Ar verbs chart

Ar verbs chart DEFAULT

Spanish Present Tense

The present tense is the most frequently used tense in Spanish and functions quite similarly to the English present tense. The present tense is employed to express many things; mainly, it is used to describe something that is happening either right now (the train is leaving) or in the near future (the train leaves in an hour), to express a general truth (the train is comfortable) or to describe a habitual action (I take the train to work every week).

It is also important to keep in mind that in English there are more ways to express an action in the present than in Spanish. For example:

I drink.
I am drinking.
I do drink.
Yo bebo.

Spanish Present Tense: -ar, -er and -ir verbs

As we covered in the section on Spanish verbs, all Spanish verbs end in one of the following ways:

  • -ar (examples: amar, asar, borrar, estudiar, hablar, jugar, saltar, tomar)
  • -er (beber, comer, comprender, leer, temer, vender)
  • -ir (mentir, pedir, sentir, subir, vivir)

Regular verbs (we'll leave the irregular verbs for later) follow the same pattern as other verbs with which they share endings. The root of the verb (the part up until the -ar, -er or -ir) stays the same, while the ending is replaced according to the subject.


The root for SALTAR is "salt-" and the root for AMAR is "am-". See how the endings change:

Subject-AR verb endings SALTAR (to jump)
AMAR (to love)
yo (I) -osalto (I jump)
amo (I love)
(you) -assaltas (you jump)
amas (you love)
él/ella (he / she) -asalta (he / she jumps)
ama (he / she loves)
nosotros/as (we) -amossaltamos (we jump)
amamos (we love)
vosotros/as (you all)-áissaltáis (you jump)
amáis (you love)
ellos / ellas (they) -ansaltan (they jump)
aman (they love)


The root for COMER is "com-" and the root for COMPRENDER is "comprend-". See how the endings change:

Subject-ER verb endings COMER (to eat)
COMPRENDER (to understand)
yo (I) -ocomo (I eat)
comprendo (I understand)
(you) -escomes (you eat)
comprendes (you understand)
él/ella (he / she) -ecome (he/she eats)
comprende (he/she understands)
nosotros/as (we) -emoscomemos (we eat)
comprendemos (we understand)
vosotros/as (you all)-éiscoméis (you eat)
comprendéis (you understand)
ellos / ellas (they) -encomen (they eat)
comprenden (they understand)


The root for VIVIR is "viv-" and the root for SUBIR is "sub-". See how the endings change:

Subject-IR verb endings VIVIR (to live)
SUBIR (to go up)
yo (I) -ovivo (I live)
subo (I go up)
(you) -esvives (you live)
subes (you go up)
él/ella (he / she) -evive (he/she lives)
sube (he/she goes up)
nosotros/as (we) -imosvivimos (we live)
subimos (we go up)
vosotros/as (you all)-ísvivís (you all live)
subís (you all go up)
ellos / ellas (they) -enviven (they live)
suben (they go up)

Spanish Grammar: [-AR] Verb Conjugation Chart

Posted by LEAF Architect on Sunday, July 8, 2012 · Leave a Comment 

Spanish Grammar: [-AR] Verb Conjugation Chart

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Spanish Grammar: Verb Conjugations – [-AR] Verb Endings
gramática española: las conjugaciones de los verbos [-AR]

[-AR] Verb Endings

Infinitive verbs are verbs that are unchanged. They are in their most basic form, and can be adapted in many different ways. (An infinite number of ways, so to speak.)

Infinitive verbs in Spanish will always end with –AR, –ER, or –IR.

Infinitive verbs, in English, always mean to do … (action). For example: to run, to read, to speak, to live, to eat, to see, to hear, to work, to study …

-AR verbs are all infinitive verbs that end with the letters –AR. Besides the –AR ending, there really is no kind of pattern to why certain verbs are –AR verbs.

Indicative Mood:


Subjunctive Mood:

PresentImperfectImperfect (alt)Future

Imperative Mood (Command Forms):


Perfect Tenses (Part 1):

yohe -ADOhube -ADOhabía -ADO
has -ADOhubiste -ADOhabías -ADO
él/ella/ustedha -ADOhubo -ADOhabía -ADO
nosotros(as)hemos -ADOhubimos -ADOhabíamos -ADO
vosotros(as)habéis -ADOhubisteis -ADOhabíais -ADO
ellos/ellas/ustedeshan -ADOhubieron -ADOhabían -ADO

Perfect Tenses (Part 2):

yohabría -ADOhabré -ADO
habrías -ADOhabrás -ADO
él/ella/ustedhabría -ADOhabrá -ADO
nosotros(as)habríamos -ADOhabremos -ADO
vosotros(as)habríais -ADOhabréis -ADO
ellos/ellas/ustedeshabrían -ADOhabrán -ADO

Perfect Subjunctive Tenses:

yohaya -ADOhubiera -ADOhubiere -ADO
hayas -ADOhubieras -ADOhubieres -ADO
él/ella/ustedhaya -ADOhubiera -ADOhubiere -ADO
nosotros(as)hayamos -ADOhubiéramos -ADOhubiéremos -ADO
vosotros(as)hayáis -ADOhubierais -ADOhubiereis -ADO
ellos/ellas/ustedeshayan -ADOhubieran -ADOhubieren -ADO

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The Most Essential Spanish AR Verbs

All Spanish verbs in their infinitive form end in -ar, -er, or -ir. The ending will affect how the verb is conjugated.

-ar verbs are the most common verb type in Spanish, so you’ll encounter them a lot.

Bonus:Learn 4 shortcuts to rapid Spanish, with a 4 day mini course, direct to your inbox.

To form AR verbs in the present form you remove the -ar and add the following endings depending on who is performing the verb's action.

Conjugate AR Verbs in the Present Tense

Add this endinghablar / to speak
yo-ohabloI speak
-ashablasyou speak
él/ella/Ud.-ahablahe speaks
nosotros-amoshablamoswe speak
vosotros-áishabláisyou (all) speak
ellos/ellas/Uds.-anhablanthey speak

See how to conjugate other tenses.

The top 100 Spanish AR verbs you should know

Here are the 100 most common verbs in Spanish ending in -ar, listed in order of frequency of use. Use them to optimize your learning by starting with the most important verbs.

Click each verb to view the conjugations in different forms and tenses, and for quizzes to test your knowledge.

Irregular verbs are in red

1estarto be (health, location, state)Conjugations
2darto giveConjugations
3llegarto arrive, come, reachConjugations
4pasarto pass, to spend (time), to happenConjugations
5quedarto stay, remainConjugations
6hablarto speakConjugations
7llevarto carry, bringConjugations
8dejarto leave, abandon, to let, allowConjugations
9encontrarto find, encounterConjugations
10llamarto call, to nameConjugations
11pensarto thinkConjugations
12tomarto take, drinkConjugations
13tratarto treat, handleConjugations
14mirarto watch, look atConjugations
15contarto count, relate, tellConjugations
16empezarto begin, startConjugations
17esperarto wait for, to hopeConjugations
18buscarto search for, look forConjugations
19entrarto enter, go in, come inConjugations
20trabajarto workConjugations
21recordarto remember, remindConjugations
22terminarto finish, endConjugations
23comenzarto begin, start, commenceConjugations
24sacarto take out, stick outConjugations
25necesitarto need, requireConjugations

Verbos regulares

The largest category of regular Spanish verbs is those that end in -ar. To conjugate them, remove the infinitive ending and then add one of the following verb endings:

Singular         Plural
1st person     yo-o nosotros -amos
2nd person-as vosotros-áis
3rd personél-a ellos-an

Thus to conjugate hablar, you’ll remove the infinitive ending to find the radical habl– and then add the appropriate endings:

HABLARSingular         Plural
1st person    yohablo nosotros hablamos
2nd personhablas vosotroshabláis
3rd personélhabla elloshablan

Note that the conjugations for -AR, -ER, and -IR verbs are very similar. Where -AR verbs have an A, -ER verbs have an E. -IR verbs are identical to -ER verbs except in the nosotros and vosotros forms.

Common regular -ar verbs

Spanish quizzes Conjugation Quiz

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself:

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Spanish regular -ar verbs


Chart ar verbs

She put the phone on the table and looked out the window. It was cloudy, the asphalt was already dry. Only puddles have melted in places. The wind was not visible. Do not pull and get ready quickly.

100 Verbs Every Spanish Beginner Must-Know

Maya's luxurious hair loosening hides her beautiful face, and I only feel how the delicate tube of her lips immerses my seriously excited penis in. Itself. I am ready to cum at this moment, but the desire to stretch the pleasure, and even deliver the same to my beloved girl, make me restrain my orgasm. I need to distract myself, drive away thoughts from this sexy creature on my knees in front of me and take them aside.

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Long boots flashed back and forth alternately like two metronomes. The prisoner roared in agony. His tormentor laughed. She squatted down in front of the man and, picking up the edge of the tape with her fingernail, tore it.

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