2 kings 23 esv

2 kings 23 esv DEFAULT

2 Kings 23

2 Kings 23 is the twenty-third chapter of the second part of the Books of Kings in the Hebrew Bible or the Second Book of Kings in the Old Testament of the ChristianBible. The book is a compilation of various annals recording the acts of the kings of Israel and Judah by a Deuteronomic compiler in the seventh century BCE, with a supplement added in the sixth century BCE. This chapter records the events during the reign of Josiah, Jehoahaz and Jehoiakim, kings of Judah.


This chapter was originally written in the Hebrew language. It is divided into 37 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew are of the Masoretic Text tradition, which includes the Codex Cairensis (), Aleppo Codex (10th century), and Codex Leningradensis ().

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BCE. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; {\displaystyle {\mathfrak {G}}}B; 4th century) and Codex Alexandrinus (A; {\displaystyle {\mathfrak {G}}}A; 5th century).[a] The extant palimpsestAqBurkitt contains verses 11–27 in Koine Greek translated by Aquila of Sinope approximately in the early or mid-second century CE.[8]

Old Testament references[edit]


A parallel pattern of sequence is observed in the final sections of 2 Kings between 2 Kings and 2 Kings , as follows:

A. Athaliah, daughter of Ahab, kills royal seed (2 Kings )
B. Joash reigns (2 Kings 11–12)
C. Quick sequence of kings of Israel and Judah (2 Kings 13–16)
D. Fall of Samaria (2 Kings 17)
E. Revival of Judah under Hezekiah (2 Kings 18–20)
A'. Manasseh, a king like Ahab, promotes idolatry and kills the innocence (2 Kings 21)
B'. Josiah reigns (2 Kings 22–23)
C'. Quick succession of kings of Judah (2 Kings 24)
D'. Fall of Jerusalem (2 Kings 25)
E'. Elevation of Jehoiachin (2 Kings –30)

2 Kings 22– mainly contains the story of Josiah's actions of his eighteenth year (; ) and the discovery of the book of the law (; ) as grouped based on five royal initiatives (using distinct verbs "send" and "command"):

  1. Discovery of the book (; "sent," )
  2. Inquiry about the book (; "commanded," )
  3. Covenant and the book (; "sent," )
  4. Reforms from the book (; "commanded," )
  5. Passover from the book (; "commanded," )

2 Kings 23–24 contain a 'neat scheme' within the chaos at the end of the kingdom of Judah:

2 Kings 2 Kings
Jehoahaz reigned for three monthsJehoiachin reigned for three months
Jehoahaz was imprisoned by Pharaoh NechoJehoiachin was imprisoned by Nebuchadnezzar
Necho placed Eliakim on throne and changed his name to JehoiakimNebuchadnezzar placed Mattaniah on throne and changed his name to Zedekiah
Necho took Jehoahaz to Egypt; Jehoahaz died in EgyptNebuchadnezzar took Jehoiachin to Babylon; Jehoiachin was eventually elevated in Babylon

Most of 2 Kings 23 particularly focuses on Josiah's response to the Book of Law, being grammatically the subject of all the verbs used throughout verses 1– 2 Kings records twelve actions by Josiah, which in numerological view is signified by his 'twelvefold purging' of idolatry, reformation of all twelve tribes of Israel and the renewal of the kingdom from Bethel to Beersheba. He is the eighth king commended for "doing right" in the eyes of God, who began his reign in his eighth year of age (2 Kings ) and the only king who actually heard and read the book of Torah. However, Josiah could not prevent the destruction of Judah, as the promise and threat of Torah would be seen as fulfilled in the whole book of Kings. By the end of 2 Kings, everything established during the golden age of Solomon, promised to David, became unraveled: Under Solomon, Egypt entered a marriage alliance with Judah, but after Josiah, Egypt conquered Judah (), and whereas Solomon received tribute, his descendants paid it to other nations.

Josiah's implementation of religious reforms (–24)[edit]

Valley of Hinnom, c

This section records the religious reform by Josiah that he had performed together with all the people in a covenant (verse 4). The actions cover three areas:

  1. The temple of Jerusalem was cleansed of idols and given the 'designated central role' (verses 4–7, 11–12).
  2. The cult sites in the Judean provinces were desecrated (verses 8—10, 13—14) and those in the former northern kingdom were eradicated, especially the "altar of Bethel" established by Jeroboam (verses ). The destruction of the altar in Bethel (verses 15–18) had clear references to 1 Kings 13
  3. The communal passover feast was celebrated according to the covenant (verses 21–23, cf. Deuteronomy –6).

Verse 10[edit]

And he defiled Topheth, which is in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter pass through the fire to Molech.[17]

Verse 11[edit]

And he removed the horses that the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun, at the entrance to the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathan-melech the chamberlain, which was in the precincts. And he burned the chariots of the sun with fire.[19]
  • "Nathan-melech the chamberlain": An inscription "(belonging) to Nathan-melech, servant of the king" was found on a clay seal (bulla) impression measuring just over 1 centimetre (&#;in) in diameter, discovered during the excavation in the City of David area of Jerusalem through a destruction layer of a public building constructed in the eighth century BCE and destroyed during the Babylonian siege of Jerusalem in BCE.[20] The wording on the seal was deciphered by Dr. Anat Mendel-Geberovich of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Center for the Study of Ancient Jerusalem. [21] Dr. Yiftah Shalev, co-director of that Jerusalem excavation noticed that the rarity of name, together with a title equals to "the chamberlain" (NKJV: "the officer who was in the court") mentioned in 2 Kings , epigrapically (based on the shape of the letters) dated to the second half of the seventh century/early sixth century, and linked to a structure also dated to the same period, which is exactly the time the biblical Nathan-Melech was active in Jerusalem, make it very likely to belong to the same person.[22]

Josiah's death (–30)[edit]

In death, there is a parallel between Josiah and Ahab as both were killed during battles with foreign powers, and both were brought from the battlefield to the capital city to be buried (1 Kings ; 2 Kings ). Both of them learned about the prophecy of doom on their dynasties that would happen not during their lifetimes, but during the reign of their sons (1 Kings ; 2 Kings ), with two sons of Ahab (Ahaziah in 2 Kings 1 and Jehoram in 2 Kings ; ) to reign over Israel, before the whole dynasty was eliminated by Jehu (2 Kings 9–10), and two generations (three sons--Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Zedekiah-- and one grandson, Jehoiachin) succeeding Josiah to reign over Judah before the kingdom was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar. The huge difference is that Josiah receives the highest praise from the editors of the book of Kings for his religious reforms (verse 25), which was also confirmed by Jeremiah, who describes him as a popular king who was 'modest and socially just' (Jeremiah –16).

Jehoahaz ben Josiah king of Judah (–35)[edit]

The regnal account of Jehoahaz consists of an introductory regnal part (verses 31–32) and his replacement with Jehoaikim by Pharaoh Necho (verses 33–35) without the typical concluding part. The waw-consecutive syntatical sequence employed in the account of Necho's action (verses 33–34a) shifts to a 'conjunctive waw sequence in verses 34b–35 for the statements of Jehoahaz's death in Egypt and Jehoiakim's taxation to pay tribute to Necho.

After defeating Josiah at Megiddo in BCE, Necho had no time to interfere Judah's affair because he had to quickly go to help his Assyrian allies in the last stand against Babylonia in Harran. The battle with Josiah hindered Necho to arrive in time, so he could only attempt in vain for several months to bring back Assuruballit (his Assyrian ally) on the throne. Meanwhile, the anti-Egyptian people in Judah crowned Jehoahaz, a younger son of Josiah, only to be dethroned three months later by Necho, who also penalized the inhabitants with heavy taxation. Necho placed as his puppet king Jehoahaz's older brother, Eliakim (Jehoiakim), who was earlier rejected by the people of Judah and whose mother's family was from the northern part of Israel (verse 36), so it could provide a base of support against the threat of Babylonia.

Verse 31[edit]

Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.[26]
  • Jehoahaz: could be a throne name since Jeremiah and 1 Chronicles wrote his name as "Shallum". Both William F. Albright and E. R. Thiele dated his reign to BCE,[27] making his birth in / BCE. The Babylonian Chronicle dates the battle in Harran with Assyrians and Egypt from Tammuz (July–August) to Elul (August–September) of BCE, which would place the death of Josiah and the start of Jehoahaz reign in month of Tammuz BCE or the month prior, when Egyptian army was still on the way to Harran.[28]
  • Libnah: in Shephelah. Taking Hamutal as his wife may indicate Josiah's effort to strengthen this southwestern border area of Judah to resist Egypt).

Verse 33[edit]

Now Pharaoh Necho put him in prison at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and he imposed on the land a tribute of one hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.[29]

Jehoiakim ben Josiah king of Judah (–37)[edit]

This part contains the introductory regnal formula on the account of Jehoiakim's reign as king of Judah. The regnal account continues to the main part in 2 Kings –4 and the concluding regnal formula in 2 Kings –7.

Verse 36[edit]

Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.[32]Nelson, Thomas. NIV, Chronological Study Bible, EBook: Holy Bible, New International Version. Brazil: Thomas Nelson,
  • "Jehoiakim": the throne name of Eliakim, the son of Josiah, the older brother of Jehoahaz.[33]
  • "Rumah" is believed to be in Galilee region in the northern part of Israel, where the family of Zebudah (as should be read (qere); literally written (ketiv) as זְבִידָה 'Zebidah') might help Josiah securing control on the area and Necho would take advantage of this to provide support against Babylonian threat from the north.


  • Josiah commanded the priests to remove idols from the temple of the Lord

  • People broke in pieces the altars of idols

  • All workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards were cast away from the land of Judah

  • The altar and high place in Bethel were torn down

  • Josiah turned to the Lord with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses

See also[edit]

  • Related Bible parts: 1 Kings 11, 2 Kings 24, 2 Chronicles 34, 2 Chronicles 35, 2 Chronicles 36, Isaiah 30, Jeremiah 7, Jeremiah 19, Jeremiah 22, Ezekiel 19
  • Notes[edit]


    1. ^&#;This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain:&#;Herbermann, Charles, ed. (). "Codex Sinaiticus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
    2. ^Burkitt, Francis Crawford (). Fragments of the Books of Kings According to the Translation of Aquila. Cambridge: University Press. p.&#; ISBN&#;. OCLC&#;
    3. ^ abcdef2 Kings 23, Berean Study Bible
    4. ^2 Kings NKJV
    5. ^Hermann L. Strack and Paul Billerbeck, Kommentar zum Neuen Testament aus Talmud and Midrasch, 5 vols., Munich: Beck, –,
    6. ^2 Kings ESV
    7. ^Weiss, Bari.The Story Behind a 2,Year-Old Seal Who was Natan-Melech, the king’s servant?. New York Times. March 30,
    8. ^2,year old seal discovered in City of David. Jerusalem Post. April 1,
    9. ^Nagtegaal, Brent. Archaeology Verifies the Reign of Judah's Youngest King: New archaeological discovery in Jerusalem adds to evidence of King Josiah’s reign. Watch Jerusalem. May 28,
    10. ^2 Kings KJV
    11. ^Edwin Thiele, The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, (1st ed.; New York: Macmillan, ; 2d ed.; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, ; 3rd ed.; Grand Rapids: Zondervan/Kregel, ). ISBN&#;X, ,
    12. ^Thiele , pp. ,
    13. ^2 Kings NKJV
    14. ^Kobayashi, Y. Riblah, ABD ; apud Sweeney , p.
    15. ^Note on 2 Kings in ESV and MEV
    16. ^2 Kings KJV
    17. ^Nelson, Thomas. NIV, Chronological Study Bible, EBook: Holy Bible, New International Version. Brazil: Thomas Nelson, , p.


    • Cogan, Mordechai; Tadmor, Hayim (). II Kings: A New Translation. Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries. 11. Doubleday. ISBN&#;.
    • Collins, John J. (). "Chapter 1 Kings 12 – 2 Kings 25". Introduction to the Hebrew Scriptures. Fortress Press. pp.&#;– ISBN&#;.
    • Coogan, Michael David (). Coogan, Michael David; Brettler, Marc Zvi; Newsom, Carol Ann; Perkins, Pheme (eds.). The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books: New Revised Standard Version, Issue 48 (Augmented 3rd&#;ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN&#;.
    • Dietrich, Walter (). " 1 and 2 Kings". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback)&#;ed.). Oxford University Press. pp.&#;– ISBN&#;. Retrieved February 6,
    • Fretheim, Terence E (). First and Second Kings. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN&#;.
    • Halley, Henry H. (). Halley's Bible Handbook: an abbreviated Bible commentary (24th (revised)&#;ed.). Zondervan Publishing House. ISBN&#;.
    • Leithart, Peter J. (). 1 & 2 Kings. Brazos Theological Commentary on the Bible. Brazos Press. ISBN&#;.
    • McFall, Leslie (), "Translation Guide to the Chronological Data in Kings and Chronicles"(PDF), Bibliotheca Sacra, : 3–45, archived from the original(PDF) on July 19,
    • McKane, William (). "Kings, Book of". In Metzger, Bruce M; Coogan, Michael D (eds.). The Oxford Companion to the Bible. Oxford University Press. pp.&#;– ISBN&#;.
    • Nelson, Richard Donald (). First and Second Kings. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN&#;.
    • Pritchard, James B (). Ancient Near Eastern texts relating to the Old Testament (3&#;ed.). Princeton University Press. ISBN&#;.
    • Sweeney, Marvin (). I & II Kings: A Commentary. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN&#;.
    • Thiele, Edwin R. (). The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings: A Reconstruction of the Chronology of the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    • Würthwein, Ernst (). The Text of the Old Testament. Translated by Rhodes, Erroll F. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans. ISBN&#;. Retrieved January 26,

    External links[edit]

    Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2_Kings_23

    2 Kings 23

    English Standard Version

    Josiah's Reforms

    23 (A)Then the king sent, and all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem were gathered to him.And the king went up to the house of the Lord, and with him all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the priests and the prophets, all the people, both small and great. And (B)he read in their hearing all the words of the Book of the Covenant (C)that had been found in the house of the Lord.And the king stood (D)by the pillar and (E)made a covenant before the Lord, (F)to walk after the Lord and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all his heart and all his soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the people joined in the covenant.

    And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest and the priests (G)of the second order and the keepers of the threshold to bring out of the temple of the Lord all the vessels made for (H)Baal, for (I)Asherah, and for all the host of heaven. (J)He burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron and carried their ashes to Bethel.And he deposed the priests whom the kings of Judah had ordained to make offerings in the high places at the cities of Judah and around Jerusalem; those also who burned incense to Baal, to the sun and the moon and the constellations (K)and all the host of the heavens.And he brought out (L)the Asherah from the house of the Lord, outside Jerusalem, to the brook Kidron, (M)and burned it at the brook Kidron (N)and beat it to dust and cast the dust of it upon the graves (O)of the common people.And he broke down the houses of (P)the male cult prostitutes who were in the house of the Lord, (Q)where the women wove hangings for (R)the Asherah.And he brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had made offerings, from (S)Geba to Beersheba. And he broke down the high places of the gates that were at the entrance of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which were on one's left at the gate of the city.(T)However, the priests of the high places did not come up to the altar of the Lord in Jerusalem, but they ate unleavened bread among their brothers.10 And he defiled (U)Topheth, which is (V)in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, (W)that no one might burn his son or his daughter as an offering to (X)Molech.11 And he removed the horses that the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun, at the entrance to the house of the Lord, by the chamber of Nathan-melech the chamberlain, which was in the precincts. And he burned the chariots of the sun with fire.12 And the altars (Y)on the roof of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars (Z)that Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the Lord, he pulled down and broke in pieces and cast the dust of them (AA)into the brook Kidron.13 And the king defiled the high places that were east of Jerusalem, to the south of (AB)the mount of corruption, which Solomon the king of Israel had built for (AC)Ashtoreth the abomination of the Sidonians, and for (AD)Chemosh the abomination of Moab, and for (AE)Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites.14 And he broke in pieces the (AF)pillars and cut down the Asherim and filled their places with the bones of men.

    15 Moreover, the altar at Bethel, the high place erected (AG)by Jeroboam the son of Nebat, (AH)who made Israel to sin, (AI)that altar with the high place he pulled down and burned, reducing it to dust. He also burned the Asherah.16 And as Josiah turned, he saw the tombs there on the mount. And he sent and took the bones out of the tombs and burned them on the altar and defiled it, (AJ)according to the word of the Lord that the man of God proclaimed, who had predicted these things.17 Then he said, “What is that monument that I see?” And the men of the city told him, (AK)“It is the tomb of the man of God who came from Judah and predicted these things that you have done against the altar at Bethel.”18 And he said, “Let him be; let no man move his bones.” So they let his bones alone, with the bones (AL)of the prophet who came out of Samaria.19 And Josiah removed all the shrines also of the high places that were (AM)in the cities of Samaria, which kings of Israel had made, provoking the Lord to anger. He did to them according to all that he had done at Bethel.20 And (AN)he sacrificed all the priests of the high places who were there, on the altars, (AO)and burned human bones on them. Then he returned to Jerusalem.

    Josiah Restores the Passover

    21 And the king commanded all the people, (AP)“Keep the Passover to the Lord your God, (AQ)as it is written in this Book of the Covenant.”22 (AR)For no such Passover had been kept since the days of the judges who judged Israel, or during all the days of the kings of Israel or of the kings of Judah.23 But in the eighteenth year of King Josiah this Passover was kept to the Lord in Jerusalem.

    24 Moreover, Josiah put away (AS)the mediums and the necromancers and (AT)the household gods and (AU)the idols and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, that he might establish (AV)the words of the law that were written in the book (AW)that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the Lord.25 (AX)Before him there was no king like him, who turned to the Lord with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his might, according to all the Law of Moses, nor did any like him arise after him.

    26 Still the Lord did not turn from the burning of his great wrath, by which his anger was kindled against Judah, (AY)because of all the provocations with which Manasseh had provoked him.27 And the Lord said, “I will remove Judah also out of my sight, (AZ)as I have removed Israel, and I will cast off this city that I have chosen, Jerusalem, (BA)and the house of which I said, My name shall be there.”

    Josiah's Death in Battle

    28 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah?29 (BB)In his days (BC)Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt went up to the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates. King Josiah went to meet him, and Pharaoh Neco killed him at (BD)Megiddo, as soon as he saw him.30 (BE)And his servants carried him dead in a chariot from (BF)Megiddo and brought him to Jerusalem and buried him in his own tomb. (BG)And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's place.

    Jehoahaz's Reign and Captivity

    31 (BH)Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother's name was (BI)Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.32 And he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, (BJ)according to all that his fathers had done.33 And (BK)Pharaoh Neco put him in bonds at (BL)Riblah in the land of (BM)Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem, and laid on the land a tribute of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.34 And (BN)Pharaoh Neco made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the place of Josiah his father, and (BO)changed his name to Jehoiakim. But he took Jehoahaz away, (BP)and he came to Egypt and died there.35 And Jehoiakim (BQ)gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh, but he taxed the land to give the money according to the command of Pharaoh. He exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, from everyone according to his assessment, to give it to Pharaoh Neco.

    Jehoiakim Reigns in Judah

    36 (BR)Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Zebidah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.37 And he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, (BS)according to all that his fathers had done.

    Cross references

    1. 2 Kings : For ver. , see 2 Chr.
    2. 2 Kings : See Deut.
    3. 2 Kings : ch.
    4. 2 Kings : ch.
    5. 2 Kings : [ch. ]
    6. 2 Kings : Deut.
    7. 2 Kings : [ch. ; Jer. ]
    8. 2 Kings : ch.
    9. 2 Kings : See Deut.
    10. 2 Kings : ver. 15
    11. 2 Kings : ch.
    12. 2 Kings : See Deut.
    13. 2 Kings : ver. 15
    14. 2 Kings : ver. 15; [2 Chr. ]
    15. 2 Kings : [2 Chr. ]
    16. 2 Kings : 1 Kgs. ; ; See Deut.
    17. 2 Kings : [Ezek. ]
    18. 2 Kings : [See ver. 6 above]; See Deut.
    19. 2 Kings : 1 Kgs.
    20. 2 Kings : See Ezek.
    21. 2 Kings : Isa. ; Jer. , 32; ,
    22. 2 Kings : See Josh.
    23. 2 Kings : See Lev.
    24. 2 Kings : See 1 Kgs.
    25. 2 Kings : [Jer. ; ; Zeph. ]
    26. 2 Kings : ch.
    27. 2 Kings : ver. 4, 6
    28. 2 Kings : [1 Kgs. ]
    29. 2 Kings : See 1 Kgs.
    30. 2 Kings : [Num. ]
    31. 2 Kings : [1 Kgs. ]
    32. 2 Kings : See Ex.
    33. 2 Kings : 1 Kgs. , 29, 33
    34. 2 Kings : See 1 Kgs.
    35. 2 Kings : ver. 6
    36. 2 Kings : 1 Kgs.
    37. 2 Kings : 1 Kgs. , 30
    38. 2 Kings : 1 Kgs. , 31
    39. 2 Kings : [2 Chr. , 7]
    40. 2 Kings : [ch. ; Ex. ; 1 Kgs. ]
    41. 2 Kings : 2 Chr.
    42. 2 Kings : See 2 Chr.
    43. 2 Kings : See Ex. ; Lev. , 8; Num. ; Deut.
    44. 2 Kings : 2 Chr. , 19
    45. 2 Kings : ch. ; See Lev.
    46. 2 Kings : See Gen.
    47. 2 Kings : ch. , 21
    48. 2 Kings : Lev. ; ; Deut.
    49. 2 Kings : ch.
    50. 2 Kings : [ch. ]
    51. 2 Kings : ch. ; , 4; Jer.
    52. 2 Kings : ch. , 20; ;
    53. 2 Kings : See ch.
    54. 2 Kings : For ver. 29, 30, see 2 Chr.
    55. 2 Kings : Jer.
    56. 2 Kings : [Judg. ; Zech. ]
    57. 2 Kings : [ch. ]
    58. 2 Kings : [See ver. 29 above]; [Judg. ; Zech. ]
    59. 2 Kings : For ver. , see 2 Chr.
    60. 2 Kings : [1 Chr. ; Jer. ]
    61. 2 Kings : ch.
    62. 2 Kings : [ch. , 19]
    63. 2 Kings : [See ver. 29 above]; Jer.
    64. 2 Kings : ch. , 20, 21; Jer. , 6; , 10, 26, 27
    65. 2 Kings : See 1 Kgs.
    66. 2 Kings : [See ver. 29 above]; Jer.
    67. 2 Kings : [ch. ; Dan. ]
    68. 2 Kings : Jer. , 12; [Ezek. , 4]
    69. 2 Kings : ver. 33
    70. 2 Kings : 2 Chr.
    71. 2 Kings : [See ver. 32 above]; [ch. , 19]
    Sours: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2%20Kings%&version=ESV
    1. 5 inch wooden box
    2. Psn not working today
    3. Minecraft underwater base
    4. Yellow cloth napkins bulk

    Manasseh Reigns in Judah

    21 xManassehwastwelveyearsoldwhenhebegantoreign,andhereignedfifty-fiveyearsinJerusalem.Hismother’snamewasHephzibah.AndhedidwhatwasevilinthesightoftheLord,yaccordingtothedespicablepracticesofthenationswhomtheLorddroveoutbeforethepeopleofIsrael.ForherebuiltthehighplaceszthatHezekiahhisfatherhaddestroyed,andheerectedaltarsforBaalandmadeaanAsherah,basAhabkingofIsraelhaddone,candworshipedallthehostofheavenandservedthem.dAndhebuiltaltarsinthehouseoftheLord,ofwhichtheLordhadsaid,eInJerusalemwillIputmyname.AndhebuiltaltarscforallthehostofheaveninfthetwocourtsofthehouseoftheLord.gAndheburnedhissonasanofferingandhusedfortune-tellingandiomensanddealtjwithmediumsandwithnecromancers.HedidmuchevilinthesightoftheLord,provokinghimtoanger.AndthecarvedimageofaAsherahthathehadmadehesetinthehouseofwhichtheLordsaidtoDavidandtoSolomonhisson,Inthishouse,eandinJerusalem,whichIhavechosenoutofallthetribesofIsrael,Iwillputmynameforever.kAndIwillnotcausethefeetofIsraeltowanderanymoreoutofthelandthatIgavetotheirfathers,ifonlytheywillbecarefultodoaccordingtoallthatIhavecommandedthem,andaccordingtoalltheLawthatmyservantMosescommandedthem.Buttheydidnotlisten,andManassehledthemastraytodomoreevilthanthenationshaddonewhomtheLorddestroyedbeforethepeopleofIsrael.

    Manasseh’s Idolatry Denounced

    10 AndtheLordsaidbyhisservantstheprophets,11 lBecauseManassehkingofJudahhascommittedtheseabominationsandhasdonethingsmmoreevilthanallthattheAmoritesdid,whowerebeforehim,nandhasmadeJudahalsotosinowithhisidols,12 thereforethussaystheLord,theGodofIsrael:Behold,IambringinguponJerusalemandJudahsuchdisasterthattheearsofeveryonewhohearsofitpwilltingle.13 qAndIwillstretchoverJerusalemthemeasuringlineofSamaria,andtheplumblineofthehouseofAhab,andIwillwipeJerusalemasonewipesadish,wipingitandturningitupsidedown.14 AndIwillforsaketheremnantofmyheritageandgivethemintothehandoftheirenemies,andtheyshallbecomeapreyandaspoiltoalltheirenemies,15 becausetheyhavedonewhatisevilinmysightandhaveprovokedmetoanger,sincethedaytheirfatherscameoutofEgypt,eventothisday.

    16 rMoreover,Manassehshedverymuchinnocentblood,tillhehadfilledJerusalemfromoneendtoanother,besidesthesinsthathemadeJudahtosinsothattheydidwhatwasevilinthesightoftheLord.

    17 tNowtherestoftheactsofManassehandallthathedid,andthesinthathecommitted,aretheynotwrittenintheBookoftheChroniclesoftheKingsofJudah?18 uAndManassehsleptwithhisfathersandwasburiedinthegardenofhishouse,vinthegardenofUzza,andAmonhissonreignedinhisplace.

    Amon Reigns in Judah

    19 Amonwastwenty-twoyearsoldwhenhebegantoreign,andhereignedtwoyearsinJerusalem.Hismother’snamewasMeshullemeththedaughterofHaruzofJotbah.20 AndhedidwhatwasevilinthesightoftheLord,wasManassehhisfatherhaddone.21 Hewalkedinallthewayinwhichhisfatherwalkedandservedxtheidolsthathisfatherservedandworshipedthem.22 yHeabandonedtheLord,theGodofhisfathers,anddidnotwalkinthewayoftheLord.23 AndtheservantsofAmonconspiredagainsthimandputthekingtodeathinhishouse.24 ButthepeopleofthelandstruckdownallthosewhohadconspiredagainstKingAmon,andthepeopleofthelandmadeJosiahhissonkinginhisplace.25 NowtherestoftheactsofAmonthathedid,aretheynotwrittenintheBookoftheChroniclesoftheKingsofJudah?26 AndhewasburiedinhistombzinthegardenofUzza,andJosiahhissonreignedinhisplace.

    Josiah Reigns in Judah

    22 aJosiahwaseightyearsoldwhenhebegantoreign,andhereignedthirty-oneyearsinJerusalem.Hismother’snamewasJedidahthedaughterofAdaiahofbBozkath.AndhedidwhatwasrightintheeyesoftheLordandwalkedinallthewayofDavidhisfather,candhedidnotturnasidetotherightortotheleft.

    Josiah Repairs the Temple


    Hilkiah Finds the Book of the Law

    AndHilkiahthehighpriestsaidtoShaphanthesecretary,IhavefounditheBookoftheLawinthehouseoftheLord.AndHilkiahgavethebooktoShaphan,andhereadit.AndShaphanthesecretarycametotheking,andreportedtotheking,YourservantshaveemptiedoutthemoneythatwasfoundinthehouseandhavedelivereditintothehandoftheworkmenwhohavetheoversightofthehouseoftheLord.10 ThenShaphanthesecretarytoldtheking,Hilkiahthepriesthasgivenmeabook.AndShaphanreaditbeforetheking.

    11 WhenthekingheardthewordsoftheBookoftheLaw,jhetorehisclothes.12 AndthekingcommandedHilkiahthepriest,andkAhikamthesonofShaphan,andlAchborthesonoflMicaiah,andShaphanthesecretary,andAsaiahtheking’sservant,saying,13 Go,inquireoftheLordforme,andforthepeople,andforallJudah,concerningthewordsofthisbookthathasbeenfound.ForgreatismthewrathoftheLordthatiskindledagainstus,becauseourfathershavenotobeyedthewordsofthisbook,todoaccordingtoallthatiswrittenconcerningus.

    14 SoHilkiahthepriest,andAhikam,andAchbor,andShaphan,andAsaiahwenttoHuldahtheprophetess,thewifeofShallumthesonofnTikvah,sonofnHarhas,keeperofthewardrobe(nowshelivedinJerusaleminotheSecondQuarter),andtheytalkedwithher.15 Andshesaidtothem,ThussaystheLord,theGodofIsrael:Tellthemanwhosentyoutome,16 ThussaystheLord,Behold,Iwillbringdisasteruponthisplaceanduponitsinhabitants,allthewordsofthebookthatthekingofJudahhasread.17 pBecausetheyhaveforsakenmeandhavemadeofferingstoothergods,thattheymightprovokemetoangerwithalltheworkoftheirhands,thereforemmywrathwillbekindledagainstthisplace,anditwillnotbequenched.18 ButtothekingofJudah,whosentyoutoinquireoftheLord,thusshallyousaytohim,ThussaystheLord,theGodofIsrael:Regardingthewordsthatyouhaveheard,19 qbecauseyourheartwaspenitent,andyourhumbledyourselfbeforetheLord,whenyouheardhowIspokeagainstthisplaceandagainstitsinhabitants,thattheyshouldbecomesadesolationandtacurse,andyouuhavetornyourclothesandweptbeforeme,Ialsohaveheardyou,declarestheLord.20 Therefore,behold,Iwillgatheryoutoyourfathers,andvyoushallbegatheredtoyourgraveinpeace,andyoureyesshallnotseeallthedisasterthatIwillbringuponthisplace.Andtheybroughtbackwordtotheking.

    Josiah’s Reforms

    23 wThenthekingsent,andalltheeldersofJudahandJerusalemweregatheredtohim.AndthekingwentuptothehouseoftheLord,andwithhimallthemenofJudahandalltheinhabitantsofJerusalemandthepriestsandtheprophets,allthepeople,bothsmallandgreat.AndxhereadintheirhearingallthewordsoftheBookoftheCovenantythathadbeenfoundinthehouseoftheLord.AndthekingstoodzbythepillarandamadeacovenantbeforetheLord,btowalkaftertheLordandtokeephiscommandmentsandhistestimoniesandhisstatuteswithallhisheartandallhissoul,toperformthewordsofthiscovenantthatwerewritteninthisbook.Andallthepeoplejoinedinthecovenant.

    AndthekingcommandedHilkiahthehighpriestandthepriestscofthesecondorderandthekeepersofthethresholdtobringoutofthetempleoftheLordallthevesselsmadefordBaal,foreAsherah,andforallthehostofheaven.fHeburnedthemoutsideJerusaleminthefieldsoftheKidronandcarriedtheirashestoBethel.AndhedeposedthepriestswhomthekingsofJudahhadordainedtomakeofferingsinthehighplacesatthecitiesofJudahandaroundJerusalem;thosealsowhoburnedincensetoBaal,tothesunandthemoonandtheconstellationsgandallthehostoftheheavens.AndhebroughtouththeAsherahfromthehouseoftheLord,outsideJerusalem,tothebrookKidron,iandburneditatthebrookKidronjandbeatittodustandcastthedustofituponthegraveskofthecommonpeople.AndhebrokedownthehousesoflthemalecultprostituteswhowereinthehouseoftheLord,mwherethewomenwovehangingsforhtheAsherah.AndhebroughtallthepriestsoutofthecitiesofJudah,anddefiledthehighplaceswherethepriestshadmadeofferings,fromnGebatoBeersheba.AndhebrokedownthehighplacesofthegatesthatwereattheentranceofthegateofJoshuathegovernorofthecity,whichwereonone’sleftatthegateofthecity.oHowever,thepriestsofthehighplacesdidnotcomeuptothealtaroftheLordinJerusalem,buttheyateunleavenedbreadamongtheirbrothers.10 AndhedefiledpTopheth,whichisqintheValleyoftheSonofHinnom,rthatnoonemightburnhissonorhisdaughterasanofferingtosMolech.11 AndheremovedthehorsesthatthekingsofJudahhaddedicatedtothesun,attheentrancetothehouseoftheLord,bythechamberofNathan-melechthechamberlain,whichwasintheprecincts.Andheburnedthechariotsofthesunwithfire.12 AndthealtarstontheroofoftheupperchamberofAhaz,whichthekingsofJudahhadmade,andthealtarsuthatManassehhadmadeinthetwocourtsofthehouseoftheLord,hepulleddownandbrokeinpiecesandcastthedustofthemvintothebrookKidron.13 AndthekingdefiledthehighplacesthatwereeastofJerusalem,tothesouthofwthemountofcorruption,whichSolomonthekingofIsraelhadbuiltforxAshtoreththeabominationoftheSidonians,andforyChemoshtheabominationofMoab,andforzMilcomtheabominationoftheAmmonites.14 AndhebrokeinpiecestheapillarsandcutdowntheAsherimandfilledtheirplaceswiththebonesofmen.

    15 Moreover,thealtaratBethel,thehighplaceerectedbbyJeroboamthesonofNebat,cwhomadeIsraeltosin,dthataltarwiththehighplacehepulleddownandburned,reducingittodust.HealsoburnedtheAsherah.16 AndasJosiahturned,hesawthetombsthereonthemount.Andhesentandtookthebonesoutofthetombsandburnedthemonthealtaranddefiledit,eaccordingtothewordoftheLordthatthemanofGodproclaimed,whohadpredictedthesethings.17 Thenhesaid,WhatisthatmonumentthatIsee?Andthemenofthecitytoldhim,fItisthetombofthemanofGodwhocamefromJudahandpredictedthesethingsthatyouhavedoneagainstthealtaratBethel.18 Andhesaid,Lethimbe;letnomanmovehisbones.Sotheylethisbonesalone,withthebonesgoftheprophetwhocameoutofSamaria.19 AndJosiahremovedalltheshrinesalsoofthehighplacesthatwerehinthecitiesofSamaria,whichkingsofIsraelhadmade,provokingtheLordtoanger.HedidtothemaccordingtoallthathehaddoneatBethel.20 Andihesacrificedallthepriestsofthehighplaceswhowerethere,onthealtars,jandburnedhumanbonesonthem.ThenhereturnedtoJerusalem.

    Josiah Restores the Passover

    21 Andthekingcommandedallthepeople,kKeepthePassovertotheLordyourGod,lasitiswritteninthisBookoftheCovenant.22 mFornosuchPassoverhadbeenkeptsincethedaysofthejudgeswhojudgedIsrael,orduringallthedaysofthekingsofIsraelorofthekingsofJudah.23 ButintheeighteenthyearofKingJosiahthisPassoverwaskepttotheLordinJerusalem.

    24 Moreover,JosiahputawaynthemediumsandthenecromancersandothehouseholdgodsandptheidolsandalltheabominationsthatwereseeninthelandofJudahandinJerusalem,thathemightestablishqthewordsofthelawthatwerewritteninthebookrthatHilkiahthepriestfoundinthehouseoftheLord.25 sBeforehimtherewasnokinglikehim,whoturnedtotheLordwithallhisheartandwithallhissoulandwithallhismight,accordingtoalltheLawofMoses,nordidanylikehimariseafterhim.

    26 StilltheLorddidnotturnfromtheburningofhisgreatwrath,bywhichhisangerwaskindledagainstJudah,tbecauseofalltheprovocationswithwhichManassehhadprovokedhim.27 AndtheLordsaid,IwillremoveJudahalsooutofmysight,uasIhaveremovedIsrael,andIwillcastoffthiscitythatIhavechosen,Jerusalem,vandthehouseofwhichIsaid,Mynameshallbethere.

    Josiah’s Death in Battle

    28 NowtherestoftheactsofJosiahandallthathedid,aretheynotwrittenintheBookoftheChroniclesoftheKingsofJudah?29 wInhisdaysxPharaohNecokingofEgyptwentuptothekingofAssyriatotheriverEuphrates.KingJosiahwenttomeethim,andPharaohNecokilledhimatyMegiddo,assoonashesawhim.30 zAndhisservantscarriedhimdeadinachariotfromyMegiddoandbroughthimtoJerusalemandburiedhiminhisowntomb.aAndthepeopleofthelandtookJehoahazthesonofJosiah,andanointedhim,andmadehimkinginhisfather’splace.

    Jehoahaz’s Reign and Captivity

    31 bJehoahazwastwenty-threeyearsoldwhenhebegantoreign,andhereignedthreemonthsinJerusalem.Hismother’snamewascHamutalthedaughterofJeremiahofLibnah.32 AndhedidwhatwasevilinthesightoftheLord,daccordingtoallthathisfathershaddone.33 AndxPharaohNecoputhiminbondsateRiblahinthelandoffHamath,thathemightnotreigninJerusalem,andlaidonthelandatributeofahundredtalentsofsilverandatalentofgold.34 AndxPharaohNecomadeEliakimthesonofJosiahkingintheplaceofJosiahhisfather,andgchangedhisnametoJehoiakim.ButhetookJehoahazaway,handhecametoEgyptanddiedthere.35 AndJehoiakimigavethesilverandthegoldtoPharaoh,buthetaxedthelandtogivethemoneyaccordingtothecommandofPharaoh.Heexactedthesilverandthegoldofthepeopleoftheland,fromeveryoneaccordingtohisassessment,togiveittoPharaohNeco.

    Jehoiakim Reigns in Judah

    36 jJehoiakimwastwenty-fiveyearsoldwhenhebegantoreign,andhereignedelevenyearsinJerusalem.Hismother’snamewasZebidahthedaughterofPedaiahofRumah.37 AndhedidwhatwasevilinthesightoftheLord,daccordingtoallthathisfathershaddone.

    24 kInhisdays,NebuchadnezzarkingofBabyloncameup,andJehoiakimbecamehisservantforthreeyears.Thenheturnedandrebelledagainsthim.AndtheLordsentagainsthimbandsofthelChaldeansandmbandsoftheSyriansandbandsoftheMoabitesandbandsoftheAmmonites,andsentthemagainstJudahtodestroyit,naccordingtothewordoftheLordthathespokebyhisservantstheprophets.SurelythiscameuponJudahatthecommandoftheLord,toremovethemoutofhissight,oforthesinsofManasseh,accordingtoallthathehaddone,andalsopfortheinnocentbloodthathehadshed.ForhefilledJerusalemwithinnocentblood,andtheLordwouldnotpardon.qNowtherestofthedeedsofJehoiakimandallthathedid,aretheynotwrittenintheBookoftheChroniclesoftheKingsofJudah?SoJehoiakimrsleptwithhisfathers,andJehoiachinhissonreignedinhisplace.sAndthekingofEgyptdidnotcomeagainoutofhisland,tforthekingofBabylonhadtakenallthatbelongedtothekingofEgyptufromtheBrookofEgypttotheriverEuphrates.

    Jehoiachin Reigns in Judah


    Jerusalem Captured

    10 AtthattimetheservantsofyNebuchadnezzarkingofBabyloncameuptoJerusalem,andthecitywasbesieged.11 AndyNebuchadnezzarkingofBabyloncametothecitywhilehisservantswerebesiegingit,12 zandJehoiachinthekingofJudahgavehimselfuptothekingofBabylon,himselfandhismotherandhisservantsandhisofficialsandhispalaceofficials.aThekingofBabylontookhimprisonerbintheeighthyearofhisreign13 andcarriedoffallthetreasuresofthehouseoftheLordcandthetreasuresoftheking’shouse,dandcutinpiecesallthevesselsofgoldinthetempleoftheLord,ewhichSolomonkingofIsraelhadmade,fastheLordhadforetold.14 gHecarriedawayallJerusalemandalltheofficialsandallthemightymenofvalor,h10,captives,iandallthecraftsmenandthesmiths.Noneremained,jexceptthepoorestpeopleoftheland.15 kAndhecarriedawayJehoiachintoBabylon.Theking’smother,theking’swives,hisofficials,andthechiefmenofthelandhetookintocaptivityfromJerusalemtoBabylon.16 AndthekingofBabylonbroughtcaptivetoBabylonallthemenofvalor,l7,,andthecraftsmenandthemetalworkers,1,,allofthemstrongandfitforwar.17 mAndthekingofBabylonnmadeMattaniah,oJehoiachin’suncle,kinginhisplace,pandchangedhisnametoZedekiah.

    Zedekiah Reigns in Judah

    18 qZedekiahwastwenty-oneyearsoldwhenhebecameking,andhereignedelevenyearsinJerusalem.Hismother’snamewasrHamutalthedaughterofJeremiahofLibnah.19 AndhedidwhatwasevilinthesightoftheLord,saccordingtoallthatJehoiakimhaddone.20 ForbecauseoftheangeroftheLorditcametothepointinJerusalemandJudahthathecastthemoutfromhispresence.


    Fall and Captivity of Judah

    25 uAndintheninthyearofhisreign,inthetenthmonth,onthetenthdayofthemonth,vNebuchadnezzarkingofBabyloncamewithallhisarmyagainstJerusalemandlaidsiegetoit.wAndtheybuiltsiegeworksallaroundit.SothecitywasbesiegedtilltheeleventhyearofKingZedekiah.Ontheninthdayofthefourthmonthxthefaminewassosevereinthecitythattherewasnofoodforthepeopleoftheland.Thenabreachwasmadeinthecity,andallthemenofwarfledbynightbythewayofthegatebetweenthetwowalls,byytheking’sgarden,andztheChaldeanswerearoundthecity.AndtheywentinthedirectionoftheaArabah.ButthearmyoftheChaldeanspursuedthekingandovertookhimintheplainsofJericho,andallhisarmywasscatteredfromhim.ThentheycapturedthekingbandbroughthimuptothekingofBabylonatcRiblah,andtheypassedsentenceonhim.TheyslaughteredthesonsofZedekiahbeforehiseyes,dandputouttheeyesofZedekiahandboundhiminchainsandtookhimtoBabylon.

    eInthefifthmonth,onftheseventhdayofthemonththatwasthenineteenthyearofKingNebuchadnezzar,kingofBabylonNebuzaradan,thecaptainofthebodyguard,aservantofthekingofBabylon,cametoJerusalem.gAndheburnedthehouseoftheLordhandtheking’shouseandallthehousesofJerusalem;everygreathouseheburneddown.10 AndallthearmyoftheChaldeans,whowerewiththecaptainoftheguard,ibrokedownthewallsaroundJerusalem.11 jAndtherestofthepeoplewhowereleftinthecityandthedeserterswhohaddesertedtothekingofBabylon,togetherwiththerestofthemultitude,Nebuzaradanthecaptainoftheguardcarriedintoexile.12 Butthecaptainoftheguardleftksomeofthepoorestofthelandtobevinedressersandplowmen.

    13 lAndthepillarsmofbronzethatwereinthehouseoftheLord,andnthestandsandothebronzeseathatwereinthehouseoftheLord,theChaldeansbrokeinpiecesandcarriedthebronzetoBabylon.14 pAndtheytookawaythepotsandtheshovelsandthesnuffersandthedishesforincenseandallthevesselsofbronzeusedinthetempleservice,15 thefirepansalsoandthebowls.Whatwasofgoldthecaptainoftheguardtookawayasgold,andwhatwasofsilver,assilver.16 Asforthetwopillars,theonesea,andthestandsthatSolomonhadmadeforthehouseoftheLord,qthebronzeofallthesevesselswasbeyondweight.17 rTheheightoftheonepillarwaseighteencubits,andonitwasacapitalofbronze.Theheightofthecapitalwasthreecubits.Alatticeworkandpomegranates,allofbronze,wereallaroundthecapital.Andthesecondpillarhadthesame,withthelatticework.

    18 sAndthecaptainoftheguardtooktSeraiahthechiefpriestanduZephaniahthesecondpriestandthethreekeepersofthethreshold;19 andfromthecityhetookanofficerwhohadbeenincommandofthemenofwar,andvfivemenoftheking’scouncilwhowerefoundinthecity;andthesecretaryofthecommanderofthearmy,whomusteredthepeopleoftheland;andsixtymenofthepeopleoftheland,whowerefoundinthecity.20 AndNebuzaradanthecaptainoftheguardtookthemandbroughtthemtothekingofBabylonatwRiblah.21 AndthekingofBabylonstruckthemdownandputthemtodeathatwRiblahinthelandofHamath.xSoJudahwastakenintoexileoutofitsland.

    Gedaliah Made Governor of Judah

    22 AndoverthepeoplewhoremainedinthelandofJudah,whomNebuchadnezzarkingofBabylonhadleft,heappointedyGedaliahthesonofzAhikam,sonofShaphan,governor.23 aNowwhenallthecaptainsandtheirmenheardthatthekingofBabylonhadappointedGedaliahgovernor,theycamewiththeir

    Sours: https://www.esv.org/2K/

    The kitchen window goes out into the way and my room. I looked at the passing car and pulling a drop of water behind my cloud. Leaves fell beautifully and sank to the ground. The people were few. I was starting to ponder plans for the day, as the whistle of the kettle interrupted my thoughts.

    Esv 2 kings 23

    Fuck this bitch, in all the cracks, this dirty whore likes it when all her holes are occupied, get it in full. Cindy felt an animal. Instinct for mating, she did not fuck with her husband, about a week because of her period. She added one more finger and began to fuck herself in her pussy, even more furiously.

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    2 Kings 23 (with text - press on more info. of video on the side)

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