Disaster Quotes (52 quotes)
[T]he natural history of the rat is tragically similar to that of man some of the more obvious qualities in which rats resemble men ferocity, omnivorousness, and adaptability to all climates the irresponsible fecundity with which both species breed at all seasons of the year with a heedlessness of consequences, which subjects them to wholesale disaster on the inevitable, occasional failure of the food supply [G]radually, these two have spread across the earth, keeping pace with each other and unable to destroy each other, though continually hostile. They have wandered from East to West, driven by their physical needs, and unlike any other species of living things have made war upon their own kind. The gradual, relentless, progressive extermination of the black rat by the brown has no parallel in nature so close as that of the similar extermination of one race of man by another
— Hans Zinsser
Rats, Lice and History()
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And, in this case, science could learn an important lesson from the literatiwho love contingency for the same basic reason that scientists tend to regard the theme with suspicion. Because, in contingency lies the power of each person, to make a difference in an unconstrained world bristling with possibilities, and nudgeable by the smallest of unpredictable inputs into markedly different channels spelling either vast improvement or potential disaster.
— Stephen Jay Gould
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Any statistics can be extrapolated to the point where they show disaster.
— Thomas Sowell
'Penetrating the Rhetoric', The Vision of the Anointed (),
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As scientific men we have all, no doubt, felt that our fellow men have become more and more satisfying as fish have taken up their work which has been put often to base uses, which must lead to disaster. But what sin is to the moralist and crime to the jurist so to the scientific man is ignorance. On our plane, knowledge and ignorance are the immemorial adversaries. Scientific men can hardly escape the charge of ignorance with regard to the precise effect of the impact of modern science upon the mode of living of the people and upon their civilisation. For them, such a charge is worse than that of crime.
— Frederick Soddy
From Banquet Speech (10 Dec ), Nobel Prize in Chemistry, collected in Carl Gustaf Santesson (ed.), Les Prix Nobel en ().
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BIRTH, n. The first and direst of all disasters. As to the nature of it there appears to be no uniformity. Castor and Pollux were born from the egg. Pallas came out of a skull. Galatea was once a block of stone. Peresilis, who wrote in the tenth century, avers that he grew up out of the ground where a priest had spilled holy water. It is known that Arimaxus was derived from a hole in the earth, made by a stroke of lightning. Leucomedon was the son of a cavern in Mount Etna, and I have myself seen a man come out of a wine cellar.
— Ambrose Bierce
The Collected Works of Ambrose Bierce (), Vol. 7, The Devil's Dictionary,
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But of all environments, that produced by mans complex technology is perhaps the most unstable and rickety. In its present form, our society is not two centuries old, and a few nuclear bombs will do it in.
To be sure, evolution works over long periods of time and two centuries is far from sufficient to breed Homo technikos .
The destruction of our technological society in a fit of nuclear peevishness would become disastrous even if there were many millions of immediate survivors.
The environment toward which they were fitted would be gone, and Darwins demon would wipe them out remorselessly and without a backward glance.
— Isaac Asimov
Asimov on Physics (), Also in Isaac Asimovs Book of Science and Nature Quotations (),
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Distrust even Mathematics; albeit so sublime and highly perfected, we have here a machine of such delicacy it can only work in vacuo, and one grain of sand in the wheels is enough to put everything out of gear. One shudders to think to what disaster such a grain of sand may bring a Mathematical brain. Remember Pascal.
— Anatole France
The Garden of Epicurus () translated by Alfred Allinson, in The Works of Anatole France in an English Translation (),
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Eighteen years since the Chernobyl disaster. Is it just me surprized? Still no superheroes!
— Jimmy Carr
Recorded joke excerpt from a live performance used to conclude interview rebroadcast in radio programme 'Comedy Zone: Career Change Comics' on BBC Radio Scotland (21 Sep ).
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Every technological success is hailed as a great scientific achievement; every technological disaster is deemed an engineering failure.
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For a successful technology, reality must take precedence over public relations, for nature cannot be fooled.
— Richard P. Feynman
Upon identifying the reason for the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger with his demonstration showing that O-rings grow brittle when cold by immersing a sample in iced water. Concluding remark in Feynman's Appendix to the Rogers Commission Report on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident. In
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Humor is a conformity enforcer clothed in the garb of congeniality. It focuses on others weaknesses, disasters, stupidities, and abnormalities.
— Howard Bloom
In 'The Conformity Police', Global Brain: The Evolution of Mass Mind from the Big Bang to the 21st Century (),
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I do see the difference now between me and other men. When a disaster happens, I act and they make excuses.
— Florence Nightingale
Letter () to Miss H. Bonham Carter, transcribed in Edward Cook, The Life of Florence Nightingale (, ), Vol. 1, The disaster that resulted in this remark was when her dressing-room was flooded by a bad pipe from a water cistern. She had first been given an excuse that it resulted from a frost, but she persisted until the real cause was determined and remedied.
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I had a Meccano set with which I played endlessly. Meccano which was invented by Frank Hornby around , is called Erector Set in the US. New toys (mainly Lego) have led to the extinction of Meccano and this has been a major disaster as far as the education of our young engineers and scientists is concerned. Lego is a technically trivial plaything and kids love it partly because it is so simple and partly because it is seductively coloured. However it is only a toy, whereas Meccano is a real engineering kit and it teaches one skill which I consider to be the most important that anyone can acquire: This is the sensitive touch needed to thread a nut on a bolt and tighten them with a screwdriver and spanner just enough that they stay locked, but not so tightly that the thread is stripped or they cannot be unscrewed. On those occasions (usually during a party at your house) when the handbasin tap is closed so tightly that you cannot turn it back on, you know the last person to use the washroom never had a Meccano set.
— Sir Harold W. Kroto
Nobel laureate autobiography in Les Prix Nobel/Nobel Lectures (),
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If the militarily most powerfuland least threatenedstates need nuclear weapons for their security, how can one deny such security to countries that are truly insecure? The present nuclear policy is a recipe for proliferation. It is a policy for disaster.
— Sir Joseph Rotblat
In 'Remember Your Humanity', Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (Mar ),
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If theres more than one way to do a job and one of those ways will end in disaster, then somebody will do it that way.
[Early statement of what became known as Murphy's Law.]
— Edward A. Murphy, Jr.
As quoted in People (31 Jan ), Also in Nick T. Spark, A History of Murphy's Law (), Nick T. Spark - Humor -
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In a world that is rightly so concerned about climate change and the atmosphere, to be so ignorant and neglectful of our oceans is deeply troubling. However,
having woken up to this living disaster and having realized that there are limits to how much abuse we can inflict, its not too late to turn things around.
— Sylvia A. Earle
In 'Can We Stop Killing Our Oceans Now, Please?', Huffington Post (14 Aug ).
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In light of new knowledge an eventual world state is not just desirable in the name of brotherhood, it is necessary for survival Today we must abandon competition and secure cooperation. This must be the central fact in all our considerations of international affairs; otherwise we face certain disaster. Past thinking and methods did not prevent world wars. Future thinking must prevent wars.
— Albert Einstein
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In my considered opinion the peer review system, in which proposals rather than proposers are reviewed, is the greatest disaster visited upon the scientific community in this century. No group of peers would have approved my building the inch bubble chamber. Even Ernest Lawrence told me he thought I was making a big mistake. He supported me because he knew my track record was good. I believe that U.S. science could recover from the stultifying effects of decades of misguided peer reviewing if we returned to the tried-and-true method of evaluating experimenters rather than experimental proposals. Many people will say that my ideas are elitist, and I certainly agree. The alternative is the egalitarianism that we now practice and Ive seen nearly kill basic science in the USSR and in the People's Republic of China.
— Luis W. Alvarez
Alvarez: Adventures of a Physicist (),
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In the social equation, the value of a single life is nil; in the cosmic equation, it is infinite
Not only communism, but any political movement which implicitly relies on purely utilitarian ethics, must become a victim to the same fatal error. It is a fallacy as naïve as a mathematical teaser, and yet its consequences lead straight to Goyas Disasters, to the reign of the guillotine, the torture chambers of the Inquisition, or the cellars of the Lubianka.
— Arthur Koestler
In 'The Invisible Writing', Arrow in the Blue: An Autobiography (), Vol. 2,
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It is both a sad and a happy fact of engineering history that disasters have been powerful instruments of change. Designers learn from failure. Industrial society did not invent grand works of engineering, and it was not the first to know design failure. What it did do was develop powerful techniques for learning from the experience of past disasters. It is extremely rare today for an apartment house in North America, Europe, or Japan to fall down. Ancient Rome had large apartment buildings too, but while its public baths, bridges and aqueducts have lasted for two thousand years, its big residential blocks collapsed with appalling regularity. Not one is left in modern Rome, even as ruin.
— Edward Tenner
In Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences (),
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It must be borne in mind that the tragedy of life doesnt lie in not reaching your goal. The tragedy lies in having no goal to reach. It isnt a calamity to die with dreams unfulfilled, but it is a calamity not to dream. It is not a disaster to be unable to capture your idea, but it is disaster to have no idea to capture. It is not a disgrace not to reach for the stars, but it is a disgrace to have no stars to reach for. Not failure, but low aim is a sin.
— Benjamin E. Mayes
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Its fine if you as an adult want to run around pretending or claiming that you dont believe in evolution, but if we educate a generation of people who dont believe in science, thats a recipe for disaster.
The main idea in all of biology is evolution. To not teach it to our young people is wrong.
— Bill Nye
As quoted in Sarah Fecht, 'Science Guy Bill Nye Explains Why Evolution Belongs in Science Education', Popular Mechanics (4 Feb ).
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Its our job to make sure the solar system is well-behaved. Asteroid strikes are what we call low-probability, high consequence events. If were not investing in some kind of insurance, one of them, one day, could take us all out.
— Don Yeomans
On Near-Earth Object (NEO) Program at NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory. As quoted in Jeffrey Kluger, 'The Man Who Guards the Planet', Time (9 Jun ),
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Id disband NASA for 10 years and take half its budget to avert natural disasters. We could do it, weve got the technology. I'd take the other half to deal with disease and suffering. The time has come to do something bold instead of buying wheelchairs.
— Barth A. Green
Quoted in Jennifer Kay 'Neurosurgeon Barth Green: Football player's treatment available to all', Associated Press news report, USA Today website (posted 27 Sep ).
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Journalism must find the facts, it must not prejudge things in terms of conservatism or liberalism or radicalism; it must not decide in advance that it is to be conformist or non-conformist; it cannot fly in the face of facts without courting ultimate disaster.
Journalism must focus the facts; facts are not important for their own sake; they are important only as a basis for action; journalism must focus the facts it finds upon the issues its readers face.
Journalism must filter the facts; it must with conscientious care separate the facts from admixtures of prejudice, passion, partisanship, and selfish interest; facts that are diluted, colored, or perverted are valueless as a basis for action.
Journalism must face the facts; it must learn that the energy spent in trying to find ways to get around, under, or over the facts is wasted energy; facts have a ruthless way of winning the day sooner or later.
Journalism must follow the facts; journalism must say of facts as Job said, of God: though they slay us, yet shall we trust them; if the facts threaten to upset a paper's cherished policy, it always pays the journalist to re-examine his policy; that way lies realism, and realism is the ultimate good.
— Glenn Frank
From address as president of the Wisconsin local chapter of Theta Sigma Phi, at its first annual Matrix Table (9 Jan ). quoted in 'Journalism News and Notes', in Robert S. Crawford (ed.), The Wisconsin Alumni Magazine (Feb ), 27, No. 4, If you know any other example of Glenn Frank speaking about his five themes on facts, please contact Webmaster.
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Man must at all costs overcome the Earths gravity and have, in reserve, the space at least of the Solar System. All kinds of danger wait for him on the Earth
We are talking of disaster that can destroy the whole of mankind or a large part of it
For instance, a cloud of bolides [meteors] or a small planet a few dozen kilometers in diameter could fall on the Earth, with such an impact that the solid, liquid or gaseous blast produced by it could wipe off the face of the Earth all traces of man and his buildings. The rise of temperature accompanying it could alone scorch or kill all living beings
We are further compelled to take up the struggle against gravity, and for the utilization of celestial space and all its wealth, because of the overpopulation of our planet. Numerous other terrible dangers await mankind on the Earth, all of which suggest that man should look for a way into the Cosmos. We have said a great deal about the advantages of migration into space, but not all can be said or even imagined.
— Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky
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My greatest hope for a future without another Deepwater Horizon disaster lies in our schools, living rooms and community centers, not in boardrooms, political chambers and big industry. If this happens again, we wont have the luxury of the unknown to shield us from answering Why?
— Philippe Cousteau, Jr.
In 'Gulf Dispatch: Time to Tap Power of Teens', CNN Blog (23 Jul ).
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Science fiction films are not about science. They are about disaster, which is one of the oldest subjects of art.
— Susan Sontag
The Imagination of Disaster,' Against Interpretation ().
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Seldom has there occurred a more pitifully tragic disaster than the sudden fall of the Wright aeroplane, involving the death of that promising young officer Lieut. Thomas Selfridge, and inflicting shocking injuries on the talented inventor, Orville Wright. But although the accident is deplorable, it should not be allowed to discredit the art of aeroplane navigation. If it emphasizes the risks, there is nothing in the mishap to shake our faith in the principles upon which the Wright brothers built their machine, and achieved such brilliant success.
In Scientific American (Sep ). As cited in '50, & Years Ago', Scientific American (Sep ), , No. 3,
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Suddenly there was an enormous explosion, like a violent volcano. The nuclear reactions had led to overheating in the underground burial grounds. The explosion poured radioactive dust and materials high up into the sky. It was just the wrong weather for such a tragedy. Strong winds blew the radioactive clouds hundreds of miles away. It was difficult to gauge the extent of the disaster immediately, and no evacuation plan was put into operation right away. Many villages and towns were only ordered to evacuate when the symptoms of radiation sickness were already quite apparent. Tens of thousands of people were affected, hundreds dying, though the real figures have never been made public. The large area, where the accident happened, is still considered dangerous and is closed to the public.
— Zhores Medvedev
'Two Decades of Dissidence', New Scientist (4 Nov ), 72, No. 72,
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The Chemical conviction
That Nought be lost
Enable in Disaster
My fractured Trust
The Faces of the Atoms
If I shall see
How more the Finished Creatures
— Emily Elizabeth Dickinson
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The Chemical conviction
That Nought be lost
Enable in Disaster
My fractured Trust
The Faces of the Atoms
If I shall see
How more the Finished Creatures
— Emily Elizabeth Dickinson
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The cutting of primeval forest and other disasters, fueled by the demands of growing human populations, are the overriding threat to biological diversity everywhere. ()
— Edward O. Wilson
The Diversity of Life (),
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The disaster was caused neither by carelessness nor human failure. Unknown natural factors that we are still unable to explain today have made a mockery of all our efforts. The very substance intended to provide food and life to millions of our countrymen and which we have produced and supplied for years has suddenly become a cruel enemy for reasons we are as yet unable to fathom. It has reduced our site to rubble.
From the memorial service for the hundreds of people killed by the explosion of the ammonia fertilizer factory at Oppau, Germany. At the time, the explosive nature of ammonium nitrate was not understood.
— Carl Bosch
BASF corporate history webpage.
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The frost continuing more and more severe, the Thames before London was still planted with booths in formal streets
so that it seed to be a bacchanalian triumph or carnival on the water, whilst it was a severe judgement on the land, the trees not only splitting as if lightning-struck, but men and cattle perishing in diverse places, and the very seas so lockd up with ice, that no vessels could stir out or come in. London, by reason of the smoke, was so filled with the fuliginous steame of the sea-coale, that hardly could one see crosse the streets, and this filling the breast, so as one could hardly breath. Here was no water to be had from the pipes and engines, nor could the brewers and divers other tradesmen worke, and every moment was full of disastrous accidents.
— John Evelyn
Writing about the Great Frost ().
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The oppressive weight of disaster and tragedy in our lives does not arise from a high percentage of evil among the summed total of all acts, but from the extraordinary power of exceedingly rare incidents of depravity to inflict catastrophic damage, especially in our technological age when airplanes can become powerful bombs. (An even more evil man, armed only with a longbow, could not have wreaked such havoc at the Battle of Agincourt in )
— Stephen Jay Gould
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The planned and orderly development and conservation of our natural resources is the first duty of the United States. It is the only form of insurance that will certainly protect us against disasters that lack of foresight has repeatedly brought down on nations since passed away.
— Gifford Pinchot
In 'The Conservation of Natural Resources', The Outlook (12 Oxt ), 87,
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The public image of the scientist tends to be that of a magician, occasionally benevolent, though more often giving rise to disastrous inventions, or perhaps that of a man shutting himself into a laboratory and, in his lonely way, playing with retorts and test tubes, or perhaps leaning back in a comfortable armchair in a darkened room and thinking.
— Sir Hermann Bondi
In 'Why Scientists Talk', collected in John Wolfenden, Hermann Bondi, et al., The Languages of Science: A Survey of Techniques of Communication (),
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The sense that the meaning of the universe had evaporated was what seemed to escape those who welcomed Darwin as a benefactor of mankind. Nietzsche considered that evolution presented a correct picture of the world, but that it was a disastrous picture. His philosophy was an attempt to produce a new world-picture which took Darwinism into account but was not nullified by it.
— R.J. Hollingdale
In Nietzsche: the Man and his Philosophy (),
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The trees are man's best friends; but man has treated them as his worst enemies. The history of our race may be said to be the history of warfare upon the tree world. But while man has seemed to be the victor, his victories have brought upon him inevitable disasters.
— Nathaniel H. Egleston
'What We Owe to the Trees', Harper's New Monthly Magazine (Apr ), 46, No. ,
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The United States is the most powerful technically advanced country in the world to-day. Its influence on the shaping of international relations is absolutely incalculable. But America is a large country and its people have so far not shown much interest in great international problems, among which the problem of disarmament occupies first place today. This must be changed, if only in the essential interests of the Americans. The last war has shown that there are no longer any barriers between the continents and that the destinies of all countries are closely interwoven. The people of this country must realize that they have a great responsibility in the sphere of international politics. The part of passive spectator is unworthy of this country and is bound in the end to lead to disaster all round.
— Albert Einstein
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The word dis-aster, in fact, means bad star.
— Kenneth L. Franklin
As quoted in Douglas Martin, 'Kenneth Franklin, Astronomer, Dies at 84', New York Times (21 Jun ), C This is etymologically correct. The word comes from late 16th century Italian disastro ill-starred event, the prefix dis expresses negation + astro from Latin for 'star.'
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The world wont come to an end, but the incidence of disasters will have a very big impact, and in ways we can't predict.
Rises in seas levels will displace millions of people. Its estimated there will be million refugees by , homeless as a result of global warming. Its how we deal with these problems that is as much the challenge as tackling the causes of global warming.
— Sir John Houghton
In The Independent (10 Aug ).
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There are those who will say unless we announce disasters, no one will listen, but Im not one of them. Its not the sort of thing I would ever say. Its quite the opposite of what I think and it pains me to see this quote being used repeatedly in this way. I would never say we should hype up the risk of climate disasters in order to get noticed.
— Sir John Houghton
In Steve Connor, 'Fabricated quote used to discredit climate scientist', The Independent (10 Feb ).
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These days, its really been uninteresting except when disasters occur.
— James Alfred Van Allen
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This is the excellent foppery of the world: that when we are sick in fortune—often the surfeits of our own behaviour—we make guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon, and stars, as if we were villains on necessity, fools by heavenly compulsion, knaves, thieves, and treachers by spherical predominance, drunkards, liars, and adulterers, by an enforced obedience of planetary influence, and all that we are evil in, by a divine thrusting on. An admirable evasion of whoremaster man, to lay his goatish disposition on the charge of a star! My father compounded with my mother under the Dragon's tail and my nativity was under Ursa Major, so that it follows that I am rough and lecherous. Fut! I should have been that I am had the maidenliest star in the firmament twinkled on my bastardizing.
— William Shakespeare
King Lear (), I, ii.
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This [disaster] is a day we have managed to avoid for a quarter of a century. Weve talked about it before and speculated about it, and it finally has occurred. We hoped we could push this day back forever.
— John Glenn, Jr.
Comment on the explosion of Space Shuttle Challenger and the loss of the lives of all seven crew. Reported in New York Times (29 Jan ), A7.
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To use a Southern euphemism, our space program has been snake-bit.
Comment on the failed launch of an unmanned rocket, only a short time after the explosion of Space Shuttle Challenger.
— Al Gore
ABC television interview, Nightline (5 May ). In James B. Simpson, Simpsons Contemporary Quotations ().
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We live in a society absolutely dependent on science and technology and yet have cleverly arranged things so that almost no one understands science and technology. Thats a clear prescription for disaster.
— Carl Sagan
From interview with Anne Kalosh in her article 'Bringing Science Down to Earth', in Hemispheres (Oct ), Collected and cited in Tom Head (ed.), Conversations with Carl Sagan (), This was Sagans answer to her question, How does not understanding science cripple people in their daily lives.
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Weve arranged a global civilization in which most critical elements profoundly depend on science and technology. We have also arranged things so that almost no one understands science and technology. This is a prescription for disaster. We might get away with it for a while, but sooner or later this combustible mixture of ignorance and power is going to blow up in our faces.
— Carl Sagan
From The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (),
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[About early aircraft:] We were ignorant, and we were ignorant of the fact that we were ignorant! This was ignorance squared, and it often led to disaster.
— Igor I. Sikorsky
In The Story of the Winged-S: The Autobiography of Igor I. Sikorsky ().
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~~[Houghton did NOT write]~~ Unless we announce disasters, no-one will listen.
— Sir John Houghton
This IS NOT written in his book Global Warming: The Complete Briefing (). Houghton has explicitly denied writing it, saying it, or even believing it, in Steve Connor, 'Fabricated quote used to discredit climate scientist', The Independent (10 Feb ). Perhaps the earliest example of this being falsely quoted is by Piers Akerman, in a Australian newspaper, The Sunday Telegraph (Nov ). Spreading virally, climate change skeptics now gleefully repeat the false quote, without verifying it.
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Major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth
This article is about natural disasters. For the natural hazards that might lead to disasters, see Natural hazard.
For other uses, see Natural disaster (disambiguation).
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include firestorms, duststorms, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, storms, and other geologic processes. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or damage property, and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake, the severity of which depends on the affected population's resilience and on the infrastructure available.
In modern times, the divide between natural, man-made and man-accelerated is quite difficult to draw with human choices like architecture, fire, resource management or even climate change potentially playing a role. An adverse event will not rise to the level of a disaster if it occurs in an area without vulnerable population. In a vulnerable area, however, such as Nepal during the earthquake, an adverse event can have disastrous consequences and leave lasting damage, which can take years to repair. The disastrous consequences also impact the mental health of effected communities often leading to post-traumatic symptoms. These increased emotional experiences can be supported through collective processing, leading to resilience and increased community engagement.
Avalanches and landslides
Main articles: Landslide and Avalanche
See also: List of landslides and List of avalanches
A landslide is described as an outward and downward slope movement of an abundance of slope-forming materials including rock, soil, artificial materials, or a combination of these.
During World War I, an estimated 40, to 80, soldiers died as a result of avalanches during the mountain campaign in the Alps at the Austrian-Italian front. Many of the avalanches were caused by artillery fire.
Main article: Earthquake
See also: Lists of earthquakes
An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. At the Earth's surface, earthquakes manifest themselves by vibration, shaking, and sometimes displacement of the ground. Earthquakes are caused by slippage within geological faults. The underground point of origin of the earthquake is called the seismic focus. The point directly above the focus on the surface is called the epicenter. Earthquakes by themselves rarely kill people or wildlife — it is usually the secondary events that they trigger, such as building collapse, fires, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions, that cause death. Many of these can possibly be avoided by better construction, safety systems, early warning and planning.
Main article: Sinkhole
See also: List of sinkholes
When natural erosion, human mining or underground excavation makes the ground too weak to support the structures built on it, the ground can collapse and produce a sinkhole. For example, the Guatemala City sinkhole, which killed fifteen people, was caused when heavy rain from Tropical Storm Agatha, diverted by leaking pipes into a pumice bedrock, led to the sudden collapse of the ground beneath a factory building.
See also: Types of volcanic eruptions and List of largest volcanic eruptions
Volcanoes can cause widespread destruction and consequent disaster in several ways. One hazard is the volcanic eruption itself, with the force of the explosion and falling rocks able to cause harm. Lava may also be released during the eruption of a volcano; as it leaves the volcano, it can destroy buildings, plants and animals due to its extreme heat. In addition, volcanic ash may form a cloud (generally after cooling) and settle thickly in nearby locations. When mixed with water, this forms a concrete-like material. In sufficient quantities, ash may cause roofs to collapse under its weight. Even small quantities will harm humans if inhaled — it has the consistency of ground glass and therefore causes laceration to the throat and lungs. Volcanic ash can also cause abrasion damage to moving machinery such as engines. The main killer of humans in the immediate surroundings of a volcanic eruption is pyroclastic flows, consisting of a cloud of hot ash which builds up in the air above the volcano and rushes down the slopes when the eruption no longer supports the lifting of the gases. It is believed that Pompeii was destroyed by a pyroclastic flow. A lahar is a volcanic mudflow or landslide. The Tangiwai disaster was caused by a lahar, as was the Armero tragedy in which the town of Armero was buried and an estimated 23, people were killed.
Volcanoes rated at 8 (the highest level) on the Volcanic Explosivity Index are known as supervolcanoes. According to the Toba catastrophe theory, 75, to 80, years ago, a supervolcanic eruption at what is now Lake Toba in Sumatra reduced the human population to 10, or even 1, breeding pairs, creating a bottleneck in human evolution, and killed three-quarters of all plant life in the northern hemisphere. However, there is considerable debate regarding the veracity of this theory. The main danger from a supervolcano is the immense cloud of ash, which has a disastrous global effect on climate and temperature for many years.
Duststorm is a spread of dust in arid areas.
A hydrological disaster is a violent, sudden and destructive change either in the quality of Earth's water or in the distribution or movement of water on land below the surface or in the atmosphere.
Main article: Flood
See also: List of floods
A flood is an overflow of water that 'submerges' land. The EU Floods Directive defines a flood as a temporary covering of land that is usually dry with water. In the sense of 'flowing water', the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tides. Flooding may result from the volume of a body of water, such as a river or lake, becoming higher than usual, causing some of the water to escape its usual boundaries. While the size of a lake or other body of water will vary with seasonal changes in precipitation and snow melt, a flood is not considered significant unless the water covers land used by humans, such as a village, city or other inhabited area, roads or expanses of farmland.
Main article: Tsunami
See also: List of historical tsunamis
A tsunami (plural: tsunamis or tsunami; from Japanese: 津波, lit. "harbour wave"; English pronunciation: /tsuːˈnɑːmi/), also known as a seismic sea wave or tidal wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake. Tsunamis can be caused by undersea earthquakes such as the Boxing Day tsunami, or by landslides such as the one in at Lituya Bay, Alaska, or by volcanic eruptions such as the ancient eruption of Santorini. On March 11, , a tsunami occurred near Fukushima, Japan and spread through the Pacific Ocean.
Main article: Limnic eruption
A limnic eruption, also known as a lake overturn, occurs when a gas, usually CO2, suddenly erupts from deep lake water, posing the threat of suffocating wildlife, livestock and humans. Such an eruption may also cause tsunamis in the lake as the rising gas displaces water. Scientists believe that landslides, explosions or volcanic activity can trigger such an eruption. To date, only two limnic eruptions have been observed and recorded. In , in Cameroon, a limnic eruption in Lake Monoun caused the deaths of 37 nearby residents; at nearby Lake Nyos in , a much larger eruption killed between 1, and 1, people by asphyxiation.
Typhoon, cyclone, cyclonic storm and hurricane are different names for the same phenomenon: a tropical storm that forms over an ocean. It is characterized by strong winds, heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. The determining factor on which term is used is based on where the storm originates. In the Atlantic and Northeast Pacific, the term "hurricane" is used; in the Northwest Pacific, it is referred to as a "typhoon"; a "cyclone" occurs in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean.
The deadliest hurricane ever was the Bhola cyclone; the deadliest Atlantic hurricane was the Great Hurricane of , which devastated Martinique, St. Eustatius and Barbados. Another notable hurricane is Hurricane Katrina, which devastated the Gulf Coast of the United States in Hurricanes may become more intense and produce more heavy rainfall as a consequence of human-induced climate change.
Main article: Blizzard
Blizzards are severe winter storms characterized by heavy snow and strong winds. When high winds stir up snow that has already fallen, it is known as a ground blizzard. Blizzards can impact local economic activities, especially in regions where snowfall is rare. The Great Blizzard of affected the United States, when many tons of wheat crops were destroyed; in Asia, the Afghanistan blizzard and the Iran blizzard were also significant events. The Superstorm originated in the Gulf of Mexico and traveled north, causing damage in 26 American states as well as in Canada and leading to more than deaths.
Main article: Hail
See also: List of costly or deadly hailstorms
Hailstorms are precipitation in the form of ice that does not melt before it hits the ground. Hailstones usually measure between 5 and mm (14 and 6in) in diameter. A particularly damaging hailstorm hit Munich, Germany, on July 12, , causing about $2billion in insurance claims.
Main article: Ice storm
An ice storm is a type of winter storm characterized by freezing rain. The U.S. National Weather Service defines an ice storm as a storm which results in the accumulation of at least 14 inch (mm) of ice on exposed surfaces.
Main article: Cold wave
A cold wave, known in some regions as a cold snap or cold spell, is a weather phenomenon that is distinguished by a cooling of the air. Specifically, as used by the U.S. National Weather Service, a cold wave is a rapid fall in temperature within a hour period, requiring substantially increased protection to agriculture, industry, commerce and social activities. The precise criterion for a cold wave is determined by the rate at which the temperature falls and the minimum to which it falls. This minimum temperature is dependent on the geographical region and time of year.
Main article: Heat wave
See also: List of heat waves
A heat wave is a period of unusually and excessively hot weather. The worst heat wave in recent history was the European Heat Wave of A summer heat wave in Victoria, Australia, created conditions which fuelled the massive bushfires in Melbourne experienced three days in a row of temperatures exceeding 40°C (°F), with some regional areas sweltering through much higher temperatures. The bushfires, collectively known as "Black Saturday", were partly the act of arsonists. The Northern Hemisphere summer resulted in severe heat waves which killed over 2, people. The heat caused hundreds of wildfires which led to widespread air pollution and burned thousands of square kilometers of forest.
Main article: Drought
See also: List of droughts
Drought is the unusual dryness of soil caused by levels of rainfall significantly below average over a prolonged period. Hot and dry winds, shortage of water, high temperatures and consequent evaporation of moisture from the ground can also contribute to conditions of drought. Droughts result in crop failure and shortages of water.
Well-known historical droughts include the – Millennium Drought in Australia which led to a water supply crisis across much of the country. As a result, many desalination plants were built for the first time (see list). In , the State of Texas lived under a drought emergency declaration for the entire calendar year and suffered severe economic losses. The drought caused the Bastrop fires.
Main article: Thunderstorm
Severe storms, dust clouds and volcanic eruptions can generate lightning. Apart from the damage typically associated with storms, such as winds, hail and flooding, the lightning itself can damage buildings, ignite fires and kill by direct contact. Especially deadly lightning incidents include a strike in Ushari Dara, a remote mountain village in northwestern Pakistan, that killed 30 people; the crash of LANSA Flight which killed 91 people; and a fuel explosion in Dronka, Egypt, caused by lightning in which killed people. Most deaths from lightning occur in the poorer countries of the Americas and Asia, where lightning is common and adobemud brick housing provides little protection.
See also: List of tornadoes and tornado outbreaks
A tornado is a violent and dangerous rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud, or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. It is also referred to as a twister or a cyclone, although the word cyclone is used in meteorology in a wider sense to refer to any closed low pressure circulation. Tornadoes come in many shapes and sizes but typically take the form of a visible condensation funnel, the narrow end of which touches the Earth and is often encircled by a cloud of debris and dust. Most tornadoes have wind speeds of less than km/h (mph), are approximately 75m (ft) across, and travel a few kilometers before dissipating. The most extreme tornadoes can attain wind speeds of more than km/h (mph), stretch more than 3km (2mi) across, and stay on the ground for perhaps more than km (60mi).
Firestorms are the rarest natural disaster. Fireballs fall from a storm cloud.
Main article: Wildfire
See also: List of forest fires
Wildfires are large fires which often start in wildland areas. Common causes include lightning and drought but wildfires may also be started by human negligence or arson. They can spread to populated areas and thus be a threat to humans and property, as well as wildlife. Notable wildfires include the Peshtigo Fire in the United States, which killed at least people, and the Victorian bushfires in Australia.
Impact events and airburst
Main article: Impact event
Asteroids that impact the Earth have led to several major extinction events, including one which created the Chicxulub crater million years ago and is associated with the extinction of the dinosaurs. Scientists estimate that the likelihood of death for a human from a global impact event is comparable to the probability of death from an airliner crash.
No human death has been definitively attributed to an impact event, but the Ch'ing-yang event in which over 10, people may have died has been linked to a meteor shower. Even asteroids and comets that burn up in the atmosphere can cause significant destruction on the ground due to the air burst explosion; notable air bursts include the Tunguska event in June , which devastated 2,km2 (sqmi) of Siberian countryside, and the Chelyabinsk meteor on 15 February , which caused widespread property damage in the city of Chelyabinsk and injured about 1, people.
Main article: Solar flare
A solar flare is a phenomenon in which the Sun suddenly releases a much larger amount of solar radiation than normal. Solar flares are unlikely to cause any direct human injury but can destroy electrical equipment. The potential of solar storms to cause disaster was seen during the Carrington event, which disrupted the telegraph network, and the March geomagnetic storm which blacked out Quebec. Some major known solar flares include the X20 event on August 16, , and a similar flare on April 2,  The most powerful flare ever recorded occurred on November 4, (estimated at between X40 and X45).
Protection by international law
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs was formed by General Assembly Resolution 44/
Under the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, "States Parties shall take, in accordance with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law and international human rights law, all necessary measures to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities in situations of risk, including situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and the occurrence of natural disasters." The UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement and Kampala Convention also protect people displaced due to natural disasters.
According to the UN, Asia-Pacific is the world's most disaster prone region. According to ReliefWeb, a person in Asia-Pacific is five times more likely to be hit by a natural disaster than someone living in other regions.
Impacts on vulnerable groups
Because of the social, political and cultural context of many places throughout the world, women are often disproportionately affected by disaster. In the Indian Ocean tsunami, more women died than men, partly due to the fact that fewer women knew how to swim. During and after a natural disaster, women are at increased risk of being affected by gender based violence and are increasingly vulnerable to sexual violence. Disrupted police enforcement, lax regulations, and displacement all contribute to increased risk of gender based violence and sexual assault. Women who have been affected by sexual violence are at a significantly increased risk of sexually transmitted infections, unique physical injuries and long term psychological consequences. All of these long-term health outcomes can prevent successful reintegration into society after the disaster recovery period.
In addition to LGBT people and immigrants, women are also disproportionately victimised by religion-based scapegoating for natural disasters: fanatical religious leaders or adherents may claim that a god or gods are angry with women's independent, freethinking behaviour, such as dressing 'immodestly', having sex or abortions. For example, Hindutva party Hindu Makkal Katchi and others blamed women's struggle for the right to enter the Sabarimala temple for the August Kerala floods, purportedly inflicted by the angry god Ayyappan. After an earthquake struck on 26 September near Istanbul, Turkey, Islamists blamed the disaster on women, and harassed random women in the streets; a similar Islamist backlash against women occurred after the İzmit earthquake. In response to Iranian Islamic cleric Kazem Seddiqi's accusation of women dressing immodestly and spreading promiscuity being the cause of earthquakes, American student Jennifer McCreight organised the Boobquake event on 26 April she encouraged women around the world to participate in dressing immodestly all at the same time while performing regular seismographic checks to prove that such behaviour in women causes no significant increase in earthquake activity.
During and after natural disasters, routine health behaviors become interrupted. In addition, health care systems may have broken down as a result of the disaster, further reducing access to contraceptives. Unprotected intercourse during this time can lead to increased rates of childbirth, unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Methods used to prevent STIs (such as condom use) are often forgotten or not accessible during times surrounding a disaster. Lack of health care infrastructure and medical shortages hinder the ability to treat individuals once they acquire an STI. In addition, health efforts to prevent, monitor or treat HIV/AIDS are often disrupted, leading to increased rates of HIV complications and increased transmission of the virus through the population.
Pregnant women are one of the groups disproportionately affected by natural disasters. Inadequate nutrition, little access to clean water, lack of health-care services and psychological stress in the aftermath of the disaster can lead to a significant increase in maternal morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, shortage of healthcare resources during this time can convert even routine obstetric complications into emergencies. During and after a disaster, women's prenatal, peri-natal and postpartum care can become disrupted. Among women affected by natural disaster, there are significantly higher rates of low birth weight infants, preterm infants and infants with low head circumference.
Everyone is desperate for food and water. There's no food, water, or gasoline. The government is missing.
—Lian Gogali Aid worker following Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami.
Disasters stress government capacity, as the government tries to conduct routine as well as emergency operations. Some theorists of voting behavior propose that citizens update information about government effectiveness based on their response to disasters, which affects their vote choice in the next election. Indeed, some evidence, based on data from the USA, reveals that incumbent parties can lose votes if citizens perceives them as responsible for a poor disaster response or gain votes based on perceptions of well-executed relief work. The latter study also finds, however, that voters do not reward incumbent parties for disaster preparedness, which may end up affecting government incentives to invest in such preparedness. Other evidence, however, also based on the USA, finds that citizens can simply backlash and blame the incumbent for hardship following a natural disaster, causing the incumbent party to lose votes. One study in India finds that incumbent parties extend more relief following disasters in areas where there is higher newspaper coverage, electoral turnout, and literacy the authors reason that these results indicate that incumbent parties are more responsive with relief to areas with more politically-informed citizens who would be more likely to punish them for poor relief efforts.
Violent conflicts within states can exacerbate the impact of natural disasters by weakening the ability of states, communities and individuals to provide disaster relief. Natural disasters can also worsen ongoing conflicts within states by weakening the capacity of states to fight rebels.
In Chinese and Japanese history, it has been routine for era names or capital cities and palaces of emperors to be changed after a major natural disaster, chiefly for political reasons such as association with hardships by the populace and fear of upheaval (i.e. in East Asian government chronicles, such fears were recorded in a low profile way as an unlucky name or place requiring change).
Main articles: List of natural disasters by death toll and List of countries by natural disaster risk
Between and , according to the UN's disaster-monitoring system, the greatest number of natural disasters occurred in America, China and India.
In , there were natural disasters worldwide, 93% of which were weather-related disasters. Overall costs were US$billion and insured losses $70billion. was a moderate year. 45% were meteorological (storms), 36% were hydrological (floods), 12% were climatological (heat waves, cold waves, droughts, wildfires) and 7% were geophysical events (earthquakes and volcanic eruptions). Between and geophysical events accounted for 14% of all natural catastrophes.
According to WHO report countries with the highest share of disability-adjusted life years (DALY) lost due to natural disasters are Bahamas, Haiti, Zimbabwe and Armenia (probably mainly due to Spitak Earthquake).
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Selected Quotations of Gilbert F. White
On Fundamental Values . . .
"We can be confident that action which is in accord with a few basic beliefs cannot be wrong and can at least testify to the values we will need to cultivate. These are the beliefs that the human race is a family that has inherited a place on the earth in common, that its members have an obligation to work toward sharing it so that none is deprived of the elementary needs for life, and that all have a responsibility to leave it undegraded for those who follow."
(). "Stewardship of the Earth." Pages in Geography, Resources, and Environment. Volume 1. Selected Writings of Gilbert F. White. Robert W. Kates and Ian Burton, editors. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
"In the middle of this [working with refugees in France during World War II] it is refreshing to look occasionally to the basic ideas behind the work, and I have been tremendously encouraged and stimulated to find those ideas keenly appreciated both by the refugees and by the officials involved. . . . I believe it is fair to say that the firm Quaker insistence upon the sanctity of the individual and upon friendly treatment regardless of race or creed, has done more than anything else to keep alive a desire to act humanely."
From a letter to the Philadelphia AFSC Office. Philadelphia: American Friends Service Committee Archives, Foreign Service, Relief and Refugees.
"I have received word from the AFSC that it believes I could be of real help to them in connection with its European relief program. . . . Inasmuch as I still feel deeply opposed to the war effort [World War II], this would seem to afford a chance to help in the kind of constructive effort which I think will aid in bringing about a lasting peace; to give more concrete expression to a position which so far has been largely passive; and to do so under somewhat difficult circumstances."
Letter to Harlan Barrows. GFW Archives, Box 3 1A Alexandria, Virginia: Office of History, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
"I believe that each of us finds greatest use and greatest satisfaction in a life which respects and kindles the spark of the divine that is found in the conscience of every other member of the human brotherhood, and which nourishes the harmonious growth of individual men and women. To set the welfare of any national or racial group ahead of the development of individuals, or to coerce individual expression of thought and worship is to unloose a destructive erosion of human values to gain the temporary prosperity of a state. While watching the German occupation of France I became convinced that man can no more conquer or preserve a civilization by war than he can conquer nature solely by engineering force. I found that an occupying army or a concentration camp can repress men's basic beliefs but cannot change them. The good life, like the balance of all the complex elements of a river valley, is founded upon friendly adjustment. It changes slowly but it leads always toward a more fruitful development of individual men in service of each other. It embraces confidence in fellowship, tolerance in outlook, humility in service, and a constant search for the truth. To seek it in our own lives means imperfection and disappointment, but never defeat. It means, I believe, putting ourselves in harmony with the divine order of love, with the great stream of forces that slowly are shaping, in spite of man's ignorance and selfishness, an enrichment of the human spirit."
From an interview with Edward R. Murrow on the radio program, "This, I Believe."
"We must learn something that no nation or group of nations yet has mastered: the art of helping others to improve their lot even as differences between them grow. In a world increasingly organized on principles of individual and national equality, this will be a staggering test of sensitive understanding, cooperation, and communication."
"Vietnam: The Fourth Course," The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 20(10).
"The gap between the rich and poor is growing among and within most nations. The political and social effects of unequal location of energy and other mineral resources are acute. Population numbers continue to climb. The global environment shows signs of widespread deterioration. Both natural and social environments are increasingly vulnerable to catastrophic disturbances. . . . There may, however, be a cheering challenge in the possibility that out of its struggle with these realities the human race may move a bit nearer to behaving as if it were indeed one family."
"Both group effort and individual testimony flow from conviction as to the role of people on earth. In stewardship of the common heritage, a few simple beliefs recur: that all are indeed members of the same human family, that all share in responsibility for the others, that each is capable of responding directly to divine guidance. To seek to translate these into practical action with regard to soil or petroleum or the fish of the sea is not necessarily to do what is directly effective in changing society; it is to testify to a way that is harmonious with one's fellows and with a healthy earth."
"Individual consumption is the point of departure for most choices which people can make about their role in stewardship of the earth. While no one individual will alone affect the course of community decision about the environment or materials, it is clear that the aggregate of individuals can be profoundly influential."
(). "Stewardship of the Earth." Pages in Geography, Resources, and Environment. Volume 1. Selected Writings of Gilbert F. White. Robert W. Kates and Ian Burton, editors. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
On Humankind, Water, and Environmental Management . . .
"The essential point, I believe, is that people around the world in the s are perceiving the earth as more than a globe to be surveyed, or developed for the public good in the short term, or to be protected from threats to its well-being, both human and natural. . . . The roots are in a growing solemn sense of the individual as part of one human family for whom earth is its one spiritual home."
"Perceptions of the Earth." Address delivered upon receiving the Thirtieth Cosmos Club Award. Washington, DC: Cosmos Club.
"The best cure for a threatening water shortage is not necessarily more water; savings in water use, or transfer of water use to less-consumptive, higher-yield applications, or discovery of new techniques of water management may offer better solutions."
With the National Research Council Committee on Water. Water and Choice in the Colorado Basin: An Example of Alternatives in Water Management. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences.
"Probably the main issue that is blurred by these [Apollo missions to the moon] is whether or not the human race, whatever the nature of the moon, can maintain the earth as a habitable place."
"Getting its priorities right is a difficult and never ending task for any society. A society at war is bound to have things backwards because destructive force always is the enemy of the good and reasonable."
"The issue of world environment has a special kind of urgency. . . . The issue is one of rich peoples and poor peoples, of the growing gap between the two, and of the rich fouling their own nests."
(). "Commencement Address, Earlham College, January 20, " Page in Geography, Resources, and Environment. Volume 1. Selected Writings of Gilbert F. White. Robert W. Kates and Ian Burton, editors. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
"Every intervention of man in the environment around him incurs some risk as to both favorable and unfavorable consequences. Every intervention is taken in the face of partial ignorance as to what its effects will be and involves uncertainty as to the ultimate outcome."
(). "The Meaning of the Environmental Crisis." Paper presented at the University of California, Los Angeles, December 7, Pages in Geography, Resources, and Environment. Volume 1. Selected Writings of Gilbert F. White. Robert W. Kates and Ian Burton, editors. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
"One effect of benefit-cost analysis is to give any respectable engineer or economist a means for justifying almost any kind of project the national government wants to justify. . . . Exclusive reliance on benefit-cost analysis has been one of the greatest threats to wise decisions in water development."
(). "Unpublished paper, Columbia University, March 21, " Pages in Geography, Resources, and Environment. Volume 1. Selected Writings of Gilbert F. White. Robert W. Kates and Ian Burton, editors. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
"Man has many transactions with nature at various times. Among them, the need to obtain water is universal, and most people have some choice over source and volume used. A study of this rudimentary decision therefore should not only help predict people's reactions to attempts at improving their water supply but also throw some light on the essential character of human choice."
With David J. Bradley and Anne U. White. Drawers of Water: Domestic Water Use in East Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
"It is becoming painfully apparent that an underlying reason for environmental degradation in many areas is to be found in instability of the social system. Without measures to reduce the growing reliance on violence and the sharp fluctuations in economic markets in many countries, the best-intentioned efforts to translate knowledge into action in environmental management are fruitless."
(). "Unpublished paper, V General Assembly SCOPE, Ottawa, Canada, April 16, " Page in Geography, Resources, and Environment. Volume 1. Selected Writings of Gilbert F. White. Robert W. Kates and Ian Burton, editors. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
"The good news about fresh water is that, even after accounting for the larger volume of water that is unavailable to people from the hydrologic cycle, there is enough on a global scale to support current and anticipated populations on a sustainable basis . . . Three essential goals are dependable and safe supplies for people, protection and management of the environmental systems through which water moves, and efficient water use. Meeting these goals will require that fresh water not continue to be treated as a free good or as the principal means for disposing of human and industrial wastes."
The Global Possible: Resources, Development, and the New Century. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute
"It would be rash to conclude that, on balance, the environment of the globe as a whole is either deteriorating or improving, or that the survival of the societies we know depends upon filling a simple set of prescriptions. It is all too complex and dynamic, whether it involves managing greenhouse gases or Nile snails…The future condition of the globe's interlocking natural and social systems depends more on human behavior than on the further investigation of natural processes, however desirable that may be."
"Greenhouse Gases, Nile Snails, and Human Choice." In Perspectives on Behavioral Science: The Colorado Lectures. Richard Jessor, editor. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press
On Floodplain Management . . .
"It has become common in scientific as well as popular literature to consider floods as great natural adversaries which man seeks persistently to overpower. . . . This simple and prevailing view neglects in large measure the possible feasibility of other forms of adjustment."
"Floods are 'acts of God,' but flood losses are largely acts of man."
"Dealing with floods in all their capricious and violent aspects is a problem in part of adjusting human occupance to the floodplain environment so as to utilize most effectively the natural resources of the plain, and, at the same time, of applying feasible and practicable measures for minimizing the detrimental impacts of floods."
Human Adjustment to Floods. University of Chicago Department of Geography Research Paper No. Chicago: University of Chicago Department of Geography.
"There is a sobering finality in the construction of a river basin development; and it behooves us to be sure we are right before we go ahead."
With the Committee. A Water Policy for the American People. Report of the President's Water Policy Commission. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
"The broad problem of flood-loss reduction is that the rate at which flood losses are being eliminated by construction of engineering or land-treatment works is of about the same magnitude as the rate at which new property is being subjected to damage."
"The construction of new flood-protection works frequently has been the signal for accelerated movement into the floodplain."
"Strategic Aspects of Urban Flood Plain Occupance." Journal of the Hydraulics Division, Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers 86 (HY2)
"A flood insurance program is a tool that should be used expertly or not at all. Correctly applied, it could promote wise use of flood plains. Incorrectly applied, it could exacerbate the whole problem of flood losses. For the Federal Government to subsidize low premium disaster insurance or provide insurance in which premiums are not proportionate to risk would be to invite economic waste of great magnitude."
With the Task Force. A Unified National Program for Managing Flood Losses. House Document Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
"The present status of floodplain management does not encourage complacency On balance, progress has been far short of what is desirable or possible, or what was envisaged at times when the current policies and activities were initiated."
"Retrospect and Prospect." In Floodplain Management in the United States: An Assessment Report. Federal Interagency Floodplain Management Task Force. Washington, DC: FEMA.
"While considerable progress has been made over the past two decades, the Unified National Program [for floodplain management] is neither unified nor national."
With ten others. Action Agenda for Managing the Nation's Floodplains: An Assessment Report. Special Publication # Boulder, Colorado: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Center.
"There is now a widely-held recognition among diverse sectors of the nation that a lasting economical, and sustainable solution to the flood problem preventing future catastrophes of the magnitude of can and must be achieved through integrated action. Experience has shown that it is not sufficient to depend upon engineering works alone, or flood proofing of structures, or improved warnings, or emergency disaster assistance, or indemnification through an insurance system, or changes in land use, or restoration of once-low-lying wetlands. There are now enough places around the country to demonstrate that different combinations of those types of measures may be right for one landscape or community but not others."
"It is easy to give lip service to working out community problems. It is more difficult to do so in practice. . . . What seems needed is resolve, a sense of constructive direction, and flexibility in tackling in a unified fashion the complex of government procedures required for effective floodplain management."
"Testimony and Prepared Statement." Midwest Floods of Flood Control and Floodplain Policy and Proposals: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment, October 27, . d Congress, 1st Session, House Committee on Public Works and Transportation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
"The basic lesson, I believe, is that with plain Congressional directive, strong Presidential blessing, and widespread, local and state support, a far-seeing policy in this complex field [floodplain management] is not likely to be translated into positive action unless the Executive and Legislative branches are assiduous in seeing to it that there is serious oversight and post-audit following adoption of a general policy."
Personal correspondence with Gerald Galloway, Chair, Federal Interagency Floodplain Management Review Committee.
"A full range of floodplain management tools should be used to address flooding problems, and assessing the effectiveness of these tools should be done on individual buildings and reaches for floods of up to year frequency."
From an independent review panel report on Boulder flood issues.
On the Geographer, Education, and Public Service . . .
"At base the relation between student and teacher at the college level is an act of faith in the capacity of man to think for himself and to recognize the truth for himself. Without this it is a mere training process in which someone is trained to do what someone else has done before him. It serves its purpose only when teacher and student alike believe in the ability of the other as children of God to sense something of the divine purpose of the universe."
From a convocation address delivered as President of Haverford College.
"The good teacher gives this service by example and precept. We may be warranted in operating a college for a student for four years if only once there comes to him clearly the illumination of viewing his own powers in relation to a divine purpose, if only once he feels that warming fellowship of the seekers of truth that cuts across the lonely barriers of complexity and purposelessness that seem to surround each one of us. The whole history of great teaching is rich with men who helped their fellows reach across these barriers for inspiration and comradeship."
From remarks delivered to a faculty meeting at Haverford College.
"The contributions which geographic thought can make to the advancement of society are relatively few, simple, and powerful. They are so few and simple that a significant proportion of them can be taught to high school and beginning undergraduate students. They are so powerful that failure to recognize them jeopardizes the ability of citizens to deal intelligently with a rapidly changing and increasingly complex world."
"Critical Issues Concerning Geography in the Public Service-Introduction." Annals, Association of American Geographers 52 (3)
"To attempt to shape uniform world images among all men would be absurd. To look to cultivating universal appreciation of similarities of these images among the human family and of the reasons for their chief variations would seem profoundly important. I can think of no higher goal for all of us who study the earth as occupied by man and who seek to help ourselves and our fellows to perceive it more accurately."
Remarks to the National Council for Geographic Education entitled, "Images of the World."
"What is important is where we stand in relation to the tasks of society . . . What shall it profit [the profession of geography] if it fabricates a nifty discipline about the world while that world and the human spirit are degraded?"
"It is no longer academic or fanciful to pose again and again the question of whether the world society, in which the people of the United States currently are the most powerful and richest segment, can survive."
"I feel strongly that I should not go into research unless it promises results that would advance the aims of the people affected and unless I am prepared to take all practicable steps to help translate the results into action."
"Each academic faces in his institution the issue of how to reconcile our jealous protection of freedom of inquiry in research and teaching with our conviction that education should be an instrument of social change toward peace and justice."
"Let it not be said that geographers have become so habituated to talking about the world that they are reluctant to make themselves a vital instrument for changing the world."
"Each of us should ask what in his teaching and research is helping our fellow men strengthen their capacity to survive in a peaceful world."
"Geography and Public Policy." The Professional Geographer 24 (2)
"Hazard always arises from the interplay of social and biological and physical systems; disasters are generated as much or more by human actions as by physical events; the present forms of government intervention in both traditional and industrial societies often exacerbate the social disruptions from extreme events; if we go on with the present public policy emphasis in many regions upon technical and narrow adjustments, society will become still less resilient and still more susceptible to catastrophes like the Sahelian drought."
"To assist in both diagnosis and prescription of constructive remedies [to disaster] the social scientist needs to do more than bemoan the spread of short-sighted development measures or attempts at cross-cultural comparisons. There is urgent need to help in the design of alternative policies which will be sensitive to indigenous values, perceptions and creativity, and will stimulate rather than constrain local initiative."
"Natural Hazards and the Third World-A Reply." Human Ecology 6 (2)
On Graduate Education . . .
"The best dissertation is a done dissertation."
On Himself . . .
"My contribution [to resources conservation and development] cannot be that of one deep in administration of resources activities or one who delves into the political mysteries; it is, rather, that of a person who is trying to see and understand the impression of human organization upon the American landscape of rock, soil, water, vegetation, and people."
"Broader Bases for Choice: The Next Key Move." In Perspective on Conservation. Henry Jarrett, editor. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
"There have been very few careful appraisals of results of public resource-management programs, but without such postaudits it is difficult to design sound new measures for desirable change in either planning or practice."
"Looking back over six decades of activity in the geographic field, I find . . . I made some contributions to structures of thought in a few fields [and] several efforts to alter relevant public policy. I undertook all of this activity in a spirit of trying to be helpful to needy fellow humans by cooperative, nonviolent methods."
"An observer should be able to judge people's values in terms of how they act rather than in terms of what they say. In that spirit, a basic judgment of geography is what it contributes cooperatively in fashioning a sustainable earth."
"Autobiographical Essay." Pages in Geographical Voices: Fourteen Autobiographical Essays. Peter Gould and Forrest R. Pitts, editors. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press.
"I was helping weed a vegetable garden with my Uncle Gilbert. We had been talking about my recent activities at school - sports teams, friends, and so on. Suddenly he asked me a question that surprised me: 'Do you think you will ever amount to anything?'"
"Looking back at these and other efforts to live my Quaker faith in what I did in my work, I am painfully aware that it didn't always 'amount to anything.' It might have been easier to judge if I had just concentrated on helping needy people directly. It is more difficult to judge how well I expressed my beliefs and values by applying science to international problems. Perhaps I lacked vision or skill, but I realize that I am the one who finally must use my own standard to judge how much people and their environments have benefited from what I did."
As quoted in Lives That Speak: Stories of Twentieth-Century Quakers. Religious Education Committee of Friends General Conference, Marnie Clark, editor. Philadelphia: Quaker Press.
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Natural Disasters Quotes
“And now that we exercise so comprehensive a medical and technological mastery over whole regions or nature at whose mercy our ancestors lived out their lives, we enjoy the unprecedented luxury of being able to render the 'natural' at once remote and benign. It is we who summon it, rather than the reverse, and we do so at our pleasure; it dwells with us, not we with it. We are free to sentimentalize or romanticize it, or even weave a veil of empty and unthreatening sanctity around it - until the moment when disease, age, infirmity, or random violence suddenly defeats us, or fire, flood, tempest, volcanic eruption, or earthquake surprise us by vaulting past our defenses. Then nature astonishes and horrifies us with its power, immensity, and sublime indifference. Even at such times, though, it is unlikely that we truly hate it; ours is a disenchanted world because it is one from which our love, reverence, dread, and hatred have all been irrevocably alienated. Nature for us is a single, internally consistent thing, an event, lovely and enticing, then terrible and pitiless, abundant and destructive at once, but moved neither by will nor by intelligence; it is sheer fact.”
David Bentley Hart, The Doors of the Sea: Where Was God in the Tsunami?
Disasters quotations on natural
Natural Disasters Quotes
Don't look back you're not going that way
A year from now you'll wish you started today
I meant to behave but there were too many other options
I like me a little bit more when i'm with you
The darkest nights produce the brightest stars
Dogs teach us a lot of things but none more important than to love unconditionally
Men go shopping to buy what they need. Women go shopping to find out what they want
Together is my favorite place to be
Text QuotesHomeland defense doesn’t generate any force requirements beyond having enough National Guard to save lives in natural disasters and to baby-sit nuclear power plants on Code Red days. (Natural Disasters Quotes)Farms and ranches contend with much more than quarterly reports and profit margins - the weather can wreak havoc on their quality of life and economic viability. When natural disasters strike, we must do all we can to assist the backbone of our economy (Natural Disasters Quotes)Natural disasters are terrifying - that loss of control, this feeling that something is just going to randomly end your life for absolutely no reason is terrifying. But, what scares me is the human reaction to it and how people behave when the rules of civility and society are obliterated (Natural Disasters Quotes)The American president [George W. Bush] closes his eyes to the economic and human damages that are inflicted on his country and the world economy by natural disasters, like Katrina, through neglected climate protection (Natural Disasters Quotes)Natural disasters in Bolivia have been getting worse with the passage of time. It’s brought about by a system: the capitalist system, the unbridled industrialization of the resources of the Planet Earth (Natural Disasters Quotes)I like natural disasters and I think that they may be the highest form of art possible to experience (Natural Disasters Quotes)The National Guard has served America as both a wartime force and the first military responders in times of domestic crisis. Hundreds of times each year, the nation’s governors call upon their Guard troops to respond to fires, floods, hurricanes and other natural disasters (Natural Disasters Quotes)With so much evidence of depleting natural resources, toxic waste, climate change, irreparable harm to our food chain and rapidly increasing instances of natural disasters, why do we keep perpetuating the problem? Why do we continue marching at the same alarming beat? (Natural Disasters Quotes)There also is the plight that comes from natural disasters; these natural disasters could be alleviated or dealt with; we only need some time to do it. (Natural Disasters Quotes)Potato-chip news’ is news that’s repetitive, requires little effort to absorb, and is consumable in massive quantities: true crime, natural disasters, political punditry, celebrity gossip, sports gossip, or endless photographs of beautiful houses, food, or clothes. (Natural Disasters Quotes)History is one war after another with a bunch of murders and natural disasters in between (Natural Disasters Quotes)Bad things do happen in the world, like war, natural disasters, disease. But out of those situations always arise stories of ordinary people doing extraordinary things (Natural Disasters Quotes)As Mayor of San Francisco, I will work hard to ensure that, in the event of natural or man-made disasters, San Franciscans are prepared and our City is protected (Natural Disasters Quotes)There also is the plight that comes from natural disasters; these natural disasters could be alleviated or dealt with; we only need some time to do it (Natural Disasters Quotes)We cannot stop natural disasters but we can arm ourselves with knowledge: so many lives wouldn’t have to be lost if there was enough disaster preparedness (Natural Disasters Quotes)I am sent on assignments just like guys. I have covered presidential campaigns, natural disasters, tragedies, red carpets, medical stories and more (Natural Disasters Quotes)Mr. Speaker, from hurricanes and floods in Latin America to earthquakes in Asia, natural disasters are increasingly becoming a regular feature of life for large numbers of people around the globe (Natural Disasters Quotes)The beef industry has contributed to more American deaths than all the wars of this century, all natural disasters, and all automobile accidents combined (Natural Disasters Quotes)All natural disasters are comforting because they reaffirm our impotence, in which, otherwise, we might stop believing. At times it is strangely sedative to know the extent of your own powerlessness (Natural Disasters Quotes)Whatever I decide will not work. It’s what people want that will work. So no one decided whether you become a vegetarian or anything else. What determines that is the availability of food. If we run out of vegetation due to floods or natural disasters, people will consume meat and if we run out of meat they will consume vegetables. I have no control over that. That would be up to people (Natural Disasters Quotes)As a species, we’ve somehow survived large and small ice ages, genetic bottlenecks, plagues, world wars and all manner of natural disasters, but I sometimes wonder if we’ll survive our own ingenuity (Natural Disasters Quotes)He led the state through a budget crisis, natural disasters, and political turmoil, working across party lines for a better environment, election reforms, and bipartisan solutions (Natural Disasters Quotes)The nature will continue, it’s our existence that is finite and you are given this gift of life and you make your way with it, but fate and natural disasters will continue on (Natural Disasters Quotes)War zones are dangerous, protests can be violent, also, natural disasters are difficult to cover, so there are going to be risks (Natural Disasters Quotes)In all natural disasters through time, man needs to attach meaning to tragedy, no matter how random and inexplicable the event is (Natural Disasters Quotes)We might have new issues involving information technology for example, or new questions arising out of the war on terror, or new issues arising from natural disasters that can’t be anticipated (Natural Disasters Quotes)There’s a resistance for people to talk about things that make them feel guilty. When natural disasters happen, it’s easier not to feel guilty about it (Natural Disasters Quotes)Sometimes it can feel like the whole globe is spinning with irredeemable losses, capricious natural disasters and crimes so outrageously evil they dismantle any attempt to solve or explain them (Natural Disasters Quotes)Rising sea levels, severe draughts, the melting of the polar caps, the more frequent and devastating natural disasters all raise demand for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (Natural Disasters Quotes)Except for the people who were there that one day they discovered the polio vaccine, being part of history is rarely a good idea. History is one war after another with a bunch of murders and natural disasters in between (Natural Disasters Quotes)
All Natural Disasters Famous Quotes & Sayings
List of top 60 famous quotes and sayings about all natural disasters to read and share with friends on your Facebook, Twitter, blogs.
Top 60 All Natural Disasters Quotes
#1. The UN is committed to the goal of ensuring that all nations share in economic, social, & scientific progress. It delivers humanitarian assistance to the victims of wars and natural disasters. - Author: Bill Bradley
#2. In this dangerous world that we live in, where hatred and violence and natural disasters sometimes collide to almost overwhelm us, we each can help in some way. - Author: Marsha Blackburn
#3. Oh." My spirits fell. I remembered Grover as being quite resourceful, but if he was dealing with California's natural disasters, he was unlikely to be back anytime in the next decade. - Author: Rick Riordan
#4. Ninety percent of all problems are caused by people being assholes."
"What causes the other ten percent?" asked Kizzy.
"Natural disasters," said Nib. - Author: Becky Chambers
#5. My heart goes out to victims and survivors of the Hurricane Katrina tragedy and to their families. This disaster will go down in history books as one of the largest natural disasters in U.S. history. - Author: Ellen Tauscher
#6. Studies show that women are more likely than men to die in natural disasters. Women's voices must be heard. - Author: Frances Beinecke
#7. The things that are meant to be are the things we can't control, the things we don't cause, the things that happen regardless of who or what we are. Like sunsets and snow-fall and natural disasters. I've never believed hardship or suffering was meant to be. - Author: Amy Harmon
#8. The United Nations Children's Fund reports that more than 18 million children worldwide have lost both parents to the ravages of AIDS, starvation, war or natural disasters. - Author: Foster Friess
#9. Farms and ranches contend with much more than quarterly reports and profit margins - the weather can wreak havoc on their quality of life and economic viability. When natural disasters strike, we must do all we can to assist the backbone of our economy. - Author: Ruben Hinojosa
# Natural disasters in Bolivia have been getting worse with the passage of time. It's brought about by a system: the capitalist system, the unbridled industrialization of the resources of the Planet Earth. - Author: Evo Morales
# If managed well, urbanization can create enormous opportunities: allowing innovation and new ideas to emerge, saving energy, land and natural resources, managing climate and the risk of disasters. - Author: Sri Mulyani Indrawati
# War zones are dangerous, protests can be violent, also, natural disasters are difficult to cover, so there are going to be risks. - Author: Kate Adie
# We cannot stop natural disasters but we can arm ourselves with knowledge: so many lives wouldn't have to be lost if there was enough disaster preparedness. - Author: Petra Nemcova
# Bad things do happen in the world, like war, natural disasters, disease. But out of those situations always arise stories of ordinary people doing extraordinary things. - Author: Daryn Kagan
# In all natural disasters through time, man needs to attach meaning to tragedy, no matter how random and inexplicable the event is. - Author: Nathaniel Philbrick
# With so much evidence of depleting natural resources, toxic waste, climate change, irreparable harm to our food chain and rapidly increasing instances of natural disasters, why do we keep perpetuating the problem? Why do we continue marching at the same alarming beat? - Author: Yehuda Berg
#All natural disasters are comforting because they reaffirm our impotence, in which, otherwise, we might stop believing. At times it is strangely sedative to know the extent of your own powerlessness. - Author: Erica Jong
# 'Potato-chip news' is news that's repetitive, requires little effort to absorb, and is consumable in massive quantities: true crime, natural disasters, political punditry, celebrity gossip, sports gossip, or endless photographs of beautiful houses, food, or clothes. - Author: Gretchen Rubin
# He led the state through a budget crisis, natural disasters, and political turmoil, working across party lines for a better environment, election reforms, and bipartisan solutions. - Author: Arnold Schwarzenegger
# As Christians we have a responsibility toward the poor, the oppressed, the downtrodden, and the many innocent people around the world who are caught in wars, natural disasters, and situations beyond their control. - Author: Billy Graham
# We have become a force of nature Not long ago, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, drought, forest fires, even earthquakes and volcanic explosions were accepted as "natural disasters or "acts of God." But now, we have joined God, powerful enough to influence these events. - Author: David Suzuki
# We live in a world filled with automobiles, highways of the mind, urban disasters, billions of people living on a tiny planet, sharing the diminishing natural resources of the earth. - Author: Frederick Lenz
# It's not the natural disasters you have to fear. It's the ones that are inside of you, waiting to happen. - Author: Polly Horvath
# There is an erroneous tendency to view empire-building by rulers from urban-agrarian kingdoms (Alexander, for example) as strategic genius, while treating nomad imperial conquests like natural disasters. - Author: James A. Millward
# I find it vulgar that people are so fascinated by natural disasters, and we allow footage of young people that are looting because they have no choice because of natural disaster. - Author: Sasha Grey
# During times of emergencies, civil crisis, or natural disasters it is important for persons to remain free to exercise their constitutional rights in a lawful and appropriate manner, and I believe it is important that we provide individuals with specific reassurance that we value those rights. - Author: Colleen Hanabusa
# When you see natural disasters caught on film you realize how well they had been imagined by Hollywood for such a long time. It's all good fun. You never know who's gonna survive and who doesn't. - Author: Jared Harris
# Rising sea levels, severe draughts, the melting of the polar caps, the more frequent and devastating natural disasters all raise demand for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. - Author: Leon Panetta
# It is unfortunately true that our generation and that of your parents have left you with a big mess that will now be yours to clean up: wars, budget challenges, pollution, global warming, battles of health care, natural disasters. They're all there for you. We're willing those to you. Are you ready? - Author: John Morgridge
# On the The AIDS Epidemic: This is a war. It has killed more people than has been the case in all previous wars and in all previous natural disasters We must not continue to be debating, to be arguing, when people are dying. - Author: Nelson Mandela
# Increasingly gang violence and organized crime, together with climate change-driven natural disasters, are displacing more people as wars are fewer on the continent and political violence has decreased considerably, the NRC has decided to treat this as a humanitarian crisis. - Author: Jan Egeland
# I believe that FEMA plays a key role in working with states and localities to prepare for and respond to natural disasters. As president, I will ensure FEMA has the funding it needs to fulfill its mission. - Author: Mitt Romney
# There are disasters that are entirely manmade, but none that are entirely natural. - Author: Rebecca Solnit
# It's not natural disasters that are to blame for the deprivation of the North Korean people, but the failed policies of Kim Jong Il. - Author: John Bolton
# Crazy Curran ranked right up there with monsoons, tornadoes, earthquakes, and other natural disasters. - Author: Ilona Andrews
# Some natural disasters were preferable to the sorts that people could wreak upon each other. - Author: Mark Lawrence
# In the darkness you could hear the crying of women, the wailing of infants, and the shouting of men. Some prayed for help. Others wished for death. But still more imagined that there were no Gods left, and that the universe was plunged into eternal darkness. - Author: Pliny The Younger
# The American president [George W. Bush] closes his eyes to the economic and human damages that are inflicted on his country and the world economy by natural disasters, like Katrina, through neglected climate protection. - Author: Jurgen Trittin
# The beef industry has contributed to more American deaths than all the wars of this century, all natural disasters, and all automobile accidents combined. - Author: Neal Barnard
# I am a limitless series of natural disasters and all of these disasters have been unnaturally repressed. - Author: Kathy Acker
# Using predictive models from engineering and public health, designers will plan safer, healthier cities that could allow us to survive natural disasters, pandemics, and even a radiation calamity that drives us underground. - Author: Annalee Newitz
# You don't need to leverage natural disasters. You don't need to capitalize on civil unrest. You need to be human. It's not always about business. - Author: Scott Stratten
# Inhabitants of underdeveloped nations and victims of natural disasters are the only people who have ever been happy to see soybeans. - Author: Fran Lebowitz
# That natural disasters are required to provide Americans with a glimpse of reality in their own country is an indication of the deep rot infecting the official political culture. - Author: Tariq Ali
# While natural disasters capture headlines and national attention short-term, the work of recovery and rebuilding is long-term. - Author: Sylvia Mathews Burwell
# The world's natural calamities and disasters-its tornados and hurricanes, volcanoes and floods-its physical turmoil-are not created by us specifically.
What is created by us is the degree to which these events touch our life - Author: Neale Donald Walsch
# There was a tsunami and there are terrible natural disasters, all of this because of too little Torah study. - Author: Ovadia Yosef
# I like natural disasters and I think that they may be the highest form of art possible to experience - Author: Walter De Maria
# It is in the genes of cities to bounce back from disasters - whether natural or man made. The denizens of suburbia have no choice but to survive and move on. But it is the manner in which different cities respond to emergencies that sets them apart. - Author: Vikas Swarup
# Natural disasters are revelatory. The manner in which a society interprets a catastrophe and responds to the chaos exposes many of the accepted truths, prejudices, hopes, and fears of a culture. - Nicholas Shrady, The Last Day - Author: Steve Olson
# Hurricanes, tornadoes and volcanoes are all Natural Disasters. We can't fit Global Warming into that category. We have only us to blame - Author: Veronica White
# Apart from the emergency aid we provide to alleviate the sufferings of victims of natural disasters, calamities and crises, we worked for transforming U.A.E.'s charity activities into an institutional activity with an aim of making them more effective and sustainable. - Author: Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan
# My architectural drive was to design new types of buildings to help poor people, especially following natural disasters and catastrophes I will use whatever time is left to me to keep doing what I have been doing, which is to help humanity. - Author: Frei Otto
# Except for the people who were there that one day they discovered the polio vaccine, being part of history is rarely a good idea. History is one war after another with a bunch of murders and natural disasters in between. - Author: Sarah Vowell
# I'd ask [God] why he keeps trying to kill us all with disease, pestilence, and natural disasters. I'd ask why 99% of all species there ever were are now extinct
if God works in mysterious ways, that way is mysteriously genocidal. - Author: Neil DeGrasse Tyson
# As a species, we've somehow survived large and small ice ages, genetic bottlenecks, plagues, world wars and all manner of natural disasters, but I sometimes wonder if we'll survive our own ingenuity. - Author: Diane Ackerman
# Financial crises are not natural disasters. They are man-made disasters. - Author: Ziad K. Abdelnour
# The U.N.'s humanitarian agencies rely on charitable donations from the public as well as the generosity of governments to continue their lifesaving work in response to natural disasters, armed conflicts and other emergencies. - Author: Ban Ki-moon
# But I warn my colleagues that we will fail in our efforts to protect the homeland if we do not take additional steps to avoid a trade-off between protecting ourselves against terrorists attacks and preparing for and responding to natural disasters. - Author: David Price
# I am sent on assignments just like guys. I have covered presidential campaigns, natural disasters, tragedies, red carpets, medical stories and more. - Author: Megan Alexander
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He directly devours with a glance, undresses and has it right on the table, in front of everyone and does not. Hesitate to show his desire, flaunts them, like a highlander from Dagestan. "Maybe he has someone from the Caucasus in his family?" - the girl was looking for an explanation of Igor's sexual charisma.
"Do you. Like me?" - suddenly she heard Igor's question.