants

International pageants

Discontinued international pageants

Continental and regional pageants

National pageants



North America

South America

LGBTQ+ pageants

Continental and regional pageants

Discontinued pageants

National pageants




North America

South America

See also


Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_beauty_pageants
American Dream, State Pageants

Introducing our East Coast USA American Dream Royalty! East Coast USA Pageant hit the road for the first tour stop of the season! The American Dream East Coast USA Preliminary Pageant was held on August 29, 2021 at the beautiful American Dream Mall in East Rutherford, New Jersey. Our beautiful participants hit the runway in […] Read more…

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New Jersey, State Pageants

New Jersey Open State PageantMay 22, 2022Hilton ParsippanyParsippany, New Jersey HOTEL BOOKING LINK COMING SOON! PRELIMINARY COMPETITION INFORMATIONEast Coast USA is hitting the road for our 2022 Pageant Tour! Join us for your chance to WIN BIG at East Coast USA and win one of prestigious state titles to begin your journey to the National […] Read more…

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Connecticut, State Pageants

Connecticut Open State PageantSaturday May 7, 2022Trumbull MarriottTrumbull, ConnecticutCOMPLIMENTARY MOTHER & DAUGHTER EVENT BEING OFFERED AT THIS PAGEANT!! HOTEL BOOKING LINK COMING SOON! PRELIMINARY COMPETITION INFORMATIONEast Coast USA is hitting the road for our 2022 Pageant Tour! Join us for your chance to WIN BIG at East Coast USA and win one of prestigious state […] Read more…

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Pennsylvania, State Pageants

Pennsylvania Open State PageantApril 24, 2022Sheraton Bucks County HotelLanghorne, Pennsylvania PRELIMINARY COMPETITION INFORMATIONEast Coast USA is hitting the road for our 2022 Pageant Tour! Join us for your chance to WIN BIG at East Coast USA and win one of prestigious state titles to begin your journey to the National Finals 2022! Only 12 contestants […] Read more…

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State Pageants, Virginia

Virginia Open State PageantApril 3, 2022Westfield MarriottChantilly, Virginia PRELIMINARY COMPETITION INFORMATIONEast Coast USA is hitting the road for our 2022 Pageant Tour! Join us for your chance to WIN BIG at East Coast USA and win one of prestigious state titles to begin your journey to the National Finals 2022! Only 12 contestants are accepted […] Read more…

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Massachusetts, State Pageants

Massachusetts Open State PageantMarch 27, 2022Doubletree Boston North ShoreDanvers, Massachusetts PRELIMINARY COMPETITION INFORMATIONEast Coast USA is hitting the road for our 2022 Pageant Tour! Join us for your chance to WIN BIG at East Coast USA and win one of prestigious state titles to begin your journey to the National Finals 2022! Only 12 contestants […] Read more…

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Maryland, State Pageants

Maryland Open State PageantMarch 13, 2022Sheraton Baltimore NorthTowson, Maryland PRELIMINARY COMPETITION INFORMATIONEast Coast USA is hitting the road for our 2022 Pageant Tour! Join us for your chance to WIN BIG at East Coast USA and win one of prestigious state titles to begin your journey to the National Finals 2022! Only 12 contestants are […] Read more…

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New York, State Pageants

New York Open State PageantSaturday, February 26, 2022Downtown Sonesta Hotel (formally the Crowne Plaza)66 Hale Ave.White Plains, New York 10601 PRELIMINARY COMPETITION INFORMATIONEast Coast USA is hitting the road for our 2022 Pageant Tour! Join us for your chance to WIN BIG at East Coast USA and win one of prestigious state titles to begin […] Read more…

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National Royalty, Nationals, Uncategorized

Introducing 2021/22 East Coast USA National Royalty! We cannot wait for the year ahead! Remember when the crown hits your head the journey has just begun! East Coast USA National Ultimate Grand Supreme: Amiya WashingtonEast Coast USA National Miss Grand Supreme: Tamyiah BaptisteJr. Miss Grand Supreme East Coast USA: Kianni BarreraToddler Miss Grand Supreme East […] Read more…

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New Jersey, State Pageants, Uncategorized

We’re ready for you Preliminary Pageant Tour 2021/22! August 29, 2021American Dream MallEast Rutherford, New Jersey This is a limited event. Register to ensure your spot! Join us for our first preliminary pageant of the new pageant season at the beautiful new AMERICAN DREAM! Located in East Rutherford, New Jersey, each contestant will take the […] Read more…

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Baby Pageants, Children's Beauty Pageants, Little Miss Texas Beauty Contests

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Children's Beauty Pageants

Local Austin Texas Little Miss Beauty Pageant

Find out when Universal Royalty® Beauty Pageant will be in your town. We will be hosting children beauty pageants, little miss baby pageants and talent competitions in cities all over Texas. Register today!

Austin Texas Beauty Pageants


Universal Royalty® Pageant Wants to Spotlight Your Child With Television Exposure

Universal Royalty Beauty Pageant and Little Miss Baby Beauty Contest

About Universal Royalty® Beauty Pageant

Since 1995 for more than 26 years, Universal Royalty® Beauty Pageant has been organizing the nation's best children's beauty pageants, baby pageants and little miss beauty contests. Based in Austin, Texas, we host pageants all over the state, as well as online pageants that anyone can compete in. You'll love the glamorous, fun-filled family atmosphere at our pageants. We pride ourselves on the quality of the competition and level of professionalism we offer. Every contestant receives an award and gift bag just for entering our pageant.

Universal Royalty® Beauty Pageant is the number-one children's beauty pageant in the United States, Trademark BRAND known around the world for the quality of our pageants, exquisite prizes, beautiful roses and huge trophies awarded. Universal Royalty® has been featured on Toddlers & Tiaras™ Television Show more than 17 times and has hosted child beauty pageants in Ireland, Australia, UK and across the US.

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Beauty Pageant Commitment

Universal Royalty® will continuously provide quality, professional, organized children's beauty pageants, little miss baby pageants and give our contestants television exposure, recognition and TV opportunities that they deserve. Let us crown you Miss Universal Royalty® and you can win $10,000 cash guaranteed on stage. Register today!

Universal Royalty® (Universal Royalty Beauty Pageant®) and its affiliates (also collectively referred to as “we”. “our” and “us”) are concerned about privacy issues and want you to be familiar with how we collect, use and disclose information. This Privacy Policy describes our practices in connection with information that we collect through activities that link to this Privacy Policy including websites (our “Websites”) and any mobile sites, applications, widgets, and other mobile interactive features (collectively, our “Apps”), through other services that we may offer in connections with our Websites and Apps, such as rewards programs, through our official social media pages that we control (our “Social Media Pages”), as well as through HTML-formatted email messages that we send to you (collectively, including the Social Media Pages, Apps and Websites, the “Sites”). By providing Personal Information to us, you agree to the terms and conditions of this Privacy Policy.

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Do you know what is considered to be the pageant seasons? Which month comprises these seasons? What is the pageant off-peak?
All of those questions will be answered in  today’s blogpost!

The National Pageant Season
The nationals pageant season is usually marked with the beginning of applications for the Binibining Pilipinas and Miss Earth Philippines pageants. The BBP pageant usually announces the application period by the end of December or by January. The MEP on the other hand starts the application period around January to March and very occasionally April. The Miss World Philippines is the outlier among the three pageants that selects reps for the 4 Alpha with its pageant that is usually held closer to the international pageant season. MWP usually selects their winners between the months of September to November. Mutya ng Pilipinas has in recent years scheduled their finals between August to December. A far cry from the usual May finals it used to have back in the 90’s.
The International Pageant Season
For the four biggest international pageants, they are usually held in the months of October to December. This marks the most activity on social media when it comes to pageantry. The international pageant season is usually opened with the Miss Earth pageant followed by the Miss International competition in Tokyo. Traditionally either Miss World or Miss Universe will close the pageant season during the end of November or mid-December. Misses Globe, Asia-Pacific International, Supranational, and other host of lesser popular pageants would schedule their finals between the months of October to December.

However other  international pageants would have their schedules between October until February or March of the following year. The Miss Intercontinental pageant has been held in the month of January for this last 2 years, effectively skipping the 2017 edition. Other international pageant that holds finals during the 1st quarter of the year are Miss Eco International and Miss Multinational.
Pageant Season Off-Peak
Interest in pageants usually die down in the months of April to September. This is why most male pageants would scheduled their finals on these dates. No male pageant (national or international competitions) would have a fighting chance in terms of social media buzz if it overlaps with either the national or international pageant season for females.
This is perhaps one of the reasons why the initial scheduled Mister World competition in January was postponed to June of 2019. It will clash with the Miss Intercontinental pageant also held in January as well as the general fan interest Binibining Pilipinas come February to April. This is one of the lessons learned when the Mister World Philippines was postponed due to terrible weather conditions to October last year which buried interest in the contest as it conflicted with the then on-going Miss Earth activities.

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Jesson Capuchino is fashion retail professional of over 10 years, worked as a marketing adviser to one of the biggest fashion companies in Southeast Asia, and a pageant connoisseur since 1994. He is the resident blogger of the pageant portal Sash Factor and a social-media content creator of its Facebook page. A graduate of the BS Clothing Technology program of the University of the Philippines, he has lived outside of the Philippines and traveled to New York, London, Seoul, Singapore and Dubai for assignments with various international brands. His passion in writing, illustration and pageantry converge in this blog.

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Sours: https://sashesandscripts.wordpress.com/2019/02/08/what-are-the-national-international-pageant-seasons/

Pageant season is when

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1977 Talent/Tot Personality
Mini Miss – Christina Hart
Miss – Shelleh Webb
Teen – May Mouzon

1978 Talent/Tot Personality
Mini Miss – Stephanie Fitzgerald
Miss – Robyn Jeffers
Teen – Michelle Savage

1979 Talent/Tot Personality
Mini Miss – Dora Ayala
Miss – Stacy Willis
Teen – Susan Shipley

1980 Talent/Tot Personality
Mini Miss – Melanie Hobbs
Miss – Regina Curry
Teen – Pamela Aucoin

1981 Talent/Tot Personality
Mini Miss – Stacey Cenedese
Miss – Kellie Freeman
Teen – LeAnna Grant

1982 Talent/Tot Personality
Mini Miss – Carie Rothaermel
Miss – Sheri Kirchmar
Teen – Becky Rhynes

1983 Talent/Tot Personality
Mini Miss – Kristie Wilson
Miss – Kaylie Rozman
Teen – Sally Marsh

1984 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Jodi Coleman
Mini Miss – Dedra Bacon
Miss – Betsy Allen
Teen – Sharon Law

1985 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Jamie Schaumleffel
Mini Miss – Olivia Bramlet
Miss – Kaylie Rozman
Teen – Tracy Russell

1986 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Corey Snyder
Mini Miss – Lia Panos
Miss – Brandy Hill
Teen – Kim Marino

1987 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Charisse Pipes
Mini Miss – Shanna Schuette
Miss – Nicole Whitlock
Teen – Danielle Sandefur

1988 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Misty Klobucher
Mini Miss – Shannon Beach
Miss – Robyn Foreman
Teen – Christina Hammersmith

1989 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – DeShae Hughes
Mini Miss – Dana Wolf
Miss – Janae Codner
Teen – Vicki Sparks

1990 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Lacey Fitzgerald
Mini Miss – Chelsea Boney
Miss – Tara Tucker
Teen – Molly Boring

1991 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Lauren Pollock
Mini Miss – Sue Kim
Miss – Jenny Norris
Teen – Amanda Yandle

1992 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Jill McDonald
Mini Miss – Tracy York
Miss – Su Mi Kim
Teen – Kristin Bohm:
Woman – Elizabeth Camacho

1993 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Micah Bateman
Mini Miss – Kayla Cochran
Miss – Jamie Freeman
Teen – Heather Wilson
Woman – Susie Suné

1994 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Heidi Kern
Mini Miss – Anna Concepcion
Miss – Lauren Lucas
Teen – Heather Wilson
Woman – Shea Sullivan
Prince Charming – Michael Kasday

1995 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Kaile France
Mini Miss – Loren Fenerty
Miss – Laurie Payne
Teen – Melissa Ragsdale
Woman – Renee Costanzo
Prince Charming – Ryan Shervington

1996 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Chelsea Maulden
Mini Miss – Brittany Comeaux
Miss – Loren Fenerty
Teen – Brittany Hastings
Woman – Landrea Abshire
Prince Charming – Christian Waltmire

1997 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Megan Bednorz
Mini Miss – Ashton Taylor
Miss – Amie Bonomolo
Teen – Nicole Tubiola
Woman – Lyn Smith

1998 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Jordin Johnson
Mini Miss – Krista Bailon
Miss – Courtney Haynes
Teen – Brittany Hastings
Woman – Anna Call

1999 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Courtney Wood
Mini Miss – Olivia Usey
Miss – Lauren Dymtrow
Teen – Angie Phillips
Woman – Chelsea Nii

2000 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Krystal Fernandez
Mini Miss – Camilla Enriquez
Miss – Danielle Smith
Teen – Erin Nurss:
Woman – Sheila Reynolds

2001 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Ginny Corley
Mini Miss – Cristina Garcia
Miss – Katerina San Juan
Teen – Loren Fenerty
Woman – Barriel Wilson

2002 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Lauren Estes
Mini Miss – Abby Long
Miss – Danielle Dastrup
Teen – Loren Fenerty
Woman – Shantel Bingham

2003 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Christin Martin
Mini Miss – Jessica Ham
Miss – Courtney Brown
Teen – Jessica Batson:
Woman – Jennifer Herrera

2004 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Hollie Maples
Mini Miss – Alexa Castle
Miss – Victoria Cowen
Teen – Ashton Kunkle
Woman – Jenny Norris Light

2005 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Sarena Chambliss
Mini Miss – Amber Blocker
Miss – Paige Melanson
Teen – Jenica Reed
Woman – Chelsie Darling

2006 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Lesshika Vala
Mini Miss – Kaylee Glover
Miss – Gabriela Teyes
Teen – Jourdyn Kort
Woman – Shelby Farrar

2007 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Madison Barter
Mini Miss – JessiKate Riley
Miss – Marissa Mezzatesta
Teen – Morgan Fuller
Woman – Shantel Bingham

2008 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Lara Mullis
Mini Miss – Inna Bila
Miss – Tiare Keeno
Teen – Morgan Fuller
Woman – Jennica McCleary

2009 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Amber Ellis
Mini Miss – Kylee Russell
Miss – KcKenzie Faggart
Teen – Ambre Monson
Woman – Tiffany Wheat

2010 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Haley Cabrera
Mini Miss – Abigail Hau
Miss – Pia Perez
Teen – Jacquelin Harris
Woman – Emmie Kivell

2011 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Emily Walker
Mini Miss – Katherine Dahl
Miss – Savannah Keyes
Teen – Erica Williams
Woman – Alicia Sullivan

2012 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Jia Patel
Mini Miss – Willow Osborne
MIss – Elan Morris
Teen – Laryssa Bonacquisti
Woman – Morgan Fuller

2013 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Payton Romine
Mini Miss – Alexandra De Roos
Miss – Mackenzie Earls
Teen – McKenzie Faggart
Woman – Morgan Fuller

2014 Talent/Tot Personality
Tot – Jayne-Lynne Kinchen
Mini Miss – Alexandra Hoffmann
Miss – Amanda Lee Pirkowski
Teen – Tiare Keeno
Woman – Ambre Nielson

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Beauty Pageant Season 2021 - Sept. 1

Beauty pageant

Competition mostly based on physical attributes

"Beauty contest" and "Beauty queen" redirect here. For other uses, see Beauty contest (disambiguation) and Beauty queen (disambiguation).

A beauty pageant or beauty contest is a competition that has traditionally focused on judging and ranking the physical attributes of the contestants. Pageants have now evolved to include inner beauty, with criteria covering judging of personality, intelligence, talent, character, and charitable involvement, through private interviews with judges and answers to public on-stage questions. The term beauty pageant refers originally to the Big Four international beauty pageants.

Pageant titles are subdivided into Miss, Mrs. or Ms., and Teen – to clearly identify the difference between pageant divisions. Hundreds of thousands of beauty contests are held annually,[1] but the Big Four are considered the most prestigious,[2] widely covered and broadcast by media.[3] For example, The Wall Street Journal,[4]BBC News,[5]CNN,[6]Xinhua News Agency,[7] and global news agencies such as Reuters,[8][9]Associated Press[10] and Agence France-Presse[11][12] collectively refer to the four major pageants as "Big Four" namely: Miss Universe, Miss World, Miss International, and Miss Earth.[13][14][15]

The organizers of each pageant may determine the rules of the competition, including the age range of contestants. The rules may also require the contestants to be unmarried, and be "virtuous", "amateur", and available for promotions, besides other criteria. It may also set the clothing standards in which contestants will be judged, including the type of swimsuit.

Beauty pageants are generally multi-tiered, with local competitions feeding into the larger competitions. For example, the international pageants have hundreds or thousands of local competitions. Child beauty pageants mainly focus on beauty, gowns, sportswear modelling, talent, and personal interviews. Adult and teen pageants focus on makeup, hair and gowns, swimsuit modelling, and personal interviews. A winner of a beauty contest is often called a beauty queen. The rankings of the contestants are referred to as placements.

Possible awards of beauty contests include titles, tiaras, crowns, sashes, bouquets, scepters, savings bonds, scholarships, and prize money. Some pageants have awarded college scholarships to the winner or to multiple runners-up.[16]


Early years[edit]

Woman receiving an award for winning a beauty pageant, 1922
Lone Star State Selects Beauties for 100 Year Pageant[17]

European festivals dating back to the medieval era provide the most direct lineage for beauty pageants. For example, English May Day celebrations always had the selection of a May Queen. In the United States, the May Day tradition of selecting a woman to serve as a symbol of beauty and community ideals continued, as young, beautiful women participated in public celebrations.[18]

A beauty pageant was held during the Eglinton Tournament of 1839, organized by Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, as part of a re-enactment of a medieval joust that was held in Scotland. The pageant was won by Georgiana Seymour, Duchess of Somerset, the wife of Edward Seymour, 12th Duke of Somerset, and sister of Caroline Norton, and she was proclaimed as the "Queen of Beauty".[19][unreliable source?]

Entrepreneur Phineas Taylor Barnum staged the first modern American pageant in 1854, but his beauty contest was closed down after public protest.[20][21]

National pageants[edit]

Beauty contests became more popular in the 1880s. In 1888, the title of 'beauty queen' was awarded to an 18-year-old Creole contestant at a pageant in Spa, Belgium. All participants had to supply a photograph and a short description of themselves to be eligible to enter and a final selection of 21 was judged by a formal panel.[22] Such events were not regarded as respectable. Beauty contests came to be considered more respectable with the first modern "Miss America" contest held in 1921.[23]

The oldest pageant still in operation today is the Miss America pageant, which was organized in 1921 by a local businessman as a means to entice tourists to Atlantic City, New Jersey.[24] The pageant hosted the winners of local newspaper beauty contests in the "Inter-City Beauty" Contest, which was attended by over one hundred thousand people. Sixteen-year-old Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C., was crowned Miss America 1921, having won both the popularity and beauty contests, and was awarded $100.[25]

International pageants[edit]

Bathing beauty contest, USA, 1920

In May 1920, promoter C.E. Barfield of Galveston, Texas organized a new event known as "Splash Day" on the island. The event featured a "Bathing Girl Revue" competition as the centerpiece of its attractions.[26][27][28][29] The event was the kick-off of the summer tourist season in the city and was carried forward annually. The event quickly became known outside of Texas and, beginning in 1926, the world's first international contest was added, known as the International Pageant of Pulchritude.[28] This contest is said to have served as a model for modern pageants.[29][30][31] It featured contestants from England, Russia, Turkey, and many other nations and the title awarded at the time was known as "Miss Universe".[29][32] The event was discontinued in the United States in 1932 because of the Depression (the international competition was revived briefly in Belgium).[citation needed]

After World War II[edit]

The popularity of the Miss America pageant prompted other organizations to establish similar contests in the 1950s and beyond. Some were significant while others were trivial, such as the National Donut Queen contest. The Miss World contest started in 1951, Miss Universe started in 1952 as did Miss USA. Miss International started in 1960. Miss Asia Pacific International which started in 1968 is the first and oldest beauty pageant in Asia.[33][34] The Miss Black America contest started in 1968[35] in response to the exclusion of African American women from the Miss America pageant. The Miss Universe Organization started the Miss Teen USA in 1983 for the 14-19 age group. Miss Earth started in 2001, which channels the beauty pageant entertainment industry as an effective tool to actively promote the preservation of the environment.[36][37] These contests continue to this day.

Swimsuit competition[edit]

Main article: Swimsuit competition

The requirement for contestants to wear a swimsuit was a controversial aspect of the various competitions. The controversy was heightened with the increasing popularity of the bikini after its introduction in 1946. The bikini was banned for the Miss America contest in 1947 because of Roman Catholic protesters.[38] When the Miss World contest started in 1951, there was an outcry when the winner was crowned in a bikini. Pope Pius XII condemned the crowning as sinful,[39][40] and countries with religious traditions threatened to withdraw delegates.[41] The bikini was banned for future and other contests. It was not until the late 1990s that they became permitted again,[24] but still generated controversy when finals were held in countries where bikinis (or swimsuits in general) were socially disapproved.[24][42] For example, in 2003, Vida Samadzai from Afghanistan caused an uproar in her native country when she participated in the Miss Earth 2003 contest in a red bikini.[43][44] She was condemned by the Afghan Supreme Court, saying such a display of the female body goes against Islamic law and Afghan culture.[45][46] In 2013, the swimsuit round of the Miss World contest was dropped because of Islamist protests in Bali (Indonesia), where the contest took place.[42] In 2014, the Miss World contest eliminated the swimsuit competition from its pageant.[47] In 2018, Miss America eliminated the swimsuit competition after 97 years. [1]

In 2017, Carousel Productions was criticized for objectifying women during the Miss Earth 2017 competition where delegates wore swimsuits during the event with their faces concealed by a veil in the Beauty of Figure and Form, a segment first introduced in the Miss Philippines Earth 2017 pageant.[48][49][50][51] It was one of the three preliminary judging segments of the pageant that include Poise and Beauty of Face and Environmental and Intelligence Competition.[52][48] The organizers defended the "beauty of figure and form" segment and released a statement that the said round was intended to promote strict impartiality during pre-judging by focusing on the contestants' curves, execution and not beautiful face.[53][49]

Major beauty pageants[edit]

Main article: List of beauty pageants

The term "beauty pageant" refers largely to contests for women.[54][55][56] Major international contests for women include the yearly Miss World competition (founded by Eric Morley in 1951), Miss Universe (founded in 1952), Miss International (founded in 1960), and Miss Earth (founded in 2001 with environmental awareness as its concern).[57][58][59] These are considered the Big Four pageants, the four largest and most famous international beauty contests for single or unmarried women.[60][61]

Founded Pageant Organizer Location Bikini allowed Bikini regulation
1951Miss WorldEric Morley,
Miss World Organization
London, England1951–20141951: The first winner Kiki Håkansson from Sweden was crowned in a bikini. Countries with religious traditions threatened to withdraw delegates,[41] and Pope Pius XII condemned the crowning as sinful.[39][40]
1952: Swimsuits toned down to more modest designs.[24]
1996: Miss World contest was held in Bangalore, India, but the swimsuit round was shifted to Seychelles because of intense protests.[62]
2013: The swimsuit round was dropped because of Islamist protests in Bali, Indonesia, where the contest took place.[42]
2015: The Beach Fashion segment of the pageant was dropped.[63]
1952Miss UniverseWilliam Morris EndeavorNew York City1997–present1952: Bikinis banned.
1997: Contestants allowed to wear bikinis.[24]
1960Miss InternationalInternational Cultural AssociationTokyo, Japan1960–present1964: Bikinis made mandatory.
2001Miss EarthCarousel ProductionsQuezon City, Philippines2003–present2003:Vida Samadzai from Afghanistan participating in a bikini caused an uproar in her native country.[64][65][66]
2017: The "Beauty of Form and Figure" preliminary judging in Miss Earth 2017 was introduced where the delegates walked in white two-piece bikinis but their faces were covered by a white veil to focus the judgment on the body figures on this portion.[67][68]

Big Four dethronements and resignations[edit]

Dethronements and resignations are rare for the Big Four pageant winners, but when it does, it creates media attention.

The Miss World pageant has experienced 3 cases of dethronement or resignation instances:

In Miss Universe, Oxana Fedorova of Russia was crowned Miss Universe 2002 and was dethroned 4 months later as she was unable to fulfill her obligations.[77][78] She was the first to be dethroned in the history of Miss Universe.[79] She was replaced by first runner-up Justine Pasek of Panama.[80][81] In its early years, there were two instances where the reigning Miss Universe opted to resign from her position: Armi Kuusela, Miss Universe 1952 from Finland, who held the distinction of being the first Miss Universe winner gave up her crown in less than a year to marry Filipino businessman Virgilio Hilario while Amparo Muñoz, Miss Universe 1974 of Spain refused to travel to Japan and instead resigned after six months of her reign.[82][83][84] However, since the pageant had no concrete rule on resignation at that time, they were allowed to keep their titles.[85]

In Miss Earth, the 2002 winner, Dzejla Glavovic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was dethroned of her crown six months into her reign, after she failed to show up at several environmental events.[86][87] According to Carousel Productions, organizer of the Miss Earth contest, Glavovic was dethroned because of "her inability to fulfill the duties and responsibilities as the Miss Earth titleholder, in accordance with the rules and regulations set forth in the Miss Earth contract that she signed."[88][89] She was succeeded by first runner-up Winfred Omwakwe of Kenya as Miss Earth 2002.[90]

In Miss International, Ikumi Yoshimatsu, Miss International 2012 was the first titleholder of the pageant from Japan to be dethroned shortly before the end of her reign.[91][92][93] She was ordered by the International Culture Association (Miss International organizer) to skip the succession ceremony and "play sick and shut up" out of fear of scandal.[94] The Miss International organizer cited the reason for her dethronement was due to her involvement in a contract dispute with a talent agency in which she claimed that she was pressured to sign by Burning Productions, a film production company which is rumored to be linked with the Japanese underworld, but she refused and went ahead by starting her own company.[95] Yoshimatsu filed criminal charges against one of Japan's most powerful talent agency executives, Genichi Taniguchi of Burning Productions, for allegedly stalking, intimidating, and harassing her.[96]


Besides the international beauty pageants, numerous minor competitions exist throughout the world displaying the different perceptions of beauty. Some examples of criteria to select beauty queens that are unique to certain cultures include the Indian history and traditional craft skills in the Miss Indian American pageant,[97] Indian dress section in the Miss India USA pageant[98] and the principles of "black beauty" that became accepted in the Miss Howard University competition.[99] The winner is often viewed as a model for the "ideal" community member.[100] Through the competitions, the contestants can learn how to present themselves in public and how to cultivate certain traits such as confidence or poise.[101] In some cases, the competitors are selected to act as a representative on behalf of the community. In the African American community of Howard University, the selected Miss Howard University served as advocates for the Civil Rights Movement in the decades following the 1960s.[99] Additionally, the Miss Landmine competition situated in Angola allow victims to serve as advocates on behalf of other victims of mining accidents.[102]

Researchers suggest that the emergence of beauty pageants in countries outside the United States is linked to an economic boom geared towards a more consumeristic lifestyle. For example, in India, from 1996 to 2000, the personal care industry grew by 25% while the number of women applying for the Miss India competition increased from 1000 people in 1993 to 6500 people in 2001.[103] Additionally, after China hosted about 6 international beauty pageants in 2004, the beauty industry increased in influence in the area. At the same time, the number of regional beauty pageants in the country increased.[104]

There is much diversity surrounding the beauty pageant industry now and there have been many women out there who have been recognized to be the first crowned in their race. In 1983, Vanessa Williams, an American singer, actress and fashion designer gained recognition as being the first African American woman to receive the Miss America title. In 1945, Bess Myerson, an American politician, model and, television actress became the first Jew to win the Miss America title in the Atlantic city and to this day she is the only Jew to have received the crown. Her success in winning the title was hugely symbolic and personal to the Jews at that time because it was during the midst of anti-semitism in Nazi Germany and therefore, she was thought to be ideal in the United States.[105] Then in 1991, Lupita Jones, a Mexican actress and television producer, became the first Mexican to win Miss Universe.


The panel of judges for the 1973 Miss Amsterdam pageant

Critics of beauty pageants argue that such contests reinforce the idea that girls and women should be valued primarily for their physical appearance, and that this puts tremendous pressure on women to conform to conventional beauty standards by spending time and money on fashion, cosmetics, hair styling, and even cosmetic surgery. They say that this pursuit of physical beauty even encourages some women to diet to the point of harming themselves.[106][107][108]

The London Feminist Network argues that rather than being empowering, beauty pageants do the opposite: denying women's full humanity by subjecting them to objectification, denying their full humanity by maintaining that their primary purpose is to be attractive.[109]

Another criticism is in the way beauty pageant is quantifiably scored as highlighted by the "Myth of the Perfect 10".[110] Beauty becomes a numerical coefficient in ranking contestants, and this type of scoring still remains followed as a system even in nationwide beauty pageants such as Miss America.[111]

Researchers suggest that these events strengthen skills, such as interpersonal communications, self-assurance, and public speaking, which prove to be useful in future career paths.[112]

Some critics claim that even after beauty pageants became diverse by the end of the 20th century, there is still this misconception that the ideal image of traditional beauty is a white woman.[113]


There have been numerous scandals in the beauty pageant industry and they continue to emerge as beauty pageants are becoming more known to the public. For instance, in December 2017, HuffPost published emails which were written by former Miss America CEO Sam Haskell. In these emails, the contestant speaks about other contestants and refers to them as "snakes". Due to these emails coming out to the public, the contestant resigned from her position.[114]

Laura Zuniga, former Miss Hispanic America was detained with her boyfriend and six other people for the crimes of racketeering, drug trafficking, weapons violation and money laundering. The group was caught by the police as they held many 9-mm handguns and roughly $53,000 in cash.[115]

At the Miss Teen USA 2007 pageant, Caitlin Upton gained international notoriety for her convoluted and nonsensical response to a question posed to her during the August 2007 national pageant.[116][117] During the pageant, host Aimee Teegarden asked: "Recent polls have shown a fifth of Americans can't locate the U.S. on a world map. Why do you think this is?" Upton responded:

I personally believe that U.S. Americans are unable to do so because, uh, some, uh, people out there in our nation don't have maps and, uh, I believe that our education like such as in South Africa and, uh, the Iraq, everywhere like such as, and, I believe that they should, our education over here in the U.S. should help the U.S., uh, or, uh, should help South Africa and should help the Iraq and the Asian countries, so we will be able to build up our future. For our children.[118][119]

As a guest on NBC's The Today Show, Upton told Ann Curry and Matt Lauer that she was overwhelmed when asked the question and did not comprehend it correctly.[120][115]

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Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beauty_pageant

Now discussing:

I have always. Quite poorly imagined the lower fastening of this garment, whether there is Velcro, or hooks, or maybe it is generally worn over the head. In a word, I paused a little in preparations, but she did not seem to notice this already.

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